Copywriteroffice

Serp data

Request Result

The request result help you to show your API requests results.

stdClass Object
(
    [data] => stdClass Object
        (
            [query] => Entrepreneur
            [search_url] => https://www.google.co.uk/search?q=Entrepreneur&oq=Entrepreneur&num=30&hl=en&gl=GB&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8
            [device] => desktop
            [hl] => en
            [gl] => GB
            [search_engine] => google.co.uk
            [number_of_results] => 4310000000
            [related_searches] => Array
                (
                    [0] => stdClass Object
                        (
                            [title] => famous entrepreneurs
                            [url] => https://www.google.co.uk/search?num=30&hl=en&gl=gb&q=Famous+entrepreneurs&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwis7Lzhl6v1AhV4CZ0JHUVSD9oQ1QJ6BAgyEAE
                        )

                    [1] => stdClass Object
                        (
                            [title] => entrepreneur magazine
                            [url] => https://www.google.co.uk/search?num=30&hl=en&gl=gb&q=Entrepreneur+magazine&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwis7Lzhl6v1AhV4CZ0JHUVSD9oQ1QJ6BAgwEAE
                        )

                    [2] => stdClass Object
                        (
                            [title] => types of entrepreneurship
                            [url] => https://www.google.co.uk/search?num=30&hl=en&gl=gb&q=Types+of+entrepreneurship&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwis7Lzhl6v1AhV4CZ0JHUVSD9oQ1QJ6BAgtEAE
                        )

                    [3] => stdClass Object
                        (
                            [title] => how to become an entrepreneur
                            [url] => https://www.google.co.uk/search?num=30&hl=en&gl=gb&q=How+to+become+an+entrepreneur&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwis7Lzhl6v1AhV4CZ0JHUVSD9oQ1QJ6BAgsEAE
                        )

                    [4] => stdClass Object
                        (
                            [title] => entrepreneur ideas
                            [url] => https://www.google.co.uk/search?num=30&hl=en&gl=gb&q=Entrepreneur+ideas&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwis7Lzhl6v1AhV4CZ0JHUVSD9oQ1QJ6BAgqEAE
                        )

                    [5] => stdClass Object
                        (
                            [title] => entrepreneur quotes
                            [url] => https://www.google.co.uk/search?num=30&hl=en&gl=gb&q=Entrepreneur+quotes&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwis7Lzhl6v1AhV4CZ0JHUVSD9oQ1QJ6BAgnEAE
                        )

                    [6] => stdClass Object
                        (
                            [title] => entrepreneur synonym
                            [url] => https://www.google.co.uk/search?num=30&hl=en&gl=gb&q=Entrepreneur+synonym&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwis7Lzhl6v1AhV4CZ0JHUVSD9oQ1QJ6BAgjEAE
                        )

                    [7] => stdClass Object
                        (
                            [title] => entrepreneur skills
                            [url] => https://www.google.co.uk/search?num=30&hl=en&gl=gb&q=Entrepreneur+skills&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwis7Lzhl6v1AhV4CZ0JHUVSD9oQ1QJ6BAgiEAE
                        )

                )

            [result] => Array
                (
                    [0] => stdClass Object
                        (
                            [position] => 1
                            [videos] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [title] => Pharrell Williams - Entrepreneur (Official Video) ft. JAY-Z
                                            [url] => https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bTOoY5MIkvM
                                            [thumbnail] => data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP///////yH5BAEKAAEALAAAAAABAAEAAAICTAEAOw==
                                            [parsed] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [source] => YouTube
                                                    [date] => 21 Aug 2020
                                                    [channel] => PharrellWilliamsVEVO
                                                )

                                        )

                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [title] => What is an entrepreneur?
                                            [url] => https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=92ZmzD70sOU
                                            [thumbnail] => data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP///////yH5BAEKAAEALAAAAAABAAEAAAICTAEAOw==
                                            [parsed] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [source] => YouTube
                                                    [date] => 19 Aug 2014
                                                    [channel] => Business Wales/Busnes Cymru
                                                )

                                        )

                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [title] => Who Even Is An Entrepreneur?: Crash Course Business ...
                                            [url] => https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aozlwC3XwfY
                                            [thumbnail] => data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP///////yH5BAEKAAEALAAAAAABAAEAAAICTAEAOw==
                                            [parsed] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [source] => YouTube
                                                    [date] => 14 Aug 2019
                                                    [channel] => CrashCourse
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [organic_position] => 1
                            [serp_type] => video
                            [isOrganicPage] => 
                            [isOrganic] => 1
                        )

                    [1] => stdClass Object
                        (
                            [position] => 2
                            [questions] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [question] => What is your definition of entrepreneur?
                                        )

                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [question] => What is an entrepreneur example?
                                        )

                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [question] => Do entrepreneurs get rich?
                                        )

                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [question] => What is types of entrepreneur?
                                        )

                                )

                            [organic_position] => 2
                            [serp_type] => questions
                            [isOrganicPage] => 
                            [isOrganic] => 1
                        )

                    [2] => stdClass Object
                        (
                            [position] => 3
                            [title] => Entrepreneur - Start, run and grow your business
                            [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/eu
                            [destination] => https://www.entrepreneur.com › ...
                            [description] => Advice, insight, profiles and guides for established and aspiring entrepreneurs worldwide. Home of Entrepreneur magazine
                            [isAmp] => 
                            [organic_position] => 3
                            [serp_type] => page
                            [isOrganicPage] => 1
                            [isOrganic] => 1
                            [serp_title] => Entrepreneur - Start, run and grow your business.
                            [serp_description] => Advice, insight, profiles and guides for established and aspiring entrepreneurs worldwide. Home of Entrepreneur magazine.
                            [hostname] => entrepreneur.com
                            [canonical] => https://www.entrepreneur.com
                            [h1] => 
                            [h2] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => Just Added
                                    [1] => Most Popular
                                    [2] => News & Trends
                                    [3] => Entrepreneur Store
                                    [4] => Starting a Business
                                    [5] => Growth Strategies
                                    [6] => European Union
                                    [7] => Latest Video
                                    [8] => Featured Contributors
                                )

                            [h3] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => How the UK Has Set its Sights on Becoming a Fintech Haven in the Wake of Brexit
                                    [1] => 5 Ways to Start the Year Off Right
                                    [2] => One Secret to Achieving Revenue Growth and Profitability Fast Without VC Funding
                                    [3] => European Startups 2021: The Year in Numbers
                                    [4] => Holiday Shopping: Omicron Restrictions Have European Businesses Leaning on E-commerce
                                    [5] => 7 Things to Add to Make Your Morning Routine More Productive in 2022
                                    [6] => 8 Natural Wellness Habits That Will Keep You Mentally Healthy and Happy
                                    [7] => 3 Email Marketing Trends to Help You Kickstart 2022
                                    [8] => 10 Toxic Things Parents Do That Make Their Children Less Functional In Adulthood
                                    [9] => Penny Stocks Buying Guide For 2022, 3 Tips and Tricks
                                    [10] => European Startups 2021: The Year in Numbers
                                    [11] => Mark Cuban on Going to Space: 'I Don't Even Think I Can Afford That Sh*t'
                                    [12] => Elon Musk Pokes Fun at Dollar Store Price Hikes
                                    [13] => The 10 Best VPNs To Shore Up Your Internet Security in 2022
                                    [14] => Here's One Way to Get into the Shape of Your Life in 2022
                                    [15] => Great Design Makes a Great Difference to Every Business
                                    [16] => Self-Publishing or Traditional Publishing: Which Is Best for You?
                                    [17] => The Best Fundraising Advice We Heard in 2021
                                    [18] => How New Entrepreneurs Can Save Money Easily
                                    [19] => How Young Entrepreneurs Can Succeed: "Grow 1% Every Day"
                                    [20] => One Secret to Achieving Revenue Growth and Profitability Fast Without VC Funding
                                    [21] => Learn a New Language with the World's Top-Grossing Language App
                                    [22] => 3 Ways to Connect With Your Customers and Improve Their Experience
                                    [23] => 5 Ways of Effectively Navigating Supply Chain Disruptions
                                    [24] => Money Makeover: Euro Banknotes Are Getting a New Design
                                    [25] => These 7 Countries are Now Accepting Vaccine Passports
                                    [26] => Can Cryptocurrencies Gain Prominence in Europe Despite EU Jitters?
                                    [27] => Most of the Best Countries for Working Parents Are in Europe
                                    [28] => Build A YouTube Following With Authentic Content
                                    [29] => This Celebrity Talent Manager Is Offering a 12-Step Online Course on the Business of Acting
                                    [30] => Video: Random Act of Kindness at Dollar General Store Goes Viral
                                    [31] => Selina Johnson
                                    [32] => Yann Leretaille
                                    [33] => Lilia Stoyanov
                                )

                            [h2WithAnchors] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Just Added
                                        )

                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Most Popular
                                        )

                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => News & Trends
                                        )

                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Entrepreneur Store
                                        )

                                    [4] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Starting a Business
                                        )

                                    [5] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Growth Strategies
                                        )

                                    [6] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => European Union
                                        )

                                    [7] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Latest Video
                                        )

                                    [8] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Featured Contributors
                                        )

                                )

                            [type] => website
                            [wordCount] => 1066
                            [imgCount] => 30
                            [lang] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [langLinks] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => x-default
                                                    [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en
                                                    [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/
                                                )

                                            [2] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-us
                                                    [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/
                                                )

                                            [3] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-at
                                                    [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/eu
                                                )

                                            [4] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-be
                                                    [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/eu
                                                )

                                            [5] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-ch
                                                    [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/eu
                                                )

                                            [6] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-cz
                                                    [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/eu
                                                )

                                            [7] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-de
                                                    [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/eu
                                                )

                                            [8] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-dk
                                                    [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/eu
                                                )

                                            [9] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-fi
                                                    [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/eu
                                                )

                                            [10] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-fr
                                                    [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/eu
                                                )

                                            [11] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-gb
                                                    [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/eu
                                                )

                                            [12] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-gr
                                                    [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/eu
                                                )

                                            [13] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-hu
                                                    [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/eu
                                                )

                                            [14] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-hr
                                                    [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/eu
                                                )

                                            [15] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-ie
                                                    [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/eu
                                                )

                                            [16] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-is
                                                    [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/eu
                                                )

                                            [17] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-it
                                                    [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/eu
                                                )

                                            [18] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-lu
                                                    [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/eu
                                                )

                                            [19] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-no
                                                    [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/eu
                                                )

                                            [20] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-nl
                                                    [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/eu
                                                )

                                            [21] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-po
                                                    [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/eu
                                                )

                                            [22] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-pt
                                                    [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/eu
                                                )

                                            [23] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-ro
                                                    [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/eu
                                                )

                                            [24] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-se
                                                    [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/eu
                                                )

                                            [25] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-in
                                                    [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/in
                                                )

                                            [26] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-au
                                                    [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/ap
                                                )

                                            [27] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-cn
                                                    [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/ap
                                                )

                                            [28] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-hk
                                                    [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/ap
                                                )

                                            [29] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-id
                                                    [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/ap
                                                )

                                            [30] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-jp
                                                    [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/ap
                                                )

                                            [31] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-my
                                                    [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/ap
                                                )

                                            [32] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-nz
                                                    [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/ap
                                                )

                                            [33] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-ph
                                                    [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/ap
                                                )

                                            [34] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-sg
                                                    [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/ap
                                                )

                                            [35] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-tw
                                                    [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/ap
                                                )

                                            [36] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-th
                                                    [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/ap
                                                )

                                            [37] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-vn
                                                    [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/ap
                                                )

                                            [38] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-ar
                                                    [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/me
                                                )

                                            [39] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-za
                                                    [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/sa
                                                )

                                            [40] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => es
                                                    [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/es
                                                )

                                            [41] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => ka
                                                    [url] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/ga
                                                )

                                        )

                                    [size] => 41
                                    [string] => en / en-us / en-at / en-be / en-ch / en-cz / en-de / en-dk / en-fi / en-fr / en-gb / en-gr / en-hu / en-hr / en-ie / en-is / en-it / en-lu / en-no / en-nl / en-po / en-pt / en-ro / en-se / en-in / en-au / en-cn / en-hk / en-id / en-jp / en-my / en-nz / en-ph / en-sg / en-tw / en-th / en-vn / en-ar / en-za / es / ka
                                )

                            [faq_on_page] => Array
                                (
                                )

                            [anchors] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [size] => 115
                                    [outboundSize] => 2
                                    [list] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Books
                                                    [href] => https://aerbook.com/store/EntrepreneurBooks
                                                    [hrefDomain] => aerbook.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Reprints & Licensing
                                                    [href] => https://www.parsintl.com/publication/entrepreneur/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => parsintl.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [toc] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 3
                                            [name] => How the UK Has Set its Sights on Becoming a Fintech Haven in the Wake of Brexit. 
                                            [tag] => h3
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                )

                                        )

                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => 
		
							Just Added
						
		
	. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 5 Ways to Start the Year Off Right. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => One Secret to Achieving Revenue Growth and Profitability Fast Without VC Funding. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => European Startups 2021: The Year in Numbers. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Holiday Shopping: Omicron Restrictions Have European Businesses Leaning on E-commerce. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                )

                                        )

                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => 
				Most Popular
			. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 7 Things to Add to Make Your Morning Routine More Productive in 2022. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 8 Natural Wellness Habits That Will Keep You Mentally Healthy and Happy. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 3 Email Marketing Trends to Help You Kickstart 2022. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 10 Toxic Things Parents Do That Make Their Children Less Functional In Adulthood. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [4] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Penny Stocks Buying Guide For 2022, 3 Tips and Tricks. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                )

                                        )

                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => 
	
		News & Trends
		
	
. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => European Startups 2021: The Year in Numbers. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Mark Cuban on Going to Space: 'I Don't Even Think I Can Afford That Sh*t'. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Elon Musk Pokes Fun at Dollar Store Price Hikes. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                )

                                        )

                                    [4] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => 
	
		Entrepreneur Store
		
	
. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => The 10 Best VPNs To Shore Up Your Internet Security in 2022. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Here's One Way to Get into the Shape of Your Life in 2022. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Great Design Makes a Great Difference to Every Business. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                )

                                        )

                                    [5] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => 
	
		Starting a Business
		
	
. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Self-Publishing or Traditional Publishing: Which Is Best for You?
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => The Best Fundraising Advice We Heard in 2021. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => How New Entrepreneurs Can Save Money Easily. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => How Young Entrepreneurs Can Succeed: "Grow 1% Every Day". 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                )

                                        )

                                    [6] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => 
	
		Growth Strategies
		
	
. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => One Secret to Achieving Revenue Growth and Profitability Fast Without VC Funding. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Learn a New Language with the World's Top-Grossing Language App. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 3 Ways to Connect With Your Customers and Improve Their Experience. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 5 Ways of Effectively Navigating Supply Chain Disruptions. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                )

                                        )

                                    [7] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => 
		
			European Union
			
		
	. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Money Makeover: Euro Banknotes Are Getting a New Design. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => These 7 Countries are Now Accepting Vaccine Passports. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Can Cryptocurrencies Gain Prominence in Europe Despite EU Jitters?
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Most of the Best Countries for Working Parents Are in Europe. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                )

                                        )

                                    [8] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => 
		
			Latest Video
			
		
	. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Build A YouTube Following With Authentic Content. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => This Celebrity Talent Manager Is Offering a 12-Step Online Course on the Business of Acting. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Video: Random Act of Kindness at Dollar General Store Goes Viral. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                )

                                        )

                                    [9] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => Featured Contributors. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
			
				Selina Johnson
			
		. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                                        (
                                                                            [level] => 4
                                                                            [name] => How U.K. Small Business Owners Can Eliminate Wasted Days by Creating Their Ideal Working Week. 
                                                                            [tag] => h4
                                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                                (
                                                                                )

                                                                        )

                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
			
				Yann Leretaille
			
		. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                                        (
                                                                            [level] => 4
                                                                            [name] => Europe Needs a New Approach to Regulating Artificial Intelligence. 
                                                                            [tag] => h4
                                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                                (
                                                                                )

                                                                        )

                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
			
				Lilia Stoyanov
			
		. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                                        (
                                                                            [level] => 4
                                                                            [name] => One Secret to Achieving Revenue Growth and Profitability Fast Without VC Funding. 
                                                                            [tag] => h4
                                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                                (
                                                                                )

                                                                        )

                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [og] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [ogImage] => https://assets.entrepreneur.com/content/3x2/2000/20160408155709-default-hero-entrepreneur.png
                                )

                            [schema_type] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => Organization
                                )

                            [comment_questions] => Array
                                (
                                )

                            [body] => src="https://www.googletagmanager.com/ns.html?id=GTM-PNLC48" height="0" width="0" style="display:none;visibility:hidden"> insert_emoticon My Account Entrepreneur Insider Submit Article Saved Content My Account Sign Out clear Video Podcasts Articles Start A Business Store Books Franchise Franchise Home Franchise 500 Ranking Business Opportunities List Franchises For Sale Franchise Suppliers Directory Topics Leadership Inspiration Growth Strategies Marketing Technology Social Media Finance Entrepreneurs Starting a Business Franchise Editions United States India Asia Pacific Middle East Europe South Africa Español Georgia Other Contact Advertise Reprints & Licensing Terms of Use Privacy Policy Cookies Policy Site Map FinTech How the UK Has Set its Sights on Becoming a Fintech Haven in the Wake of Brexit. The UK is still a leader when it comes to the number of companies operating in fintech. However, can complications arising from Brexit lead to the loss of ground? Just Added . Inspiration 5 Ways to Start the Year Off Right. It's a time of new beginnings for not only your business, but you, too. Entrepreneur Europe Staff | 4 min read Growth Strategies One Secret to Achieving Revenue Growth and Profitability Fast Without VC Funding. It's all about business strategy. Lilia Stoyanov | 7 min read Trends European Startups 2021: The Year in Numbers. They're on track to bring in a record $121 billion in funding this year. This is nearly three times the $41 billion of capital raised in 2020. 4 min read Holiday Shopping Holiday Shopping: Omicron Restrictions Have European Businesses Leaning on E-commerce. It appears the latest Covid-19 restrictions and related concerns across Europe are sending holiday shoppers online while in-person business stalls.  Entrepreneur Europe Staff | 3 min read More From Latest Most Popular . 1 7 Things to Add to Make Your Morning Routine More Productive in 2022. John Boitnott | 6 min read 2 8 Natural Wellness Habits That Will Keep You Mentally Healthy and Happy. Sonia Singh | 7 min read 3 3 Email Marketing Trends to Help You Kickstart 2022. Liviu Tanase | 5 min read 4 10 Toxic Things Parents Do That Make Their Children Less Functional In Adulthood. Amy Morin | 5 min read 5 Penny Stocks Buying Guide For 2022, 3 Tips and Tricks. J Dylan | 6 min read Read More News & Trends . European Startups 2021: The Year in Numbers. They're on track to bring in a record $121 billion in funding this year. This is nearly three times the $41 billion of capital raised in 2020. 4 min read Mark Cuban on Going to Space: 'I Don't Even Think I Can Afford That Sh*t'. The billionaire sounded off in an interview about his lack of plans to join the great space race. Emily Rella | 2 min read Elon Musk Pokes Fun at Dollar Store Price Hikes. The billionaire had fun on Twitter over the Holiday weekend. Emily Rella | 2 min read Entrepreneur Store . VPN The 10 Best VPNs To Shore Up Your Internet Security in 2022. Get a VPN on sale during our Cyber Week II special. Entrepreneur Store | 4 min read The Business Traveler's Journal Here's One Way to Get into the Shape of Your Life in 2022. Healthy entrepreneurs are productive entrepreneurs. Entrepreneur Store | 2 min read Design Great Design Makes a Great Difference to Every Business. Give your business a boost by learning Adobe CC. Entrepreneur Store | 2 min read Starting a Business . Self-Publishing or Traditional Publishing: Which Is Best for You? The difference between the two routes is similar to the difference between raising capital to start your own business or funding it yourself. Jerry Reid | 10 min read The Best Fundraising Advice We Heard in 2021. Tips and quotes from contributors and interviewees about how to navigate the wild world of fundraising. Entrepreneur Staff | 5 min read How New Entrepreneurs Can Save Money Easily. Operating lean, hiring well and other tips on the roadmap to starting a business the smart way. Anna Johansson | 9 min read How Young Entrepreneurs Can Succeed: "Grow 1% Every Day". It's the secret to long-term growth, says two young entrepreneurs behind a popular education company. Jason Feifer | 5 min read Growth Strategies . One Secret to Achieving Revenue Growth and Profitability Fast Without VC Funding. It's all about business strategy. Lilia Stoyanov | 7 min read Learn a New Language with the World's Top-Grossing Language App. Understanding a new language can help you become a better entrepreneur. Entrepreneur Store | 2 min read 3 Ways to Connect With Your Customers and Improve Their Experience. Follow these tips to create stronger, long-lasting relationships with your customers. Cheri Beranek | 6 min read 5 Ways of Effectively Navigating Supply Chain Disruptions. How to safely steer your corporate ship's supply-chain, no matter how turbulent the seas. Vincent Tricarico | 3 min read European Union . Money Makeover: Euro Banknotes Are Getting a New Design. Soon, if someone hands you a 20-Euro note and it doesn't look quite right, it might not be a counterfeit. Entrepreneur Europe Staff | 2 min read These 7 Countries are Now Accepting Vaccine Passports. The European nations have begun accepting the EU Digital COVID Certificate from outside visitors. Emily Rella | 2 min read Can Cryptocurrencies Gain Prominence in Europe Despite EU Jitters? As the appeal of cryptocurrencies and uncertainty in the EU continue to grow, can digital currency strike an amicable relationship with Europe beyond all the red tape? Dmytro Spilka | 7 min read Most of the Best Countries for Working Parents Are in Europe. There is still plenty of room for improvement when it comes to protecting new parents and same-sex couples who want to adopt children. Lily-Beth Thake | 3 min read Latest Video . play_circle_outline Build A YouTube Following With Authentic Content. Interview with YouTube Star Sam Zien The Cooking Guy about growing his popular YouTube channel and restaurant empire. play_circle_outline This Celebrity Talent Manager Is Offering a 12-Step Online Course on the Business of Acting. play_circle_outline Video: Random Act of Kindness at Dollar General Store Goes Viral. Featured Contributors. Selina Johnson . Founder and CEO of Selina & Co. Follow Top Story How U.K. Small Business Owners Can Eliminate Wasted Days by Creating Their Ideal Working Week. Yann Leretaille . Co-Founder and CTO of 1aim Follow Top Story Europe Needs a New Approach to Regulating Artificial Intelligence. Lilia Stoyanov . CEO and Angel Investor at Transformify. Fintech Expert.Professor. Follow Top Story One Secret to Achieving Revenue Growth and Profitability Fast Without VC Funding.
                            [kwBody] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => min read
                                            [tf] => 60
                                        )

                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => min
                                            [tf] => 53
                                        )

                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => read
                                            [tf] => 37
                                        )

                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneur
                                            [tf] => 17
                                        )

                                    [4] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => business
                                            [tf] => 16
                                        )

                                    [5] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => store
                                            [tf] => 12
                                        )

                                    [6] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneur store
                                            [tf] => 9
                                        )

                                    [7] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => europe
                                            [tf] => 9
                                        )

                                    [8] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => staff
                                            [tf] => 8
                                        )

                                    [9] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => growth
                                            [tf] => 7
                                        )

                                    [10] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => europe staff
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [11] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => emily rella
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [12] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => rella
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [13] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => 2022
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [14] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => funding
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [15] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => lilia stoyanov
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [16] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => tip
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [17] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => franchise
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [18] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => strategy
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [19] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => year
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [20] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => european
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [21] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => staff min
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [22] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => store min
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [23] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => fintech
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [24] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => secret
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [25] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => billion
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [26] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => holiday
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [27] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => top
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [28] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => follow
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [29] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneur europe staff
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [30] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => secret achieving revenue
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [31] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => achieving revenue growth
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [32] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => revenue growth profitability
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [33] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => growth profitability fast
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [34] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => profitability fast vc
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [35] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => fast vc funding
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [36] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => rella min
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [37] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => follow top story
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [38] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => growth strategy
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [39] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => starting business
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [40] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => way
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [41] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => year time
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [42] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneur europe
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [43] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => secret achieving
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [44] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => achieving revenue
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [45] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => revenue growth
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [46] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => growth profitability
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [47] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => profitability fast
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [48] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => fast vc
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [49] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => vc funding
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [50] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => follow top
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [51] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => top story
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [52] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => vpn
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [53] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => design
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [54] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => difference
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [55] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => language
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [56] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => eu
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [57] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => play_circle_outline
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [58] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => youtube
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [59] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => story
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                )

                            [page_rank_decimal] => 67
                            [rank] => 301
                        )

                    [3] => stdClass Object
                        (
                            [position] => 4
                            [title] => Entrepreneurship - Wikipedia
                            [url] => https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entrepreneurship
                            [destination] => https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Entrepreneurship
                            [isAmp] => 
                            [organic_position] => 4
                            [serp_type] => page
                            [isOrganicPage] => 1
                            [isOrganic] => 1
                            [serp_title] => Entrepreneurship - Wikipedia
                            [serp_description] => An entrepreneur is an individual who creates a new business, bearing most of the risks and enjoying most of the rewards. The process of setting up a business is ...
                            [hostname] => en.wikipedia.org
                            [canonical] => https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entrepreneurship
                            [h1] => Entrepreneurship
                            [h2] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => Contents
                                    [1] => Perspectives on entrepreneurship[edit]
                                    [2] => Elements[edit]
                                    [3] => History[edit]
                                    [4] => Types of entrepreneurship[edit]
                                    [5] => Entrepreneurial behaviors[edit]
                                    [6] => Psychological makeup[edit]
                                    [7] => Entrepreneurship training and education[edit]
                                    [8] => Resources and financing[edit]
                                    [9] => Predictors of success[edit]
                                    [10] => See also[edit]
                                    [11] => References[edit]
                                    [12] => Bibliography[edit]
                                    [13] => Further reading[edit]
                                    [14] => External links[edit]
                                    [15] => Navigation menu
                                )

                            [h3] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => Historical usage[edit]
                                    [1] => 20th century[edit]
                                    [2] => 21st century[edit]
                                    [3] => Relationship between small business and entrepreneurship[edit]
                                    [4] => Historians' ranking[edit]
                                    [5] => Cultural[edit]
                                    [6] => Ethnic[edit]
                                    [7] => Feminist[edit]
                                    [8] => Institutional[edit]
                                    [9] => Millennial[edit]
                                    [10] => Nascent[edit]
                                    [11] => Project-based[edit]
                                    [12] => Social[edit]
                                    [13] => Biosphere[edit]
                                    [14] => Uncertainty perception and risk-taking[edit]
                                    [15] => "Coachability" and advice taking[edit]
                                    [16] => Strategies[edit]
                                    [17] => Designing individual/opportunity nexus[edit]
                                    [18] => Opportunity perception and biases[edit]
                                    [19] => Styles[edit]
                                    [20] => Communication[edit]
                                    [21] => Strategic entrepreneurship[edit]
                                    [22] => Leadership[edit]
                                    [23] => Global leadership[edit]
                                    [24] => Entrepreneurial resources[edit]
                                    [25] => Bootstrapping[edit]
                                    [26] => Additional financing[edit]
                                    [27] => Effect of taxes[edit]
                                    [28] => Search
                                )

                            [h2WithAnchors] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Contents
                                            [id] => mw-toc-heading
                                        )

                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Perspectives on entrepreneurship[edit]
                                        )

                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Elements[edit]
                                        )

                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => History[edit]
                                        )

                                    [4] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Types of entrepreneurship[edit]
                                        )

                                    [5] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Entrepreneurial behaviors[edit]
                                        )

                                    [6] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Psychological makeup[edit]
                                        )

                                    [7] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Entrepreneurship training and education[edit]
                                        )

                                    [8] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Resources and financing[edit]
                                        )

                                    [9] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Predictors of success[edit]
                                        )

                                    [10] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => See also[edit]
                                        )

                                    [11] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => References[edit]
                                        )

                                    [12] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Bibliography[edit]
                                        )

                                    [13] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Further reading[edit]
                                        )

                                    [14] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => External links[edit]
                                        )

                                    [15] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Navigation menu
                                        )

                                )

                            [type] => website
                            [wordCount] => 14997
                            [imgCount] => 17
                            [lang] => 
                            [faq_on_page] => Array
                                (
                                )

                            [anchors] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [size] => 1606
                                    [outboundSize] => 220
                                    [list] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => JSTOR
                                                    [href] => https://www.jstor.org/action/doBasicSearch?Query=%22Entrepreneurship%22&acc=on&wc=on
                                                    [hrefDomain] => jstor.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => entrepreneur
                                                    [href] => https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/entrepreneur
                                                    [hrefDomain] => wiktionary.org
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [2] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => The Business of Culture
                                                    [href] => https://www.ubcpress.ca/the-business-of-culture
                                                    [hrefDomain] => ubcpress.ca
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [3] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1007/s11365-010-0161-0
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1007%2Fs11365-010-0161-0
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [4] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 144081539
                                                    [href] => https://api.semanticscholar.org/CorpusID:144081539
                                                    [hrefDomain] => semanticscholar.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [5] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1108/IJEBR-01-2016-0040
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1108%2FIJEBR-01-2016-0040
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [6] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1177/014920630102700609
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1177%2F014920630102700609
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [7] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 220587830
                                                    [href] => https://api.semanticscholar.org/CorpusID:220587830
                                                    [hrefDomain] => semanticscholar.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [8] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "Business Dictionary definitionyuuggtygn"
                                                    [href] => https://web.archive.org/web/20181116084818/http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/entrepreneurship.html#ixzz3xv9ci0nt
                                                    [hrefDomain] => archive.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [9] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => the original
                                                    [href] => http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/entrepreneurship.html#ixzz3xv9ci0nt
                                                    [hrefDomain] => businessdictionary.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [10] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1039/c5lc00577a
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1039%2Fc5lc00577a
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [11] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "All the right moves: How entrepreneurial firms compete effectively"
                                                    [href] => https://web.stanford.edu/~rkatila/new/pdf/KatilaSEJ12.pdf
                                                    [hrefDomain] => stanford.edu
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [12] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1002/sej.1130
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1002%2Fsej.1130
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [13] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "How to Properly Close Your Business"
                                                    [href] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/article/224113
                                                    [hrefDomain] => entrepreneur.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [14] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1023/A:1014382532639
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1023%2FA%3A1014382532639
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [15] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 143820412
                                                    [href] => https://api.semanticscholar.org/CorpusID:143820412
                                                    [hrefDomain] => semanticscholar.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [16] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1108/13552550910934440
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1108%2F13552550910934440
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [17] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Handbook of Qualitative R Methods in Entrepreneurship
                                                    [href] => https://books.google.com/books?id=MRbX7pc-PnUC&q=%22qualitative+research+methods+in+entrepreneurship%22&pg=PR4
                                                    [hrefDomain] => google.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [18] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Entrepreneurship at the limits
                                                    [href] => https://www.econstor.eu/handle/10419/208889
                                                    [hrefDomain] => econstor.eu
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [19] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1111/j.1540-6520.2010.00427.x
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1111%2Fj.1540-6520.2010.00427.x
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [20] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 153467294
                                                    [href] => https://api.semanticscholar.org/CorpusID:153467294
                                                    [hrefDomain] => semanticscholar.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [21] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1108/IJEBR-01-2016-0040
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1108%2FIJEBR-01-2016-0040
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [22] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "entrepreneur"
                                                    [href] => https://www.dictionary.com/browse/entrepreneur
                                                    [hrefDomain] => dictionary.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [23] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Entrepreneurship
                                                    [href] => https://books.google.com/books?id=s01P0agnLPUC
                                                    [hrefDomain] => google.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [24] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "Entrepreneurial Ambition - Innovation Provincial Rankings - How Canada Performs"
                                                    [href] => https://www.conferenceboard.ca/(X(1)S(0jpcvewkdqettdqjlap0vmtd))/hcp/provincial/innovation/ambition.aspx?AspxAutoDetectCookieSupport=1
                                                    [hrefDomain] => conferenceboard.ca
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [25] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "Why everyone will have to become an entrepreneur"
                                                    [href] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/article/228176
                                                    [hrefDomain] => entrepreneur.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [26] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "Venture Investment - Regional Aggregate Data"
                                                    [href] => https://web.archive.org/web/20160408104240/http://nvca.org/research/venture-investment/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => archive.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [27] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => the original
                                                    [href] => http://nvca.org/research/venture-investment/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => nvca.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [28] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.5465/amr.2000.2791611
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.5465%2Famr.2000.2791611
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [29] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1016/s0149-2063(03)00014-x
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1016%2Fs0149-2063%2803%2900014-x
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [30] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.5465/amr.2014.0281
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.5465%2Famr.2014.0281
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [31] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 146376795
                                                    [href] => https://api.semanticscholar.org/CorpusID:146376795
                                                    [hrefDomain] => semanticscholar.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [32] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "The Study of Bias in Entrepreneurship"
                                                    [href] => http://psyarxiv.com/76rkv/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => psyarxiv.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [33] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1111/etap.12212
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1111%2Fetap.12212
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [34] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 146617323
                                                    [href] => https://api.semanticscholar.org/CorpusID:146617323
                                                    [hrefDomain] => semanticscholar.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [35] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.5367/000000010792217272
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.5367%2F000000010792217272
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [36] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 167492528
                                                    [href] => https://api.semanticscholar.org/CorpusID:167492528
                                                    [hrefDomain] => semanticscholar.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [37] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "Developing Entrepreneur Skills for Corporate Work"
                                                    [href] => https://web.archive.org/web/20170329060112/http://researchdirection.org/UploadArticle/48.pdf
                                                    [hrefDomain] => archive.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [38] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => the original
                                                    [href] => http://researchdirection.org/UploadArticle/48.pdf
                                                    [hrefDomain] => researchdirection.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [39] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => A Brief History of Entrepreneurship: The Pioneers, Profiteers, and Racketeers Who Shaped Our World
                                                    [href] => https://books.google.com/books?id=8tkbDQAAQBAJ&pg=PA1
                                                    [hrefDomain] => google.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [40] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Richard Cantillon: Pioneer of Economic Theory
                                                    [href] => https://books.google.com/books?id=2yD9NWJ8_mwC
                                                    [hrefDomain] => google.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [41] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => A Paradigm of Entrepreneurship: Entrepreneurial Management, in
                                                    [href] => https://books.google.com/books?id=2v-aWpdgoPQC&pg=5
                                                    [hrefDomain] => google.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [42] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Enterprise: Entrepreneurship and Innovation
                                                    [href] => https://archive.org/details/enterpriseentrep00lowe_046
                                                    [hrefDomain] => archive.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [43] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 5
                                                    [href] => https://archive.org/details/enterpriseentrep00lowe_046/page/n31
                                                    [hrefDomain] => archive.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [44] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1007/s00181-013-0773-7
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1007%2Fs00181-013-0773-7
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [45] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 154355298
                                                    [href] => https://api.semanticscholar.org/CorpusID:154355298
                                                    [hrefDomain] => semanticscholar.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [46] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Asante Catholicism; Religious and Cultural Reproduction among the Akan of Ghana
                                                    [href] => https://books.google.com/books?id=Zh9jIVu2CyEC&pg=PA23
                                                    [hrefDomain] => google.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [47] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "entrepreneur"
                                                    [href] => https://oed.com/search?searchType=dictionary&q=entrepreneur
                                                    [hrefDomain] => oed.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [48] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => participating institution membership
                                                    [href] => https://www.oed.com/public/login/loggingin#withyourlibrary
                                                    [hrefDomain] => oed.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [49] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "entrepreneurism"
                                                    [href] => https://oed.com/search?searchType=dictionary&q=entrepreneurism
                                                    [hrefDomain] => oed.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [50] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => participating institution membership
                                                    [href] => https://www.oed.com/public/login/loggingin#withyourlibrary
                                                    [hrefDomain] => oed.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [51] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "entrepreneurship"
                                                    [href] => https://oed.com/search?searchType=dictionary&q=entrepreneurship
                                                    [hrefDomain] => oed.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [52] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => participating institution membership
                                                    [href] => https://www.oed.com/public/login/loggingin#withyourlibrary
                                                    [hrefDomain] => oed.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [53] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy
                                                    [href] => https://books.google.com/books?id=6eM6YrMj46sC
                                                    [hrefDomain] => google.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [54] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Handbook on Organisational Entrepreneurship
                                                    [href] => https://books.google.com/books?id=3ZZEuGZu0hsC
                                                    [hrefDomain] => google.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [55] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => The Theory of Economic Development: An Inquiry Into Profits, Capital, Credit, Interest, and the Business Cycle
                                                    [href] => https://books.google.com/books?id=-OZwWcOGeOwC
                                                    [hrefDomain] => google.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [56] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Pioneers in Entrepreneurship and Small Business Research
                                                    [href] => https://books.google.com/books?id=oSjccQt5zTsC
                                                    [hrefDomain] => google.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [57] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Principles of Economics. 9th (variorum) Ed
                                                    [href] => https://books.google.com/books?id=97iZXwAACAAJ
                                                    [hrefDomain] => google.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [58] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => International Partnership in Russia: Conclusions from the Oil and Gas Industry
                                                    [href] => https://books.google.com/books?id=QYUBAwAAQBAJ
                                                    [hrefDomain] => google.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [59] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Chinese Entrepreneurs in the Economic Development of China
                                                    [href] => https://books.google.com/books?id=dc8UNlGkDZsC
                                                    [hrefDomain] => google.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [60] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => A General Theory of Entrepreneurship: The Individual-opportunity Nexus
                                                    [href] => https://books.google.com/books?id=0FxO_Wsh30kC
                                                    [hrefDomain] => google.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [61] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "A Glossary of Political Economy Terms, 2005"
                                                    [href] => https://web.archive.org/web/20140720225149/https://libraries.ucsd.edu/info/resources/glossary-political-economy-terms
                                                    [hrefDomain] => archive.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [62] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => the original
                                                    [href] => https://libraries.ucsd.edu/info/resources/glossary-political-economy-terms
                                                    [hrefDomain] => ucsd.edu
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [63] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Entrepreneurship in the United States: The Future Is Now
                                                    [href] => https://books.google.com/books?id=gPBP7oP9-p4C
                                                    [hrefDomain] => google.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [64] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "The role of the entrepreneur in small business success: the Entrepreneurship Scan"
                                                    [href] => http://www.ondernemerstest.nl/wp-content/uploads/2010/03/ICSBv5.pdf
                                                    [hrefDomain] => ondernemerstest.nl
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [65] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => online
                                                    [href] => https://www.jstor.org/stable/30041235
                                                    [hrefDomain] => jstor.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [66] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "Management pioneer contributors: 30-year review"
                                                    [href] => https://www.sites.google.com/site/merycitrasondari/in-the-news/personsnamesnewwebsitewinswobbyaward/Kel5_Management_pioneer.pdf
                                                    [hrefDomain] => google.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [67] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1108/17511341011073915
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1108%2F17511341011073915
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [68] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1002/smj.188
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1002%2Fsmj.188
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [69] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 14577423
                                                    [href] => https://api.semanticscholar.org/CorpusID:14577423
                                                    [hrefDomain] => semanticscholar.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [70] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.4337/9781845421472
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.4337%2F9781845421472
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [71] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1016/j.jbusvent.2006.10.003
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1016%2Fj.jbusvent.2006.10.003
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [72] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1016/j.jbusvent.2006.10.002
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1016%2Fj.jbusvent.2006.10.002
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [73] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "Out Of Print : Ethnic Enterprise in America: Business and Welfare Among Chinese, Japanese, and Blacks : Ivan Light - University of California Press"
                                                    [href] => https://web.archive.org/web/20161020162025/http://www.ucpress.edu/op.php?isbn=9780520024854
                                                    [hrefDomain] => archive.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [74] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => the original
                                                    [href] => http://www.ucpress.edu/op.php?isbn=9780520024854
                                                    [hrefDomain] => ucpress.edu
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [75] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1111/imre.12087
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1111%2Fimre.12087
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [76] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 145352741
                                                    [href] => https://api.semanticscholar.org/CorpusID:145352741
                                                    [hrefDomain] => semanticscholar.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [77] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Feminine Capital: Unlocking the Power of Women Entrepreneurs
                                                    [href] => http://www.sup.org/books/title/?id=22349
                                                    [hrefDomain] => sup.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [78] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1108/17542411111183884
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1108%2F17542411111183884
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [79] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "Embeddedness in context: understanding gender in a female entrepreneurship network"
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1080%2F08985626.2018.1551793
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [80] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1080/08985626.2018.1551793
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1080%2F08985626.2018.1551793
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [81] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1177/0170840607078109
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0170840607078109
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [82] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10917386
                                                    [href] => https://api.semanticscholar.org/CorpusID:10917386
                                                    [hrefDomain] => semanticscholar.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [83] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "Institutional entrepreneurship in building the Brazilian market of functional yogurts"
                                                    [href] => https://zenodo.org/record/895469
                                                    [hrefDomain] => zenodo.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [84] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1108/BFJ-02-2012-0028
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1108%2FBFJ-02-2012-0028
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [85] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "Generation next, Millennials will outnumber baby-boomers in 2019"
                                                    [href] => https://web.archive.org/web/20190313195431/http://te.tbr.fun/generation-next/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => archive.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [86] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => the original
                                                    [href] => https://worldin2019.economist.com/millennialsvboomers
                                                    [hrefDomain] => economist.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [87] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Millennials Rising: The Next Great Generation
                                                    [href] => https://books.google.com/books?id=To_Eu9HCNqIC
                                                    [hrefDomain] => google.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [88] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "The 10 Richest Millennial Entrepreneurs in America"
                                                    [href] => https://www.inc.com/zoe-henry/the-richest-millennial-entrepreneurs-in-america.htm.html
                                                    [hrefDomain] => inc.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [89] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "The Missing Millennial Entrepreneurs"
                                                    [href] => https://www.sba.gov/sites/default/files/advocacy/Millenial_IB.pdf
                                                    [hrefDomain] => sba.gov
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [90] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.5465/amr.2000.2791611
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.5465%2Famr.2000.2791611
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [91] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "Nascent entrepreneurship: empirical studies and developments"
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1561%2F0300000005
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [92] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1561/0300000005
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1561%2F0300000005
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [93] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1111/j.1540-6520.2007.00188.x
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1111%2Fj.1540-6520.2007.00188.x
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [94] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 143353586
                                                    [href] => https://api.semanticscholar.org/CorpusID:143353586
                                                    [hrefDomain] => semanticscholar.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [95] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1002/sej.3
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1002%2Fsej.3
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [96] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 145411658
                                                    [href] => https://api.semanticscholar.org/CorpusID:145411658
                                                    [hrefDomain] => semanticscholar.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [97] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.2307/259121
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.2307%2F259121
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [98] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1016/j.jbusvent.2008.01.008
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1016%2Fj.jbusvent.2008.01.008
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [99] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1177/104225879802200405
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1177%2F104225879802200405
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [100] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 151263063
                                                    [href] => https://api.semanticscholar.org/CorpusID:151263063
                                                    [hrefDomain] => semanticscholar.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [101] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1016/s0883-9026(03)00037-5
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1016%2Fs0883-9026%2803%2900037-5
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [102] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.5465/amr.1985.4279094
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.5465%2Famr.1985.4279094
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [103] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1016/j.jbusvent.2006.06.001
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1016%2Fj.jbusvent.2006.06.001
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [104] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1016/j.jbusvent.2014.02.005
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1016%2Fj.jbusvent.2014.02.005
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [105] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1016/0883-9026(95)00129-8
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1016%2F0883-9026%2895%2900129-8
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [106] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "The Relational Antecedents of Project-Entrepreneurship: Network Centrality, Team Composition, and Project Performance"
                                                    [href] => https://drive.google.com/file/d/0ByE7rCUuloTlM1NabFZra1RiUDg/edit?usp=sharing
                                                    [hrefDomain] => google.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [107] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1016/j.respol.2009.09.001
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1016%2Fj.respol.2009.09.001
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [108] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 1071710
                                                    [href] => https://api.semanticscholar.org/CorpusID:1071710
                                                    [hrefDomain] => semanticscholar.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [109] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1086/228586
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1086%2F228586
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [110] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 144195668
                                                    [href] => https://api.semanticscholar.org/CorpusID:144195668
                                                    [hrefDomain] => semanticscholar.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [111] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => The New Heroes
                                                    [href] => https://web.archive.org/web/20150811030258/https://www.pbs.org/opb/thenewheroes/whatis/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => archive.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [112] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "The Meaning of Social Entrepreneurship"
                                                    [href] => http://caseatduke.org/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => caseatduke.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [113] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1108/09513550210435746
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1108%2F09513550210435746
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [114] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "The emergence of biosphere entrepreneurship: are social and business entrepreneurship obsolete? International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, Volume 34 (2018), No.3, pp. 381-419"
                                                    [href] => http://www.inderscience.com/storage/f712106428511193.pdf
                                                    [hrefDomain] => inderscience.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [115] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1504/IJESB.2018.092785
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1504%2FIJESB.2018.092785
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [116] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "European business schools join forces to offer free climate training, November 11 2021"
                                                    [href] => https://www.ft.com/content/731bf2bd-4345-4fbc-933e-4c68648494c6
                                                    [hrefDomain] => ft.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [117] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Investopedia
                                                    [href] => http://www.investopedia.com/terms/e/entrepreneur.asp
                                                    [hrefDomain] => investopedia.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [118] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "Top 10 Qualities That Make A Great Leader"
                                                    [href] => https://web.archive.org/web/20171020062832/https://www.forbes.com/sites/tanyaprive/2012/12/19/top-10-qualities-that-make-a-great-leader
                                                    [hrefDomain] => archive.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [119] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => the original
                                                    [href] => https://www.forbes.com/sites/tanyaprive/2012/12/19/top-10-qualities-that-make-a-great-leader
                                                    [hrefDomain] => forbes.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [120] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Essai sur la Nature du Commerce en Général
                                                    [href] => https://archive.org/details/essaisurlanature00cant
                                                    [hrefDomain] => archive.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [121] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Innovation and Entrepreneurship
                                                    [href] => https://archive.org/details/innovationentrep00druc
                                                    [hrefDomain] => archive.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [122] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Risk, Uncertainty and Profit
                                                    [href] => https://books.google.com/books?id=-alYLsfnCXUC
                                                    [hrefDomain] => google.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [123] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00927
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.3389%2Ffnhum.2013.00927
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [124] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1016/0883-9026(86)90012-1
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1016%2F0883-9026%2886%2990012-1
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [125] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "Decoding Right Strategies for Entrepreneurship"
                                                    [href] => http://www.greaterkashmir.com/news/opinion/decoding-right-strategies-for-entrepreneurship/195820.html
                                                    [hrefDomain] => greaterkashmir.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [126] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "Proven Strategies to Become A Successful Entrepreneur"
                                                    [href] => https://www.startup.ind.in/2021/07/how-to-become-a-successful-entrepreneur.html
                                                    [hrefDomain] => startup.ind.in
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [127] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1108/JEEE-11-2019-0171
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1108%2FJEEE-11-2019-0171
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [128] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.5465/AMR.2000.2791611
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.5465%2FAMR.2000.2791611
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [129] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => What motivates entrepreneurial entry under economic inequality? The role of human and financial capital
                                                    [href] => http://hum.sagepub.com/content/68/7/1183.abstract
                                                    [hrefDomain] => sagepub.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [130] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1177/0266242613485767
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0266242613485767
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [131] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 145370748
                                                    [href] => https://api.semanticscholar.org/CorpusID:145370748
                                                    [hrefDomain] => semanticscholar.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [132] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1177/0266242611425838
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0266242611425838
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [133] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 153471645
                                                    [href] => https://api.semanticscholar.org/CorpusID:153471645
                                                    [hrefDomain] => semanticscholar.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [134] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "Is There an Elephant in Entrepreneurship? Blind Assumptions in Theory Development; Business research"
                                                    [href] => https://www.uv.es/bcjauveg/docs/LibroCuervoRibeiroRoigENG.pdf#page=235
                                                    [hrefDomain] => uv.es
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [135] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1177/104225870102500403
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1177%2F104225870102500403
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [136] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 220124642
                                                    [href] => https://api.semanticscholar.org/CorpusID:220124642
                                                    [hrefDomain] => semanticscholar.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [137] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.5465/amj.2009.0211
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.5465%2Famj.2009.0211
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [138] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 167415395
                                                    [href] => https://api.semanticscholar.org/CorpusID:167415395
                                                    [hrefDomain] => semanticscholar.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [139] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1037/0021-9010.83.1.43
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1037%2F0021-9010.83.1.43
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [140] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => The leadership challenge: How to get extraordinary things done in organizations
                                                    [href] => https://archive.org/details/leadershipchalle00kouz_1
                                                    [hrefDomain] => archive.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [141] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 1987lcht.book.....K
                                                    [href] => https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1987lcht.book.....K
                                                    [hrefDomain] => harvard.edu
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [142] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "Language, communication, and socially situated cognition in entrepreneurship. Academy Of Management Review"
                                                    [href] => https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02276729/file/264638-AMR_Clarke_201110.pdf
                                                    [hrefDomain] => archives-ouvertes.fr
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [143] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.5465/AMR.2011.65554783
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.5465%2FAMR.2011.65554783
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [144] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1504/ijebr.2011.040021
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1504%2Fijebr.2011.040021
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [145] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => https://www.theglobeandmail.com/report-on-business/careers/business-education/disruptors-are-just-pirates-on-the-high-seas-of-capitalism/article21443149/
                                                    [href] => https://www.theglobeandmail.com/report-on-business/careers/business-education/disruptors-are-just-pirates-on-the-high-seas-of-capitalism/article21443149/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => theglobeandmail.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [146] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "Booties, bounties, business models: a map to the next red oceans"
                                                    [href] => https://web.archive.org/web/20140826115200/http://works.bepress.com/roth/9/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => archive.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [147] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1504/ijesb.2014.064272
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1504%2Fijesb.2014.064272
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [148] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 53140269
                                                    [href] => https://api.semanticscholar.org/CorpusID:53140269
                                                    [hrefDomain] => semanticscholar.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [149] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => the original
                                                    [href] => http://works.bepress.com/roth/9/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => bepress.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [150] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "The eye-patch of the beholder"
                                                    [href] => https://web.archive.org/web/20140826114118/http://works.bepress.com/roth/8/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => archive.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [151] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1504/ijesb.2014.064271
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1504%2Fijesb.2014.064271
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [152] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => the original
                                                    [href] => http://works.bepress.com/roth/8/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => bepress.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [153] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "Entrepreneurship: The Ultimate White Privilege?"
                                                    [href] => https://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2013/08/entrepreneurship-the-ultimate-white-privilege/278727/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => theatlantic.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [154] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "The Average Age of Successful Entrepreneurs Is Actually 45"
                                                    [href] => https://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article/age-of-successful-entrepreneurs/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => upenn.edu
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [155] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "A Study of 2.7 Million Startups Found the Ideal Age to Start a Business (and It's Much Older Than You Think)"
                                                    [href] => https://www.inc.com/jeff-haden/a-study-of-27-million-startups-found-ideal-age-to-start-a-business-and-its-much-older-than-you-think.html
                                                    [hrefDomain] => inc.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [156] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1086/491605
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1086%2F491605
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [157] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1016/j.socec.2013.08.008
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1016%2Fj.socec.2013.08.008
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [158] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "Scientists have discovered a personality difference between entrepreneurs and employees"
                                                    [href] => http://www.businessinsider.com/personality-difference-between-entrepreneurs-and-employees-2015-2#ixzz3SklQUxLd-2
                                                    [hrefDomain] => businessinsider.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [159] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Entrepreneurship
                                                    [href] => https://web.archive.org/web/20131231164003/https://books.google.com/books?id=eNy7hA-rvOUC
                                                    [hrefDomain] => archive.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [160] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => the original
                                                    [href] => https://books.google.com/books?id=eNy7hA-rvOUC
                                                    [hrefDomain] => google.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [161] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1007/s11187-010-9282-7
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1007%2Fs11187-010-9282-7
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [162] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 153414747
                                                    [href] => https://api.semanticscholar.org/CorpusID:153414747
                                                    [hrefDomain] => semanticscholar.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [163] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "Workplace Peers and Entrepreneurship"
                                                    [href] => https://web.archive.org/web/20171010062717/http://www.edegan.com/pdfs/Nanda%20Sorensen%20(2010)%20-%20Workplace%20peers%20and%20entrepreneurship.pdf
                                                    [hrefDomain] => archive.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [164] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1287/mnsc.1100.1179
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1287%2Fmnsc.1100.1179
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [165] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => the original
                                                    [href] => http://www.edegan.com/pdfs/Nanda%20Sorensen%20(2010)%20-%20Workplace%20peers%20and%20entrepreneurship.pdf
                                                    [hrefDomain] => edegan.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [166] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "Peers Influence Decision to Become an Entrepreneur"
                                                    [href] => http://www.gsb.stanford.edu/news/research/sorensen_peers.html
                                                    [hrefDomain] => stanford.edu
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [167] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => ENTREPRENEURIAL BEHAVIOR
                                                    [href] => https://web.archive.org/web/20150723210058/http://www.nyenrode.com/FacultyResearch/research/Documents/Research%20Paper%20Series/2007/07-04.pdf
                                                    [hrefDomain] => archive.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [168] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Flow
                                                    [href] => https://books.google.com/books?id=epmhVuaaoK0C
                                                    [hrefDomain] => google.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [169] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Disrupting Class: How Disruptive Innovation Will Change the Way the World Learns
                                                    [href] => https://books.google.com/books?id=wiBcUl44FEcC
                                                    [hrefDomain] => google.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [170] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1086/428885
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1086%2F428885
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [171] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 146766889
                                                    [href] => https://api.semanticscholar.org/CorpusID:146766889
                                                    [hrefDomain] => semanticscholar.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [172] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1016/j.ssci.2007.03.004
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1016%2Fj.ssci.2007.03.004
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [173] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1016/j.emj.2013.01.001
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1016%2Fj.emj.2013.01.001
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [174] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1037/a0029168
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1037%2Fa0029168
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [175] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.5465/AMP.2011.61020802
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.5465%2FAMP.2011.61020802
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [176] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => An integrative theory of leadership
                                                    [href] => https://books.google.com/books?id=hAbsAgAAQBAJ
                                                    [hrefDomain] => google.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [177] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => A General Theory of Entrepreneurship: The Individual-opportunity Nexus
                                                    [href] => https://books.google.com/books?id=0FxO_Wsh30kC
                                                    [hrefDomain] => google.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [178] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.5465/amr.1991.4278936
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.5465%2Famr.1991.4278936
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [179] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Changing Conceptions of Leadership
                                                    [href] => https://books.google.com/books?id=5lFDBAAAQBAJ
                                                    [hrefDomain] => google.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [180] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "Are They All Like Bill, Mark, and Steve? The Education Premium for Entrepreneurs"
                                                    [href] => https://web.archive.org/web/20151208202510/http://www.sciencespo.fr/liepp/sites/sciencespo.fr.liepp/files/paper_Are_They_All_Like_Bill_Michelacci.pdf
                                                    [hrefDomain] => archive.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [181] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => the original
                                                    [href] => http://www.sciencespo.fr/liepp/sites/sciencespo.fr.liepp/files/paper_Are_They_All_Like_Bill_Michelacci.pdf
                                                    [hrefDomain] => sciencespo.fr
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [182] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => The Origin and Evolution of New Businesses
                                                    [href] => http://www.bhide.net/books/Origin%20and%20Evolution/part1.pdf
                                                    [hrefDomain] => bhide.net
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [183] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1016/j.jbusvent.2005.06.007
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1016%2Fj.jbusvent.2005.06.007
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [184] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Encyclopedia of Technology and Innovation Management
                                                    [href] => https://books.google.com/books?id=duIY77a2WRYC
                                                    [hrefDomain] => google.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [185] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1007/s11187-010-9262-y
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1007%2Fs11187-010-9262-y
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [186] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 14117173
                                                    [href] => https://api.semanticscholar.org/CorpusID:14117173
                                                    [hrefDomain] => semanticscholar.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [187] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1007/s00712-013-0375-z
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1007%2Fs00712-013-0375-z
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [188] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 154956413
                                                    [href] => https://api.semanticscholar.org/CorpusID:154956413
                                                    [hrefDomain] => semanticscholar.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [189] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1007/s11187-005-5602-8
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1007%2Fs11187-005-5602-8
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [190] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 154429897
                                                    [href] => https://api.semanticscholar.org/CorpusID:154429897
                                                    [hrefDomain] => semanticscholar.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [191] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "7"
                                                    [href] => https://books.google.com/books?id=clePgiDAoGQC
                                                    [hrefDomain] => google.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [192] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1111/etap.12137
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1111%2Fetap.12137
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [193] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 153562537
                                                    [href] => https://api.semanticscholar.org/CorpusID:153562537
                                                    [hrefDomain] => semanticscholar.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [194] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1093/ijpor/12.1.3
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1093%2Fijpor%2F12.1.3
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [195] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.4135/9781446263433
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.4135%2F9781446263433
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [196] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "The Psychological Price of Entrepreneurship."
                                                    [href] => https://www.inc.com/magazine/201309/jessica-bruder/psychological-price-of-entrepreneurship.html
                                                    [hrefDomain] => inc.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [197] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1504/gber.2010.032317
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1504%2Fgber.2010.032317
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [198] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1111/j.1540-6520.2009.00357.x
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1111%2Fj.1540-6520.2009.00357.x
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [199] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 144091559
                                                    [href] => https://api.semanticscholar.org/CorpusID:144091559
                                                    [hrefDomain] => semanticscholar.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [200] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.2307/30041235
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.2307%2F30041235
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [201] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 145489840
                                                    [href] => https://api.semanticscholar.org/CorpusID:145489840
                                                    [hrefDomain] => semanticscholar.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [202] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "Entrepreneurial types and economic growth"
                                                    [href] => http://econpapers.repec.org/article/eeejbvent/v_3a25_3ay_3a2010_3ai_3a3_3ap_3a305-314.htm
                                                    [hrefDomain] => repec.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [203] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1016/j.jbusvent.2008.10.002
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1016%2Fj.jbusvent.2008.10.002
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [204] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.5465/amr.2000.2791611
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.5465%2Famr.2000.2791611
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [205] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1177/0266242613485767
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0266242613485767
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [206] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 145370748
                                                    [href] => https://api.semanticscholar.org/CorpusID:145370748
                                                    [hrefDomain] => semanticscholar.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [207] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "Management pioneer contributors: 30-year review"
                                                    [href] => https://www.sites.google.com/site/merycitrasondari/in-the-news/personsnamesnewwebsitewinswobbyaward/Kel5_Management_pioneer.pdf
                                                    [hrefDomain] => google.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [208] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1108/17511341011073915
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1108%2F17511341011073915
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [209] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1016/j.jbusvent.2008.04.007
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1016%2Fj.jbusvent.2008.04.007
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [210] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => "The Study of Bias in Entrepreneurship"
                                                    [href] => https://www.researchgate.net/publication/260945337
                                                    [hrefDomain] => researchgate.net
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [211] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 10.1111/etap.12212
                                                    [href] => https://doi.org/10.1111%2Fetap.12212
                                                    [hrefDomain] => doi.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [212] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 146617323
                                                    [href] => https://api.semanticscholar.org/CorpusID:146617323
                                                    [hrefDomain] => semanticscholar.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [213] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Entrepreneurship
                                                    [href] => https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Entrepreneurship
                                                    [hrefDomain] => wikimedia.org
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [214] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Entrepreneurs
                                                    [href] => https://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Entrepreneurs
                                                    [hrefDomain] => wikiquote.org
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [215] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Entrepreneurship
                                                    [href] => https://en.wikiversity.org/wiki/Entrepreneurship
                                                    [hrefDomain] => wikiversity.org
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [216] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 
                                                    [href] => https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q3908516#identifiers
                                                    [hrefDomain] => wikidata.org
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [217] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Integrated Authority File (Germany)
                                                    [href] => https://d-nb.info/gnd/7588126-3
                                                    [hrefDomain] => d-nb.info
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [218] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Japan
                                                    [href] => https://id.ndl.go.jp/auth/ndlna/01058089
                                                    [hrefDomain] => ndl.go.jp
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [219] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Microsoft Academic
                                                    [href] => https://academic.microsoft.com/v2/detail/2776939166
                                                    [hrefDomain] => microsoft.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [toc] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => Contents. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                )

                                        )

                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => Perspectives on entrepreneurship[edit]. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                )

                                        )

                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => Elements[edit]. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                )

                                        )

                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => History[edit]. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Historical usage[edit]. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 20th century[edit]. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 21st century[edit]. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Relationship between small business and entrepreneurship[edit]. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [4] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Historians' ranking[edit]. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                )

                                        )

                                    [4] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => Types of entrepreneurship[edit]. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Cultural[edit]. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Ethnic[edit]. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Feminist[edit]. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Institutional[edit]. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [4] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Millennial[edit]. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [5] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Nascent[edit]. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [6] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Project-based[edit]. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [7] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Social[edit]. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [8] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Biosphere[edit]. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                )

                                        )

                                    [5] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => Entrepreneurial behaviors[edit]. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Uncertainty perception and risk-taking[edit]. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => "Coachability" and advice taking[edit]. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Strategies[edit]. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Designing individual/opportunity nexus[edit]. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [4] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Opportunity perception and biases[edit]. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [5] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Styles[edit]. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [6] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Communication[edit]. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                                        (
                                                                            [level] => 4
                                                                            [name] => Links to sea piracy[edit]. 
                                                                            [tag] => h4
                                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                                (
                                                                                )

                                                                        )

                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                )

                                        )

                                    [6] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => Psychological makeup[edit]. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Strategic entrepreneurship[edit]. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Leadership[edit]. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Global leadership[edit]. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                )

                                        )

                                    [7] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => Entrepreneurship training and education[edit]. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                )

                                        )

                                    [8] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => Resources and financing[edit]. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Entrepreneurial resources[edit]. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Bootstrapping[edit]. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                                        (
                                                                            [level] => 4
                                                                            [name] => Contextual background[edit]. 
                                                                            [tag] => h4
                                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                                (
                                                                                )

                                                                        )

                                                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                                                        (
                                                                            [level] => 4
                                                                            [name] => Common definition[edit]. 
                                                                            [tag] => h4
                                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                                (
                                                                                )

                                                                        )

                                                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                                                        (
                                                                            [level] => 4
                                                                            [name] => Related methodologies[edit]. 
                                                                            [tag] => h4
                                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                                (
                                                                                )

                                                                        )

                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Additional financing[edit]. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Effect of taxes[edit]. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                )

                                        )

                                    [9] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => Predictors of success[edit]. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                )

                                        )

                                    [10] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => See also[edit]. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                )

                                        )

                                    [11] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => References[edit]. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                )

                                        )

                                    [12] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => Bibliography[edit]. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                )

                                        )

                                    [13] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => Further reading[edit]. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                )

                                        )

                                    [14] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => External links[edit]. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                )

                                        )

                                    [15] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => Navigation menu. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
				Search
			. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [schema_type] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => Article
                                )

                            [comment_questions] => Array
                                (
                                )

                            [body] => Entrepreneurship From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to navigation Jump to search Process of designing, launching and running a new business "Entrepreneur" redirects here. For other uses, see Entrepreneur (disambiguation). Part of a series onCapitalism Concepts Business Business cycle Businessperson Capital Capital accumulation Capital markets Company Corporation Competitive markets Economic interventionism Economic liberalism Economic surplus Entrepreneurship Fictitious capital Financial market Free price system Free market Goods and services Investor Invisible hand Visible hand Liberalization Marginalism Money Private property Privatization Profit Rent seeking Supply and demand Surplus value Value Wage labour Economic systems Anglo-Saxon Authoritarian Corporate Dirigist Free-market Humanistic Laissez-faire Liberal Libertarian Market Mercantilist Mixed Monopoly National Neoliberal Nordic Private Raw Regulated market Regulatory Rhine Social State State-sponsored Welfare Economic theories American Austrian Chartalism MMT Chicago Classical Institutional Keynesian Neo- New Post- Critique of political economy Marxist Monetarist Neoclassical New institutional Supply-side Origins Age of Enlightenment Capitalism and Islam Commercial Revolution Feudalism Industrial Revolution Mercantilism Primitive accumulation Physiocracy Simple commodity production Development Advanced Consumer Community Corporate Crony Finance Global Illiberal Late Marxist Merchant Progressive Rentier State monopoly Technological People Adam Smith John Stuart Mill David Ricardo Thomas Robert Malthus Jean-Baptiste Say Karl Marx Milton Friedman Friedrich Hayek John Maynard Keynes Alfred Marshall Vilfredo Pareto Leon Walras Ludwig von Mises Ayn Rand Murray Rothbard Joseph Schumpeter Thorstein Veblen Max Weber Ronald Coase Related topics and criticism Anti-capitalism Capitalist state Consumerism Crisis theory Criticism of capitalism Critique of political economy Cronyism Culture of capitalism Evergreening Exploitation of labour Globalization History History of theory Market economy Periodizations of capitalism Perspectives on capitalism Post-capitalism Speculation Spontaneous order Venture philanthropy Wage slavery Ideologies Anarcho Authoritarian Classical liberalism Democratic Dirigisme Eco Humanistic Inclusive Liberal Liberalism Libertarian Neo Neoliberalism Objectivism Ordoliberalism Privatism Right-libertarianism Third Way  Capitalism portal  Business portalvte Entrepreneurship is the creation or extraction of value.[1][2][3] With this definition, entrepreneurship is viewed as change, generally entailing risk beyond what is normally encountered in starting a business, which may include other values than simply economic ones. An entrepreneur is an individual who creates a new business, bearing most of the risks and enjoying most of the rewards. The process of setting up a business is known as entrepreneurship. The entrepreneur is commonly seen as an innovator, a source of new ideas, goods, services, and business/or procedures. More narrow definitions have described entrepreneurship as the process of designing, launching and running a new business, which is often similar to a small business, or as the "capacity and willingness to develop, organize and manage a business venture along with any of its risks to make a profit."[4] The people who create these businesses are often referred to as entrepreneurs.[5][6] While definitions of entrepreneurship typically focus on the launching and running of businesses, due to the high risks involved in launching a start-up, a significant proportion of start-up businesses have to close due to "lack of funding, bad business decisions, government policies, an economic crisis, lack of market demand, or a combination of all of these."[7] In the field of economics, the term entrepreneur is used for an entity which has the ability to translate inventions or technologies into products and services.[8] In this sense, entrepreneurship describes activities on the part of both established firms and new businesses. Contents. 1 Perspectives on entrepreneurship 2 Elements 3 History 3.1 Historical usage 3.2 20th century 3.3 21st century 3.4 Relationship between small business and entrepreneurship 3.5 Historians' ranking 4 Types of entrepreneurship 4.1 Cultural 4.2 Ethnic 4.3 Feminist 4.4 Institutional 4.5 Millennial 4.6 Nascent 4.7 Project-based 4.8 Social 4.9 Biosphere 5 Entrepreneurial behaviors 5.1 Uncertainty perception and risk-taking 5.2 "Coachability" and advice taking 5.3 Strategies 5.4 Designing individual/opportunity nexus 5.5 Opportunity perception and biases 5.6 Styles 5.7 Communication 5.7.1 Links to sea piracy 6 Psychological makeup 6.1 Strategic entrepreneurship 6.2 Leadership 6.3 Global leadership 7 Entrepreneurship training and education 8 Resources and financing 8.1 Entrepreneurial resources 8.2 Bootstrapping 8.2.1 Contextual background 8.2.2 Common definition 8.2.3 Related methodologies 8.3 Additional financing 8.4 Effect of taxes 9 Predictors of success 10 See also 11 References 12 Bibliography 13 Further reading 14 External links Perspectives on entrepreneurship[edit]. As an academic field, entrepreneurship accommodates different schools of thought. It has been studied within disciplines such as economics, sociology and economic history.[9][10] Some view entrepreneurship as allocated to the entrepreneur. These scholars tend to focus on what the entrepreneur does and what traits that an entrepreneur has (see for example the text under the headings Elements below). This is sometimes referred to as the functionalistic approach to entrepreneurship.[11] Others deviate from the individualistic perspective to turn the spotlight on the entrepreneurial process and immerse in the interplay between agency and context. This approach is sometimes referred to as the processual approach,[11] or the contextual turn/approach to entrepreneurship.[12][13] Elements[edit]. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Entrepreneurship" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (August 2021) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) Entrepreneurship is an act of being an entrepreneur, or "the owner or manager of a business enterprise who, by risk and initiative, attempts to make profits".[14] Entrepreneurs act as managers and oversee the launch and growth of an enterprise. Entrepreneurship is the process by which either an individual or a team identifies a business opportunity and acquires and deploys the necessary resources required for its exploitation. Early-19th-century French economist Jean-Baptiste Say provided a broad definition of entrepreneurship, saying that it "shifts economic resources out of an area of lower and into an area of higher productivity and greater yield". Entrepreneurs create something new, something different—they change or transmute values.[15] Regardless of the firm size, big or small, they can partake in entrepreneurship opportunities. The opportunity to become an entrepreneur requires four criteria. First, there must be opportunities or situations to recombine resources to generate profit. Second, entrepreneurship requires differences between people, such as preferential access to certain individuals or the ability to recognize information about opportunities. Third, taking on risk is a necessity. Fourth, the entrepreneurial process requires the organization of people and resources.[16] An entrepreneur uses their time, energy, and resources into creating value for others. They are rewarded for this effort monetarily and therefore both the consumer of the value created and the entrepreneur are benefitted. The entrepreneur is a factor in and the study of entrepreneurship reaches back to the work of Richard Cantillon and Adam Smith in the late 17th and early 18th centuries. However, entrepreneurship was largely ignored theoretically until the late 19th and early 20th centuries and empirically until a profound resurgence in business and economics since the late 1970s. In the 20th century, the understanding of entrepreneurship owes much to the work of economist Joseph Schumpeter in the 1930s and other Austrian economists such as Carl Menger, Ludwig von Mises and Friedrich von Hayek. According to Schumpeter, an entrepreneur is a person who is willing and able to convert a new idea or invention into a successful innovation. Entrepreneurship employs what Schumpeter called "the gale of creative destruction" to replace in whole or in part inferior innovations across markets and industries, simultaneously creating new products including new business models. In this way, creative destruction is largely responsible for the dynamism of industries and long-run economic growth. The supposition that entrepreneurship leads to economic growth is an interpretation of the residual in endogenous growth theory and as such is hotly debated in academic economics. An alternative description posited by Israel Kirzner suggests that the majority of innovations may be much more incremental improvements such as the replacement of paper with plastic in the making of drinking straws. The exploitation of entrepreneurial opportunities may include:[17] Developing a business plan Hiring human resources Acquiring financial and material resources Providing leadership Being responsible for both the venture's success or failure Risk aversion Economist Joseph Schumpeter (1883–1950) saw the role of the entrepreneur in the economy as "creative destruction" – launching innovations that simultaneously destroy old industries while ushering in new industries and approaches. For Schumpeter, the changes and "dynamic disequilibrium brought on by the innovating entrepreneur [were] the norm of a healthy economy".[18] While entrepreneurship is often associated with new, small, for-profit start-ups, entrepreneurial behavior can be seen in small-, medium- and large-sized firms, new and established firms and in for-profit and not-for-profit organizations, including voluntary-sector groups, charitable organizations and government.[19] Entrepreneurship may operate within an entrepreneurship ecosystem which often includes: Government programs and services that promote entrepreneurship and support entrepreneurs and start-ups Non-governmental organizations such as small-business associations and organizations that offer advice and mentoring to entrepreneurs (e.g. through entrepreneurship centers or websites) Small-business advocacy organizations that lobby governments for increased support for entrepreneurship programs and more small business-friendly laws and regulations Entrepreneurship resources and facilities (e.g. business incubators and seed accelerators) Entrepreneurship education and training programs offered by schools, colleges and universities Financing (e.g. bank loans, venture capital financing, angel investing and government and private foundation grants)[20][need quotation to verify] In the 2000s, usage of the term "entrepreneurship" expanded to include how and why some individuals (or teams) identify opportunities, evaluate them as viable, and then decide to exploit them.[21] The term has also been used to discuss how people might use these opportunities to develop new products or services, launch new firms or industries, and create wealth.[22] The entrepreneurial process is uncertain because opportunities can only be identified after they have been exploited.[23] Entrepreneurs exhibit positive biases towards finding new possibilities and seeing unmet market needs, and a tendency towards risk-taking that makes them more likely to exploit business opportunities.[24][25] History[edit]. Historical usage[edit]. 17th-century Walloon-Dutch-Swedish businessman Louis De Geer (1587–1652) was a pioneering entrepreneur and industrialist at the dawn of modern capitalism.[26][27] Emil Jellinek-Mercedes (1853–1918), here at the steering wheel of his Phoenix Double-Phaeton, was a European entrepreneur who helped design the first modern car "Entrepreneur" (/ˌɒ̃trəprəˈnɜːr, -ˈnjʊər/ (listen), UK also /-prɛ-/) is a loanword from French. The word first appeared in the French dictionary entitled Dictionnaire Universel de Commerce compiled by Jacques des Bruslons and published in 1723.[28] Especially in Britain, the term "adventurer" was often used to denote the same meaning.[29] The study of entrepreneurship reaches back to the work in the late 17th and early 18th centuries of Irish-French economist Richard Cantillon, which was foundational to classical economics. Cantillon defined the term first in his Essai sur la Nature du Commerce en Général, or Essay on the Nature of Trade in General, a book William Stanley Jevons considered the "cradle of political economy".[30][31] Cantillon defined the term as a person who pays a certain price for a product and resells it at an uncertain price, "making decisions about obtaining and using the resources while consequently admitting the risk of enterprise". Cantillon considered the entrepreneur to be a risk taker who deliberately allocates resources to exploit opportunities to maximize the financial return.[32][33] Cantillon emphasized the willingness of the entrepreneur to assume the risk and to deal with uncertainty, thus he drew attention to the function of the entrepreneur and distinguished between the function of the entrepreneur and the owner who provided the money.[32][34] Jean-Baptiste Say also identified entrepreneurs as a driver for economic development, emphasizing their role as one of the collecting factors of production allocating resources from less to fields that are more productive. Both Say and Cantillon belonged to French school of thought and known as the physiocrats.[35] Dating back to the time of the medieval guilds in Germany, a craftsperson required special permission to operate as an entrepreneur, the small proof of competence (Kleiner Befähigungsnachweis), which restricted training of apprentices to craftspeople who held a Meister certificate. This institution was introduced in 1908 after a period of so-called freedom of trade (Gewerbefreiheit, introduced in 1871) in the German Reich. However, proof of competence was not required to start a business. In 1935 and in 1953, greater proof of competence was reintroduced (Großer Befähigungsnachweis Kuhlenbeck), which required craftspeople to obtain a Meister apprentice-training certificate before being permitted to set up a new business.[36] In the Ashanti Empire, successful entrepreneurs who accumulated large wealth and men as well as distinguished themselves through heroic deeds were awarded social and political recognition by being called "Abirempon" which means big men. By the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries AD, the appellation "Abirempon" had formalized and politicized to embrace those who conducted trade from which the whole state benefited. The state rewarded entrepreneurs who attained such accomplishments with Mena(elephant tail) which was the "heraldic badge" [37] 20th century[edit]. In the 20th century, entrepreneurship was studied by Joseph Schumpeter in the 1930s and by other Austrian economists such as Carl Menger (1840-1921), Ludwig von Mises (1881-1973) and Friedrich von Hayek (1899-1992). While the loan from French of the English-language word "entrepreneur" dates to 1762,[38] the word "entrepreneurism" dates from 1902[39] and the term "entrepreneurship" also first appeared in 1902.[40] According to Schumpeter, an entrepreneur is willing and able to convert a new idea or invention into a successful innovation.[41] Entrepreneurship employs what Schumpeter called the "gale of creative destruction"[42] to replace in whole or in part inferior offerings across markets and industries, simultaneously creating new products and new business models,[citation needed] thus creative destruction is largely[quantify] responsible for long-term economic growth. The idea that entrepreneurship leads to economic growth is an interpretation of the residual in endogenous growth theory[clarification needed] and as such continues to be debated in academic economics. An alternative description by Israel Kirzner (1930- ) suggests that the majority of innovations may be incremental improvements - such as the replacement of paper with plastic in the construction of a drinking straw - that require no special qualities. For Schumpeter, entrepreneurship resulted in new industries and in new combinations of currently existing inputs. Schumpeter's initial example of this was the combination of a steam engine and then current wagon-making technologies to produce the horseless carriage. In this case, the innovation (i.e. the car) was transformational but did not require the development of dramatic new technology. It did not immediately replace the horse-drawn carriage, but in time incremental improvements reduced the cost and improved the technology, leading to the modern auto industry. Despite Schumpeter's early 20th-century contributions, traditional microeconomic theory did not formally consider the entrepreneur in its theoretical frameworks (instead of assuming that resources would find each other through a price system). In this treatment, the entrepreneur was an implied but unspecified actor, consistent with the concept of the entrepreneur being the agent of x-efficiency. For Schumpeter, the entrepreneur did not bear risk: the capitalist did. Schumpeter believed that the equilibrium was imperfect. Schumpeter (1934) demonstrated that the changing environment continuously provides new information about the optimum allocation of resources to enhance profitability. Some individuals acquire the new information before others and recombine the resources to gain an entrepreneurial profit. Schumpeter was of the opinion that entrepreneurs shift the production-possibility curve to a higher level using innovations.[43] Initially, economists made the first attempt[when?] to study the entrepreneurship concept in depth.[44] Alfred Marshall viewed the entrepreneur as a multi-tasking capitalist and observed that in the equilibrium of a completely competitive market there was no spot for "entrepreneurs" as economic-activity creators.[45] Changes in politics and society in Russia and China the late-20th century saw a flowering of entrepreneurial activity, producing Russian oligarchs[46] and Chinese millionaires.[47] 21st century[edit]. In 2012, Ambassador-at-Large for Global Women's Issues Melanne Verveer greets participants in an African Women's Entrepreneurship Program at the State Department in Washington, D.C. In the 2000s, entrepreneurship was extended from its origins in for-profit businesses to include social entrepreneurship, in which business goals are sought alongside social, environmental or humanitarian goals and even the concept of the political entrepreneur.[according to whom?] Entrepreneurship within an existing firm or large organization has been referred to as intrapreneurship and may include corporate ventures where large entities "spin-off" subsidiary organizations.[48] Entrepreneurs are leaders willing to take risk and exercise initiative, taking advantage of market opportunities by planning, organizing and deploying resources,[49] often by innovating to create new or improving existing products or services.[50] In the 2000s, the term "entrepreneurship" has been extended to include a specific mindset resulting in entrepreneurial initiatives, e.g. in the form of social entrepreneurship, political entrepreneurship or knowledge entrepreneurship.[citation needed] According to Paul Reynolds, founder of the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor, "by the time they reach their retirement years, half of all working men in the United States probably have a period of self-employment of one or more years; one in four may have engaged in self-employment for six or more years. Participating in a new business creation is a common activity among U.S. workers over the course of their careers".[51] In recent years, entrepreneurship has been claimed as a major driver of economic growth in both the United States and Western Europe.[citation needed] Entrepreneurial activities differ substantially depending on the type of organization and creativity involved. Entrepreneurship ranges in scale from solo, part-time projects to large-scale undertakings that involve a team and which may create many jobs. Many "high value" entrepreneurial ventures seek venture capital or angel funding (seed money) to raise capital for building and expanding the business.[52] Many organizations exist to support would-be entrepreneurs, including specialized government agencies, business incubators (which may be for-profit, non-profit, or operated by a college or university), science parks and non-governmental organizations, which include a range of organizations including not-for-profits, charities, foundations and business advocacy groups (e.g. Chambers of commerce). Beginning in 2008, an annual "Global Entrepreneurship Week" event aimed at "exposing people to the benefits of entrepreneurship" and getting them to "participate in entrepreneurial-related activities" was launched.[who?] Relationship between small business and entrepreneurship[edit]. The term "entrepreneur" is often conflated with the term "small business" or used interchangeably with this term. While most entrepreneurial ventures start out as a small business, not all small businesses are entrepreneurial in the strict sense of the term. Many small businesses are sole proprietor operations consisting solely of the owner—or they have a small number of employees—and many of these small businesses offer an existing product, process or service and they do not aim at growth. In contrast, entrepreneurial ventures offer an innovative product, process or service and the entrepreneur typically aims to scale up the company by adding employees, seeking international sales and so on, a process which is financed by venture capital and angel investments. In this way, the term "entrepreneur" may be more closely associated with the term "startup". Successful entrepreneurs have the ability to lead a business in a positive direction by proper planning, to adapt to changing environments and understand their own strengths and weakness.[53] Historians' ranking[edit]. A 2002 survey of 58 business history professors gave the top spots in American business history to Henry Ford, followed by Bill Gates; John D. Rockefeller; Andrew Carnegie, and Thomas Edison. They were followed by Sam Walton; J. P. Morgan; Alfred P. Sloan; Walt Disney; Ray Kroc; Thomas J. Watson; Alexander Graham Bell; Eli Whitney; James J. Hill; Jack Welch; Cyrus McCormick; David Packard; Bill Hewlett; Cornelius Vanderbilt; and George Westinghouse.[54] A 1977 survey of management scholars reported the top five pioneers in management ideas were: Frederick Winslow Taylor; Chester Barnard; Frank Bunker Gilbreth Sr.; Elton Mayo; and Lillian Moller Gilbreth.[55] Types of entrepreneurship[edit]. Cultural[edit]. According to Christopher Rea and Nicolai Volland, cultural entrepreneurship is "practices of individual and collective agency characterized by mobility between cultural professions and modes of cultural production", which refers to creative industry activities and sectors. In their book The Business of Culture (2015), Rea and Volland identify three types of cultural entrepreneur: "cultural personalities", defined as "individuals who buil[d] their own personal brand of creativity as a cultural authority and leverage it to create and sustain various cultural enterprises"; "tycoons", defined as "entrepreneurs who buil[d] substantial clout in the cultural sphere by forging synergies between their industrial, cultural, political, and philanthropic interests"; and "collective enterprises", organizations which may engage in cultural production for profit or not-for-profit purposes.[56] In the 2000s, story-telling has emerged as a field of study in cultural entrepreneurship. Some have argued that entrepreneurs should be considered “skilled cultural operators” [57] that use stories to build legitimacy, and seize market opportunities and new capital.[58][59][60] Others have concluded that we need to speak of a ‘narrative turn’ in cultural entrepreneurship research.[61] Ethnic[edit]. The term "ethnic entrepreneurship" refers to self-employed business owners who belong to racial or ethnic minority groups in the United States and Europe[citation needed]. A long tradition of academic research explores the experiences and strategies of ethnic entrepreneurs as they strive to integrate economically into mainstream U.S. or European society. Classic cases include Jewish merchants and tradespeople in large U.S. cities in the 19th and early 20th centuries as well as Chinese and Japanese small business owners (restaurants, farmers, shop owners) on the West Coast.[62] In the 2010s, ethnic entrepreneurship has been studied in the case of Cuban business owners in Miami, Indian motel owners of the U.S. and Chinese business owners in Chinatowns across the United States. While entrepreneurship offers these groups many opportunities for economic advancement, self-employment and business ownership in the United States remain unevenly distributed along racial/ethnic lines.[63] Despite numerous success stories of Asian entrepreneurs, a recent statistical analysis of U.S. census data shows that whites are more likely than Asians, African-Americans and Latinos to be self-employed in high prestige, lucrative industries.[63] Feminist[edit]. A feminist entrepreneur is an individual who applies feminist values and approaches through entrepreneurship, with the goal of improving the quality of life and well-being of girls and women.[64] Many are doing so by creating "for women, by women" enterprises. Feminist entrepreneurs are motivated to enter commercial markets by desire to create wealth and social change, based on the ethics of cooperation, equality and mutual respect.[65][66] These endeavours can have the effect of both empowerment and emancipation.[67] Institutional[edit]. The American-born British economist Edith Penrose has highlighted the collective nature of entrepreneurship. She mentions that in modern organizations, human resources need to be combined to better capture and create business opportunities.[68] The sociologist Paul DiMaggio (1988:14) has expanded this view to say that "new institutions arise when organized actors with sufficient resources [institutional entrepreneurs] see in them an opportunity to realize interests that they value highly".[69] The notion has been widely applied.[70][71][72][73] Millennial[edit]. The term "millennial entrepreneur" refers to a business owner who is affiliated with millennials (also known as Generation Y), those people born from approximately 1981 to 1996.[74] The offspring of baby boomers and early Gen Xers,[75] this generation was brought up using digital technology and mass media. Millennial business owners are well-equipped with knowledge of new technology and new business models and have a strong grasp of its business applications. There have been many breakthrough businesses that have come from millennial entrepreneurs such as Mark Zuckerberg, who created Facebook.[76] Despite the expectation of millennial success, there have been recent studies that have proven this to not be the case. The comparison between millennials who are self-employed and those who are not self-employed shows that the latter is higher. The reason for this is because they have grown up in a different generation and attitude than their elders. Some of the barriers to entry for entrepreneurs are the economy, debt from schooling, and the challenges of regulatory compliance.[77] Nascent[edit]. A nascent entrepreneur is someone in the process of establishing a business venture.[78] In this observation, the nascent entrepreneur can be seen as pursuing an opportunity, i.e. a possibility to introduce new services or products, serve new markets, or develop more efficient production methods in a profitable manner.[79][80] But before such a venture is actually established, the opportunity is just a venture idea.[81] In other words, the pursued opportunity is perceptual in nature, propped by the nascent entrepreneur's personal beliefs about the feasibility of the venturing outcomes the nascent entrepreneur seeks to achieve.[82][83][84] Its prescience and value cannot be confirmed ex ante but only gradually, in the context of the actions that the nascent entrepreneur undertakes towards establishing the venture,[85] Ultimately, these actions can lead to a path that the nascent entrepreneur deems no longer attractive or feasible, or result in the emergence of a (viable) business. In this sense, over time, the nascent venture can move towards being discontinued or towards emerging successfully as an operating entity. The distinction between the novice, serial and portfolio entrepreneurs is an example of behavior-based categorization.[86] Other examples are the (related) studies by,[87][88] on start-up event sequences. Nascent entrepreneurship that emphasizes the series of activities involved in new venture emergence,[89][90][91] rather than the solitary act of exploiting an opportunity. Such research will help separate entrepreneurial action into its basic sub-activities and elucidate the inter-relationships between activities, between an activity (or sequence of activities) and an individual's motivation to form an opportunity belief, and between an activity (or sequence of activities) and the knowledge needed to form an opportunity belief. With this research, scholars will be able to begin constructing a theory of the micro-foundations of entrepreneurial action. Scholars interested in nascent entrepreneurship tend to focus less on the single act of opportunity exploitation and more on the series of actions in new venture emergence,[89][92][91] Indeed, nascent entrepreneurs undertake numerous entrepreneurial activities, including actions that make their businesses more concrete to themselves and others. For instance, nascent entrepreneurs often look for and purchase facilities and equipment; seek and obtain financial backing, form legal entities, organize teams; and dedicate all their time and energy to their business[93] Project-based[edit]. Project entrepreneurs are individuals who are engaged in the repeated assembly or creation of temporary organizations.[94] These are organizations that have limited lifespans which are devoted to producing a singular objective or goal and get disbanded rapidly when the project ends. Industries where project-based enterprises are widespread include: sound recording, film production, software development, television production, new media and construction.[95] What makes project-entrepreneurs distinctive from a theoretical standpoint is that they have to "rewire" these temporary ventures and modify them to suit the needs of new project opportunities that emerge. A project entrepreneur who used a certain approach and team for one project may have to modify the business model or team for a subsequent project. Project entrepreneurs are exposed repeatedly to problems and tasks typical of the entrepreneurial process.[96] Indeed, project-based entrepreneurs face two critical challenges that invariably characterize the creation of a new venture: locating the right opportunity to launch the project venture and assembling the most appropriate team to exploit that opportunity. Resolving the first challenge requires project-entrepreneurs to access an extensive range of information needed to seize new investment opportunities. Resolving the second challenge requires assembling a collaborative team that has to fit well with the particular challenges of the project and has to function almost immediately to reduce the risk that performance might be adversely affected. Another type of project entrepreneurship involves entrepreneurs working with business students to get analytical work done on their ideas. Social[edit]. Student organizers from the Green Club at Newcomb College Institute formed a social entrepreneurship organization in 2010. Main article: Social entrepreneurshipSocial entrepreneurship is the use of the by start up companies and other entrepreneurs to develop, fund and implement solutions to social, cultural, or environmental issues.[97] This concept may be applied to a variety of organizations with different sizes, aims, and beliefs.[98] For-profit entrepreneurs typically measure performance using business metrics like profit, revenues and increases in stock prices, but social entrepreneurs are either non-profits or blend for-profit goals with generating a positive "return to society" and therefore must use different metrics. Social entrepreneurship typically attempts to further broad social, cultural, and environmental goals often associated with the voluntary sector[99] in areas such as poverty alleviation, health care[100] and community development. At times, profit-making social enterprises may be established to support the social or cultural goals of the organization but not as an end in itself. For example, an organization that aims to provide housing and employment to the homeless may operate a restaurant, both to raise money and to provide employment for the homeless people. Biosphere[edit]. Biosphere entrepreneurship is "entrepreneurial activity that generates value for the biosphere and ecosystem services."[101] It is part of a larger trend of business schools seeking to incorporate environmental topics more actively into their curricula.[102] Entrepreneurial behaviors[edit]. The entrepreneur is commonly seen as an innovator—a designer of new ideas and business processes.[103] Management skills and strong team building abilities are often perceived as essential leadership attributes for successful entrepreneurs.[104][unreliable source] Political economist Robert Reich considers leadership, management ability and team-building to be essential qualities of an entrepreneur.[105][106] Uncertainty perception and risk-taking[edit]. Theorists Frank Knight[107] and Peter Drucker defined entrepreneurship in terms of risk-taking. The entrepreneur is willing to put his or her career and financial security on the line and take risks in the name of an idea, spending time as well as capital on an uncertain venture. However, entrepreneurs often do not believe that they have taken an enormous amount of risks because they do not perceive the level of uncertainty to be as high as other people do. Knight classified three types of uncertainty: Risk, which is measurable statistically (such as the probability of drawing a red color ball from a jar containing five red balls and five white balls) Ambiguity, which is hard to measure statistically (such as the probability of drawing a red ball from a jar containing five red balls but an unknown number of white balls) True uncertainty or Knightian uncertainty, which is impossible to estimate or predict statistically (such as the probability of drawing a red ball from a jar whose contents, in terms of numbers of coloured balls, are entirely unknown) Malala Yousafzai, a Pakistani activist, social entrepreneur and youngest-ever Nobel Peace Prize winner Entrepreneurship is often associated with true uncertainty, particularly when it involves the creation of a novel good or service, for a market that did not previously exist, rather than when a venture creates an incremental improvement to an existing product or service. A 2014 study at ETH Zürich found that compared with typical managers, entrepreneurs showed higher decision-making efficiency and a stronger activation in regions of frontopolar cortex (FPC) previously associated with explorative choice.[108] "Coachability" and advice taking[edit]. The ability of entrepreneurs to work closely with and take advice from early investors and other partners (i.e. their coachability) has long been considered a critical factor in entrepreneurial success.[109] At the same time, economists have argued that entrepreneurs should not simply act on all advice given to them, even when that advice comes from well-informed sources, because entrepreneurs possess far deeper and richer local knowledge about their own firm than any outsider. Indeed, measures of coachability are not actually predictive of entrepreneurial success (e.g. measured as success in subsequent funding rounds, acquisitions, pivots and firm survival). This research also shows that older and larger founding teams, presumably those with more subject expertise, are less coachable than younger and smaller founding teams.[citation needed] Strategies[edit]. Strategies that entrepreneurs may use include: Innovation of new products, services or processes[110] Listen to customer feedback and adapt[111] Continuous process improvement (CPI)[110] Exploration of new business models Finding solutions for problems[111] Use of technology[110] Use of business intelligence Use of economical strategics Development of future products and services[110] Optimized talent management[110] Entrepreneurial marketing strategies for interactive and innovative networking[112] Designing individual/opportunity nexus[edit]. According to Shane and Venkataraman, entrepreneurship comprises both "enterprising individuals" and "entrepreneurial opportunities", so researchers should study the nature of the individuals who identify opportunities when others do not, the opportunities themselves and the nexus between individuals and opportunities.[113] On the other hand, Reynolds et al.[114] argue that individuals are motivated to engage in entrepreneurial endeavors driven mainly by necessity or opportunity, that is individuals pursue entrepreneurship primarily owing to survival needs, or because they identify business opportunities that satisfy their need for achievement. For example, higher economic inequality tends to increase necessity-based entrepreneurship rates at the individual level.[115] Opportunity perception and biases[edit]. One study has found that certain genes affecting personality may influence the income of self-employed people.[116] Some people may be able to use[weasel words] "an innate ability" or quasi-statistical sense to gauge public opinion[117] and market demand for new products or services. Entrepreneurs tend to have the ability to see unmet market needs and underserved markets. While some entrepreneurs assume they can sense and figure out what others are thinking, the mass media plays a crucial role in shaping views and demand.[118] Ramoglou argues that entrepreneurs are not that distinctive and that it is essentially poor conceptualizations of "non-entrepreneurs" that maintain laudatory portraits of "entrepreneurs" as exceptional innovators or leaders [119][120] Entrepreneurs are often overconfident, exhibit illusion of control, when they are opening/expanding business or new products/services.[24] Styles[edit]. Differences in entrepreneurial organizations often partially reflect their founders' heterogenous identities. Fauchart and Gruber have classified entrepreneurs into three main types: Darwinians, communitarians and missionaries. These types of entrepreneurs diverge in fundamental ways in their self-views, social motivations and patterns of new firm creation.[121] Communication[edit]. Entrepreneurs must practice effective communication both within their firm and with external partners and investors to launch and grow a venture and enable it to survive. An entrepreneur needs a communication system that links the staff of her firm and connects the firm to outside firms and clients. Entrepreneurs should be charismatic leaders, so they can communicate a vision effectively to their team and help to create a strong team. Communicating a vision to followers may be the most important act of the transformational leader.[122] Compelling visions provide employees with a sense of purpose and encourage commitment. According to Baum et al.[123] and Kouzes and Posner,[124] the vision must be communicated through written statements and through in-person communication. Entrepreneurial leaders must speak and listen to articulate their vision to others.[125] Communication is pivotal in the role of entrepreneurship because it enables leaders to convince potential investors, partners and employees about the feasibility of a venture.[126] Entrepreneurs need to communicate effectively to shareholders.[127] Nonverbal elements in speech such as the tone of voice, the look in the sender's eyes, body language, hand gestures and state of emotions are also important communication tools. The Communication Accommodation Theory posits that throughout communication people will attempt to accommodate or adjust their method of speaking to others.[128] Face Negotiation Theory describes how people from different cultures manage conflict negotiation to maintain "face".[129] Hugh Rank's "intensify and downplay" communications model can be used by entrepreneurs who are developing a new product or service. Rank argues that entrepreneurs need to be able to intensify the advantages of their new product or service and downplay the disadvantages to persuade others to support their venture.[130] Links to sea piracy[edit]. Research from 2014 found links between entrepreneurship and historical sea piracy. In this context, the claim is made for a non-moral approach to looking at the history of piracy as a source of inspiration for entrepreneurship education[131] as well as for research in entrepreneurship[132] and business model generation.[133] Psychological makeup[edit]. Ross Levine, an economist at the University of California, Berkeley, and Yona Rubinstein, a professor at the London School of Economics released a study which suggests entrepreneurs are disproportionately white, male, from wealthy and highly educated backgrounds, and prone to "aggressive, illicit, risk-taking activities" as teenagers and young adults. Entrepreneurs also performed above average on aptitude tests.[134] A study conducted by the Census Bureau and two MIT professors, after compiling a list of 2.7 million company founders who hired at least one employee between 2007 and 2014, found the average age of a successful startup founder when he or she founded it is 45. They consistently found chances of entrepreneurial success rises with age.[135][136] Apple co-founder and longtime leader Steve Jobs (pictured in 2010) led the introduction of many innovations in the computer, smartphone and digital music industries Stanford University economist Edward Lazear found in a 2005 study that variety in education and in work experience was the most important trait that distinguished entrepreneurs from non-entrepreneurs[137] A 2013 study by Uschi Backes-Gellner of the University of Zurich and Petra Moog of the University of Siegen in Germany found that a diverse social network was also an important characteristic of students that would go on to become entrepreneurs.[138][139] Studies show that the psychological propensities for male and female entrepreneurs are more similar than different. Empirical studies suggest that female entrepreneurs possess strong negotiating skills and consensus-forming abilities.[140] Åsa Hansson, who looked at empirical evidence from Sweden, found that the probability of becoming self-employed decreases with age for women, but increases with age for men.[141] She also found that marriage increased the probability of a person's becoming an entrepreneur.[141] Jesper Sørensen wrote in 2010 that significant influences on the decision to become an entrepreneur include workplace peers and social composition. Sørensen discovered a correlation between working with former entrepreneurs and how often these individuals become entrepreneurs themselves, compared to those who did not work with entrepreneurs.[142] Social composition can influence entrepreneurialism in peers by demonstrating the possibility for success, stimulating a "He can do it, why can't I?" attitude. As Sørensen stated: "When you meet others who have gone out on their own, it doesn't seem that crazy."[143] Entrepreneurs may also be driven to entrepreneurship by past experiences. If someone has faced multiple work stoppages or has been unemployed in the past, the probability of becoming an entrepreneur increases[141] Per Cattell's personality framework, both personality traits and attitudes are thoroughly investigated by psychologists. However, in case of entrepreneurship research these notions are employed by academics[which?] too, but vaguely. Cattell states that personality is a system that is related to the environment and further adds that the system seeks explanation to the complex transactions conducted by both—traits and attitudes. This is because both of them bring about change and growth in a person. Personality is that which informs what an individual will do when faced with a given situation. A person's response is triggered by his/her personality and the situation that is faced.[144] Innovative entrepreneurs may be more likely to experience what psychologist Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi calls "flow". "Flow" occurs when an individual forgets about the outside world due to being thoroughly engaged in a process or activity. Csikszentmihalyi suggested that breakthrough innovations tend to occur at the hands of individuals in that state.[145] Other research has concluded that a strong internal motivation is a vital ingredient for breakthrough innovation.[146] Flow can be compared to Maria Montessori's concept of normalization, a state that includes a child's capacity for joyful and lengthy periods of intense concentration.[147] Csikszentmihalyi acknowledged that Montessori's prepared environment offers children opportunities to achieve flow.[148] Thus quality and type of early education may influence entrepreneurial capability.[citation needed] Research on high-risk settings such as oil platforms, investment banking, medical surgery, aircraft piloting and nuclear-power plants has related distrust to failure avoidance.[149] When non-routine strategies are needed, distrusting persons perform better, while when routine strategies are needed trusting persons perform better. Gudmundsson and Lechner extended this research to entrepreneurial firms.[150] They argued that in entrepreneurial firms the threat of failure is ever-present, resembling non-routine situations in high-risk settings. They found that the firms of distrusting entrepreneurs were more likely to survive than the firms of optimistic or overconfident entrepreneurs. The reasons were that distrusting entrepreneurs would emphasize failure-avoidance through sensible task selection and more analysis. Kets de Vries has pointed out that distrusting entrepreneurs are more alert about their external environment.[151] He concluded that distrusting entrepreneurs are less likely to discount negative events and are more likely to engage control mechanisms. Similarly, Gudmundsson and Lechner found that distrust leads to higher precaution and therefore increases chances of entrepreneurial-firm survival. Researchers Schoon and Duckworth completed a study in 2012 that could potentially help identify who may become an entrepreneur at an early age. They determined that the best measures to identify a young entrepreneur are family and social status, parental role-modeling, entrepreneurial competencies at age 10, academic attainment at age 10, generalized self-efficacy, social skills, entrepreneurial intention and experience of unemployment.[152] Strategic entrepreneurship[edit]. Some scholars have constructed an operational definition of a more specific subcategory called "Strategic Entrepreneurship". Closely tied with principles of strategic management, this form of entrepreneurship is "concerned about growth, creating value for customers and subsequently creating wealth for owners".[153] A 2011 article for the Academy of Management provided a three-step, "Input-Process-Output" model of strategic entrepreneurship. The model's three steps entail the collection of different resources, the process of orchestrating them in the necessary manner and the subsequent creation of competitive advantage, value for customers, wealth and other benefits. Through the proper use of strategic management/leadership techniques and the implementation of risk-bearing entrepreneurial thinking, the strategic entrepreneur is, therefore, able to align resources to create value and wealth.[153] Leadership[edit]. Leadership in entrepreneurship can be defined as "process of social influence in which one person can enlist the aid and support of others in the accomplishment of a common task"[154] in "one who undertakes innovations, finance and business acumen in an effort to transform innovations into economic goods".[155][page needed] This refers to not only the act of entrepreneurship as managing or starting a business, but how one manages to do so by these social processes, or leadership skills. (Entrepreneurship in itself can be defined somewhat circularly as "the process by which individuals, teams, or organizations identify and pursue entrepreneurial opportunities without being immediately constrained by the resources they currently control".[156]) An entrepreneur typically has a mindset that seeks out potential opportunities during uncertain times.[156] An entrepreneur must have leadership skills or qualities to see potential opportunities and act upon them.[citation needed] At the core, an entrepreneur is a decision-maker.[citation needed] Such decisions often affect an organization as a whole, which is representative of entrepreneurial leadership within the organization.[citation needed] With the growing global market and increasing technology use throughout all industries, the core of entrepreneurship and the decision-making has become an ongoing process rather than isolated incidents.[citation needed] This becomes knowledge management,[citation needed] which is "identifying and harnessing intellectual assets" for organizations to "build on past experiences and create new mechanisms for exchanging and creating knowledge".[157] This belief[which?] draws upon a leader's past experiences that may prove useful. It is a common mantra for one to learn from their past mistakes, so leaders should take advantage of their failures for their benefit.[citation needed] This is how one may take their experiences as a leader for the use in the core of entrepreneurship decision-making.[citation needed] Global leadership[edit]. The majority of scholarly research done on these topics has taken place in North America.[158] Words like "leadership" and "entrepreneurship" do not always translate well into other cultures and languages. For example, in North America a leader is often thought of as charismatic, but German culture frowns on such charisma due to the charisma of Nazi leader Adolf Hitler (1889-1945). Other cultures, as in some European countries, view the term "leader" negatively, like the French.[159][need quotation to verify] The participative leadership style that is prevalent in the United States is considered disrespectful in many other parts of the world due to the differences in power distance.[160] Many Asian and Middle Eastern countries do not have "open door" policies for subordinates, who would never informally approach their managers/bosses. For countries like that, an authoritarian approach to management and leadership is more customary.[citation needed] Despite cultural differences, the successes and failures of entrepreneurs can be traced to how leaders adapt to local conditions.[161] Within the increasingly global business environment a successful leader must be able to adapt and have insight into other cultures. To respond to the environment, corporate visions are becoming transnational in nature, to enable the organization to operate in or provide services/goods for other cultures.[162] Entrepreneurship training and education[edit]. Michelacci and Schivardi are a pair of researchers who believe that identifying and comparing the relationships between an entrepreneur's earnings and education level would determine the rate and level of success. Their study focused on two education levels, college degree and post-graduate degree. While Michelacci and Schivardi do not specifically determine characteristics or traits for successful entrepreneurs, they do believe that there is a direct relationship between education and success, noting that having a college knowledge does contribute to advancement in the workforce.[163] Michelacci and Schivardi state there has been a rise in the number of self-employed people with a baccalaureate degree. However, their findings also show that those who are self-employed and possess a graduate degree has remained consistent throughout time at about 33 percent. They briefly mention those famous entrepreneurs like Steve Jobs and Mark Zuckerberg who were college dropouts, but they call these cases all but exceptional as it is a pattern that many entrepreneurs view formal education as costly, mainly because of the time that needs to be spent on it.21 Century one young entrepreneur name Danish Maniyar he becomes famous while pushing His Bachelor of pharmacy he becomes famous young Indian Entrepreneur and few are college drop like Mark Zuckerberg but Danish Maniyar said while studying also we can become entrepreneur just have innovative ideas and thinking.[11] Michelacci and Schivardi believe that in order for an individual to reach the full success they need to have education beyond high school. Their research shows that the higher the education level the greater the success. The reason is that college gives people additional skills that can be used within their business and to operate on a higher level than someone who only "runs" it.[163] Resources and financing[edit]. Entrepreneurial resources[edit]. An entrepreneurial resource is any company-owned asset that has economic value creating capabilities. Economic value creating both tangible and intangible sources are considered as entrepreneurial resources. Their economic value is generating activities or services through mobilization by entrepreneurs.[164] Entrepreneurial resources can be divided into two fundamental categories: tangible and intangible resources.[165] Tangible resources are material sources such as equipment, building, furniture, land, vehicle, machinery, stock, cash, bond and inventory that has a physical form and can be quantified. On the contrary, intangible resources are nonphysical or more challenging to identify and evaluate, and they possess more value creating capacity such as human resources including skills and experience in a particular field, organizational structure of the company, brand name, reputation, entrepreneurial networks that contribute to promotion and financial support, know-how, intellectual property including both copyrights, trademarks and patents.[166][167] Bootstrapping[edit]. Contextual background[edit]. At least early on, entrepreneurs often "bootstrap-finance" their start-up rather than seeking external investors from the start. One of the reasons that some entrepreneurs prefer to "bootstrap" is that obtaining equity financing requires the entrepreneur to provide ownership shares to the investors. If the start-up becomes successful later on, these early equity financing deals could provide a windfall for the investors and a huge loss for the entrepreneur. If investors have a significant stake in the company, they may as well be able to exert influence on company strategy, chief executive officer (CEO) choice and other important decisions. This is often problematic since the investor and the founder might have different incentives regarding the long-term goal of the company. An investor will generally aim for a profitable exit and therefore promotes a high-valuation sale of the company or IPO to sell their shares. Whereas the entrepreneur might have philanthropic intentions as their main driving force. Soft values like this might not go well with the short-term pressure on yearly and quarterly profits that publicly traded companies often experience from their owners.[168] Common definition[edit]. One consensus definition of bootstrapping sees it as "a collection of methods used to minimize the amount of outside debt and equity financing needed from banks and investors".[169] The majority of businesses require less than $10,000 to launch,[citation needed] which means that personal savings are most often used to start. In addition, bootstrapping entrepreneurs often incur personal credit-card debt, but they also can utilize a wide variety of methods. While bootstrapping involves increased personal financial risk for entrepreneurs, the absence of any other stakeholder gives the entrepreneur more freedom to develop the company.[citation needed] Related methodologies[edit]. Bootstrapping methods include:[170] Owner financing, including savings, personal loans and credit card debt Working capital management that minimizes accounts receivable Joint utilization, such as reducing overhead by coworking or using independent contractors Increasing accounts payable by delaying payment, or leasing rather than buying equipment Lean manufacturing strategies such as minimizing inventory and lean startup to reduce product development costs Subsidy finance Additional financing[edit]. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (August 2021) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) Many businesses need more capital than can be provided by the owners themselves. In this case, a range of options is available including a wide variety of private and public equity, debt and grants. Private equity options include: Startup accelerators Angel investors Venture capital investors Equity crowdfunding Hedge funds Debt options open to entrepreneurs include: Loans from banks, financial technology companies and economic development organizations Line of credit also from banks and financial technology companies Microcredit also known as microloans Merchant cash advance Revenue-based financing Grant options open to entrepreneurs include: Equity-free accelerators Business plan/business pitch competitions for college entrepreneurs and others Small Business Innovation Research grants from the U.S. government Effect of taxes[edit]. Entrepreneurs are faced with liquidity constraints and often lack the necessary credit needed to borrow large amounts of money to finance their venture.[171] Because of this, many studies have been done on the effects of taxes on entrepreneurs. The studies fall into two camps: the first camp finds that taxes help and the second argues that taxes hurt entrepreneurship.[citation needed] Cesaire Assah Meh found that corporate taxes create an incentive to become an entrepreneur to avoid double taxation.[171] Donald Bruce and John Deskins found literature suggesting that a higher corporate tax rate may reduce a state's share of entrepreneurs.[172] They also found that states with an inheritance or estate tax tend to have lower entrepreneurship rates when using a tax-based measure.[172] However, another study found that states with a more progressive personal income tax have a higher percentage of sole proprietors in their workforce.[173] Ultimately, many studies find that the effect of taxes on the probability of becoming an entrepreneur is small. Donald Bruce and Mohammed Mohsin found that it would take a 50 percentage point drop in the top tax rate to produce a one percent change in entrepreneurial activity.[174] Predictors of success[edit]. Dell Women's Entrepreneur Network event in New York City Factors that may predict entrepreneurial success include the following:[175] Methods Establishing strategies for the firm, including growth and survival strategies Maintaining the human resources (recruiting and retaining talented employees and executives) Ensuring the availability of required materials (e.g. raw resources used in manufacturing, computer chips, etc.) Ensuring that the firm has one or more unique competitive advantages Ensuring good organizational design, sound governance and organizational coordination Congruency with the culture of the society[176] Market Business-to-business (B2B) or business-to-consumer (B2C) models can be used High growth market Target customers or markets that are untapped or missed by others Industry Growing industry High technology impact on the industry High capital intensity Small average incumbent firm size Team Large, gender-diverse and racially diverse team with a range of talents, rather than an individual entrepreneur Graduate degrees Management experience prior to start-up Work experience in the start-up industry Employed full-time prior to new venture as opposed to unemployed Prior entrepreneurial experience Full-time involvement in the new venture Motivated by a range of goals, not just profit Number and diversity of team members' social ties and breadth of their business networks Company Written business plan Focus on a unified, connected product line or service line Competition based on a dimension other than price (e.g. quality or service) Early, frequent intense and well-targeted marketing Tight financial controls Sufficient start-up and growth capital Corporation model, not sole proprietorship Status Wealth can enable an entrepreneur to cover start-up costs and deal with cash flow challenges Dominant race, ethnicity or gender in a socially stratified culture[177] See also[edit]. Economics portal List of entrepreneurs Business administration Business opportunity Businessperson Corporate social entrepreneurship Entrepreneurship ecosystem Innovation Small Business Administration Stewardship University spin-off References[edit]. ^ Diochon, Monica; Anderson, Alistair R. (1 March 2011). "Ambivalence and ambiguity in social enterprise; narratives about values in reconciling purpose and practices". International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal. 7 (1): 93–109. doi:10.1007/s11365-010-0161-0. hdl:10059/613. ISSN 1555-1938. S2CID 144081539. ^ Gaddefors, Johan; Anderson, Alistair R. (1 January 2017). "Entrepreneursheep and context: when entrepreneurhip is greater than entrepreneurs". International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research. 23 (2): 267–278. doi:10.1108/IJEBR-01-2016-0040. hdl:10059/2299. ISSN 1355-2554. ^ Alvarez, Sharon A.; Busenitz, Lowell W. (1 December 2001). "The entrepreneurship of resource-based theory". Journal of Management. 27 (6): 755–775. doi:10.1177/014920630102700609. ISSN 0149-2063. S2CID 220587830. ^ "Business Dictionary definitionyuuggtygn". Business Dictionary. Archived from the original on 16 November 2018. Retrieved 21 January 2016. ^ AK Yetisen; LR Bob Volpatti; AF Coskun; S Cho; E Kamrani; H Butt; A Khademhos\\seini; SH Yun (2015). "Entrepreneurship". Lab Chip. 15 (18): 3638–3660. doi:10.1039/c5lc00577a. PMID 26245815. ^ Katila, Riitta; Chen, Eric L.; Piezunka, Henning (7 June 2012). "All the right moves: How entrepreneurial firms compete effectively" (PDF). Strategic Entrepreneurship JNL. 6 (2): 116–132. doi:10.1002/sej.1130. Retrieved 18 May 2017. ^ Belicove, Mikal E. (2 August 2012). "How to Properly Close Your Business". ^ Audretsch, David B.; Bozeman, Barry; Combs, Kathryn L.; Feldman, Maryann; Link, Albert N.; Siegel, Donald S.; Stephan, Paula; Tassey, Gregory; Wessner, Charles (2002). "The Economics of Science and Technology". The Journal of Technology Transfer. 27 (2): 157. doi:10.1023/A:1014382532639. S2CID 143820412. ^ Lindgren, Monica; Packendorff, Johann (1 January 2009). "Social constructionism and entrepreneurship: Basic assumptions and consequences for theory and research". International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research. 15 (1): 25–47. doi:10.1108/13552550910934440. ISSN 1355-2554. ^ Neergaard, Helle; Ulhøi, John P. (2007). Handbook of Qualitative R Methods in Entrepreneurship. Edward Elgar Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84720-438-7. ^ a b c Olaison, Lena (2014). Entrepreneurship at the limits. Frederiksberg: Copenhagen Business School (CBS). ISBN 978-87-93155-25-1. ^ Welter, Friederike (1 January 2011). "Contextualizing Entrepreneurship—Conceptual Challenges and Ways Forward". Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice. 35 (1): 165–184. doi:10.1111/j.1540-6520.2010.00427.x. ISSN 1042-2587. S2CID 153467294. ^ Gaddefors, Johan; Anderson, Alistair R. (1 January 2017). "Entrepreneursheep and context: when entrepreneurship is greater than entrepreneurs". International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research. 23 (2): 267–278. doi:10.1108/IJEBR-01-2016-0040. hdl:10059/2299. ISSN 1355-2554. ^ "entrepreneur". Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House. Retrieved 4 April 2018. ^ Drucker, P. F. (1993). Innovation and entrepreneurship: practice and principles. New York: HarperBusiness. ^ Shane, S. A. (2003). A general theory of entrepreneurship: the individual-opportunity nexus. Northampton, Massachusetts: E. Elgar. ^ Hisrich, Robert D. (2011). Entrepreneurship. McGraw-Hill Education. ISBN 978-0-07062-017-9. ^ "Entrepreneurial Ambition - Innovation Provincial Rankings - How Canada Performs". www.conferenceboard.ca. ^ Clifford, Catherine (3 September 2013). "Why everyone will have to become an entrepreneur". entrepreneur.com. Retrieved 8 May 2016. ^ "Venture Investment - Regional Aggregate Data". National Venture Capital Association and PricewaterhouseCoopers. Archived from the original on 8 April 2016. Retrieved 23 April 2016. ^ Scott, S.; Venkatraman, S. (2000). "The promise of entrepreneurship as a field of research". Academy of Management Review. 25: 217–226. doi:10.5465/amr.2000.2791611. ^ Brush, C.; et al. (2003). "Doctoral education in the field of entrepreneurship". Journal of Management. 29 (3): 309–331. doi:10.1016/s0149-2063(03)00014-x. ^ Ramoglou, S.; Tsang, E.W.K.; et al. (2016). "A realist perspective of entrepreneurship: Opportunities as propensities". Academy of Management Review. 41 (3): 409–434. doi:10.5465/amr.2014.0281. S2CID 146376795. ^ a b S.X. Zhang; J. Cueto (2015). "The Study of Bias in Entrepreneurship". Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice. 41 (3): 419–454. doi:10.1111/etap.12212. S2CID 146617323. ^ Black, Ervin L.; Burton, F. Greg; Wood, David A.; Zimbelman, Aaron F. (August 2010). "Entrepreneurial success: differing perceptions of entrepreneurs and venture capitalists". The International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation. 11 (3): 189–198. doi:10.5367/000000010792217272. S2CID 167492528. ^ Lindblad, J. Thomas (1995), 'Louis de Geer (1587–1652): Dutch Entrepreneur and the Father of Swedish Industry,'; in Clé Lesger & Leo Noordegraaf (eds.), Entrepreneurs and Entrepreneurship in Early Modern Times: Merchants and Industrialists within the Orbit of the Dutch Staple Markets. (The Hague: Stichting Hollandse Historische Reeks, 1995), pp. 77–85 ^ Müller, Leos (2005), 'The Dutch Entrepreneurial Networks and Sweden in the Age of Greatness,'; in Hanno Brand (ed.), Trade, Diplomacy and Cultural Exchange: Continuity and Change in the North Sea Area and the Baltic, c. 1350–1750. (Hilversum: Verloren, 2005), pp. 58–74 ^ Navale, Ashok Bhanudas (October 2013). "Developing Entrepreneur Skills for Corporate Work" (PDF). Research Directions. 1 (4). ISSN 2321-5488. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 March 2017. Retrieved 22 October 2013. ^ Carlen, Joe (2016). A Brief History of Entrepreneurship: The Pioneers, Profiteers, and Racketeers Who Shaped Our World. New York, NY: Columbia University Press. p. 1. ISBN 9780231542814. ^ Brewer, Anthony (1992). Richard Cantillon: Pioneer of Economic Theory. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-07577-0. ^ William Stanley Jevons (January 1881). Richard Cantillon and the Nationality of Political Economy. Contemporary Review. The Contemporary Review Company. pp. 333–360. ^ a b Cantillon, Richard (1755). Essai sur la nature du commerce en général. London: MacMillan. ^ Stevenson, H.; Jarillo, J. (26 May 2007). Cuervo, Álvaro; Ribeiro, Domingo; Roig, Salvador (eds.). A Paradigm of Entrepreneurship: Entrepreneurial Management, in. Entrepreneurship: Concepts, Theory and Perspective. Springer Science Business Media. pp. 5–. ISBN 978-3-540-48543-8. ^ • Landström, H. & SpringerLink 2005, Pioneers in entrepreneurship and small business research, Springer Science+Business Media, New York, N.Y. ^ Lowe, Robin; Marriott, Sue (2006). Enterprise: Entrepreneurship and Innovation. pp. 5. ISBN 978-0-7506-6920-7. ^ Rostam-Afschar, Davud (2013). "Entry regulation and entrepreneurship: A natural experiment in German craftsmanship". Empirical Economics. 47 (3): 1067–1101. doi:10.1007/s00181-013-0773-7. S2CID 154355298. ^ Obeng, J.Pashington (1996). Asante Catholicism; Religious and Cultural Reproduction among the Akan of Ghana. 1. ISBN 978-90-04-10631-4. ^ "entrepreneur". Oxford English Dictionary (Online ed.). Oxford University Press. (Subscription or participating institution membership required.) ^ "entrepreneurism". Oxford English Dictionary (Online ed.). Oxford University Press. (Subscription or participating institution membership required.) ^ "entrepreneurship". Oxford English Dictionary (Online ed.). Oxford University Press. (Subscription or participating institution membership required.) ^ Schumpeter, Joseph Alois (1976). Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-10762-4. ^ Jones, Campbell; Murtola, Anna-Maria (2012). "Entrepreneurship, crisis, critique". In Hjorth, Daniel (ed.). Handbook on Organisational Entrepreneurship. Elgar Original Reference Series. Cheltenham, Gloucestershire: Edward Elgar Publishing. p. 123. ISBN 9781781009055. Retrieved 9 September 2020. [...] Schumpeter famously evokes the image of the 'perennial gale of creative destruction' (1950: 84). ^ Schumpeter, Joseph Alois (1934). The Theory of Economic Development: An Inquiry Into Profits, Capital, Credit, Interest, and the Business Cycle. Transaction Publishers. ISBN 978-0-87855-698-4. ^ Landstrom, H. (31 December 2007). Pioneers in Entrepreneurship and Small Business Research. Springer. ISBN 978-0-387-23633-9. ^ Marshall, Alfred; Guillebaud, C. W. (1961). Principles of Economics. 9th (variorum) Ed. Macmillan. ^ Henderson, James; Ferguson, Alastair (2014). International Partnership in Russia: Conclusions from the Oil and Gas Industry (reprint ed.). SpringerPalgrave Macmillan. p. 86. ISBN 9781137352279. Retrieved 9 September 2020. [...] successful oligarchs/entrepreneurs in Russia were 'crooks, who transferred their skimming talents to the enterprises they acquired, and used their wealth to further corrupt the government and block reforms'. ^ Malik, Rashid (1997). Chinese Entrepreneurs in the Economic Development of China. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 7. ISBN 9780275958480. Retrieved 9 September 2020. [...] the rise to power of the CCP in 1949 signaled the end of entrepreneurship in China until 1978. ^ Shane, Scott Andrew (2000). A General Theory of Entrepreneurship: The Individual-opportunity Nexus. Edward Elgar Publishing. ISBN 978-1-78100-799-0. ^ Deakins & Freel 2009. ^ Johnson, D. P. M. (2005). "A Glossary of Political Economy Terms, 2005". Auburn University. Archived from the original on 20 July 2014. Cite journal requires |journal= (help) ^ Paul D. Reynolds (30 September 2007). Entrepreneurship in the United States: The Future Is Now. Springer. ISBN 978-0-387-45671-3. ^ Mark Van Osnabrugge; Robert J. Robinson (2000). Angel Investing. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-0-7879-5202-0. ^ Driessen, Martyn P.; Zwart, Peter S. (2010). "The role of the entrepreneur in small business success: the Entrepreneurship Scan" (PDF). ^ Blaine McCormick, and Burton W. Folsom. "A survey of business historians on America's greatest entrepreneurs." Business History Review 2003; 77(4): 703-716. online ^ Thompson Heames, Joyce; Breland, Jacob W. (2010). "Management pioneer contributors: 30-year review" (PDF). Journal of Management History. 16 (4): 427–436. doi:10.1108/17511341011073915. ^ Christopher Rea and Nicolai Volland, "The Business of Culture" (UBC Press, 2015), pp. 4-7. (See also pp. 9-31: "Enter the Cultural Entrepreneur") ^ Lounsbury, M and Glynn, M.A (2001). "Cultural Entrepreneurship: Stories, Legitimacy, and the Acquisition of Resources". Strategic Management Journal. 22, no. 6/7 (6–7): 545–564. doi:10.1002/smj.188. S2CID 14577423.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) ^ Hjorth, D and Steyaert, C (2004). Narrative and Discursive Approaches in Entrepreneurship: A Second Movements in Entrepreneurship Book. Cheltenham and Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing. doi:10.4337/9781845421472. ISBN 9781843765899.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) ^ Gartner. W.B. (2007). "Entrepreneurial narrative and a science of the imagination". Journal of Business Venturing. 22 (5): 613–627. doi:10.1016/j.jbusvent.2006.10.003. ^ Patriotta, G and Siegel, D (2019). "The Context of Entrepreneurship". Journal of Management Studies. 56 (6): 1194–1196.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) ^ Hjorth, D (2007). "Lessons from Iago: narrating the event of entrepreneurship". Journal of Business Venturing. 22 (5): 712–732. doi:10.1016/j.jbusvent.2006.10.002. ^ "Out Of Print : Ethnic Enterprise in America: Business and Welfare Among Chinese, Japanese, and Blacks : Ivan Light - University of California Press". www.ucpress.edu. Archived from the original on 20 October 2016. Retrieved 16 January 2016. ^ a b Chaudhary, Ali R. (1 June 2015). "Racialized Incorporation: The Effects of Race and Generational Status on Self-Employment and Industry-Sector Prestige in the United States". International Migration Review. 49 (2): 318–354. doi:10.1111/imre.12087. ISSN 1747-7379. S2CID 145352741. ^ Orser, Barbara; Elliott, Catherine (25 March 2015). Feminine Capital: Unlocking the Power of Women Entrepreneurs. Stanford Business Books. p. 214. ISBN 9780804783798. ^ Barbara J. Orser; Catherine Elliott; Joanne Leck (8 November 2011). "Feminist attributes and entrepreneurial identity". Gender in Management. 26 (8): 561–589. doi:10.1108/17542411111183884. ISSN 1754-2413. ^ Orser, Barbara, and Joanne Leck. "Physician as feminist entrepreneur: The gendered nature of venture creation and the Shirley E. Greenberg Women’s Health Centre." Women entrepreneurs and the global environment for growth (2010): 284-302. ^ Roos, Annie (15 March 2019). "Embeddedness in context: understanding gender in a female entrepreneurship network". Entrepreneurship & Regional Development. 31 (3–4): 279–292. doi:10.1080/08985626.2018.1551793. ISSN 0898-5626. ^ Penrose, Edith T. (1959). The Theory of the Growth of the Firm. New York: John Wiley. ^ DiMaggio, P. 1988 'Interest and agency in institutional theory'. In Institutional patterns and culture, L. Zucker (ed.), Cambridge, MA: Ballinger Publishing Company: 3-22. ^ Levy, D.; Scully, M. (2007). "The institutional entrepreneur as modern prince: The strategic face of power in contested fields". Organization Studies. 28 (7): 971–991. doi:10.1177/0170840607078109. S2CID 10917386. ^ Khan, F., K. Munir, and H. Willmott 2007 'A Dark Side of Institutional Entrepreneurship: Soccer Balls, Child Labour and Postcolonial Impoverishment'. Organization Studies 28/7: 1055—1077. ^ Hardy, C., and S. Maguire: "Entrepreneurship" in Handbook of organizational institutionalism. R. Greenwood, C. Oliver, K. Sahlin-Andersson and R. Suddaby (eds). ^ Almeida, Felipe; De Paula, Nilson; Pessali, Huascar (2014). "Institutional entrepreneurship in building the Brazilian market of functional yogurts". British Food Journal. 116: 2–15. doi:10.1108/BFJ-02-2012-0028. ^ Rauch, Jonathan (November 2018). "Generation next, Millennials will outnumber baby-boomers in 2019". The Economist. Archived from the original on 13 March 2019. Retrieved 13 March 2019. ^ Strauss, William; Howe, Neil (2000). Millennials Rising: The Next Great Generation. Cartoons by R.J. Matson. New York: Vintage Original. p. 54. ISBN 978-0375707193. Retrieved 17 October 2013. ^ "The 10 Richest Millennial Entrepreneurs in America". Inc.com. 12 December 2016. Retrieved 6 June 2017. ^ Wilmouth, Daniel. "The Missing Millennial Entrepreneurs" (PDF). U.S. Small Business Administration. Retrieved 2 June 2017. ^ Reynolds, P. D. and White, S. (1997). The Entrepreneurial Process. Westport, CT: Quorum Books. ^ Casson, M., 1982. The entrepreneur: An economic theory. Rowman & Littlefield. ^ Shane, S.; Venkataraman, S. (2000). "The promise of entrepreneurship as a field of research". Academy of Management Review. 25: 217–26. doi:10.5465/amr.2000.2791611. ^ Davidsson, P (2006). "Nascent entrepreneurship: empirical studies and developments". Foundations and Trends in Entrepreneurship. 2: 1–76. doi:10.1561/0300000005. ^ Dimov, D. (2007b). 'Beyond the single-person, single-insight attribution in understanding entrepreneurial opportunities’ Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice 31, 713–31. 'From opportunity insight to opportunity intention: the importance of person-situation learning match’ ^ Dimov, Dimo (July 2007). "From Opportunity Insight to Opportunity Intention: The Importance of Person-Situation Learning Match". Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice. 31 (4): 561–583. doi:10.1111/j.1540-6520.2007.00188.x. S2CID 143353586. SSRN 999462. ^ Shepherd, D. A.; McMullen, J. S.; Jennings, P. D. (2007). "The formation of opportunity beliefs: overcoming ignorance and reducing doubt". Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal. 1 (1–2): 75–95. doi:10.1002/sej.3. S2CID 145411658. ^ Sarasvathy, S. D. (2001). "Causation and effectuation: toward a theoretical shift from economic inevitability to entrepreneurial contingency". Academy of Management Review. 26 (2): 243–63. doi:10.2307/259121. JSTOR 259121. ^ Ucbasaran, D.; Westhead, P.; Wright, M. (2009). "The extent and nature of opportunity identification by experienced entrepreneurs". Journal of Business Venturing. 24 (2): 99–115. doi:10.1016/j.jbusvent.2008.01.008. ^ Bozward D. and Rogers-Draycott, M., (2017) Developing a Staged Competency Based Approach to Enterprise Creation. Proceedings of the International Conference for Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Regional Development. ISSN 2411-5320 ^ Alsos, G.A.; Kolvereid, L. (1998). "The business gestation process of novice, serial, and parallel business founders". Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice. 22 (4): 101–102. doi:10.1177/104225879802200405. S2CID 151263063. ^ a b Delmar, F.; Shane, S. (2004). "Legitimizing first: organizing activities and the survival of new ventures". Journal of Business Venturing. 19 (3): 385–410. doi:10.1016/s0883-9026(03)00037-5. ^ Gartner, W.B. (1985). "A conceptual framework for describing the phenomenon of new venture creation". Academy of Management Review. 10 (4): 696–706. doi:10.5465/amr.1985.4279094. ^ a b Lichtenstein, B. B.; Carter, N. M.; Dooley, K. J.; Gartner, W. B. (2007). "Complexity dynamics of nascent entrepreneurship". Journal of Business Venturing. 22 (2): 236–261. doi:10.1016/j.jbusvent.2006.06.001. ^ Kim, P.H.; Longest, K.C.; Lippmann, S. (2015). "The tortoise versus the hare: Progress and business viability differences between conventional and leisure-based founders". Journal of Business Venturing. 30 (2): 185–204. doi:10.1016/j.jbusvent.2014.02.005. ^ Carter, N.M.; Gartner, W.B.; Reynolds, P.D. (1996). "Exploring start-up event sequences". Journal of Business Venturing. 11 (3): 151–166. doi:10.1016/0883-9026(95)00129-8. ^ Ferriani, S.; Cattani, G.; Baden-Fuller, C. (2009). "The Relational Antecedents of Project-Entrepreneurship: Network Centrality, Team Composition, and Project Performance". Research Policy. 38 (10): 1545–1558. doi:10.1016/j.respol.2009.09.001. S2CID 1071710. ^ Faulkner, R. R.; Anderson, A. B. (1987). "Short-term projects and emergent careers: evidence from Hollywood". American Journal of Sociology. 92 (4): 879–909. doi:10.1086/228586. S2CID 144195668. ^ DeFillippi, R.; Spring, S. (2004). "Project entrepreneurs for project-based enterprises: Extension or complement to project management competencies?". Projects and Profits. 4 (2): 50–57. ^ The New Heroes, What is Social Entrepreneurship, Oregon Public Broadcasting, 2005 ^ "The Meaning of Social Entrepreneurship," J. Gregory Dees, 1998, rev 2001 "The Meaning of Social Entrepreneurship". caseatduke.org. Retrieved 3 May 2013. ^ Thompson, J.L. (2002). "The World of the Social Entrepreneur". The International Journal of Public Sector Management. 15 (4/5): 413. doi:10.1108/09513550210435746. ^ Wilden, R., Garbuio, M., Angeli, F. and Mascia, D. (2018) "Entrepreneurship in Healthcare". Routledge. ISBN 9781138068407. ^ Frederick, Howard H. "The emergence of biosphere entrepreneurship: are social and business entrepreneurship obsolete? International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, Volume 34 (2018), No.3, pp. 381-419" (PDF). Inderscience Publishers. doi:10.1504/IJESB.2018.092785. Retrieved 13 November 2021. ^ Jack, Andrew. "European business schools join forces to offer free climate training, November 11 2021". Financial Times. Retrieved 13 November 2021. ^ Investopedia; Investopedia.com; access date. ^ Prive, Tanya (19 December 2012). "Top 10 Qualities That Make A Great Leader". Forbes. Archived from the original on 20 October 2017. Retrieved 1 August 2013. ^ Cantillon, Richard (1755). Essai sur la Nature du Commerce en Général. Londres, Chez Fletcher Gyles. ^ Drucker, Peter F. (1985). Innovation and Entrepreneurship. ISBN 9780060913601. attributes the coining and defining of "entrepreneur" to Jean-Baptiste Say in his A Treatise on Political Economy; (1834). ^ Knight, Frank Hyneman (2005). Risk, Uncertainty and Profit. Cosimo, Inc. ISBN 978-1-59605-242-0. ^ Laureiro-Martínez, Daniella; Canessa, Nicola; Brusoni, Stefano; Zollo, Maurizio; Hare, Todd; Alemanno, Federica; Cappa, Stefano F. (22 January 2014). "Frontopolar cortex and decision-making efficiency: comparing brain activity of experts with different professional background during an exploration-exploitation task". Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 7: 927. doi:10.3389/fnhum.2013.00927. PMC 3897871. PMID 24478664. ^ Timmons, Jeffry A.; Bygrave, William D. (1986). "Venture capital's role in financing innovation for economic growth". Journal of Business Venturing. 1 (2): 161–176. doi:10.1016/0883-9026(86)90012-1. ^ a b c d e Qureshi, Hamid (3 September 2015). "Decoding Right Strategies for Entrepreneurship". Greater Kashmir. Retrieved 30 March 2016. ^ a b "Proven Strategies to Become A Successful Entrepreneur". Startup. 11 July 2021. ^ Adel, H.M.; Mahrous, A.A.; Hammad, R. (2020). "Entrepreneurial marketing strategy, institutional environment, and business performance of SMEs in Egypt". Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies. 12 (ahead-of-print): 727–746. doi:10.1108/JEEE-11-2019-0171. ^ Shane, S. (2000). "The Promise of Entrepreneurship as a Field of Research". Academy of Management Review. 25 (1): 217–226. doi:10.5465/AMR.2000.2791611. ^ Reynolds PD, Hay M, Bygrave WD et al. (2002) Global Entrepreneurship Monitor: 2002 Global Executive Report. Kansas City, MO: Kauffman Foundation. ^ Xavier-Oliveira et al. (1 July 2015). What motivates entrepreneurial entry under economic inequality? The role of human and financial capital. Human Relations 68(7): 1183-1207, Sage. ^ Shane, S.; Nicolaou, N. (2013). "The genetics of entrepreneurial performance". International Small Business Journal. 31 (5): 473–495. doi:10.1177/0266242613485767. S2CID 145370748. ^ Miller 2005, p. 278. ^ Scheufele & Moy 2000. ^ Ramoglou, S. (2013). "Who is a 'non-entrepreneur'? Taking the 'others' of entrepreneurship seriously". International Small Business Journal. 31 (4): 432–453. doi:10.1177/0266242611425838. S2CID 153471645. ^ Gartner, William B. (2001). "Is There an Elephant in Entrepreneurship? Blind Assumptions in Theory Development; Business research" (PDF). Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice. 25 (4): 27–39. doi:10.1177/104225870102500403. S2CID 220124642. ^ Fauchart, E; Gruber, M. (2011). "Darwinians, Communitarians, and Missionaries: The Role of Founder Identify in Entrepreneurship". Academy of Management Journal. 54 (5): 935–957. doi:10.5465/amj.2009.0211. S2CID 167415395. ^ Hackman, M.Z.; Johnson, C.E. (2009). Leadership: A communication perspective (5th ed.). Long Grove, IL: Waveland. ^ Baum, Robert J.; Locke, Edwin A.; Kirkpatrick, Shelley A. (1998). "A longitudinal study of the relation of vision and vision communication to venture growth in entrepreneurial firms". Journal of Applied Psychology. 83 (1): 43–54. doi:10.1037/0021-9010.83.1.43. ^ Kouzes, J.M; Posner, B.Z. (1987). The leadership challenge: How to get extraordinary things done in organizations. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. Bibcode:1987lcht.book.....K. ISBN 9781555422110. ^ Locke, E.A.; Kirkpatrick, S.; Wheeler, J.K; Schneider, J; Niles, K.; Goldstein, H; Welsh, K; Chah, D.O. (1991). The essence of leadership. New York: Lexington Books. ^ Clarke, J.; Cornelissen, J (2011). "Language, communication, and socially situated cognition in entrepreneurship. Academy Of Management Review" (PDF). Academy of Management Review. 36 (4): 776–778. doi:10.5465/AMR.2011.65554783. ^ Euler, M; Vollmar, B. H.; Kraus, S. (2011). "Communication matters--Network constellations in entrepreneurship". International Journal of Economics and Business Research. 3 (3): 283–301. doi:10.1504/ijebr.2011.040021. ^ Giles, H; Wiemann, J.M (1987). Language, social comparison and power. The handbook of communication science. pp. 350–384. ^ Ting-Toomey, S (1985). Toward a theory of conflict and culture in communication. Culture & Organizational processes. pp. 71–86. ^ Rank, H (1976). Teaching about public persuasion. National Council of Teachers of English. ^ Lawrence, D. (2014) Disruptors are just pirates on the high seas of capitalism. The Globe and Mail Special on Business Education, 5 November 2014. Available at https://www.theglobeandmail.com/report-on-business/careers/business-education/disruptors-are-just-pirates-on-the-high-seas-of-capitalism/article21443149/ ^ Roth, S (2014). "Booties, bounties, business models: a map to the next red oceans". International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business. 22 (4): 439–448. doi:10.1504/ijesb.2014.064272. S2CID 53140269. Archived from the original on 26 August 2014. Retrieved 26 August 2014. ^ Roth, S (2014). "The eye-patch of the beholder". International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business. 22 (4): 399–407. doi:10.1504/ijesb.2014.064271. Archived from the original on 26 August 2014. Retrieved 26 August 2014. ^ Weissmann, Jordan (16 August 2013). "Entrepreneurship: The Ultimate White Privilege?". The Atlantic. Retrieved 15 December 2020. ^ "The Average Age of Successful Entrepreneurs Is Actually 45". [email protected] [email protected] Retrieved 14 June 2021. ^ Haden, Jeff (16 July 2018). "A Study of 2.7 Million Startups Found the Ideal Age to Start a Business (and It's Much Older Than You Think)". Inc. Retrieved 14 June 2021. ^ Lazear, Edward (2005). "Entrepreneurship". Journal of Labor Economics. 23 (4): 649–680. doi:10.1086/491605. ^ Backes-Ge1llner, Uschi; Moog, Petra (December 2013). "The disposition to become an entrepreneur and the jacks-of-all-trades in social and human capital". The Journal of Socio-Economics. 47: 55–72. doi:10.1016/j.socec.2013.08.008. ^ Baer, Drake (19 February 2015). "Scientists have discovered a personality difference between entrepreneurs and employees". Retrieved 25 February 2015. ^ Muljadi, Paul (ed.). Entrepreneurship. Paul Muljadi. Archived from the original on 31 December 2013. ^ a b c Hansson, Åsa (2012). "Tax policy and entrepreneurship: empirical evidence from Sweden". Small Business Economics. 38 (4): 495–513. doi:10.1007/s11187-010-9282-7. S2CID 153414747. ^ Sørensen, J.; Nanda, R. (July 2010). "Workplace Peers and Entrepreneurship" (PDF). Management Science. 56 (7): 1116–1126. doi:10.1287/mnsc.1100.1179. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 October 2017. Retrieved 30 June 2013. ^ "Peers Influence Decision to Become an Entrepreneur". Stanford Graduate School of Business; News. 1 September 2009. Retrieved 30 June 2013. ^ ENTREPRENEURIAL BEHAVIOR, Retrieved 17 December 2014.[dead link] ^ Csikszentmihalyi, Mihaly (13 October 2009). Flow. HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-06-187672-1. ^ Christensen, Clayton; Johnson, Curtis W.; Horn, Michael B. (14 May 2008). Disrupting Class: How Disruptive Innovation Will Change the Way the World Learns. McGraw Hill Professional. ISBN 978-0-07-164174-6. ^ Montessori, Maria (1967). The Absorbent Mind. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. ^ Rathunde, Kevin; Csikszentmihalyi, Mihaly (May 2005). "Middle School Students' Motivation and Quality of Experience: A Comparison of Montessori and Traditional School Environments". American Journal of Education. 111 (3): 341–371. doi:10.1086/428885. S2CID 146766889. ^ Conchie, S. M.; Donald, I. J. (2007). "The functions and development of safety-specific trust and distrust". Safety Science. 46 (1): 92–103. doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2007.03.004. ^ Gudmundsson, S.V.; Lechner, C. (2013). "Cognitive Biases, Organization, and Entrepreneurial Firm Survival". European Management Journal. 31 (3): 278–294. doi:10.1016/j.emj.2013.01.001. ^ Kets de Vries, M. (2003). "The entrepreneur on the couch". INSEAD Quarterly. 5: 17–19. ^ Schoon, Ingrid; Duckworth, Kathryn (2012). "Who becomes an entrepreneur? Early life experiences as predictors of entrepreneurship". Developmental Psychology. 48 (6): 1719–1726. doi:10.1037/a0029168. PMID 22746220. ^ a b Hitt, M. A.; Ireland, R.; Sirmon, D. G.; Trahms, C. A. (2011). "Strategic Entrepreneurship: Creating Value for Individuals, Organizations, and Society". Academy of Management Perspectives. 25 (2): 57–75. doi:10.5465/AMP.2011.61020802. ^ Martin Chemers tentatively suggests a generic definition of leadership: Chemers, Martin (2014) [1997]. "The Functions of Leadership in Organization". An integrative theory of leadership (reprint ed.). Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers. p. 1. ISBN 9781317778400. A definition of leadership that would be widely accepted by the majority of theorists and researchers might say that 'leadership is a process of social influence in which one person can enlist the aid and support of others in the accomplishment of a common task.' ^ Shane, Scott Andrew (2003). A General Theory of Entrepreneurship: The Individual-opportunity Nexus. New horizons in entrepreneurship. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing. ISBN 9781781007990. Retrieved 2 March 2020. ^ a b Hitt, M. A., Ireland, R. D., Hoskisson, R. E.. (2011). Strategic Management. (9th ed.). Mason, Ohio: South-Western Cengage Learning. ^ Heaton, L. H. (2008) Knowledge Management. International Encyclopedia of Communication. Boston: Blackledge. ^ Boyacigiller, N.; Adler, N. J. (1991). "The Parochial Dinosaur: The Organizational Sciences in Global Context". Academy of Management Review. doi:10.5465/amr.1991.4278936. ^ Graumann, Carl F.; Moscovici, Serge, eds. (2012). Changing Conceptions of Leadership. Springer Series in Social Psychology. New York: Springer Science & Business Media. ISBN 9781461248767. Retrieved 2 March 2020. ^ Hofestede, G. (1991). Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind. ^ Hofstede, G. (1980). Motivation, Leadership and Organization: Do American Theories Apply Abroad? Organizational Dynamics. ^ Adler, N. J. % Gundersen, A. (2008). International Dimensions of Organizational Behavior. ^ a b Michelacci, Claudio (24 June 2015). "Are They All Like Bill, Mark, and Steve? The Education Premium for Entrepreneurs" (PDF). EIEF. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 27 November 2015. ^ Anna Grandori; Laura Gaillard Giordani (2011). Organizing Entrepreneurship. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-57037-4. ^ Charles W. L. Hill; Gareth R. Jones (14 October 2009). Strategic Management Theory: An Integrated Approach. South-Western College Pub. ISBN 978-0-538-75107-0. ^ R. Duane Ireland; Robert E. Hoskisson; Michael A. Hitt (8 October 2008). Understanding Business Strategy: Concepts and Cases (Strategic Management). South-Western College Pub. ISBN 978-0-324-57899-7. ^ Charles W. L. Hill; Gareth R. Jones (13 October 2008). Essentials of Strategic Management. South-Western College Pub. ISBN 978-0-547-19432-5. ^ Bhide, Amar (1999). The Origin and Evolution of New Businesses (PDF). Oxford University Press. p. 40. ISBN 978-0195170313. ^ Ebbena, Jay; Johnson, Alec (2006). "Bootstrapping in small firms: An empirical analysis of change over time". Journal of Business Venturing (published November 2006). 21 (6): 851–865. doi:10.1016/j.jbusvent.2005.06.007. Bootstrapping has taken on many definitions in the literature, but there has been some recent consensus that it is a collection of methods used to minimize the amount of outside debt and equity financing needed from banks and investors (Winborg and Landstrom, 2001 and Harrison and Mason, 1997). ^ Narayanan, V. K.; Colarelli O'Connor, Gina (15 March 2010). Encyclopedia of Technology and Innovation Management. John Wiley & Sons. p. 60. ISBN 978-1-4051-6049-0. ^ a b Meh, Cesaire Assah (2002). "Entrepreneurial Risk, Credit Constraints, and the Corporate Income Tax: A Quantitative Exploration". Bank of Canada, Working Papers 2002-21. ^ a b Bruce, Donald and John Deskins (2012). "Can state tax policies be used to promote entrepreneurial activity?". Small Business Economics. 38 (4): 375–397. doi:10.1007/s11187-010-9262-y. S2CID 14117173. ^ Asoni, Andrea; Sanandaji, Tino (2014). "Taxation and the quality of entrepreneurship". Journal of Economics. 113 (2): 101–123. doi:10.1007/s00712-013-0375-z. JSTOR 43574687. S2CID 154956413. ^ Bruce, Donald and Mohammed Mohsin (2006). "Tax Policy and Entrepreneurship: New Time Series Evidence". Small Business Economics. 26 (5): 409–425. doi:10.1007/s11187-005-5602-8. S2CID 154429897. ^ D.S Adegbenro I.C.T Poytechnic Lecture on EED 126, 2015">Entrepreneurship Lecture( EED 126) in D.S adegbenro Polytechnic, on 1 July 2015. Nigeria ^ Scott A. Shane (1 October 2008). "7". The Illusions of Entrepreneurship: The Costly Myths That Entrepreneurs, Investors, and Policy Makers Live By. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-15006-3. ^ Perry-Rivers, P. (October 2014). "Stratification, Economic Adversity, and Entrepreneurial Launch: The Converse Effect of Resource Position on Entrepreneurial Strategy". Entrepreneurship Theory & Practice. 40 (3): 685–712. doi:10.1111/etap.12137. S2CID 153562537. Bibliography[edit]. Deakins, D.; Freel, M. S. (2009). "Entrepreneurial activity, the economy and the importance of small firms". Entrepreneurship and small firms. McGraw-Hill Education. ISBN 978-0-07-712162-4. Miller, K. (2005). Communication theories: perspectives, processes, and contexts (2nd ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. Scheufele, D.; Moy, P. (2000). "Twenty-five years of the spiral of silence: A conceptual review and empirical outlook". International Journal of Public Opinion Research. 12 (1): 3–28. doi:10.1093/ijpor/12.1.3. ISSN 0954-2892. Further reading[edit]. Blackburn, Robert (2008). Small Business and Entrepreneurship. doi:10.4135/9781446263433. ISBN 9781412934374. Baassiri, Raméz (2018). Interrupted Entrepreneurship: Embracing Change In The Family Business. Forbes. ISBN 9781946633361. Bowman, Erik (July 2011). Entrepreneur Training Manual, Third Edition: Certified Entrepreneur Workbook. Guanzi Institute Press. ISBN 978-0-9837862-9-0. Bruder, Jessica (September 2013). "The Psychological Price of Entrepreneurship." Inc. (Winner 2014 Annual Awards Contest of the Deadline Club) Dana, Leo Paul (2010). "Nunavik, Arctic Quebec: Where Co-operatives Supplement Entrepreneurship". Global Business and Economics Review. 12 (1/2): 42–71. doi:10.1504/gber.2010.032317. Duening, Thomas N.; Hisrich, Robert A.; Lechter, Michael A. (21 October 2009). Technology Entrepreneurship: Creating, Capturing, and Protecting Value. Academic Press. ISBN 978-0-08-092288-1. Foo, M.D. (2011). "Emotions and entrepreneurial opportunity evaluation". Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice. 35 (2): 375–393. doi:10.1111/j.1540-6520.2009.00357.x. S2CID 144091559. Folsom Jr., Burton W. The Myth of the Robber Barons (4th ed. 2003) James W. Halloran. (2014). Your Small Business Adventure: Finding Your Niche and Growing a Successful Business. ALA/Huron Street Press. ISBN 978-1-937589-44-8. Leitão, João; Baptista, Rui (10 June 2009). Public Policies for Fostering Entrepreneurship: A European Perspective. Springer Science Business Media. ISBN 978-1-4419-0249-8. Lowe, Robin; Sue Marriott (June 2006). Enterprise: Entrepreneurship and Innovation: Concepts, Contexts and Commercialization. Butterworth-Heinemann. ISBN 978-0750669207. Lundstrom, Anders; Stevenson, Lois A. (30 March 2005). Entrepreneurship Policy: Theory and Practice. Springer. ISBN 978-0-387-24140-1. McCormick, Blaine; Folsom, Burton W. (2003). "A survey of business historians on America's greatest entrepreneurs". Business History Review. 77 (4): 703–716. doi:10.2307/30041235. JSTOR 30041235. S2CID 145489840. Minniti, M.; Moren, L. (2010). "Entrepreneurial types and economic growth". Journal of Business Venturing. 25 (3): 305–314. doi:10.1016/j.jbusvent.2008.10.002. Rea, Christopher; Volland, Nicolai (2015). The Business of Culture: Cultural Entrepreneurs in China and Southeast Asia, 1900-65. UBC Press. ISBN 9780774827829. Shane, S.; Venkataraman, S. (2000). "The Promise of Entrepreneurship as A Field of Research". Academy of Management Review. 25 (1): 217–226. doi:10.5465/amr.2000.2791611. JSTOR 259271. Shane, S. (2013). "The genetics of entrepreneurial performance". International Small Business Journal. 31 (5): 473–495. doi:10.1177/0266242613485767. S2CID 145370748. Thompson Heames, Joyce; Breland, Jacob W. (2010). "Management pioneer contributors: 30-year review" (PDF). Journal of Management History. 16 (4): 427–436. doi:10.1108/17511341011073915. Whaples, Robert. "Economic history and entrepreneurship." in The Routledge Handbook of Modern Economic History (Routledge, 2013). 84–94. Zahra, Shaker A. (2009). "A typology of social entrepreneurs: Motives, search processes and ethical challenges". Journal of Business Venturing. 24 (5): 519–532. doi:10.1016/j.jbusvent.2008.04.007. Zhang, S.X.; Cueto, J. (2015). "The Study of Bias in Entrepreneurship". Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice. 41 (3): 419–454. doi:10.1111/etap.12212. S2CID 146617323. External links[edit]. Media related to Entrepreneurship at Wikimedia Commons Quotations related to Entrepreneurs at Wikiquote Learning materials related to Entrepreneurship at Wikiversity vteCapitalismAspects and perspectivesGeneral Anarchy of production Business cycle Centralization Competition Depression Deregulation Economic bubble Economic development Economic liberalism Economic planning Entrepreneurship Ecopreneurship Externality Financial crisis Financial Revolution Globalization History of capitalist theory Industrial Revolution Invention Market economy Market failure Merchantilism Meritocracy Multinational corporation Nationalization Oligopoly Perspectives on capitalism by school of thought Privatization Profit Property rights Recession Regulation Wage labour Wealth Ideology Anglo-Saxon Authoritarian Corporate Democratic Dirigist Free-market Humanistic Laissez-faire Liberal Libertarian Market Mercantilist Mixed Monopoly National Neo Neoliberal Nordic Private Raw Regulated market Regulatory Rhine Social State State-sponsored Welfare Cultural aspects Advertising American Dream Consumerism Decentralization Economic freedom Economic mobility Individualism Liberalism Liberty Mainstream Philanthropy Private foundation Private property Rule of law Social alienation Spontaneous order Social aspects Corporatism Economic inequality Employment Freedom of association Labour market flexibility Labour supply Productivity Prosperity Social venture capital Unemployment Criticism Anti-capitalism Critique of political economy Market fundamentalism Marxism Wage slavery Antithesis Anarchism Anarcho-communism Anarcho-primitivism Anarcho-syndicalism Collectivist anarchism Communalism Communism Economic democracy Eco-socialism Free-market socialism Green anarchism Individualist anarchism Libertarian socialism Market anarchism Market socialism Mutualism Participism Post-capitalism Post-scarcity economy Sharing economy Social anarchism Socialism Syndicalism Authority control General Integrated Authority File (Germany) National libraries Japan Other Microsoft Academic Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Entrepreneurship&oldid=1061527092" Categories: EntrepreneurshipBusiness occupationsBusiness modelsBusiness termsManagement occupationsSmall businessHidden categories: CS1 errors: missing periodicalCS1 maint: multiple names: authors listCS1: long volume valueAll articles with dead external linksArticles with dead external links from January 2019Articles with short descriptionShort description matches WikidataUse dmy dates from July 2017Articles needing additional references from August 2021All articles needing additional referencesWikipedia articles needing factual verification from July 2017Articles with hAudio microformatsPages including recorded pronunciationsAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from September 2020Wikipedia articles needing clarification from October 2013All articles with vague or ambiguous timeVague or ambiguous time from September 2020All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrasesArticles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from August 2013Articles with unsourced statements from August 2021Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from October 2013Articles with unsourced statements from May 2021All articles lacking reliable referencesArticles lacking reliable references from January 2019Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from February 2015Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from March 2020Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from March 2020Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from March 2020Articles with unsourced statements from February 2020Commons category link from WikidataArticles with GND identifiersArticles with NDL identifiersArticles with MA identifiers Navigation menu. Search .
                            [kwBody] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneurship
                                            [tf] => 202
                                        )

                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneur
                                            [tf] => 197
                                        )

                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => business
                                            [tf] => 147
                                        )

                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneurial
                                            [tf] => 76
                                        )

                                    [4] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => economic
                                            [tf] => 61
                                        )

                                    [5] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => isbn 978
                                            [tf] => 60
                                        )

                                    [6] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => 978
                                            [tf] => 57
                                        )

                                    [7] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => isbn
                                            [tf] => 55
                                        )

                                    [8] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => journal
                                            [tf] => 49
                                        )

                                    [9] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => opportunity
                                            [tf] => 49
                                        )

                                    [10] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => retrieved
                                            [tf] => 43
                                        )

                                    [11] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => social
                                            [tf] => 43
                                        )

                                    [12] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => small
                                            [tf] => 42
                                        )

                                    [13] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => management
                                            [tf] => 42
                                        )

                                    [14] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => market
                                            [tf] => 37
                                        )

                                    [15] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => theory
                                            [tf] => 36
                                        )

                                    [16] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => s2cid
                                            [tf] => 35
                                        )

                                    [17] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => resource
                                            [tf] => 33
                                        )

                                    [18] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => venture
                                            [tf] => 33
                                        )

                                    [19] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => organization
                                            [tf] => 32
                                        )

                                    [20] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => small business
                                            [tf] => 30
                                        )

                                    [21] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => research
                                            [tf] => 30
                                        )

                                    [22] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => person
                                            [tf] => 29
                                        )

                                    [23] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => study
                                            [tf] => 29
                                        )

                                    [24] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => firm
                                            [tf] => 28
                                        )

                                    [25] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => risk
                                            [tf] => 27
                                        )

                                    [26] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => individual
                                            [tf] => 27
                                        )

                                    [27] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => needed
                                            [tf] => 26
                                        )

                                    [28] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => process
                                            [tf] => 25
                                        )

                                    [29] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => state
                                            [tf] => 25
                                        )

                                    [30] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => cultural
                                            [tf] => 24
                                        )

                                    [31] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => project
                                            [tf] => 24
                                        )

                                    [32] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => profit
                                            [tf] => 22
                                        )

                                    [33] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => archived original
                                            [tf] => 13
                                        )

                                    [34] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => academy management
                                            [tf] => 13
                                        )

                                    [35] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => business venturing
                                            [tf] => 12
                                        )

                                    [36] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => journal business venturing
                                            [tf] => 11
                                        )

                                    [37] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => journal business
                                            [tf] => 11
                                        )

                                    [38] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => academy management review
                                            [tf] => 10
                                        )

                                    [39] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => employed
                                            [tf] => 10
                                        )

                                    [40] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => shane
                                            [tf] => 10
                                        )

                                    [41] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => start
                                            [tf] => 10
                                        )

                                    [42] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => international journal
                                            [tf] => 10
                                        )

                                    [43] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => theory practice
                                            [tf] => 10
                                        )

                                    [44] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => management review
                                            [tf] => 10
                                        )

                                    [45] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneurship theory practice
                                            [tf] => 9
                                        )

                                    [46] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => 2013
                                            [tf] => 9
                                        )

                                    [47] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => social entrepreneurship
                                            [tf] => 9
                                        )

                                    [48] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => 31
                                            [tf] => 9
                                        )

                                    [49] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneurship theory
                                            [tf] => 9
                                        )

                                    [50] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => 2000 promise
                                            [tf] => 8
                                        )

                                    [51] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => journal 31
                                            [tf] => 8
                                        )

                                    [52] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => charle
                                            [tf] => 8
                                        )

                                    [53] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => pp
                                            [tf] => 8
                                        )

                                    [54] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => 2007
                                            [tf] => 8
                                        )

                                    [55] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => university press
                                            [tf] => 8
                                        )

                                    [56] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneurship small
                                            [tf] => 8
                                        )

                                    [57] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneurship journal
                                            [tf] => 8
                                        )

                                    [58] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => united state
                                            [tf] => 8
                                        )

                                    [59] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => nascent entrepreneur
                                            [tf] => 8
                                        )

                                    [60] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => 22
                                            [tf] => 8
                                        )

                                    [61] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => ireland
                                            [tf] => 7
                                        )

                                    [62] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => hitt
                                            [tf] => 7
                                        )

                                    [63] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneurial behavior
                                            [tf] => 7
                                        )

                                    [64] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => business owner
                                            [tf] => 7
                                        )

                                    [65] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => 2011
                                            [tf] => 7
                                        )

                                    [66] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => 20th century
                                            [tf] => 7
                                        )

                                    [67] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => economic growth
                                            [tf] => 7
                                        )

                                    [68] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => venture capital
                                            [tf] => 7
                                        )

                                    [69] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => 25
                                            [tf] => 7
                                        )

                                    [70] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => january
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [71] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => review 25
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [72] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => landstrom
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [73] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => venkataraman
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [74] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => elgar publishing
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [75] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => burton
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [76] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => political economy
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [77] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => strategic entrepreneurship
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [78] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => business model
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [79] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => product service
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [80] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneurial activity
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [81] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => project entrepreneur
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [82] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => strategic management
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [83] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => september
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [84] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => edward elgar publishing
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [85] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneurship small business
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [86] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => specifically marked weasel
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [87] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => marked weasel worded
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [88] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => social entrepreneur
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [89] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => management journal
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [90] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => june
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [91] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => business research
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [92] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => business economic
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [93] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => creative destruction
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [94] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneurial opportunity
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [95] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => economic development
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [96] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => successful entrepreneur
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [97] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneurial firm
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [98] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => journal management
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [99] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => edward elgar
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [100] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => 2000
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [101] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => journal entrepreneurship
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [102] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => press isbn
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [103] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => article needing
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [104] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => unsourced statement
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [105] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => specifically marked
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [106] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => marked weasel
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [107] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => weasel worded
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [108] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => 2000 promise entrepreneurship
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [109] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => promise entrepreneurship field
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [110] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneurship field research
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [111] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => field research academy
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [112] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => research academy management
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [113] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => management review 25
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [114] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => international journal entrepreneurship
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [115] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => oxford university press
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [116] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => maint multiple name
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [117] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => multiple name author
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [118] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => 26 august 2014
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [119] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => hill gareth
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [120] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => press isbn 978
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [121] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => weasel worded phras
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [122] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => business history
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [123] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => cultural entrepreneurship
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [124] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => millennial entrepreneur
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [125] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => nascent entrepreneurship
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [126] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => red ball
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [127] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneurial success
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [128] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneur include
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [129] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => opportunity nexu
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [130] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => distrusting entrepreneur
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [131] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => michelacci schivardi
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [132] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => equity financing
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [133] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => robert
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [134] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => mcgraw hill
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [135] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => promise entrepreneurship
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [136] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneurship field
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [137] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => field research
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [138] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => research academy
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [139] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneurship innovation
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [140] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => routledge isbn
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [141] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => 26
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [142] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => oxford university
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [143] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => 2010
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [144] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => maint multiple
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [145] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => multiple name
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [146] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => name author
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [147] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => 26 august
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [148] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => august 2014
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [149] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => south western
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [150] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => worded phras
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [151] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => launching running business
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [152] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => critique political economy
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [153] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => ludwig von mis
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [154] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => early 20th century
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [155] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => essai sur la
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [156] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => sur la nature
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [157] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => la nature du
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [158] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => nature du commerce
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [159] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => du commerce en
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [160] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => commerce en general
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [161] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => statistically probability drawing
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [162] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => probability drawing red
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [163] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => anderson alistair
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [164] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => alistair
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [165] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneur international journal
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [166] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => international journal entrepreneurial
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [167] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => journal entrepreneurial behavior
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [168] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneurial behavior research
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [169] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => issn 1355 2554
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [170] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => elgar publishing isbn
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [171] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => general theory entrepreneurship
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [172] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => theory entrepreneurship individual
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [173] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneurship individual opportunity
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [174] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => individual opportunity nexu
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [175] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => 217 226 doi105465amr20002791611
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [176] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => archived original pdf
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [177] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => routledge isbn 978
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [178] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => 978 415
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [179] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => springer science business
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [180] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => science business media
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [181] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => oxford english dictionary
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [182] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => english dictionary online
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [183] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => dictionary online ed
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [184] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => online ed oxford
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [185] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => ed oxford university
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [186] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => university press subscription
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [187] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => press subscription participating
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [188] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => subscription participating institution
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [189] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => participating institution membership
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [190] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => institution membership required
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [191] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => retrieved september
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [192] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => september 2020
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [193] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => springer isbn 978
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [194] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => 978 387
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [195] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => archived original 20
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [196] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => name author list
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [197] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => author list link
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [198] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => business venturing 22
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [199] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => venturing 22
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [200] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => jenning
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [201] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => carter
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [202] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => dooley
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [203] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => gartner
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [204] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => journal entrepreneurship small
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [205] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => international small business
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [206] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => small business journal
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [207] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => business journal 31
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [208] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => pirate
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [209] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => small business economic
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [210] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => march 2020
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [211] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => hoskisson
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [212] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => adler
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [213] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => south western college
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [214] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => western college pub
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [215] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => college pub isbn
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [216] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => pub isbn 978
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [217] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => october 2008
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [218] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => 2020wikipedia article needing
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                )

                            [page_rank_decimal] => 86
                            [rank] => 20
                        )

                    [4] => stdClass Object
                        (
                            [position] => 5
                            [title] => Entrepreneur & Entrepreneurship Definition + Types
                            [url] => https://www.investopedia.com/terms/e/entrepreneur.asp
                            [destination] => https://www.investopedia.com › ... › Business Essentials
                            [description] => Entrepreneurs and entrepreneurship have key effects on the economy. Learn how to become one and the questions you should ask before starting your entrepreneurial journey
                            [isAmp] => 
                            [extra] => 26 Feb 2021
                            [organic_position] => 5
                            [serp_type] => page
                            [isOrganicPage] => 1
                            [isOrganic] => 1
                            [serp_title] => Entrepreneur & Entrepreneurship Definition + Types
                            [serp_description] => An entrepreneur is an individual who creates a new business, bearing most of the risks and enjoying most of the rewards. The process of setting up a ...
                            [hostname] => investopedia.com
                            [canonical] => https://www.investopedia.com/terms/e/entrepreneur.asp
                            [h1] => Entrepreneur
                            [h2] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => What Is an Entrepreneur?
                                    [1] => How Entrepreneurship Works
                                    [2] => How to Become an Entrepreneur
                                    [3] => Entrepreneurship Financing
                                    [4] => 7 Characteristics of Entrepreneurs
                                    [5] => Types of Entrepreneurs
                                    [6] => 4 Types of Entrepreneurship
                                    [7] => Entrepreneurs and the Economy
                                    [8] => Questions for Entrepreneurs
                                    [9] => Frequently Asked Questions About Entrepreneurship
                                    [10] => The Bottom Line
                                )

                            [h3] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => Key Takeaways
                                    [1] => Ensure Financial Stability
                                    [2] => Build a Diverse Skill Set
                                    [3] => Consume Content Across Multiple Channels
                                    [4] => Identify a Problem to Solve
                                    [5] => Solve That Problem
                                    [6] => Network Like Crazy
                                    [7] => Lead by Example
                                    [8] => Resources for Entrepreneurs
                                    [9] => Bootstrapping for Entrepreneurs
                                    [10] => Small Business vs. Entrepreneurship
                                    [11] => How Entrepreneurs Make Money
                                    [12] => Taxes for Entrepreneurs
                                    [13] => 1. Versatile
                                    [14] => 2. Flexible
                                    [15] => 3. Money Savvy
                                    [16] => 4. Resilient
                                    [17] => 5. Focused
                                    [18] => 6. Business Smart
                                    [19] => 7. Communicators
                                    [20] => Builder
                                    [21] => Opportunist
                                    [22] => Innovator
                                    [23] => Specialist
                                    [24] => Small Business Entrepreneurship
                                    [25] => Scalable Startup
                                    [26] => Large Company
                                    [27] => Social Entrepreneurship
                                    [28] => How Entrepreneurship Helps Economies
                                    [29] => Entrepreneurial Ecosystems
                                    [30] => A Few Questions to Ask Yourself:
                                    [31] => Questions That Delve into External Factors:
                                    [32] => What Does It Mean to Be an Entrepreneur?
                                    [33] => What Is the Best Definition of Entrepreneurship?
                                    [34] => What Are the 4 Types of Entrepreneurs?
                                    [35] => What Are the 7 Characteristics of Entrepreneurs?
                                    [36] => Article Sources
                                    [37] => Related Terms
                                    [38] => Related Articles
                                    [39] => Entrepreneurs and Entrepreneurship Defined
                                    [40] => Is Majoring in Entrepreneurship a Good Idea?
                                    [41] => Do You Have the 5 Skills Every Entrepreneur Needs?
                                    [42] => Starting a Small Business in Tough Economic Times
                                    [43] => Who Coined the Term 'Entrepreneur'?
                                    [44] => Entrepreneurs Make Money: Why, How, Where, & When
                                )

                            [h2WithAnchors] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => What Is an Entrepreneur?
                                            [id] => mntl-sc-block_1-0
                                        )

                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => How Entrepreneurship Works
                                            [id] => mntl-sc-block_1-0-9
                                        )

                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => How to Become an Entrepreneur
                                            [id] => mntl-sc-block_1-0-20
                                        )

                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Entrepreneurship Financing
                                            [id] => mntl-sc-block_1-0-66
                                        )

                                    [4] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => 7 Characteristics of Entrepreneurs
                                            [id] => mntl-sc-block_1-0-104
                                        )

                                    [5] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Types of Entrepreneurs
                                            [id] => mntl-sc-block_1-0-144
                                        )

                                    [6] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => 4 Types of Entrepreneurship
                                            [id] => mntl-sc-block_1-0-163
                                        )

                                    [7] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Entrepreneurs and the Economy
                                            [id] => mntl-sc-block_1-0-182
                                        )

                                    [8] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Questions for Entrepreneurs
                                            [id] => mntl-sc-block_1-0-207
                                        )

                                    [9] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Frequently Asked Questions About Entrepreneurship
                                            [id] => mntl-sc-block_1-0-216
                                        )

                                    [10] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => The Bottom Line
                                            [id] => mntl-sc-block_1-0-229
                                        )

                                )

                            [type] => article
                            [wordCount] => 5958
                            [imgCount] => 10
                            [lang] => 
                            [faq_on_page] => Array
                                (
                                )

                            [anchors] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [size] => 180
                                    [outboundSize] => 11
                                    [list] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => About Us
                                                    [href] => https://www.jazzercise.com/About-Us
                                                    [hrefDomain] => jazzercise.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Our History
                                                    [href] => https://www.benjerry.com/about-us
                                                    [hrefDomain] => benjerry.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [2] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 2020 Instructions for Schedule C (2020)
                                                    [href] => https://www.irs.gov/instructions/i1040sc
                                                    [hrefDomain] => irs.gov
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [3] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Publication 535, Business Expenses
                                                    [href] => https://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-pdf/p535.pdf
                                                    [hrefDomain] => irs.gov
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [4] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Forming a Corporation
                                                    [href] => https://www.irs.gov/businesses/small-businesses-self-employed/forming-a-corporation
                                                    [hrefDomain] => irs.gov
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [5] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => S Corporations
                                                    [href] => https://www.irs.gov/businesses/small-businesses-self-employed/s-corporations
                                                    [hrefDomain] => irs.gov
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [6] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => The 4 Types of Entrepreneurs - - Which Are You?
                                                    [href] => https://www.forbes.com/sites/georgedeeb/2014/11/07/the-4-types-of-entrepreneurs-which-type-are-you/?sh=57816393e9ea
                                                    [hrefDomain] => forbes.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [7] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Advocacy Releases 2021 Small Business Profiles for States
                                                    [href] => https://advocacy.sba.gov/2021/08/31/advocacy-releases-2021-small-business-profiles-for-the-states/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => sba.gov
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [8] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Advertise
                                                    [href] => https://www.dotdash.com/our-brands/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => dotdash.com
                                                    [rel] => noopener nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [9] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Contact Us
                                                    [href] => https://invcontent.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/requests/new
                                                    [hrefDomain] => zendesk.com
                                                    [rel] => noopener nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [10] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Careers
                                                    [href] => https://www.dotdash.com/careers/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => dotdash.com
                                                    [rel] => noopener nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [toc] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] =>   What Is an Entrepreneur?  . 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Key Takeaways. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                                        (
                                                                            [level] => 4
                                                                            [name] => 
Entrepreneur. 
                                                                            [tag] => h4
                                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                                (
                                                                                )

                                                                        )

                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                )

                                        )

                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] =>   How Entrepreneurship Works  . 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                )

                                        )

                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] =>   How to Become an Entrepreneur  . 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] =>   Ensure Financial Stability  . 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] =>   Build a Diverse Skill Set  . 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] =>   Consume Content Across Multiple Channels  . 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] =>   Identify a Problem to Solve  . 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [4] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] =>   Solve That Problem  . 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [5] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] =>   Network Like Crazy  . 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [6] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] =>   Lead by Example  . 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                )

                                        )

                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] =>   Entrepreneurship Financing  . 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] =>   Resources for Entrepreneurs  . 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] =>   Bootstrapping for Entrepreneurs  . 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] =>   Small Business vs. Entrepreneurship  . 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] =>   How Entrepreneurs Make Money  . 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [4] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] =>   Taxes for Entrepreneurs  . 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [5] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                )

                                        )

                                    [4] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] =>   7 Characteristics of Entrepreneurs  . 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] =>   1. Versatile  . 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] =>   2. Flexible  . 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] =>   3. Money Savvy  . 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] =>   4. Resilient  . 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [4] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] =>   5. Focused  . 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [5] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] =>   6. Business Smart  . 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [6] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] =>   7. Communicators  . 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                )

                                        )

                                    [5] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] =>   Types of Entrepreneurs  . 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] =>   Builder  . 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] =>   Opportunist  . 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] =>   Innovator  . 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] =>   Specialist  . 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                )

                                        )

                                    [6] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] =>   4 Types of Entrepreneurship  . 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] =>   Small Business Entrepreneurship  . 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] =>   Scalable Startup  . 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] =>   Large Company  . 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] =>   Social Entrepreneurship  . 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                )

                                        )

                                    [7] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] =>   Entrepreneurs and the Economy  . 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] =>   How Entrepreneurship Helps Economies  . 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] =>   Entrepreneurial Ecosystems  . 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                )

                                        )

                                    [8] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] =>   Questions for Entrepreneurs  . 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] =>   A Few Questions to Ask Yourself:  . 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] =>   Questions That Delve into External Factors:  . 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                )

                                        )

                                    [9] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] =>   Frequently Asked Questions About Entrepreneurship  . 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] =>   What Does It Mean to Be an Entrepreneur?  . 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] =>   What Is the Best Definition of Entrepreneurship?  . 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] =>   What Are the 4 Types of Entrepreneurs?  . 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] =>   What Are the 7 Characteristics of Entrepreneurs?  . 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                )

                                        )

                                    [10] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] =>   The Bottom Line  . 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Article Sources. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Related Terms. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Related Articles. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Entrepreneurs and Entrepreneurship Defined. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [4] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Is Majoring in Entrepreneurship a Good Idea?
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [5] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Do You Have the 5 Skills Every Entrepreneur Needs?
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [6] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Starting a Small Business in Tough Economic Times. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [7] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Who Coined the Term 'Entrepreneur'?
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [8] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Entrepreneurs Make Money: Why, How, Where, & When. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [og] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [ogImage] => https://www.investopedia.com/thmb/3IjHl5_I0rrrG_5hf55eeohXspw=/2107x1423/filters:fill(auto,1)/GettyImages-1204171313-70cd679d0de14042b5eb31bda138bf64.jpg
                                    [twitterImage] => https://www.investopedia.com/thmb/3IjHl5_I0rrrG_5hf55eeohXspw=/2107x1423/filters:fill(auto,1)/GettyImages-1204171313-70cd679d0de14042b5eb31bda138bf64.jpg
                                )

                            [schema_type] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => Article
                                        )

                                )

                            [comment_questions] => Array
                                (
                                )

                            [body] => Entrepreneur By Adam Hayes Full Bio Adam Hayes is a financial writer with 15+ years Wall Street experience as a derivatives trader. Besides his extensive derivative trading expertise, Adam is an expert in economics and behavioral finance. Adam received his master's in economics from The New School for Social Research and his Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in sociology. He is a CFA charterholder as well as holding FINRA Series 7 & 63 licenses. He currently researches and teaches at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. Learn about our editorial policies Updated November 12, 2021 Reviewed by Amy Drury Reviewed by Amy Drury Full Bio Amy is an ACA and the CEO and founder of OnPoint Learning, a financial training company delivering training to financial professionals. She has nearly two decades of experience in the financial industry and as a financial instructor for industry professionals and individuals. Learn about our Financial Review Board Fact checked by Katrina Munichiello Fact checked by Katrina Munichiello Full Bio Katrina Ávila Munichiello is an experienced editor, writer, fact-checker, and proofreader with more than fourteen years of experience working with print and online publications. In 2011, she became editor of World Tea News, a weekly newsletter for the U.S. tea trade. In 2013, she was hired as senior editor to assist in the transformation of Tea Magazine from a small quarterly publication to a nationally distributed monthly magazine. Katrina also served as a copy editor at Cloth, Paper, Scissors and as a proofreader for Applewood Books. Since 2015 she has worked as a fact-checker for America's Test Kitchen's Cook's Illustrated and Cook's Country magazines. She has published articles in The Boston Globe, Yankee Magazine, and more. In 2011, she published her first book, A Tea Reader: Living Life One Cup at a Time (Tuttle). Before working as an editor, she earned a Master of Public Health degree in health services and worked in non-profit administration. Learn about our editorial policies Business Essentials Guide to Mergers and Acquisitions Table of Contents Expand What Is an Entrepreneur? How Entrepreneurship Works How to Become an Entrepreneur Entrepreneurship Financing 7 Characteristics of Entrepreneurs Types of Entrepreneurs 4 Types of Entrepreneurship Entrepreneurs and the Economy Questions for Entrepreneurs Entrepreneurship FAQs The Bottom Line What Is an Entrepreneur? . An entrepreneur is an individual who creates a new business, bearing most of the risks and enjoying most of the rewards. The process of setting up a business is known as entrepreneurship. The entrepreneur is commonly seen as an innovator, a source of new ideas, goods, services, and business/or procedures. Entrepreneurs play a key role in any economy, using the skills and initiative necessary to anticipate needs and bringing good new ideas to market. Entrepreneurship that proves to be successful in taking on the risks of creating a startup is rewarded with profits, fame, and continued growth opportunities. Entrepreneurship that fails results in losses and less prevalence in the markets for those involved. Key Takeaways. A person who undertakes the risk of starting a new business venture is called an entrepreneur.An entrepreneur creates a firm to realize their idea, known as entrepreneurship, which aggregates capital and labor in order to produce goods or services for profit.Entrepreneurship is highly risky but also can be highly rewarding, as it serves to generate economic wealth, growth, and innovation.Ensuring funding is key for entrepreneurs: Financing resources include SBA loans and crowdfunding.The way entrepreneurs file and pay taxes will depend on how the business is set up in terms of structure. 1:37 Entrepreneur. How Entrepreneurship Works . Entrepreneurship is one of the resources economists categorize as integral to production, the other three being land/natural resources, labor, and capital. An entrepreneur combines the first three of these to manufacture goods or provide services. They typically create a business plan, hire labor, acquire resources and financing, and provide leadership and management for the business. Entrepreneurs commonly face many obstacles when building their companies. The three that many of them cite as the most challenging are as follows: Overcoming bureaucracyHiring talentObtaining financing Economists have never had a consistent definition of "entrepreneur" or "entrepreneurship" (the word "entrepreneur" comes from the French verb entreprendre, meaning "to undertake"). Though the concept of an entrepreneur existed and was known for centuries, the classical and neoclassical economists left entrepreneurs out of their formal models: They assumed that perfect information would be known to fully rational actors, leaving no room for risk-taking or discovery. It wasn't until the middle of the 20th century that economists seriously attempted to incorporate entrepreneurship into their models. Three thinkers were central to the inclusion of entrepreneurs: Joseph Schumpeter, Frank Knight, and Israel Kirzner. Schumpeter suggested that entrepreneurs—not just companies—were responsible for the creation of new things in the search for profit. Knight focused on entrepreneurs as the bearers of uncertainty and believed they were responsible for risk premiums in financial markets. Kirzner thought of entrepreneurship as a process that led to the discovery. How to Become an Entrepreneur . After retiring her professional dancing shoes, Judi Sheppard Missett became an entrepreneur by teaching a dance class to civilians in order to earn some extra cash. But she soon learned that women who came to her studio were less interested in learning precise steps than they were in losing weight and toning up. Sheppard Missett then trained instructors to teach her routines to the masses, and Jazzercise was born. A franchise deal followed. Today, the company has more than 8,300 locations worldwide. Following an ice cream making correspondence course, two entrepreneurs, Jerry Greenfield and Ben Cohen paired $8,000 in savings with a $4,000 loan, leased a Burlington, Vt., gas station, and purchased equipment to create uniquely flavored ice cream for the local market. Today, Ben & Jerry’s hauls in millions in annual revenue. Although the "self-made man" (or woman) has always been a popular figure in American society, entrepreneurship has gotten greatly romanticized in the last few decades. In the 21st century, the example of Internet companies like Alphabet, formerly Google (GOOG), and Meta (FB), formerly Facebook, both of which have made their founders wildly wealthy, have made people enamored with the idea of becoming entrepreneurs. Unlike traditional professions, where there is often a defined path to follow, the road to entrepreneurship is mystifying to most. What works for one entrepreneur might not work for the next and vice versa. That said, there are seven general steps that most, if not all, successful entrepreneurs have followed: Ensure Financial Stability . This first step is not a strict requirement but is definitely recommended. While entrepreneurs have built successful businesses while being less than financially flush (think of Facebook, now Meta, founder Mark Zuckerberg as a college student), starting out with an adequate cash supply and ensuring ongoing funding can only help an aspiring entrepreneur, increasing their personal runway and giving them more time to work on building a successful business, rather than worrying about making quick money. Build a Diverse Skill Set . Once a person has strong finances, it is important to build a diverse set of skills and then apply those skills in the real world. The beauty of step two is it can be done concurrently with step one. Building a skill set can be achieved through learning and trying new tasks in real-world settings. For example, if an aspiring entrepreneur has a background in finance, they can move into a sales role at their existing company to learn the soft skills necessary to be successful. Once a diverse skill set is built, it gives an entrepreneur a toolkit that they can rely on when they are faced with the inevitability of tough situations. Much has been discussed about if going to college is necessary to become a successful entrepreneur. Many famous entrepreneurs are famous for having dropped out of college: Steve Jobs, Mark Zuckerberg, and Larry Ellison, to name a few. Though going to college isn't necessary to build a successful business, it can teach young individuals a lot about the world in many other ways. And these famous college dropouts are the exception rather than the norm. College may not be for everyone and the choice is personal, but it is something to think about, especially with the high price tag of a college education in the U.S. It is not true that majoring in entrepreneurship is necessary to start a business. People that have built successful businesses have majored in many different subjects and doing so can open your eyes to a different way of thinking that can help you in establishing your business. Consume Content Across Multiple Channels . As important as building a diverse skill set is, the need to consume a diverse array of content is equally so. This content can be in the form of podcasts, books, articles, or lectures. The important thing is that the content, no matter the channel, should be varied in what it covers. An aspiring entrepreneur should always familiarize themself with the world around them so they can look at industries with a fresh perspective, giving them the ability to build a business around a specific sector. Identify a Problem to Solve . Through the consumption of content across multiple channels, an aspiring entrepreneur is able to identify various problems to solve. One business adage dictates that a company's product or service needs to solve a specific pain point; either for another business or for a consumer group. Through the identification of a problem, an aspiring entrepreneur is able to build a business around solving that problem. It is important to combine steps three and four so it is possible to identify a problem to solve by looking at various industries as an outsider. This often provides an aspiring entrepreneur with the ability to see a problem others might not. Solve That Problem . Successful startups solve a specific pain point for other companies or for the public. This is known as "adding value within the problem." Only through adding value to a specific problem or pain point does an entrepreneur become successful. Say, for example, you identify the process for making a dentist appointment is complicated for patients, and dentists are losing customers as a result. The value could be to build an online appointment system that makes it easier to book appointments. Network Like Crazy . Most entrepreneurs can't do it alone. The business world is a cutthroat one and getting any help you can will always help and reduce the time it takes to achieve a successful business. Networking is critical for any new entrepreneur. Meeting the right people that can introduce you to contacts in your industry, such as the right suppliers, financiers, and even mentors can be the difference between success and failure. Attending conferences, emailing and calling people in the industry, speaking to your cousin's friend's brother who is in a similar business, will help you get out into the world and discover people that can guide you. Once you have your foot in the door with the right people, conducting a business becomes a lot easier. Lead by Example . Every entrepreneur needs to be a leader within their company. Simply doing the day-to-day requirements will not lead to success. A leader needs to work hard, motivate, and inspire their employees to reach their best potential, which will lead to the success of the company. Look at some of the greatest and most successful companies; all of them have had great leaders. Apple and Steve Jobs, Bill Gates and Microsoft, Bob Iger and Disney, and so on. Study these people and read their books to see how to be a great leader and become the leader that your employees can follow by the example you set. Entrepreneurship Financing . Given the riskiness of a new venture, the acquisition of capital funding is particularly challenging, and many entrepreneurs deal with it via bootstrapping: financing a business using methods such as using their own money, providing sweat equity to reduce labor costs, minimizing inventory, and factoring receivables. While some entrepreneurs are lone players struggling to get small businesses off the ground on a shoestring, others take on partners armed with greater access to capital and other resources. In these situations, new firms may acquire financing from venture capitalists, angel investors, hedge funds, crowdfunding, or through more traditional sources such as bank loans. Resources for Entrepreneurs . There are a variety of financing resources for entrepreneurs starting their own businesses. Obtaining a small business loan through the Small Business Administration (SBA) can help entrepreneurs get the business off the ground with affordable loans. SBA helps connect businesses to loan providers. If entrepreneurs are willing to give up a piece of equity in their business, then they may find financing in the form of angel investors and venture capitalists. These types of investors also provide guidance, mentorship, and connections in addition to just capital. Crowdfunding has also become a popular way for entrepreneurs to raise capital, particularly through Kickstarter. An entrepreneur creates a page for their product and a monetary goal to reach while promising certain givebacks to those who donate, such as products or experiences. Bootstrapping for Entrepreneurs . Bootstrapping refers to building a company solely from your savings as an entrepreneur as well as from the initial sales made from your business. This is a difficult process as all the financial risk is placed on the entrepreneur and there is little room for error. If the business fails, the entrepreneur also may lose all of their life savings. The advantage of bootstrapping is that an entrepreneur can run the business with their own vision and no outside interference or investors demanding quick profits. That being said, sometimes having an outsider's assistance can help a business rather than hurt it. Many companies have succeeded with the bootstrapping strategy, but it is a difficult path. Small Business vs. Entrepreneurship . A small business and entrepreneurship have a lot in common but they are different. A small business is a company, usually, a sole-proprietorship or partnership, that is not a medium-sized or large-sized business, operates locally, and does not have access to a vast amount of resources or capital. Entrepreneurship refers to an individual that has an idea and intends to execute on that idea, usually to disrupt the current market with a new product or service. Entrepreneurship usually starts as a small business but the long-term vision is much greater, to seek high profits and capture market share with an innovative new idea. How Entrepreneurs Make Money . Entrepreneurs make money like any business: they seek to generate revenues that are greater than costs. Increasing revenues is the goal and that can be achieved through marketing, word-of-mouth, and networking. Keeping costs low is also critical as it results in higher profit margins. This can be achieved through efficient operations and eventually economies of scale. Taxes for Entrepreneurs . The taxes you will pay as an entrepreneur will depend on how you set up your business in terms of structure. Sole Proprietorship: A business set up this way is an extension of the individual. Business income and expenses are filed on Schedule C on your personal tax return and you are taxed at your individual tax rate. Partnership: For tax purposes, a partnership functions the same way as a sole proprietorship, with the only difference being that income and expenses are split amongst the partners. There are many benefits entrepreneurs can achieve through taxes, such as deducting their home office and utilities, mileage for business travel, advertising, and travel expenses. C-Corporation: A C-corporation is a separate legal entity and has separate taxes filed with the IRS from the entrepreneur. The business income will be taxed at the corporate tax rate rather than the personal income tax rate. Limited Liability Company (LLC) or S-Corporation: These two options are taxed in the same manner as a C-corporation but usually at lower amounts. 7 Characteristics of Entrepreneurs . What else do entrepreneurial success stories have in common? They invariably involve industrious people diving into things they’re naturally passionate about. Giving credence to the adage, “find a way to get paid for the job you’d do for free,” passion is arguably the most important component startup business owners must have, and every edge helps. While the prospect of becoming your own boss and raking in a fortune is alluring to entrepreneurial dreamers, the possible downside to hanging one’s own shingle is vast. Income isn’t guaranteed, employer-sponsored benefits go by the wayside, and when your business loses money, your personal assets can take a hit; not just a corporation’s bottom line. But adhering to a few tried and true principles can go a long way in diffusing risk. The following are a few characteristics required to be a successful entrepreneur. 1. Versatile . When starting out, it’s essential to personally handle sales and other customer interactions whenever possible. Direct client contact is the clearest path to obtaining honest feedback about what the target market likes and what you could be doing better. If it’s not always practical to be the sole customer interface, entrepreneurs should train employees to invite customer comments as a matter of course. Not only does this make customers feel empowered, but happier clients are more likely to recommend businesses to others. Personally answering phones is one of the most significant competitive edges home-based entrepreneurs hold over their larger competitors. In a time of high-tech backlash, where customers are frustrated with automated responses and touch-tone menus, hearing a human voice is one surefire way to entice new customers and make existing ones feel appreciated; an important fact, given that some 80% of all business is generated from repeat customers. Paradoxically, while customers value high-touch telephone access, they also expect a highly polished website. Even if your business isn’t in a high-tech industry, entrepreneurs still must exploit internet technology to get their message across. A startup garage-based business can have a superior website than an established $100 million company. Just make sure a live human being is on the other end of the phone number listed. 2. Flexible . Few successful business owners find perfect formulas straight out of the gate. On the contrary: ideas must morph over time. Whether tweaking product design or altering food items on a menu, finding the perfect sweet spot takes trial and error. Former Starbucks Chair and CEO Howard Schultz initially thought playing Italian opera music over store speakers would accentuate the Italian coffeehouse experience he was attempting to replicate. But customers saw things differently and didn’t seem to like arias with their espressos. As a result, Schultz jettisoned the opera and introduced comfortable chairs instead. 3. Money Savvy . Through the heart of any successful new business, a venture beats the lifeblood of steady cash flow, which is essential for purchasing inventory, paying rent, maintaining equipment, and promoting the business. The key to staying in the black is rigorous bookkeeping of income versus expenses. And since most new businesses don’t make a profit within the first year, by setting money aside for this contingency, entrepreneurs can help mitigate the risk of falling short of funds. Related to this, it’s essential to keep personal and business costs separate, and never dip into business funds to cover the costs of daily living. Of course, it’s important to pay yourself a realistic salary that allows you to cover essentials, but not much more; especially where investors are involved. Of course, such sacrifices can strain relationships with loved ones who may need to adjust to lower standards of living and endure worry over risking family assets. For this reason, entrepreneurs should communicate these issues well ahead of time, and make sure significant loved ones are spiritually on board. 4. Resilient . Running your own business is extremely difficult, especially getting one started from scratch. It requires a lot of time, dedication, and failure. A successful entrepreneur must show resilience to all the difficulties on the road ahead. Whenever they meet with failure or rejection they must keep pushing forward. Starting your business is a learning process and any learning process comes with a learning curve, which can be frustrating, especially when money is on the line. It's important never to give up through the difficult times if you want to succeed. 5. Focused . Similar to resilience, a successful entrepreneur must stay focused and eliminate the noise and doubts that come with running a business. Becoming sidetracked, not believing in your instincts and ideas, and losing sight of the end goal is a recipe for failure. A successful entrepreneur must always remember why they started the business and remain on course to see it through. 6. Business Smart . Knowing how to manage money and understanding financial statements are critical for anyone running their own business. Knowing your revenues, your costs, and how to increase or decrease them, respectively, is important. Making sure you don't burn through cash will allow you to keep the business alive. Implementing a sound business strategy, knowing your target market, your competitors, your strengths and weaknesses, will allow you to maneuver the difficult landscape of running your business. 7. Communicators . Successful communication is important in almost every facet of life, regardless of what you do. It is also of the utmost importance in running a business. From conveying your ideas and strategies to potential investors to sharing your business plan with your employees to negotiating contracts with suppliers all require successful communication. Types of Entrepreneurs . Not every entrepreneur is the same and not all have the same goals. Here are a few types of entrepreneurs: Builder . Builders seek to create scalable businesses within a short time frame. Builders typically pass $5 million in revenue in the first two to four years and continue to build up until $100 million or beyond. These individuals seek to build out a strong infrastructure by hiring the best talent and seeking the best investors. They have temperamental personalities that are suited to the fast growth they desire but can make personal and business relationships difficult. Opportunist . Opportunistic entrepreneurs are optimistic individuals with the ability to pick out financial opportunities, getting in at the right time, staying on board during the time of growth, and exiting when a business hits its peak. These types of entrepreneurs are concerned with profits and the wealth they will build, so they are attracted to ideas where they can create residual or renewal income. Because they are looking to find well-timed opportunities, opportunistic entrepreneurs can be impulsive. Innovator . Innovators are those rare individuals that come up with a great idea or product that no one has thought of before. Think of Thomas Edison, Steve Jobs, and Mark Zuckerberg. These individuals worked on what they loved and found business opportunities through that. Rather than focusing on money, innovators care more about the impact that their products and services have on society. These individuals are not the best at running a business as they are idea-generating individuals, so often they leave the day-to-day operations to those more capable in that respect. Specialist . These individuals are analytical and risk-averse. They have a strong skill set in a specific area obtained through education or apprenticeship. A specialist entrepreneur will build out their business through networking and referrals, resulting in slower growth than a builder entrepreneur. 4 Types of Entrepreneurship . As there are different types of entrepreneurs, there are also different types of businesses they create. Below are the main different types of entrepreneurship. Small Business Entrepreneurship . Small business entrepreneurship is the idea of opening a business without turning it into a large conglomerate or opening many chains. A single-location restaurant, one grocery shop, or a retail shop to sell your handmade goods would all be an example of small business entrepreneurship. These individuals usually invest their own money and succeed if their business turns a profit, which they live off of. They don't have outside investors and will only take a loan if it helps continue the business. Scalable Startup . These are companies that start with a unique idea; think Silicon Valley. The hopes are to innovate with a unique product or service and continue growing the company, continuously scaling up as time moves on. These types of companies often require investors and large amounts of capital to grow their idea and reach multiple markets. Large Company . Large company entrepreneurship is a new business division created within an existing company. The existing company may be well placed to branch out into other sectors or it may be well placed to become involved in new technology. CEOs of these companies either foresee a new market for the company or individuals within the company generate ideas that they bring to senior management to start the process. Social Entrepreneurship . The goal of social entrepreneurship is to create a benefit to society and humankind. They focus on helping communities or the environment through their products and services. They are not driven by profits but rather by helping the world around them. Entrepreneurs and the Economy . In economist-speak, an entrepreneur acts as a coordinating agent in a capitalist economy. This coordination takes the form of resources being diverted toward new potential profit opportunities. The entrepreneur moves various resources, both tangible and intangible, promoting capital formation. As of 2021, there are 32.5 million small businesses in the United States. In a market full of uncertainty, it is the entrepreneur who can actually help clear up uncertainty, as they make judgments or assume the risk. To the extent that capitalism is a dynamic profit-and-loss system, entrepreneurs drive efficient discovery and consistently reveal knowledge. Established firms face increased competition and challenges from entrepreneurs, which often spurs them toward research and development efforts as well. In technical economic terms, the entrepreneur disrupts the course toward steady-state equilibrium. How Entrepreneurship Helps Economies . Nurturing entrepreneurship can have a positive impact on an economy and a society in several ways. For starters, entrepreneurs create new businesses. They invent goods and services, resulting in employment, and often create a ripple effect, resulting in more and more development. For example, after a few information technology companies began in India in the 1990s, businesses in associated industries, like call center operations and hardware providers, began to develop too, offering support services and products. Entrepreneurs add to the gross national income. Existing businesses may remain confined to their markets and eventually hit an income ceiling. But new products or technologies create new markets and new wealth. And increased employment and higher earnings contribute to a nation’s tax base, enabling greater government spending on public projects. Entrepreneurs create social change. They break tradition with unique inventions that reduce dependence on existing methods and systems, sometimes rendering them obsolete. Smartphones and their apps, for example, have revolutionized work and play across the globe. Entrepreneurs invest in community projects and help charities and other non-profit organizations, supporting causes beyond their own. Bill Gates, for example, has used his considerable wealth for education and public health initiatives. Entrepreneurial Ecosystems . There is research that shows high levels of self-employment can stall economic development: Entrepreneurship, if not properly regulated, can lead to unfair market practices and corruption, and too many entrepreneurs can create income inequalities in society. Overall, though, entrepreneurship is a critical driver of innovation and economic growth. Therefore, fostering entrepreneurship is an important part of the economic growth strategies of many local and national governments around the world. To this end, governments commonly assist in the development of entrepreneurial ecosystems, which may include entrepreneurs themselves, government-sponsored assistance programs, and venture capitalists. They may also include non-government organizations, such as entrepreneurs' associations, business incubators, and education programs. For example, California's Silicon Valley is often cited as an example of a well-functioning entrepreneurial ecosystem. The region has a well-developed venture capital base, a large pool of well-educated talent, especially in technical fields, and a wide range of government and non-government programs fostering new ventures and providing information and support to entrepreneurs. Questions for Entrepreneurs . Embarking on the entrepreneurial career path to “being your own boss” is exciting. But along with all your research, make sure to do your homework about yourself and your situation. A Few Questions to Ask Yourself: . Do I have the personality, temperament, and mindset of taking on the world on my own terms?Do I have the required ambiance and resources to devote all my time to my venture?Do I have an exit plan ready with a clearly defined timeline in case my venture does not work?Do I have a concrete plan for the next "x" number of months or will I face challenges midway due to family, financial, or other commitments? Do I have a mitigation plan for those challenges?Do I have the required network to seek help and advice as needed?Have I identified and built bridges with experienced mentors to learn from their expertise?Have I prepared the rough draft of a complete risk assessment, including dependencies on external factors?Have I realistically assessed the potential of my offering and how it will figure in the existing market?If my offering is going to replace an existing product in the market, how will my competitors react?To keep my offering secure, will it make sense to get a patent? Do I have the capacity to wait that long?Have I identified my target customer base for the initial phase? Do I have scalability plans ready for larger markets?Have I identified sales and distribution channels? Questions That Delve into External Factors: . Does my entrepreneurial venture meet local regulations and laws? If not feasible locally, can I and should I relocate to another region?How long does it take to get the necessary license or permissions from concerned authorities? Can I survive that long?Do I have a plan about getting the necessary resources and skilled employees, and have I made cost considerations for the same?What are the tentative timelines for bringing the first prototype to market or for services to be operational?Who are my primary customers?Who are the funding sources I may need to approach to make this big? Is my venture good enough to convince potential stakeholders?What technical infrastructure do I need?Once the business is established, will I have sufficient funds to get resources and take it to the next level? Will other big firms copy my model and kill my operation? Frequently Asked Questions About Entrepreneurship . What Does It Mean to Be an Entrepreneur? . An entrepreneur is an individual who takes the risk to start their own business based on an idea they have or a product they have created while assuming most of the risks and reaping most of the rewards of the business. What Is the Best Definition of Entrepreneurship? . Entrepreneurship is the process of setting up a business, taking it from an idea to realization. What Are the 4 Types of Entrepreneurs? . Small business, scalable startup, large company, and social. What Are the 7 Characteristics of Entrepreneurs? . Versatile, resilient, flexible, money-savvy, business smart, focused, and communicators. The Bottom Line . An entrepreneur is an individual who takes an idea or product and creates a business, a process known as entrepreneurship. Creating a business requires a lot of work and dedication, which not everyone is cut out for. Entrepreneurs are highly motivated risk-takers that have a vision and sacrifice a lot to achieve that vision. Entrepreneurs enter the market because they love what they do, believe their product will have a positive impact, and hope to make profits from their efforts. The steps entrepreneurs take fuel the economy; they create businesses that employ people and make products and services that consumers buy. Article Sources. Investopedia requires writers to use primary sources to support their work. These include white papers, government data, original reporting, and interviews with industry experts. We also reference original research from other reputable publishers where appropriate. You can learn more about the standards we follow in producing accurate, unbiased content in our editorial policy. Jazzercise. "About Us." Accessed Nov. 12, 2021. Ben & Jerry's. "Our History." Accessed Nov. 12, 2021. Internal Revenue Service. "2020 Instructions for Schedule C (2020)." Accessed Nov. 12, 2021. Internal Revenue Service. "Publication 535, Business Expenses." Accessed Nov. 12, 2021. Internal Revenue Service. "Forming a Corporation." Accessed Nov. 12, 2021. Internal Revenue Service. "S Corporations." Accessed Nov. 12, 2021. Forbes. "The 4 Types of Entrepreneurs - - Which Are You?" Accessed Nov. 12, 2021. U.S. Small Business Administration, Office of Advocacy. "Advocacy Releases 2021 Small Business Profiles for States." Accessed Nov. 12, 2021. Take the Next Step to Invest Advertiser Disclosure × The offers that appear in this table are from partnerships from which Investopedia receives compensation. This compensation may impact how and where listings appear. Investopedia does not include all offers available in the marketplace. Service Name Description Related Terms. What Are Factors of Production? Factors of production are the inputs needed for the creation of a good or service, these include labor, entrepreneurship, and capital. more Understanding How a Franchise Works A franchise is a business whereby the owner licenses its operations—along with its products, branding, and knowledge—in exchange for a franchise fee. more What Is a Startup? A startup is a company in the first stage of its operations, often being financed by its entrepreneurial founders during the initial starting period. more Business Plans: The Ins and Outs A business plan is a written document that describes in detail how a new business is going to achieve its goals. more Intrapreneur An intrapreneur is an employee who is tasked with developing an innovative idea within a company and can draw on its resources to do so. more What Is a Business? A business is an individual or group engaged in financial transactions. Read about types of businesses, how to start a business, and how to get a business loan. more Partner Links Related Articles. Entrepreneurs Entrepreneurs and Entrepreneurship Defined. Degrees & Certifications Is Majoring in Entrepreneurship a Good Idea? Entrepreneurs Do You Have the 5 Skills Every Entrepreneur Needs? How To Start A Business Starting a Small Business in Tough Economic Times. Entrepreneurs Who Coined the Term 'Entrepreneur'? Entrepreneurs Entrepreneurs Make Money: Why, How, Where, & When. About Us Terms of Use Dictionary Editorial Policy Advertise News Privacy Policy Contact Us Careers California Privacy Notice # A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
                            [kwBody] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneur
                                            [tf] => 120
                                        )

                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => business
                                            [tf] => 111
                                        )

                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneurship
                                            [tf] => 41
                                        )

                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => company
                                            [tf] => 33
                                        )

                                    [4] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => idea
                                            [tf] => 22
                                        )

                                    [5] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => service
                                            [tf] => 20
                                        )

                                    [6] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => successful
                                            [tf] => 20
                                        )

                                    [7] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => type
                                            [tf] => 18
                                        )

                                    [8] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => product
                                            [tf] => 18
                                        )

                                    [9] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => individual
                                            [tf] => 18
                                        )

                                    [10] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => profit
                                            [tf] => 17
                                        )

                                    [11] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => market
                                            [tf] => 17
                                        )

                                    [12] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => small
                                            [tf] => 16
                                        )

                                    [13] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => create
                                            [tf] => 16
                                        )

                                    [14] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => small business
                                            [tf] => 15
                                        )

                                    [15] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => money
                                            [tf] => 14
                                        )

                                    [16] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => time
                                            [tf] => 14
                                        )

                                    [17] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => risk
                                            [tf] => 14
                                        )

                                    [18] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => resource
                                            [tf] => 14
                                        )

                                    [19] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => financial
                                            [tf] => 13
                                        )

                                    [20] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => tax
                                            [tf] => 12
                                        )

                                    [21] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => example
                                            [tf] => 12
                                        )

                                    [22] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => 2021
                                            [tf] => 11
                                        )

                                    [23] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => person
                                            [tf] => 11
                                        )

                                    [24] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => venture
                                            [tf] => 11
                                        )

                                    [25] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => capital
                                            [tf] => 11
                                        )

                                    [26] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => important
                                            [tf] => 11
                                        )

                                    [27] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => customer
                                            [tf] => 11
                                        )

                                    [28] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => type entrepreneur
                                            [tf] => 10
                                        )

                                    [29] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => set
                                            [tf] => 10
                                        )

                                    [30] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => build
                                            [tf] => 10
                                        )

                                    [31] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => income
                                            [tf] => 10
                                        )

                                    [32] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => 12 2021
                                            [tf] => 9
                                        )

                                    [33] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => accessed nov 12
                                            [tf] => 8
                                        )

                                    [34] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => nov 12 2021
                                            [tf] => 8
                                        )

                                    [35] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => corporation
                                            [tf] => 8
                                        )

                                    [36] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => accessed nov
                                            [tf] => 8
                                        )

                                    [37] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => nov 12
                                            [tf] => 8
                                        )

                                    [38] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => successful entrepreneur
                                            [tf] => 7
                                        )

                                    [39] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => running business
                                            [tf] => 7
                                        )

                                    [40] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => successful business
                                            [tf] => 7
                                        )

                                    [41] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => characteristic entrepreneur
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [42] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneur entrepreneurship
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [43] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneur entrepreneur
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [44] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => business entrepreneurship
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [45] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => aspiring entrepreneur
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [46] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => product service
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [47] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => small business entrepreneurship
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [48] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => type entrepreneurship
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [49] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => revenue service
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [50] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => create business
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [51] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneur create
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [52] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => skill set
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [53] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => 12 2021 internal
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [54] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => 2021 internal revenue
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [55] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => internal revenue service
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [56] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => bottom line
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [57] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => idea entrepreneur
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [58] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => editorial policy
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [59] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => good service
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [60] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => business plan
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [61] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => start business
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [62] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => problem solve
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [63] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => day
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [64] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => 2021 internal
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [65] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => internal revenue
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [66] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => diverse skill set
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [67] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => identify problem solve
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [68] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneurship small business
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [69] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => full bio
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [70] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => characteristic
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [71] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneurship entrepreneur
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [72] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneur individual
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [73] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => starting business
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [74] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => mark zuckerberg
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [75] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => diverse skill
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [76] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => existing company
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [77] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => steve job
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [78] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => build business
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [79] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => identify problem
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [80] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => pain point
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [81] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneur business
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [82] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => venture capitalist
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [83] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => business loan
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [84] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneurship small
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [85] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => sole proprietorship
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [86] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneur money
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [87] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => tax rate
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [88] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => business owner
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [89] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => idea product
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [90] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => large company
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [91] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneurial ecosystem
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [92] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => government
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                )

                            [page_rank_decimal] => 63
                            [rank] => 646
                        )

                    [5] => stdClass Object
                        (
                            [position] => 6
                            [title] => ENTREPRENEUR | meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary
                            [url] => https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/entrepreneur
                            [destination] => https://dictionary.cambridge.org › dictionary › entrepre...
                            [description] => entrepreneur definition: 1. someone who starts their own business, especially when this involves seeing a new opportunity…. Learn more
                            [isAmp] => 
                            [date] => 7 days ago
                            [organic_position] => 6
                            [serp_type] => page
                            [isOrganicPage] => 1
                            [isOrganic] => 1
                            [serp_title] => Meaning of entrepreneur in English
                            [serp_description] => entrepreneur | American Dictionary ... a person who attempts to make a profit by starting a company or by operating alone in the business world, ...
                            [hostname] => dictionary.cambridge.org
                            [canonical] => https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/entrepreneur
                            [h1] => Meaning of entrepreneur in English
                            [h2] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => entrepreneur | American Dictionary
                                    [1] => entrepreneur | Business English
                                    [2] => Examples of entrepreneur
                                    [3] => Collocations with entrepreneur
                                    [4] => entrepreneur
                                    [5] => Translations of entrepreneur
                                    [6] => Browse
                                )

                            [h3] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => Related word
                                    [1] => entrepreneurial
                                )

                            [h2WithAnchors] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => entrepreneur | American Dictionary
                                        )

                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => entrepreneur | Business English
                                        )

                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Examples of entrepreneur
                                        )

                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Collocations with entrepreneur
                                        )

                                    [4] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => entrepreneur
                                        )

                                    [5] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Translations of entrepreneur
                                        )

                                    [6] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Browse
                                        )

                                )

                            [type] => article
                            [wordCount] => 1333
                            [imgCount] => 0
                            [lang] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [langLinks] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en
                                                    [url] => https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/entrepreneur
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-US
                                                    [url] => https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/dictionary/english/entrepreneur
                                                )

                                            [2] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-MX
                                                    [url] => https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/dictionary/english/entrepreneur
                                                )

                                            [3] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-PH
                                                    [url] => https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/dictionary/english/entrepreneur
                                                )

                                            [4] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-BR
                                                    [url] => https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/dictionary/english/entrepreneur
                                                )

                                            [5] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-CO
                                                    [url] => https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/dictionary/english/entrepreneur
                                                )

                                            [6] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => es
                                                    [url] => https://dictionary.cambridge.org/es/diccionario/ingles/entrepreneur
                                                )

                                            [7] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => es-ES
                                                    [url] => https://dictionary.cambridge.org/es/diccionario/ingles/entrepreneur
                                                )

                                            [8] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => es-419
                                                    [url] => https://dictionary.cambridge.org/es-LA/dictionary/english/entrepreneur
                                                )

                                            [9] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => ru
                                                    [url] => https://dictionary.cambridge.org/ru/%D1%81%D0%BB%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%B0%D1%80%D1%8C/%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B3%D0%BB%D0%B8%D0%B9%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9/entrepreneur
                                                )

                                            [10] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => pt
                                                    [url] => https://dictionary.cambridge.org/pt/dicionario/ingles/entrepreneur
                                                )

                                            [11] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => pt-BR
                                                    [url] => https://dictionary.cambridge.org/pt/dicionario/ingles/entrepreneur
                                                )

                                            [12] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => de
                                                    [url] => https://dictionary.cambridge.org/de/worterbuch/englisch/entrepreneur
                                                )

                                            [13] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => fr
                                                    [url] => https://dictionary.cambridge.org/fr/dictionnaire/anglais/entrepreneur
                                                )

                                            [14] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => it
                                                    [url] => https://dictionary.cambridge.org/it/dizionario/inglese/entrepreneur
                                                )

                                            [15] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => zh-Hans
                                                    [url] => https://dictionary.cambridge.org/zhs/%E8%AF%8D%E5%85%B8/%E8%8B%B1%E8%AF%AD/entrepreneur
                                                )

                                            [16] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => zh-Hant
                                                    [url] => https://dictionary.cambridge.org/zht/%E8%A9%9E%E5%85%B8/%E8%8B%B1%E8%AA%9E/entrepreneur
                                                )

                                            [17] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => pl
                                                    [url] => https://dictionary.cambridge.org/pl/dictionary/english/entrepreneur
                                                )

                                            [18] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => ko
                                                    [url] => https://dictionary.cambridge.org/ko/%EC%82%AC%EC%A0%84/%EC%98%81%EC%96%B4/entrepreneur
                                                )

                                            [19] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => tr
                                                    [url] => https://dictionary.cambridge.org/tr/s%C3%B6zl%C3%BCk/ingilizce/entrepreneur
                                                )

                                            [20] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => ja
                                                    [url] => https://dictionary.cambridge.org/ja/dictionary/english/entrepreneur
                                                )

                                            [21] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => vi
                                                    [url] => https://dictionary.cambridge.org/vi/dictionary/english/entrepreneur
                                                )

                                        )

                                    [size] => 22
                                    [string] => en / en-US / en-MX / en-PH / en-BR / en-CO / es / es-ES / es-419 / ru / pt / pt-BR / de / fr / it / zh-Hans / zh-Hant / pl / ko / tr / ja / vi
                                )

                            [faq_on_page] => Array
                                (
                                )

                            [anchors] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [size] => 187
                                    [outboundSize] => 7
                                    [list] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 
                                                    [href] => https://www.facebook.com/CUPCambridgeDictionary/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => facebook.com
                                                    [rel] => noopener noreferrer
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 
                                                    [href] => https://www.instagram.com/cambridgewords
                                                    [hrefDomain] => instagram.com
                                                    [rel] => noopener noreferrer
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [2] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 
                                                    [href] => https://twitter.com/CambridgeWords
                                                    [hrefDomain] => twitter.com
                                                    [rel] => noopener noreferrer
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [3] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Open Parliament Licence v3.0
                                                    [href] => http://www.parliament.uk/site-information/copyright-parliament/open-parliament-licence/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => parliament.uk
                                                    [rel] => noopener
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [4] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 
                                                    [href] => https://www.facebook.com/CUPCambridgeDictionary/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => facebook.com
                                                    [rel] => noopener noreferrer
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [5] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 
                                                    [href] => https://www.instagram.com/cambridgewords
                                                    [hrefDomain] => instagram.com
                                                    [rel] => noopener noreferrer
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [6] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 
                                                    [href] => https://twitter.com/CambridgeWords
                                                    [hrefDomain] => twitter.com
                                                    [rel] => noopener noreferrer
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [toc] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 3
                                            [name] => Related word. 
                                            [tag] => h3
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                )

                                        )

                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => entrepreneur | American Dictionary. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => entrepreneurial. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                )

                                        )

                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => entrepreneur | Business English. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                )

                                        )

                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => Examples of entrepreneur. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                )

                                        )

                                    [4] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => Collocations with entrepreneur. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                )

                                        )

                                    [5] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => 
                    entrepreneur
                . 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                )

                                        )

                                    [6] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => Translations of entrepreneur. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                )

                                        )

                                    [7] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => 
            Browse
        . 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [og] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [ogImage] => https://dictionary.cambridge.org/external/images/og-image.png
                                )

                            [schema_type] => Array
                                (
                                )

                            [comment_questions] => Array
                                (
                                )

                            [body] => Meaning of entrepreneur in English entrepreneurnoun [ C ] uk Your browser doesn't support HTML5 audio /ˌɒn.trə.prəˈnɜːr/ us Your browser doesn't support HTML5 audio /ˌɑːn.trə.prəˈnɝː/ someone who starts their own business, especially when this involves seeing a new opportunity: He was one of the entrepreneurs of the 80s who made their money in property. SMART Vocabulary: related words and phrases Traders & entrepreneurs artist asset manager asset-stripper baron business person concessionaire daigou entrepreneurial entrepreneurialism entrepreneurship magnate mompreneur mumpreneur promoter real estate developer shipper social entrepreneur trader tycoon wholesaler See more results »   Want to learn more? Improve your vocabulary with English Vocabulary in Use from Cambridge.Learn the words you need to communicate with confidence. Related word. entrepreneurial (Definition of entrepreneur from the Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press) entrepreneur | American Dictionary. entrepreneurnoun [ C ] us Your browser doesn't support HTML5 audio /ˌɑn·trə·prəˈnɜr, -ˈnʊər/ a person who attempts to make a profit by starting a company or by operating alone in the business world, esp. when it involves taking risks: He’s an entrepreneur who made his money in computer software. entrepreneurial. adjective us Your browser doesn't support HTML5 audio /ˌɑn·trə·prəˈnɜr·i·əl, -ˈnʊər-/ (Definition of entrepreneur from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press) entrepreneur | Business English. entrepreneurnoun [ C ] uk Your browser doesn't support HTML5 audio /ˌɒntrəprəˈnɜːr/ us Your browser doesn't support HTML5 audio someone who makes money by starting their own business, especially when this involves seeing a new opportunity and taking risks: an internet/e-commerce/dotcom entrepreneur a property/retail/technology entrepreneur a wealthy/successful/talented entrepreneur (Definition of entrepreneur from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press) Examples of entrepreneur. entrepreneur The rates of increase in the number of entrepreneurs and government employees in the rural economy are relatively small (5.8% and 5.5%, respectively). From the Cambridge English Corpus In so acting as norm entrepreneurs in international arenas, indigenous organisations are changing traditional statecentric international politics and its basic institutions to encompass different actors. From the Cambridge English Corpus The pure recruiting agent was an entrepreneur who arose in response to missing markets for labour for largescale recruitment purposes. From the Cambridge English Corpus We warmly thank all our questionnaire and interview respondents and the many expatriate and local entrepreneurs and officials who provided invaluable information. From the Cambridge English Corpus Under the drive system, the entrepreneur gave the foreman the supervisory activities previously undertaken by craft workers, in order to improve production and labour productivity. From the Cambridge English Corpus In another case in the sewing sector, ten small entrepreneurs who are located in the same vicinity cooperate. From the Cambridge English Corpus Banks finance entrepreneurs and maximize profits or bank capital accruing to current shareholders. From the Cambridge English Corpus The remuneration of the wage worker converged with that of the entrepreneur. From the Cambridge English Corpus In many cases, leveraged buyouts, often structured by the entrepreneur and top managers, were the ultimate customers. From the Cambridge English Corpus In the end, the ministry was intermittently criticized for enriching minority entrepreneurs and infringing on the privileges of minority vested interest. From the Cambridge English Corpus But after 1986, the income of nonparticipant entrepreneurs steadily increases, peaking after 1992. From the Cambridge English Corpus However, my general proposition was that the prosperity of any economic enterprise depends on the collective efforts of its entrepreneurs, managers and workers. From the Cambridge English Corpus Norm entrepreneurs have to persuade, to make something considered natural or appropriate be seen as wrong. From the Cambridge English Corpus Studies show that many small entrepreneurs have been employed in the formal sector before setting up their own enterprises. From the Cambridge English Corpus Because of this friction, the amount that an entrepreneur can borrow is a function of his own wealth, which thus acts as collateral. From the Cambridge English Corpus These examples are from corpora and from sources on the web. Any opinions in the examples do not represent the opinion of the Cambridge Dictionary editors or of Cambridge University Press or its licensors. Collocations with entrepreneur. entrepreneur . These are words often used in combination with entrepreneur.Click on a collocation to see more examples of it. aspiring entrepreneursHe has consistently urged aspiring entrepreneurs to look for large market opportunities. From Wikipedia This example is from Wikipedia and may be reused under a CC BY-SA license.   female entrepreneursBusiness link operators have been addressing their business plans to how best to support and encourage female entrepreneurs. From the Hansard archive Example from the Hansard archive. Contains Parliamentary information licensed under the Open Parliament Licence v3.0   individual entrepreneurMost existing programmes of micro-enterprise promotion take the individual entrepreneur or firm as the target of action. From the Cambridge English Corpus   These examples are from corpora and from sources on the web. Any opinions in the examples do not represent the opinion of the Cambridge Dictionary editors or of Cambridge University Press or its licensors. See all collocations with entrepreneur Translations of entrepreneur. in Chinese (Traditional) (尤指涉及風險的)企業家,創業者… See more in Chinese (Simplified) (尤指涉及风险的)企业家,创业者… See more in Spanish emprendedor, -ora, emprendedor/dora [masculine-feminine]… See more in Portuguese empresário, -a, empreendedor… See more in more languages in Japanese in Turkish in French in Catalan in Arabic in Czech in Danish in Indonesian in Thai in Vietnamese in Polish in Malay in German in Norwegian in Korean in Italian in Russian 起業家… See more müteşebbis, girişimci… See more entrepreneur/-euse [masculine-feminine], entrepreneur/-euse… See more emprenedor, -a… See more صاحِب مَشروع خاص… See more podnikatel, -ka… See more entreprenør, iværksætter… See more wirausaha, wiraswastawan… See more ผู้ก่อตั้งกิจการ… See more nhà doanh nghiệp… See more przedsiębiorca… See more usahawan… See more der Unternehmer… See more entreprenør [masculine], gründer [masculine], entreprenør… See more 사업가… See more imprenditore, -trice, imprenditrice… See more предприниматель… See more Need a translator? Get a quick, free translation! Translator tool What is the pronunciation of entrepreneur?   Browse . entrenched entrenching entrenchment entrepot entrepreneur entrepreneurial entrepreneurialism entrepreneurs' relief entrepreneurship Word of the Day deep clean a very complete cleaning process that includes all parts of something, not just surfaces or places where dirt can be seen About this Blog Conclusive or anecdotal? Talking about evidence and proof. January 05, 2022 Read More New Words supercold January 10, 2022 More new words has been added to list To top Contents EnglishAmericanBusinessExamplesCollocationsTranslations Cambridge Dictionary +Plus My profile +Plus help Log out English (UK)   Change English (UK) English (US) Español Español (Latinoamérica) Русский Português Deutsch Français Italiano 中文 (简体) 正體中文 (繁體) Polski 한국어 Türkçe 日本語 Tiếng Việt Follow us Choose a dictionary Recent and Recommended Definitions Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English English Learner’s Dictionary Essential British English Essential American English Grammar and thesaurus Usage explanations of natural written and spoken English Grammar Thesaurus Translation Click on the arrows to change the translation direction. Bilingual Dictionaries English–French French–English English–German German–English English–Indonesian Indonesian–English English–Italian Italian–English English–Japanese Japanese–English English–Polish Polish–English English–Portuguese Portuguese–English English–Spanish Spanish–English Semi-bilingual Dictionaries Dutch–English English–Arabic English–Catalan English–Chinese (Simplified) English–Chinese (Traditional) English–Czech English–Danish English–Korean English–Malay English–Norwegian English–Russian English–Thai English–Turkish English–Vietnamese Dictionary +Plus Word Lists Contents English  Noun American   Noun  entrepreneur Adjective  entrepreneurial Business  Noun ExamplesCollocations Translations Grammar All translations My word lists Add entrepreneur to one of your lists below, or create a new one. More Go to your word lists Tell us about this example sentence:
                            [kwBody] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => english
                                            [tf] => 59
                                        )

                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneur
                                            [tf] => 44
                                        )

                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => cambridge
                                            [tf] => 27
                                        )

                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => cambridge english corpu
                                            [tf] => 16
                                        )

                                    [4] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => cambridge english
                                            [tf] => 16
                                        )

                                    [5] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => english corpu
                                            [tf] => 16
                                        )

                                    [6] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => corpu
                                            [tf] => 16
                                        )

                                    [7] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => dictionary
                                            [tf] => 13
                                        )

                                    [8] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => word
                                            [tf] => 10
                                        )

                                    [9] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => browser doesnt
                                            [tf] => 9
                                        )

                                    [10] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => html5 audio
                                            [tf] => 9
                                        )

                                    [11] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => english english
                                            [tf] => 9
                                        )

                                    [12] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => browser
                                            [tf] => 9
                                        )

                                    [13] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => audio
                                            [tf] => 9
                                        )

                                    [14] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => example
                                            [tf] => 9
                                        )

                                    [15] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => business
                                            [tf] => 8
                                        )

                                    [16] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => support
                                            [tf] => 7
                                        )

                                    [17] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => browser doesnt support
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [18] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => doesnt support html5
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [19] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => support html5 audio
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [20] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => doesnt support
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [21] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => support html5
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [22] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => uk
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [23] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => definition
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [24] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => pr
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [25] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => doesnt
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [26] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => html5
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [27] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => translation
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [28] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => cambridge university press
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [29] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => cambridge university
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [30] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => university press
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [31] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneurial
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [32] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => university
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [33] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => press
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [34] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => list
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [35] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => definition entrepreneur
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [36] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneur cambridge
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [37] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => opinion
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [38] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => chinese
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [39] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => masculine
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [40] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => definition entrepreneur cambridge
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [41] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneurnoun
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [42] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => cambridge dictionary
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [43] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => word list
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [44] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => polish
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [45] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => german
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [46] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => italian
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [47] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entreprenor
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [48] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => grammar
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [49] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => noun
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                )

                            [page_rank_decimal] => 57
                            [rank] => 4398
                        )

                    [6] => stdClass Object
                        (
                            [position] => 7
                            [title] => 
                            [url] => https://twitter.com/Entrepreneur?ref_src=twsrc%5Egoogle%7Ctwcamp%5Eserp%7Ctwgr%5Eauthor
                            [tweets] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => 4 Strategies for Pitching Company Stories That Rise Above the Noise | by @judahonickman entm.ag/JHrq4A
                                            [time] => 39 mins ago
                                        )

                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Don't Cling Too Tightly to Your Goals. The Greatest Opportunities Are Often Unexpected. | by @heyfeifer entm.ag/RkFs2a
                                            [time] => 2 hours ago
                                        )

                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => How SaaS Tech Is Bringing Legacy Industries Into the Digital Age | by @pushpay entm.ag/HCcLwA
                                            [time] => 3 hours ago
                                        )

                                )

                            [organic_position] => 7
                            [serp_type] => page
                            [isOrganicPage] => 1
                            [isOrganic] => 1
                            [serp_title] => 
                        )

                    [7] => stdClass Object
                        (
                            [position] => 8
                            [title] => What is an entrepreneur? | Prospects.ac.uk
                            [url] => https://www.prospects.ac.uk/jobs-and-work-experience/self-employment/what-is-an-entrepreneur
                            [destination] => https://www.prospects.ac.uk › self-employment › what-i...
                            [description] => An entrepreneur is defined as a person who devises, sets up and runs a new business or businesses. If you have entrepreneurial ambitions discover the skills ...
                            [isAmp] => 
                            [organic_position] => 8
                            [serp_type] => page
                            [isOrganicPage] => 1
                            [isOrganic] => 1
                            [serp_title] => What is an entrepreneur? | Prospects.ac.uk
                            [serp_description] => An entrepreneur is defined as a person who devises, sets up and runs a new business or businesses. If you have entrepreneurial ambitions discover the skills ...
                        )

                    [8] => stdClass Object
                        (
                            [position] => 9
                            [title] => Home - Entrepreneur First
                            [url] => https://www.joinef.com/
                            [destination] => https://www.joinef.com
                            [isAmp] => 
                            [organic_position] => 9
                            [serp_type] => page
                            [isOrganicPage] => 1
                            [isOrganic] => 1
                            [serp_title] => Entrepreneur First: Home
                            [serp_description] => Entrepreneur First Investment Manager LLP (807367) is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority. Entrepreneur First is supported by AWS ...
                            [hostname] => joinef.com
                            [canonical] => https://www.joinef.com/
                            [h1] => Where the world’s most ambitious come to build
                            [h2] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => Our companies include
                                )

                            [h3] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => Join as an individual. Get backed by a community
                                    [1] => Lara Hammerle
                                    [2] => Mark Jager
                                    [3] => Rathin Shah
                                    [4] => Gaurav Arora
                                    [5] => Sachin Chiramel
                                    [6] => Nitin Shukla
                                    [7] => Sasha Haco
                                    [8] => James Thewlis
                                    [9] => Theo Saville
                                    [10] => Chris Emery
                                    [11] => Akanksha Jagwani
                                    [12] => Avni Agrawal
                                    [13] => Reid Hoffman
                                    [14] => Natalie Doran
                                    [15] => Jean-Vincent de Carvalho
                                    [16] => Shao-Ning Huang
                                    [17] => Join as an individual. Get backed by a community
                                    [18] => Zeena Qureshi
                                    [19] => John Flynn
                                    [20] => Yassine Emile Tahi
                                    [21] => Henri Mirande
                                    [22] => Jean-Baptiste Clouard
                                    [23] => Karim Benchaaboun
                                    [24] => Masha Krol
                                    [25] => Anwar Jeffrey
                                    [26] => Zaraif Ayaat Hossain
                                    [27] => Anshul Gupta
                                    [28] => Rob Bishop
                                    [29] => Venkat Raju
                                    [30] => Helen Murphy
                                    [31] => Martin Postel
                                    [32] => Rayna Patel
                                    [33] => Georgina Kirby
                                    [34] => Brittany Harris
                                    [35] => Jade Cohen
                                    [36] => Nat Wollny
                                    [37] => Christoph Sträter
                                    [38] => Srivar Harlalka
                                    [39] => Srinidhi Moodalagiri
                                    [40] => Zaraif Ayaat Hossain
                                    [41] => Anshul Gupta
                                    [42] => Megan Lam
                                    [43] => Caleb Chiu
                                    [44] => Ramakrishna Nanjundaiah
                                    [45] => Maria Meier
                                    [46] => Alex Dalyac
                                    [47] => Razvan Ranca
                                    [48] => Charlotte Joy Trudgill
                                    [49] => Rachiket Arya
                                    [50] => Chris Zemina
                                    [51] => Patrick de Castro Neuhaus
                                    [52] => Simon Jones
                                    [53] => Artur Begyan
                                    [54] => Andrew Ologunebi
                                    [55] => Alistair Thomson
                                    [56] => Build the future of the decentralised web
                                    [57] => How it works
                                    [58] => Tractable
                                    [59] => AccuRx
                                    [60] => Magic Pony Technology
                                    [61] => Dishpatch
                                    [62] => Retail Pulse
                                    [63] => Pencil
                                    [64] => The Lowdown
                                    [65] => Alcemy
                                    [66] => Hier Foods raises €7 million to help local suppliers to get their goods on your dinner plate
                                    [67] => Vinehealth gets $5.5M to launch in the US
                                    [68] => With new tech and $3.6M seed, EF alum DiviGas aims to clean up hydrogen production
                                    [69] => Insurami’s £42m raise to fuel growth of deposit guarantee platform
                                    [70] => The global chip shortage is driving demand for this London startup’s software
                                    [71] => Proptech neolender Proportunity raises $150M mixed debt and equity round
                                    [72] => Ackcio, founded through EF Singapore, bags $3M in Series A money
                                    [73] => Having powered the UK’s vaccine rollout, accuRx raise $38M Series B
                                    [74] => Passfort (LD4), a SaaS for KYC and AMl, nets $16.2M
                                    [75] => Biotech startup and EF India alum immunitoAI raises $1M in seed round
                                    [76] => London alum PolyAI raises $14M round led by Khosla Ventures
                                    [77] => Portcast (SG2) raises US$3.2M to provide predictive AI solutions to freight forwarders, manufacturers
                                    [78] => EF alum BrainSightAI raises $750,000 in seed funding
                                    [79] => EF alumni zeroheight raise $10M Series A to scale DesignOps for UX teams
                                    [80] => Vatic (LD13) raise $6.37M for fast, accurate COVID test
                                    [81] => Nodes & Links (LD10) raises $11M to – maybe – save billions of the big projects the world needs now
                                    [82] => Actress Emma Watson and Twitter’s cofounder back FabricNano to revolutionize plastic
                                    [83] => EF alumni Thymia using a smartphone game to help monitor depression
                                    [84] => Airbank, founded via EF Berlin, receives €2.5 million in funding
                                    [85] => Tractable become first EF company valued at $1B
                                    [86] => Entrepreneur First funded 21 tech start-ups in India during the pandemic
                                    [87] => SGInnovate joins $2m round in martech startup Affable
                                    [88] => Unbox Robotics raise $1.2M in pre-series A funding
                                    [89] => nPlan (LD9) secure £13m in Series A funding round led by GV
                                    [90] => Omini raise €1.7M seed round
                                    [91] => Omnipresent raises $15.8M Series A for its platform to employ remote-workers globally
                                    [92] => Better Dairy, founded through EF London, picks up £1.6M seed funding to produce animal-free dairy
                                    [93] => EF London alumni Magdrive secures seed funding for new propulsion system which could take us to the stars
                                    [94] => Ils lèvent 2,6 millions d’euros pour accélérer la recherche dans la viande de synthèse et la santé
                                    [95] => Candu raises $5M to help software companies onboard users intelligently
                                    [96] => Speech-dubbing pioneer Papercup secures new funding
                                    [97] => Cleo, founded through Entrepreneur First, secures $44M in Series B funding
                                    [98] => Papercup, the UK startup using AI for realistic-sounding voice translation, raises £8M funding
                                    [99] => r.Grid receive £1.2m in seed funding
                                    [100] => LightSpeedAI Labs, founded through Entrepreneur First India, secures funding to build MVP
                                    [101] => Krosslinker raises US$1.25M to develop thermal insulating nano-material for pharma industry
                                    [102] => Phantasma Labs raises seed funding to further develop AI for driverless cars
                                    [103] => Stroke prediction startup See-Mode secures $9 million investment
                                    [104] => Singapore’s Transcelestial raises US$9.6M Series A to ‘deliver a step-change in internet connectivity globally’
                                    [105] => Wavemaker backs industrial tech startup Ackcio in pre-series A round
                                    [106] => DeepSpin (BE1) raises seed funding for its ‘portable, ultra-low-cost’ MRI system
                                    [107] => SensorFlow (SG1) raises US$8.3m in Series A+ round
                                    [108] => Pre-school edtech startup Lingumi raises £4m, adds some free services during COVID-19
                                    [109] => Unitary, an EF alumnus, raises £1.3M seed for its content moderation AI
                                    [110] => Sonantic scores €2.3M funding to bring ‘human-quality’ artificial voices to games
                                    [111] => Portify raises £7M Series A for its fintech app for ‘modern’ or gig economy workers
                                    [112] => AI contract drafting startup Genie AI raises £2M
                                    [113] => Legaltech startup Genie AI (LD9) scores £2M seed for its ‘intelligent’ contract editor
                                    [114] => Digitising Millenial Money: EF5 Alum Cleo raises $10m to replace banking apps for a generation
                                    [115] => Bringing The Next 4 Billion Online: EFSG1 Alum Transcelestial Raises S$2.5M Seed Round
                                    [116] => EF5 Alum CloudNC Raises £9M Series A
                                    [117] => Moody’s Acquires Passfort
                                    [118] => Cleo, Limbic and Omnipresent named in Top 10 of TechRound100 2021
                                    [119] => Entrepreneur First invests in 6 Indian startups
                                    [120] => In data: The Entrepreneur First Portfolio
                                    [121] => “We pay the best talent to quit their jobs and start world-leading companies”
                                    [122] => And Ideas, Or Ideas
                                    [123] => Building world-class tech teams: 3 takeaways from Zehan Wang, former Head of Cortex Applied Research, Twitter
                                    [124] => How to acquire over 100,000 Gen-Z investors in 6 days of launching a game-based investment app
                                    [125] => So you want to build a crypto startup in India? Here’s what you need to know
                                    [126] => ‘It’s not like dating’: 7 lessons on finding a co-founder
                                    [127] => New Report: What matters to Singapore’s Gen-Z founders?
                                    [128] => What we look for in founders
                                    [129] => From accidents to recycling cars and natural disaster recovery
                                    [130] => Building a product people want – A CTO shares his learnings
                                    [131] => Support for aspiring female founders - IWD 2021
                                    [132] => Entrepreneur First Toronto: 1 month in
                                    [133] => Reflections on a remote programme – Europe
                                    [134] => Reflections on a remote programme – Bangalore
                                    [135] => Where to Get Financial Help for Your Startup in 2020
                                    [136] => Can deeptech startups become unicorns?
                                    [137] => AI is dead, long live AI?
                                    [138] => Why I wish Kylie Jenner were a coder
                                    [139] => What matters? Rethinking what “Impact” really means
                                    [140] => How and when to raise venture capital from Silicon Valley — for European and Asian startups
                                    [141] => Why Knowing You Are the Exception to the Rule Matters
                                    [142] => Why Your Personality Can Kill Your Company: Advice to Founders on Using Psychometrics to Support Scaling
                                    [143] => EF In Conversation with Reid Hoffman on Blitzscaling
                                    [144] => EF In Conversation with Sir Nick Clegg
                                    [145] => EF In Conversation with Ethereum Co-Founder Joe Lubin
                                    [146] => EF In Conversation with a16z Partner Frank Chen
                                    [147] => EF In Conversation with Backstage Capital Founder Arlan Hamilton
                                    [148] => EF In Conversation with Reid Hoffman
                                    [149] => The Bull and Bear Case: a tool for optimising your annual reviews
                                    [150] => Talented Meanderers vs Committed Discoverers — The Art of Pre-Seed Investing
                                    [151] => Valuation Lessons from 100 Seed Rounds
                                    [152] => The day after Demo Day: thoughts on a year at EF
                                    [153] => From Envy to Admiration: The Hard Path to Positive Ambition
                                    [154] => How to Pitch a Company at Demo Day
                                    [155] => EF and Diversity VC: Entering the Startup World
                                    [156] => Four Things You Should Know Before Quitting to Start Your Own Company
                                    [157] => The Belly of the Whale
                                    [158] => Alice’s Adventures in Startupland
                                    [159] => Research, Entrepreneurship, and the Art of Strenuous Things
                                    [160] => EF Crypto Series: Starting a Crypto Business with Entrepreneur First
                                    [161] => Why You Can’t Build a Company with One Brain
                                    [162] => EF Crypto Series: James Smith, CEO of Elliptic
                                    [163] => 3 Reasons Why The Risk of Starting a Company is Lower Than You Think
                                    [164] => Gross Startup Ideas
                                    [165] => Scaling Ambition: 9 Lessons from Reid Hoffman
                                    [166] => How Technology Ends Inequality
                                    [167] => What We Did in 2017 at Entrepreneur First
                                    [168] => Founders and Online Dating
                                    [169] => Start A Company With A Stranger
                                    [170] => Elon Musk is not Elon Musk
                                    [171] => How We Raised $12m from Some of the World’s Best Investors
                                    [172] => What We’ve Learned Building 100 Startups from Scratch
                                    [173] => The Ambition Trap
                                    [174] => 21st Century Alchemy
                                    [175] => Technology Entrepreneurship and the Disruption of Ambition
                                    [176] => What We Did in 2016 at Entrepreneur First
                                    [177] => How to Fundraise (5/5): Allocation
                                    [178] => How to Fundraise (4/5): Making the Deal
                                    [179] => How to Fundraise (3/5): Execution
                                    [180] => The Letter of Intent Fallacy
                                    [181] => How to Fundraise (2/5): Trial & Error
                                    [182] => How to Fundraise (1/5): Preparation
                                    [183] => Don’t Be a Badge Collector
                                    [184] => Why Mindset Matters for Successful Founders
                                    [185] => You Are Not a Lottery Ticket — You’re an Underpriced Option
                                    [186] => Productivity Is All That Matters in Team Building
                                    [187] => Stop Building a Startup, Build a Product
                                    [188] => Building world-class tech teams: 3 takeaways from Zehan Wang, former Head of Cortex Applied Research, Twitter
                                    [189] => How to acquire over 100,000 Gen-Z investors in 6 days of launching a game-based investment app
                                    [190] => So you want to build a crypto startup in India? Here’s what you need to know
                                    [191] => Leveraging Big Data: from Payments to Food Product Innovation
                                    [192] => Spotting novel antibodies using AI: Aridni and Trisha
                                    [193] => An Innovative Engineering Twist for Sustainability
                                    [194] => Meet the founders using AI to improve mental healthcare
                                    [195] => How the pandemic jumpstarted this CTO’s lifelong entrepreneurial dream
                                    [196] => Fresh air in an old industry: How these entrepreneurs are using AI to transform logistics
                                    [197] => The Entrepreneur First Podcast
                                    [198] => Building a company people want to work for
                                    [199] => AI to tackle infertility: how machine learning is supporting the path to parenthood
                                    [200] => Focus on FemTech: Hana Janebdar on closing the healthcare gap
                                    [201] => Focus on FemTech: Hélène Guillaume on using AI to train smarter
                                    [202] => Focus on FemTech: Alice Pelton on building ‘Trip Advisor for contraception’
                                    [203] => Portrait of a founder: Yassine Tahi, CEO of Kinetix
                                    [204] => Building a diverse company from the ground up: Maria Meier
                                    [205] => Female Founder Friday: Camille Rougie on becoming a CEO
                                    [206] => Female Founder Friday: Anne Marie Droste shares her journey
                                    [207] => Finding a Co-Founder: Herve and Misha
                                    [208] => Founding a Company in a Remote World: Prak and Dinaz
                                    [209] => Our Co-Founder Story: Laina Emmanuel and Dr Rimjhim Agarwal
                                    [210] => Top 100 Women in Engineering: Amber Hill
                                    [211] => Introducing 6 Founders, 6 Months into their Start-up Journey
                                    [212] => Meet 13 of the World’s Most Talented Women
                                    [213] => Too Good for Good Enough – Neel Popat
                                    [214] => The Power of Possibility – Poonkodi Sampath
                                    [215] => From Beirut to Biosensors – Joanne Kanaan
                                    [216] => The Career of the Future – Juwon Lee
                                    [217] => Shooting for The Stars - Rohit Jha
                                    [218] => Making Your Research Matter - Noor Shaker
                                    [219] => Raw Ambition : David Hunter
                                    [220] => The Hacker Mindset - Bas De Vries
                                    [221] => “My Co-Founder is Next Level” Hazel Savage of Musiio on Building a Dream Team to Disrupt the Music Industry
                                    [222] => Digitising Millenial Money: EF5 Alum Cleo raises $10m to replace banking apps for a generation
                                    [223] => Bringing The Next 4 Billion Online: EFSG1 Alum Transcelestial Raises S$2.5M Seed Round
                                    [224] => “We wanted to have impact beyond the academic world” Pierre-Yves Laffont of Lemnis Technologies on Making Your Research Matter
                                    [225] => “That’s How We Knew We Were onto Something” Swayam Narain of Affable on Shaking Up Influencer Marketing
                                    [226] => EF5 Alum CloudNC Raises £9M Series A
                                    [227] => The Creation Vocation
                                    [228] => EUR9 Demo Day
                                    [229] => Meet 5 Fearless EF Female Founders Fighting the Status Quo
                                )

                            [h2WithAnchors] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Our companies include
                                        )

                                )

                            [modified_time] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [lastUpdate] => 
                                    [dateFormatted] => 28o December 2021
                                    [dateISO] => 2021-12-28T11:22:14+00:00
                                )

                            [type] => website
                            [wordCount] => 3837
                            [imgCount] => 61
                            [lang] => 
                            [faq_on_page] => Array
                                (
                                )

                            [anchors] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [size] => 346
                                    [outboundSize] => 56
                                    [list] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Tech.EU: Hier Foods raises €7 million to help local suppliers to get their goods on your dinner pl... Tech.EU: Hier Foods raises €7 million to help lo..
                                                    [href] => https://tech.eu/brief/helping-local-suppliers-to-get-their-goods-on-your-dinner-plate-hier-foods-raises-e7-million/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => tech.eu
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => TechCrunch: Vinehealth gets $5.5M to launch in the US TechCrunch: Vinehealth gets $5.5M to launch in the..
                                                    [href] => https://techcrunch.com/2021/12/03/vinehealth-seed/?guccounter=1&guce_referrer=aHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubGlua2VkaW4uY29tLw&guce_referrer_sig=AQAAAJxtIJ_e77y8w5AcPgNi1gKRc2d8qwLMdST_-7-2WxMh2D4bhpt2XJ3TZF8CV5BNiicx6cfnFTZwMG5FcWAwqsW_TBDNmjNYgRk5nvgSs6fAfG1ow7nFfX7T3wMFrcsZLQDuLBVkz6jvjy2AdJQI0TZbFWcJmwChgDj4WzgVl7iJ
                                                    [hrefDomain] => techcrunch.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [2] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Nasdaq: Moody's Acquires Passfort Nasdaq: Moody's Acquires Passfort
                                                    [href] => https://www.nasdaq.com/articles/moodys-acquires-passfort-to-buy-360kompany-to-enhance-onboarding-monitoring-processes
                                                    [hrefDomain] => nasdaq.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [3] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => TechRound: Cleo, Limbic and Omnipresent named in Top 10 of TechRound100 2021 TechRound: Cleo, Limbic and Omnipresent named in T..
                                                    [href] => https://techround.co.uk/techround-100/announced-the-techround-100-finalists-of-2021/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => techround.co.uk
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [4] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Tech.EU
                                                    [href] => https://tech.eu/brief/helping-local-suppliers-to-get-their-goods-on-your-dinner-plate-hier-foods-raises-e7-million/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => tech.eu
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [5] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => TechCrunch
                                                    [href] => https://techcrunch.com/2021/12/03/vinehealth-seed/?guccounter=1&guce_referrer=aHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubGlua2VkaW4uY29tLw&guce_referrer_sig=AQAAAJxtIJ_e77y8w5AcPgNi1gKRc2d8qwLMdST_-7-2WxMh2D4bhpt2XJ3TZF8CV5BNiicx6cfnFTZwMG5FcWAwqsW_TBDNmjNYgRk5nvgSs6fAfG1ow7nFfX7T3wMFrcsZLQDuLBVkz6jvjy2AdJQI0TZbFWcJmwChgDj4WzgVl7iJ
                                                    [hrefDomain] => techcrunch.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [6] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => TechCrunch
                                                    [href] => https://techcrunch.com/2021/11/17/with-new-tech-and-3-6m-seed-divigas-aims-to-clean-up-hydrogen-production/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => techcrunch.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [7] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => IEG Radius
                                                    [href] => https://www.egi.co.uk/news/insuramis-42m-raise-to-fuel-growth-of-deposit-guarantee-platform/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => egi.co.uk
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [8] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Fortune
                                                    [href] => https://fortune.com/2021/10/21/this-startup-could-help-ease-the-semiconductor-shortage/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => fortune.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [9] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Techcrunch
                                                    [href] => https://techcrunch.com/2021/10/20/proptech-neo-lender-proportunity-raises-150m-mixed-debt-and-equity-round/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => techcrunch.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [10] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Tech in Asia
                                                    [href] => https://www.techinasia.com/ackcio-series-a-funding
                                                    [hrefDomain] => techinasia.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [11] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Forbes
                                                    [href] => https://www.forbes.com/sites/iainmartin/2021/09/15/tech-minnow-that-helped-power-britains-covid-vaccination-campaigns-raises-38-million/?sh=4478136e3b99
                                                    [hrefDomain] => forbes.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [12] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Techcrunch
                                                    [href] => https://techcrunch.com/2021/09/14/passfort-a-regtech-saas-for-kyc-and-aml-nets-16-2m/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => techcrunch.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [13] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => YourStory
                                                    [href] => https://yourstory.com/2021/09/biotech-startup-immunitoai-raises-seed-round-piventures/amp
                                                    [hrefDomain] => yourstory.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [14] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => TechCrunch
                                                    [href] => https://techcrunch.com/2021/09/08/ai-driven-voice-assistant-polyai-raises-14m-round-led-by-khosla-ventures/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => techcrunch.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [15] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => e27
                                                    [href] => https://e27.co/portcast-raises-us3-2m-to-provide-predictive-ai-solutions-to-freight-forwarders-manufacturers-20210907/c
                                                    [hrefDomain] => e27.co
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [16] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Entrepreneur India
                                                    [href] => https://www.entrepreneur.com/article/381164
                                                    [hrefDomain] => entrepreneur.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [17] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => TechCrunch
                                                    [href] => https://techcrunch.com/2021/08/06/zeroheight-raises-10m-round-led-by-tribe-capital-to-scale-designops-for-ux-teams/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => techcrunch.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [18] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => TechCrunch
                                                    [href] => https://techcrunch.com/2021/07/09/this-startup-just-created-a-fast-accurate-covid-test-which-only-needs-saliva-and-links-to-an-app/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => techcrunch.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [19] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Tech Crunch
                                                    [href] => https://techcrunch.com/2021/06/30/nodes-links-raises-11m-to-maybe-save-billions-on-the-big-projects-the-world-needs-now/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => techcrunch.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [20] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Fortune
                                                    [href] => https://fortune.com/2021/06/30/emma-watson-twitter-co-founder-biz-stone-back-startup-aiming-to-revolutionize-plastic/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => fortune.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [21] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Sifted
                                                    [href] => https://sifted.eu/articles/thymia-depression/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => sifted.eu
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [22] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Tech.EU
                                                    [href] => https://tech.eu/brief/airbank-receives-e2-5-million-with-scouts-from-accel-and-sequoia-on-board/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => tech.eu
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [23] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => TechCrunch
                                                    [href] => https://techcrunch.com/2021/06/16/tractable-raises-60m-at-a-1b-valuation-to-make-damage-appraisals-using-ai/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => techcrunch.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [24] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Mint
                                                    [href] => https://www.livemint.com/brand-post/entrepreneur-first-funded-21-tech-start-ups-in-india-during-the-pandemic-11623064612854.html
                                                    [hrefDomain] => livemint.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [25] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Tech in Asia
                                                    [href] => https://www.techinasia.com/sginnovate-joins-2m-marketing-firm
                                                    [hrefDomain] => techinasia.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [26] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Tech in Asia
                                                    [href] => https://www.techinasia.com/sosvbacked-indian-logistics-automation-firm-unbox-robotics-bags-12m-beenext-others
                                                    [hrefDomain] => techinasia.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [27] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Sky News
                                                    [href] => https://news.sky.com/story/alphabet-venture-arm-gv-backs-uk-machine-learning-start-up-nplan-12254422
                                                    [hrefDomain] => sky.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [28] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Les Echos
                                                    [href] => https://business.lesechos.fr/entrepreneurs/financer-sa-creation/0610497030890-medtech-omini-leve-1-7-million-pour-lancer-ses-tests-sanguins-342338.php
                                                    [hrefDomain] => lesechos.fr
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [29] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Tech Crunch
                                                    [href] => https://techcrunch.com/2021/01/21/omnipresent-raises-15-8m-series-a-for-its-platform-to-employ-remote-workers-globally/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => techcrunch.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [30] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => TechCrunch
                                                    [href] => https://techcrunch.com/2020/12/17/better-dairy/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => techcrunch.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [31] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => TechCrunch
                                                    [href] => https://techcrunch.com/2020/12/17/magdrive-secures-seed-funding-for-new-propulsion-system-which-could-take-us-to-the-stars/?tpcc=ECTW2020&guccounter=1&guce_referrer=aHR0cHM6Ly90LmNvLw&guce_referrer_sig=AQAAAHZVULwUI9LOQ48nX3eev7G9Jww1xdSmJUEfT4jxobKNwp8G2ENKBnkGSmSwXmMtgiSxJXCUUYyp3C0PPkLBBmxolX6LL77-iLOCR8Iyt3KLKFtCEge0DgooGsOaWHjeLnDm8-TLEBI07whlm20PJRspW7LJ6sjcXW-stWMM0VMV
                                                    [hrefDomain] => techcrunch.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [32] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Les Echos Start
                                                    [href] => https://start.lesechos.fr/innovations-startups/tech-futur/a-23-ans-il-leve-26-millions-deuros-pour-accelerer-la-recherche-dans-la-sante-et-la-viande-de-synthese-1271949
                                                    [hrefDomain] => lesechos.fr
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [33] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => TechCrunch
                                                    [href] => https://techcrunch.com/2020/12/10/candu-raises-5m-to-help-software-companies-onboard-users-intelligently/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => techcrunch.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [34] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => The Guardian
                                                    [href] => https://www.theguardian.com/business/2020/dec/10/say-that-again-uk-speech-dubbing-pioneer-secures-new-funding
                                                    [hrefDomain] => theguardian.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [35] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Tech Crunch
                                                    [href] => https://techcrunch.com/2020/12/10/papercup/?guccounter=1
                                                    [hrefDomain] => techcrunch.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [36] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Ada Ventures
                                                    [href] => https://medium.com/ada-ventures/ada-ventures-investment-in-r-grid-e9635cdb230b
                                                    [hrefDomain] => medium.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [37] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Financial Express
                                                    [href] => https://www.financialexpress.com/industry/sme/photonics-startup-lightspeedai-labs-secures-funding-from-yournest-growx-to-invest-in-building-mvp/2134555/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => financialexpress.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [38] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => e27
                                                    [href] => https://e27.co/krosslinker-raises-us1-25m-to-develop-thermal-insulating-nano-material-for-pharma-industry-20201116/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => e27.co
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [39] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Intellicar
                                                    [href] => https://intellicar.de/tests-and-research/berliner-startup-phantasma-labs-sammelt-seed-finanzierung-ein/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => intellicar.de
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [40] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Brisbane Times
                                                    [href] => https://www.brisbanetimes.com.au/business/small-business/stroke-prediction-startup-see-mode-secures-9-million-investment-20200819-p55n3w.html
                                                    [hrefDomain] => brisbanetimes.com.au
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [41] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => e27
                                                    [href] => https://e27.co/singapores-transcelestial-raises-us9-6m-series-a-to-deliver-a-step-change-in-internet-connectivity-globally-20200703/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => e27.co
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [42] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Tech in Asia
                                                    [href] => https://www.techinasia.com/wavemaker-backs-ackcio
                                                    [hrefDomain] => techinasia.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [43] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Tech Crunch
                                                    [href] => https://techcrunch.com/2020/06/30/deepspin/?guccounter=1&guce_referrer=aHR0cHM6Ly93d3cuZ29vZ2xlLmNvbS8&guce_referrer_sig=AQAAAE0J_zxhYrb43RltJlfimN2uILDPzM69VrOxxvG-Mlca-Fim64LXFIe75Wfc98jslvjSu1UxrSSWHPv_7R0NvrsquQ7YT8m1U_0Fr_CrirXfl95GGAvdDgylcLQtzA-Y-UEAwMbcTrWDhGZvzkXNAFti8OH2oXxEkjQVC9iulIwU
                                                    [hrefDomain] => techcrunch.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [44] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => The Business Times
                                                    [href] => https://www.businesstimes.com.sg/garage/sensorflow-raises-us83m-in-series-a-round-led-by-openspace-gaw-capital-partners
                                                    [hrefDomain] => businesstimes.com.sg
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [45] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Tech Crunch
                                                    [href] => https://techcrunch.com/2020/04/01/pre-school-edtech-startup-lingumi-raises-4m-adds-some-free-services-during-covid-19/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => techcrunch.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [46] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Tech Crunch
                                                    [href] => https://techcrunch.com/2020/03/12/unitary/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => techcrunch.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [47] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Tech Crunch
                                                    [href] => https://techcrunch.com/2020/03/02/sonantic/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => techcrunch.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [48] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Tech Crunch
                                                    [href] => https://techcrunch.com/2019/12/12/portify-series-a/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => techcrunch.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [49] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Law Society Gazette
                                                    [href] => https://www.lawgazette.co.uk/practice/ai-contract-drafting-startup-raises-2m/5071088.article
                                                    [hrefDomain] => lawgazette.co.uk
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [50] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Tech Crunch
                                                    [href] => https://techcrunch.com/2019/07/23/genie-ai/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => techcrunch.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [51] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Nasdaq
                                                    [href] => https://www.nasdaq.com/articles/moodys-acquires-passfort-to-buy-360kompany-to-enhance-onboarding-monitoring-processes
                                                    [hrefDomain] => nasdaq.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [52] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => TechRound
                                                    [href] => https://techround.co.uk/techround-100/announced-the-techround-100-finalists-of-2021/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => techround.co.uk
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [53] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Tech in Asia
                                                    [href] => https://www.techinasia.com/ukbased-talent-investor-entrepreneur-invest-6-indian-startups
                                                    [hrefDomain] => techinasia.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [54] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Sifted
                                                    [href] => https://sifted.eu/articles/entrepreneur-first-portfolio/?
                                                    [hrefDomain] => sifted.eu
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [55] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => MaRS
                                                    [href] => https://www.marsdd.com/news/we-pay-the-best-talent-to-quit-their-jobs-and-start-world-leading-companies/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => marsdd.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [toc] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 4
                                            [name] => 
Latest: . 
                                            [tag] => h4
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Join as an individual. Get backed by a community.
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Lara Hammerle. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Mark Jager. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Rathin Shah. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [4] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Gaurav Arora. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [5] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Sachin Chiramel. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [6] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Nitin Shukla. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [7] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Sasha Haco. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [8] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => James Thewlis. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [9] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Theo Saville . 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [10] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Chris Emery. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [11] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Akanksha Jagwani. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [12] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Avni Agrawal. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [13] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Reid Hoffman. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [14] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Natalie Doran. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [15] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Jean-Vincent de Carvalho. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [16] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Shao-Ning Huang. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [17] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Join as an individual. Get backed by a community.
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [18] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Zeena Qureshi. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [19] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => John Flynn. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [20] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Yassine Emile Tahi. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [21] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Henri Mirande. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [22] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Jean-Baptiste Clouard. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [23] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Karim Benchaaboun. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [24] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Masha Krol. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [25] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Anwar Jeffrey. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [26] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Zaraif Ayaat Hossain. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [27] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Anshul Gupta. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [28] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Rob Bishop. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [29] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Venkat Raju. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [30] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Helen Murphy. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [31] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Martin Postel. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [32] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Rayna Patel. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [33] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Georgina Kirby. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [34] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Brittany Harris. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [35] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Jade Cohen. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [36] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Nat Wollny. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [37] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Christoph Sträter. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [38] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Srivar Harlalka. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [39] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Srinidhi Moodalagiri. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [40] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Zaraif Ayaat Hossain. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [41] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Anshul Gupta. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [42] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Megan Lam. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [43] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Caleb Chiu. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [44] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Ramakrishna Nanjundaiah. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [45] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Maria Meier. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [46] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Alex Dalyac. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [47] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Razvan Ranca. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [48] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Charlotte Joy Trudgill. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [49] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Rachiket Arya. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [50] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Chris Zemina. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [51] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Patrick de Castro Neuhaus. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [52] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Simon Jones. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [53] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Artur Begyan. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [54] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Andrew Ologunebi. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [55] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Alistair Thomson. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                                        (
                                                                            [level] => 5
                                                                            [name] => Since 2011 
                                                                            [tag] => h5
                                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                                (
                                                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                                                        (
                                                                                            [level] => 5
                                                                                            [name] => 

Introducing Entrepreneur First Web3 

                                                                                            [tag] => h5
                                                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                                                (
                                                                                                )

                                                                                        )

                                                                                )

                                                                        )

                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [56] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 

Build the future of the decentralised web 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [57] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 

How it works 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                )

                                        )

                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => Our companies include. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Tractable. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => AccuRx. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Magic Pony Technology. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Dishpatch. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [4] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Retail Pulse. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [5] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Pencil. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [6] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => The Lowdown. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [7] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Alcemy. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                                        (
                                                                            [level] => 4
                                                                            [name] => 

Funding announcements 
. 
                                                                            [tag] => h4
                                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                                (
                                                                                )

                                                                        )

                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [8] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Hier Foods raises €7 million to help local suppliers to get their goods on your dinner plate 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [9] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Vinehealth gets $5.5M to launch in the US 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [10] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
With new tech and $3.6M seed, EF alum DiviGas aims to clean up hydrogen production 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [11] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Insurami’s £42m raise to fuel growth of deposit guarantee platform 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [12] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
The global chip shortage is driving demand for this London startup’s software 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [13] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Proptech neolender Proportunity raises $150M mixed debt and equity round 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [14] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Ackcio, founded through EF Singapore, bags $3M in Series A money 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [15] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Having powered the UK’s vaccine rollout, accuRx raise $38M Series B 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [16] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Passfort (LD4), a SaaS for KYC and AMl, nets $16.2M 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [17] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Biotech startup and EF India alum immunitoAI raises $1M in seed round 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [18] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
London alum PolyAI raises $14M round led by Khosla Ventures 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [19] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Portcast (SG2) raises US$3.2M to provide predictive AI solutions to freight forwarders, manufacturers 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [20] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
EF alum BrainSightAI raises $750,000 in seed funding 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [21] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
EF alumni zeroheight raise $10M Series A to scale DesignOps for UX teams 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [22] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Vatic (LD13) raise $6.37M for fast, accurate COVID test 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [23] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Nodes & Links (LD10) raises $11M to – maybe – save billions of the big projects the world needs now 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [24] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Actress Emma Watson and Twitter’s cofounder back FabricNano to revolutionize plastic 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [25] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
EF alumni Thymia using a smartphone game to help monitor depression 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [26] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Airbank, founded via EF Berlin, receives €2.5 million in funding 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [27] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Tractable become first EF company valued at $1B 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [28] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Entrepreneur First funded 21 tech start-ups in India during the pandemic 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [29] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
SGInnovate joins $2m round in martech startup Affable 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [30] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Unbox Robotics raise $1.2M in pre-series A funding 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [31] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
nPlan (LD9) secure £13m in Series A funding round led by GV 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [32] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Omini raise €1.7M seed round 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [33] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Omnipresent raises $15.8M Series A for its platform to employ remote-workers globally 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [34] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Better Dairy, founded through EF London, picks up £1.6M seed funding to produce animal-free dairy 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [35] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
EF London alumni Magdrive secures seed funding for new propulsion system which could take us to the stars 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [36] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Ils lèvent 2,6 millions d’euros pour accélérer la recherche dans la viande de synthèse et la santé 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [37] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Candu raises $5M to help software companies onboard users intelligently 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [38] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Speech-dubbing pioneer Papercup secures new funding 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [39] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Cleo, founded through Entrepreneur First, secures $44M in Series B funding
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [40] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Papercup, the UK startup using AI for realistic-sounding voice translation, raises £8M funding 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [41] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
r.Grid receive £1.2m in seed funding 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [42] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
LightSpeedAI Labs, founded through Entrepreneur First India, secures funding to build MVP 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [43] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Krosslinker raises US$1.25M to develop thermal insulating nano-material for pharma industry 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [44] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Phantasma Labs raises seed funding to further develop AI for driverless cars 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [45] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Stroke prediction startup See-Mode secures $9 million investment 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [46] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Singapore’s Transcelestial raises US$9.6M Series A to ‘deliver a step-change in internet connectivity globally’ 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [47] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Wavemaker backs industrial tech startup Ackcio in pre-series A round 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [48] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
DeepSpin (BE1) raises seed funding for its ‘portable, ultra-low-cost’ MRI system 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [49] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
SensorFlow (SG1) raises US$8.3m in Series A+ round 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [50] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Pre-school edtech startup Lingumi raises £4m, adds some free services during COVID-19 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [51] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Unitary, an EF alumnus, raises £1.3M seed for its content moderation AI 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [52] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Sonantic scores €2.3M funding to bring ‘human-quality’ artificial voices to games 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [53] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Portify raises £7M Series A for its fintech app for ‘modern’ or gig economy workers 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [54] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
AI contract drafting startup Genie AI raises £2M 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [55] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Legaltech startup Genie AI (LD9) scores £2M seed for its ‘intelligent’ contract editor 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [56] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Digitising Millenial Money: EF5 Alum Cleo raises $10m to replace banking apps for a generation
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [57] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Bringing The Next 4 Billion Online: EFSG1 Alum Transcelestial Raises S$2.5M Seed Round
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [58] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
EF5 Alum CloudNC Raises £9M Series A
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                                        (
                                                                            [level] => 4
                                                                            [name] => 
In the Press . 
                                                                            [tag] => h4
                                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                                (
                                                                                )

                                                                        )

                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [59] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Moody’s Acquires Passfort 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [60] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Cleo, Limbic and Omnipresent named in Top 10 of TechRound100 2021 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [61] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Entrepreneur First invests in 6 Indian startups 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [62] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
In data: The Entrepreneur First Portfolio 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [63] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
“We pay the best talent to quit their jobs and start world-leading companies” 
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                                        (
                                                                            [level] => 4
                                                                            [name] => 

Insights 
. 
                                                                            [tag] => h4
                                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                                (
                                                                                )

                                                                        )

                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [64] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
And Ideas, Or Ideas
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [65] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Building world-class tech teams: 3 takeaways from Zehan Wang, former Head of Cortex Applied Research, Twitter
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [66] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
How to acquire over 100,000 Gen-Z investors in 6 days of launching a game-based investment app
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [67] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
So you want to build a crypto startup in India? Here’s what you need to know
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [68] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
‘It’s not like dating’: 7 lessons on finding a co-founder
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [69] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
New Report: What matters to Singapore’s Gen-Z founders?
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [70] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
What we look for in founders
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [71] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
From accidents to recycling cars and natural disaster recovery
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [72] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Building a product people want – A CTO shares his learnings
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [73] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Support for aspiring female founders - IWD 2021
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [74] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Entrepreneur First Toronto: 1 month in
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [75] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Reflections on a remote programme – Europe
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [76] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Reflections on a remote programme – Bangalore
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [77] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Where to Get Financial Help for Your Startup in 2020
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [78] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Can deeptech startups become unicorns?
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [79] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
AI is dead, long live AI?
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [80] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Why I wish Kylie Jenner were a coder
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [81] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
What matters? Rethinking what “Impact” really means
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [82] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
How and when to raise venture capital from Silicon Valley — for European and Asian startups
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [83] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Why Knowing You Are the Exception to the Rule Matters
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [84] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Why Your Personality Can Kill Your Company: Advice to Founders on Using Psychometrics to Support Scaling
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [85] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
EF In Conversation with Reid Hoffman on Blitzscaling
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [86] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
EF In Conversation with Sir Nick Clegg
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [87] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
EF In Conversation with Ethereum Co-Founder Joe Lubin
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [88] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
EF In Conversation with a16z Partner Frank Chen
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [89] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
EF In Conversation with Backstage Capital Founder Arlan Hamilton
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [90] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
EF In Conversation with Reid Hoffman
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [91] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
The Bull and Bear Case: a tool for optimising your annual reviews
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [92] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Talented Meanderers vs Committed Discoverers — The Art of Pre-Seed Investing
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [93] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Valuation Lessons from 100 Seed Rounds
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [94] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
The day after Demo Day: thoughts on a year at EF
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [95] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
From Envy to Admiration: The Hard Path to Positive Ambition
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [96] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
How to Pitch a Company at Demo Day
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [97] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
EF and Diversity VC: Entering the Startup World
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [98] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Four Things You Should Know Before Quitting to Start Your Own Company
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [99] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
The Belly of the Whale
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [100] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Alice’s Adventures in Startupland
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [101] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Research, Entrepreneurship, and the Art of Strenuous Things
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [102] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
EF Crypto Series: Starting a Crypto Business with Entrepreneur First
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [103] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Why You Can’t Build a Company with One Brain
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [104] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
EF Crypto Series: James Smith, CEO of Elliptic
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [105] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
3 Reasons Why The Risk of Starting a Company is Lower Than You Think
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [106] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Gross Startup Ideas
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [107] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Scaling Ambition: 9 Lessons from Reid Hoffman
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [108] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
How Technology Ends Inequality
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [109] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
What We Did in 2017 at Entrepreneur First
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [110] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Founders and Online Dating
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [111] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Start A Company With A Stranger
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [112] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Elon Musk is not Elon Musk
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [113] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
How We Raised $12m from Some of the World’s Best Investors
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [114] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
What We’ve Learned Building 100 Startups from Scratch
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [115] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
The Ambition Trap
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [116] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
21st Century Alchemy
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [117] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Technology Entrepreneurship and the Disruption of Ambition
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [118] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
What We Did in 2016 at Entrepreneur First
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [119] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
How to Fundraise (5/5): Allocation
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [120] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
How to Fundraise (4/5): Making the Deal
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [121] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
How to Fundraise (3/5): Execution
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [122] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
The Letter of Intent Fallacy
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [123] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
How to Fundraise (2/5): Trial & Error
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [124] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
How to Fundraise (1/5): Preparation
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [125] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Don’t Be a Badge Collector
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [126] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Why Mindset Matters for Successful Founders
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [127] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
You Are Not a Lottery Ticket  — You’re an Underpriced Option
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [128] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Productivity Is All That Matters in Team Building
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [129] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Stop Building a Startup, Build a Product
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                                        (
                                                                            [level] => 4
                                                                            [name] => 

People & Companies 
. 
                                                                            [tag] => h4
                                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                                (
                                                                                )

                                                                        )

                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [130] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Building world-class tech teams: 3 takeaways from Zehan Wang, former Head of Cortex Applied Research, Twitter
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [131] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
How to acquire over 100,000 Gen-Z investors in 6 days of launching a game-based investment app
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [132] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
So you want to build a crypto startup in India? Here’s what you need to know
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [133] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Leveraging Big Data: from Payments to Food Product Innovation
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [134] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Spotting novel antibodies using AI: Aridni and Trisha
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [135] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
An Innovative Engineering Twist for Sustainability
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [136] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Meet the founders using AI to improve mental healthcare
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [137] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
How the pandemic jumpstarted this CTO’s lifelong entrepreneurial dream
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [138] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Fresh air in an old industry: How these entrepreneurs are using AI to transform logistics
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [139] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
The Entrepreneur First Podcast
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [140] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Building a company people want to work for
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [141] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
AI to tackle infertility: how machine learning is supporting the path to parenthood
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [142] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Focus on FemTech: Hana Janebdar on closing the healthcare gap
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [143] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Focus on FemTech: Hélène Guillaume on using AI to train smarter
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [144] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Focus on FemTech: Alice Pelton on building ‘Trip Advisor for contraception’
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [145] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Portrait of a founder: Yassine Tahi, CEO of Kinetix
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [146] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Building a diverse company from the ground up: Maria Meier
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [147] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Female Founder Friday: Camille Rougie on becoming a CEO
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [148] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Female Founder Friday: Anne Marie Droste shares her journey
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [149] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Finding a Co-Founder: Herve and Misha
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [150] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Founding a Company in a Remote World: Prak and Dinaz
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [151] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Our Co-Founder Story: Laina Emmanuel and Dr Rimjhim Agarwal
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [152] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Top 100 Women in Engineering: Amber Hill
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [153] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Introducing 6 Founders, 6 Months into their Start-up Journey
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [154] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Meet 13 of the World’s Most Talented Women
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [155] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Too Good for Good Enough – Neel Popat
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [156] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
The Power of Possibility – Poonkodi Sampath
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [157] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
From Beirut to Biosensors – Joanne Kanaan
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [158] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
The Career of the Future – Juwon Lee
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [159] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Shooting for The Stars  -  Rohit Jha
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [160] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Making Your Research Matter - Noor Shaker
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [161] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Raw Ambition :  David Hunter
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [162] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
The Hacker Mindset - Bas De Vries
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [163] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
“My Co-Founder is Next Level” Hazel Savage of Musiio on Building a Dream Team to Disrupt the Music Industry
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [164] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Digitising Millenial Money: EF5 Alum Cleo raises $10m to replace banking apps for a generation
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [165] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Bringing The Next 4 Billion Online: EFSG1 Alum Transcelestial Raises S$2.5M Seed Round
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [166] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
“We wanted to have impact beyond the academic world” Pierre-Yves Laffont of Lemnis Technologies on Making Your Research Matter
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [167] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
“That’s How We Knew We Were onto Something” Swayam Narain of Affable on Shaking Up Influencer Marketing
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [168] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
EF5 Alum CloudNC Raises £9M Series A
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [169] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
The Creation Vocation
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [170] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
EUR9 Demo Day
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [171] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
Meet 5 Fearless EF Female Founders Fighting the Status Quo
. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                                        (
                                                                            [level] => 4
                                                                            [name] => Privacy Overview. 
                                                                            [tag] => h4
                                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                                (
                                                                                )

                                                                        )

                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [og] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [ogImage] => https://www.joinef.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/JoinEF.facebook.cover_.jpg
                                )

                            [schema_type] => Array
                                (
                                )

                            [comment_questions] => Array
                                (
                                )

                            [body] => Where the world’s most ambitious come to build. Apply now Join as an individual. Get backed by a community. Through our 6-month platform, you’ll get paid to test out your ideas with a pool of exceptional people who want to build technology startups. You don’t need decades of experience, a team or an idea. Just you. Unlock your ambition. Lara Hammerle. CEO, HIER Foods Experienced in growth, built company to 6,000 users in 6 months Berlin Mark Jager. CPO, HIER Foods Product veteran with expertise in UX1 Berlin Rathin Shah. CEO, Spenny Worked in investment banking and management at JP Morgan Chase, graduate of BITS Pilani Gaurav Arora. CTO, Spenny Software engineer, previously Netflix and Ixigo Sachin Chiramel. CEO, real analytics Experience in investment banking and financial services Nitin Shukla. CTO, real analytics Experienced data scientist, previously IIT Cleo is the money app that has your back. Sasha Haco. CEO, Unitary Astrophysicist, previously Cambridge and Harvard London James Thewlis. CTO, Unitary Computer vision expert, previously Facebook and AdTech London Theo Saville . CEO, CloudNC Manufacturing and Mechanical Engineer, background in metals 3D printing London Chris Emery. CTO, CloudNC Engineer programming since age 12, expert in 3D graphics and high-performance computing London Akanksha Jagwani. CEO, SixSense Mechanical engineer, led digital product design and management teams Singapore Avni Agrawal. CTO, SixSense Computer science engineer, experience in big data analytics and machine learning Singapore Reid Hoffman. Founder and Executive Chairman, LinkedIn Investor and board member at Entrepreneur First, previously PayPal, Apple and Fujitsu Natalie Doran. CEO, Lytehouse Built start-ups, working across gaming, HR and Blockchain Jean-Vincent de Carvalho. CTO, Lytehouse Hacker, full-stack engineer and machine learning expert. Shao-Ning Huang. Venture Partner, Entrepreneur First Exited founder, private investor, active angel and startup advocate Join as an individual. Get backed by a community. Through our 6-month platform, you’ll get paid to test out your ideas with a pool of exceptional people who want to build technology startups. You don’t need decades of experience, a team or an idea. Just you. Unlock your ambition. Zeena Qureshi. CEO, Sonantic Speech and language therapy expert John Flynn. CTO, Sonantic MSc Sound Computing, film industry Yassine Emile Tahi. CEO, Kinetix AI project leader, previously HEC Paris & Sciences Po Paris Henri Mirande. CTO, Kinetix Deep learning expert, graduated from CentraleSupélec aged 20 Paris Jean-Baptiste Clouard. CEO, Flowlity Experienced in supply chains, previously Anaplan, Quintiq, and Dassault Systèmes Karim Benchaaboun. CTO, Flowlity Machine learning engineer, previously Axa and Criteo Masha Krol. CEO, Ampersand Previous startup founder, created and led Human-AI Interaction team at Element AI Toronto Anwar Jeffrey. CTO, Ampersand Full-stack developer, scaled backend at YC-backed GovTech from Series A to IPO Toronto Sonantic has built the world's most expressive and realistic artificial voices Zaraif Ayaat Hossain. CEO, Retail Pulse CPG insider, deep experience in the challenges of unorganised retail markets Bangalore Anshul Gupta. CTO, Retail Pulse Engineering degree from NIT, led winning team in P&G Global AI Challenge Bangalore Rob Bishop. Venture Partner, Entrepreneur First Investor and founder of Magic Pony, built through Entrepreneur First and exited to Twitter for $150M Venkat Raju. Venture Partner, Entrepreneur First Serial entrepreneur and prolific angel investor and mentor Helen Murphy. CEO, Opply Strong expertise in leading commercial and technical businesses across consumer goods and operations London Martin Postel. CTO, Opply Expert in automation and optimisation for supply and production, with a PhD in AI in Manufacturing London Rayna Patel. CEO, VineHealth Doctor and neuroscientist, previously Cambridge, Harvard, MIT, Columbia London Georgina Kirby. CTO, VineHealth Data scientist, previously Imperial College London and GSK London Brittany Harris. CEO, Qflow Experienced civil engineer, recognised thought leader in building sustainable futures London Jade Cohen. CPO, Qflow Environmental advisor, managed environmental impact on Crossrail London Nat Wollny. CEO, ModelMe Former VC with expertise in FashionTech Berlin Christoph Sträter. CTO, ModelMe PhD in Theoretical Physics with expertise in deep learning and software development Berlin Srivar Harlalka. CBO, Flippy MSc in Finance and Strategy, founded 3 consumer facing startups Bangalore Srinidhi Moodalagiri. CPO, Flippy Computer scientist, built risk models for multi-billion dollar consumer portfolios Bangalore Zaraif Ayaat Hossain. CEO, Retail Pulse CPG insider, deep experience in the challenges of unorganised retail markets Bangalore Anshul Gupta. CTO, Retail Pulse Engineering degree from NIT, led winning team in P&G Global AI Challenge Bangalore Megan Lam. CEO, Neurum Held research fellowship at Yale School of Medicine and advisor to HealthTech developments Hong Kong Caleb Chiu. CTO, Neurum Expert in consumer applications, developed AI-enabled digital therapeutics Hong Kong An end-to-end procurement tool for regional food. Ramakrishna Nanjundaiah. CEO, Phantasma MSc in Computational Mechanics, built city-scale simulations Berlin Maria Meier. CTO, Phantasma Labs MSc in Software Engineering, previously TU Munich, Brown University and Oracle Alex Dalyac. CEO, Tractable Ex-Imperial College London, LSE and Rocket Internet, co-founded EF's first Unicorn, Tractable London Razvan Ranca. CTO, Tractable Computer scientist, previously Cambridge, worked with leading academic in Machine Learning London Charlotte Joy Trudgill. CEO, Jackett Deep experience in building businesses in fragmented markets, and driving digital transformation. Singapore Rachiket Arya. CTO, Jackett NUS Science and Technology Scholar, with experience in building software products from scratch. Singapore A risk monitoring solution to detect and prevent illegal use of cryptocurrencies Chris Zemina. CEO, Airbank Experienced in FinTech investments Berlin Patrick de Castro Neuhaus. CTO, Airbank Experienced developer and tech consultant for financial services companies Berlin Simon Jones. CEO, Voltz Strong financial technology startup background; prior founder, operator and investor London Artur Begyan. CTO, Voltz Mathematical financial developer and economist, including working as a Quant at Bank of America London Andrew Ologunebi. CEO, LottieLab Strong knowledge of design processes and tools, and experience leading fast-growing Saas products London Alistair Thomson. CTO, LottieLab Expert software development skills in building graphically-intense & high-traffic products and games London Since 2011 $5B+ Combined portfolio value 3000+ Individuals joined 500+ Companies founded Introducing Entrepreneur First Web3 Build the future of the decentralised web . In September 2022, we will launch the first cohort of our new platform, Entrepreneur First Web3, in partnership with the Tezos Foundation. Delivered alongside our general platform, EF Web3 is for aspiring founders with a clear conviction to build on the decentralised web. Find out more How it works . Through our platform, you’ll have the opportunity to meet an exceptional co-founder and develop a business together. You’ll be supported every step of the way by dedicated advisors and venture partners, who’ll help you turn your competitive advantage into a startup. At the end of the platform, we’ll introduce you to our network of investors to help you raise your first round of investment. How it works Our companies include. Tractable. SERIES D London 2014 Deep learning for accident and disaster recovery. Valued at $1B as of their last round, co-led by Insight Partners and Georgian Partners. AccuRx. SERIES B London 2016 Healthcare communication platform, raised a $38M Series B led by Lakestar. Magic Pony Technology. EXIT London 2014 Patented image-processing technology delivering high quality video streaming over low bandwidth, acquired by Twitter. Dishpatch. SEEED London 2020 Enabling the UK’s best restaurants to deliver meal kits UK-wide, Series A led by Andreessen Horowitz. Retail Pulse. SEED Bangalore 2020 Computer vision to provide real-time display analytics, connecting businesses to millions of mom and pop stores. Pencil. SEED Singapore 2018 Creative AI platform for digital advertising teams, backed by Sequoia Surge. The Lowdown. PRE-SEED London 2020 World’s first review platform for contraception with a community of 80,000 monthly users and growing. Alcemy. SEED Berlin 2018 Using machine learning to produce concrete faster and cheaper, with potential to save the equivalent of the UK’s entire carbon emissions. Funding announcements . View all Tech.EU Funding announcements Hier Foods raises €7 million to help local suppliers to get their goods on your dinner plate  . 15 December, 2021 TechCrunch Funding announcements Vinehealth gets $5.5M to launch in the US  . 3 December, 2021 TechCrunch In the Press With new tech and $3.6M seed, EF alum DiviGas aims to clean up hydrogen production  . 17 November, 2021 IEG Radius Companies in the Press Insurami’s £42m raise to fuel growth of deposit guarantee platform  . 22 October, 2021 Fortune Companies in the Press The global chip shortage is driving demand for this London startup’s software  . 21 October, 2021 Techcrunch Companies in the Press Proptech neolender Proportunity raises $150M mixed debt and equity round  . 21 October, 2021 Tech in Asia In the Press Ackcio, founded through EF Singapore, bags $3M in Series A money  . 16 September, 2021 Forbes Companies in the Press Having powered the UK’s vaccine rollout, accuRx raise $38M Series B  . 15 September, 2021 Techcrunch In the Press Passfort (LD4), a SaaS for KYC and AMl, nets $16.2M  . 14 September, 2021 YourStory In the Press Biotech startup and EF India alum immunitoAI raises $1M in seed round  . 8 September, 2021 TechCrunch Funding announcements London alum PolyAI raises $14M round led by Khosla Ventures  . 8 September, 2021 e27 Funding announcements Portcast (SG2) raises US$3.2M to provide predictive AI solutions to freight forwarders, manufacturers  . 7 September, 2021 Entrepreneur India In the Press EF alum BrainSightAI raises $750,000 in seed funding  . 24 August, 2021 TechCrunch In the Press EF alumni zeroheight raise $10M Series A to scale DesignOps for UX teams  . 6 August, 2021 TechCrunch In the Press Vatic (LD13) raise $6.37M for fast, accurate COVID test  . 9 July, 2021 Tech Crunch In the Press Nodes & Links (LD10) raises $11M to – maybe – save billions of the big projects the world needs now  . 1 July, 2021 Fortune In the Press Actress Emma Watson and Twitter’s cofounder back FabricNano to revolutionize plastic  . 30 June, 2021 Sifted In the Press EF alumni Thymia using a smartphone game to help monitor depression  . 30 June, 2021 Tech.EU In the Press Airbank, founded via EF Berlin, receives €2.5 million in funding  . 22 June, 2021 TechCrunch In the Press Tractable become first EF company valued at $1B  . 17 June, 2021 Mint In the Press Entrepreneur First funded 21 tech start-ups in India during the pandemic  . 8 June, 2021 Tech in Asia In the Press SGInnovate joins $2m round in martech startup Affable  . 18 May, 2021 Tech in Asia In the Press Unbox Robotics raise $1.2M in pre-series A funding  . 22 April, 2021 Sky News In the Press nPlan (LD9) secure £13m in Series A funding round led by GV  . 23 March, 2021 Les Echos In the Press Omini raise €1.7M seed round  . 22 February, 2021 Tech Crunch In the Press Omnipresent raises $15.8M Series A for its platform to employ remote-workers globally  . 21 January, 2021 TechCrunch Companies in the Press Better Dairy, founded through EF London, picks up £1.6M seed funding to produce animal-free dairy  . 17 December, 2020 TechCrunch Companies in the Press EF London alumni Magdrive secures seed funding for new propulsion system which could take us to the stars  . 17 December, 2020 Les Echos Start Funding announcements Ils lèvent 2,6 millions d’euros pour accélérer la recherche dans la viande de synthèse et la santé  . 14 December, 2020 TechCrunch Funding announcements Candu raises $5M to help software companies onboard users intelligently  . 10 December, 2020 The Guardian Companies in the Press Speech-dubbing pioneer Papercup secures new funding  . 10 December, 2020 Companies in the Press Cleo, founded through Entrepreneur First, secures $44M in Series B funding . Tech Crunch Companies in the Press Papercup, the UK startup using AI for realistic-sounding voice translation, raises £8M funding  . 10 December, 2020 Ada Ventures Companies in the Press r.Grid receive £1.2m in seed funding  . 24 November, 2020 Financial Express Companies in the Press LightSpeedAI Labs, founded through Entrepreneur First India, secures funding to build MVP  . 23 November, 2020 e27 Companies in the Press Krosslinker raises US$1.25M to develop thermal insulating nano-material for pharma industry  . 16 November, 2020 Intellicar Companies in the Press Phantasma Labs raises seed funding to further develop AI for driverless cars  . 3 September, 2020 Brisbane Times In the Press Stroke prediction startup See-Mode secures $9 million investment  . 20 August, 2020 e27 In the Press Singapore’s Transcelestial raises US$9.6M Series A to ‘deliver a step-change in internet connectivity globally’  . 3 July, 2020 Tech in Asia In the Press Wavemaker backs industrial tech startup Ackcio in pre-series A round  . 1 July, 2020 Tech Crunch In the Press DeepSpin (BE1) raises seed funding for its ‘portable, ultra-low-cost’ MRI system  . 30 June, 2020 The Business Times In the Press SensorFlow (SG1) raises US$8.3m in Series A+ round  . 23 April, 2020 Tech Crunch In the Press Pre-school edtech startup Lingumi raises £4m, adds some free services during COVID-19  . 1 April, 2020 Tech Crunch In the Press Unitary, an EF alumnus, raises £1.3M seed for its content moderation AI  . 12 March, 2020 Tech Crunch In the Press Sonantic scores €2.3M funding to bring ‘human-quality’ artificial voices to games  . 2 March, 2020 Tech Crunch In the Press Portify raises £7M Series A for its fintech app for ‘modern’ or gig economy workers  . 12 December, 2019 Law Society Gazette In the Press AI contract drafting startup Genie AI raises £2M  . 23 July, 2019 Tech Crunch In the Press Legaltech startup Genie AI (LD9) scores £2M seed for its ‘intelligent’ contract editor  . 23 July, 2019 People & Companies Digitising Millenial Money: EF5 Alum Cleo raises $10m to replace banking apps for a generation . People & Companies Bringing The Next 4 Billion Online: EFSG1 Alum Transcelestial Raises S$2.5M Seed Round . People & Companies EF5 Alum CloudNC Raises £9M Series A . In the Press . Nasdaq In the Press Moody’s Acquires Passfort  . 3 December, 2021 TechRound In the Press Cleo, Limbic and Omnipresent named in Top 10 of TechRound100 2021  . 24 November, 2021 Tech in Asia In the Press Entrepreneur First invests in 6 Indian startups  . 30 September, 2021 Sifted In the Press In data: The Entrepreneur First Portfolio  . 16 September, 2021 MaRS In the Press “We pay the best talent to quit their jobs and start world-leading companies”  . 20 October, 2021 Insights . View all Insights And Ideas, Or Ideas . Insights Building world-class tech teams: 3 takeaways from Zehan Wang, former Head of Cortex Applied Research, Twitter . Insights How to acquire over 100,000 Gen-Z investors in 6 days of launching a game-based investment app . Insights So you want to build a crypto startup in India? Here’s what you need to know . Insights ‘It’s not like dating’: 7 lessons on finding a co-founder . Insights New Report: What matters to Singapore’s Gen-Z founders? . Must-Reads What we look for in founders . Must-Reads From accidents to recycling cars and natural disaster recovery . Insights Building a product people want – A CTO shares his learnings . Insights Support for aspiring female founders - IWD 2021 . Insights Entrepreneur First Toronto: 1 month in . Our Platform Reflections on a remote programme – Europe . Our Platform Reflections on a remote programme – Bangalore . Insights Where to Get Financial Help for Your Startup in 2020 . Insights Can deeptech startups become unicorns? . Insights AI is dead, long live AI? . Insights Why I wish Kylie Jenner were a coder . Insights What matters? Rethinking what “Impact” really means . Insights How and when to raise venture capital from Silicon Valley — for European and Asian startups . Insights Why Knowing You Are the Exception to the Rule Matters . Insights Why Your Personality Can Kill Your Company: Advice to Founders on Using Psychometrics to Support Scaling . Video Insights EF In Conversation with Reid Hoffman on Blitzscaling . Video Insights EF In Conversation with Sir Nick Clegg . Video Insights EF In Conversation with Ethereum Co-Founder Joe Lubin . Video Insights EF In Conversation with a16z Partner Frank Chen . Video Insights EF In Conversation with Backstage Capital Founder Arlan Hamilton . Video Insights EF In Conversation with Reid Hoffman . Insights The Bull and Bear Case: a tool for optimising your annual reviews . Insights Talented Meanderers vs Committed Discoverers — The Art of Pre-Seed Investing . Insights Valuation Lessons from 100 Seed Rounds . Our Platform The day after Demo Day: thoughts on a year at EF . Insights From Envy to Admiration: The Hard Path to Positive Ambition . Our Platform How to Pitch a Company at Demo Day . Video Insights EF and Diversity VC: Entering the Startup World . Our Platform Four Things You Should Know Before Quitting to Start Your Own Company . Our Platform The Belly of the Whale . Insights Alice’s Adventures in Startupland . Insights Research, Entrepreneurship, and the Art of Strenuous Things . Video Insights EF Crypto Series: Starting a Crypto Business with Entrepreneur First . Insights Why You Can’t Build a Company with One Brain . Video Insights EF Crypto Series: James Smith, CEO of Elliptic . Insights 3 Reasons Why The Risk of Starting a Company is Lower Than You Think . Insights Gross Startup Ideas . Insights Scaling Ambition: 9 Lessons from Reid Hoffman . Insights How Technology Ends Inequality . Insights What We Did in 2017 at Entrepreneur First . Insights Founders and Online Dating . Insights Start A Company With A Stranger . Insights Elon Musk is not Elon Musk . Insights How We Raised $12m from Some of the World’s Best Investors . Insights What We’ve Learned Building 100 Startups from Scratch . Insights The Ambition Trap . Insights 21st Century Alchemy . Insights Technology Entrepreneurship and the Disruption of Ambition . Insights What We Did in 2016 at Entrepreneur First . Insights How to Fundraise (5/5): Allocation . Insights How to Fundraise (4/5): Making the Deal . Insights How to Fundraise (3/5): Execution . Insights The Letter of Intent Fallacy . Insights How to Fundraise (2/5): Trial & Error . Insights How to Fundraise (1/5): Preparation . Insights Don’t Be a Badge Collector . Insights Why Mindset Matters for Successful Founders . Insights You Are Not a Lottery Ticket  — You’re an Underpriced Option . Insights Productivity Is All That Matters in Team Building . Insights Stop Building a Startup, Build a Product . People & Companies . View all Insights Building world-class tech teams: 3 takeaways from Zehan Wang, former Head of Cortex Applied Research, Twitter . Insights How to acquire over 100,000 Gen-Z investors in 6 days of launching a game-based investment app . Insights So you want to build a crypto startup in India? Here’s what you need to know . People & Companies Leveraging Big Data: from Payments to Food Product Innovation . Female Founder Spotlights Spotting novel antibodies using AI: Aridni and Trisha . Female Founder Spotlights An Innovative Engineering Twist for Sustainability . People & Companies Meet the founders using AI to improve mental healthcare . People & Companies How the pandemic jumpstarted this CTO’s lifelong entrepreneurial dream . People & Companies Fresh air in an old industry: How these entrepreneurs are using AI to transform logistics . People & Companies The Entrepreneur First Podcast . People & Companies Building a company people want to work for . People & Companies AI to tackle infertility: how machine learning is supporting the path to parenthood . Female Founder Spotlights Focus on FemTech: Hana Janebdar on closing the healthcare gap . People & Companies Focus on FemTech: Hélène Guillaume on using AI to train smarter . People & Companies Focus on FemTech: Alice Pelton on building ‘Trip Advisor for contraception’ . People & Companies Portrait of a founder: Yassine Tahi, CEO of Kinetix . People & Companies Building a diverse company from the ground up: Maria Meier . Female Founder Spotlights Female Founder Friday: Camille Rougie on becoming a CEO . People & Companies Female Founder Friday: Anne Marie Droste shares her journey . People & Companies Finding a Co-Founder: Herve and Misha . People & Companies Founding a Company in a Remote World: Prak and Dinaz . People & Companies Our Co-Founder Story: Laina Emmanuel and Dr Rimjhim Agarwal . People & Companies Top 100 Women in Engineering: Amber Hill . Our Platform Introducing 6 Founders, 6 Months into their Start-up Journey . Must-Reads Meet 13 of the World’s Most Talented Women . People & Companies Too Good for Good Enough – Neel Popat . People & Companies The Power of Possibility – Poonkodi Sampath . People & Companies From Beirut to Biosensors – Joanne Kanaan . People & Companies The Career of the Future – Juwon Lee . People & Companies Shooting for The Stars  -  Rohit Jha . People & Companies Making Your Research Matter - Noor Shaker . People & Companies Raw Ambition :  David Hunter . People & Companies The Hacker Mindset - Bas De Vries . Video People & Companies “My Co-Founder is Next Level” Hazel Savage of Musiio on Building a Dream Team to Disrupt the Music Industry . People & Companies Digitising Millenial Money: EF5 Alum Cleo raises $10m to replace banking apps for a generation . People & Companies Bringing The Next 4 Billion Online: EFSG1 Alum Transcelestial Raises S$2.5M Seed Round . Video People & Companies “We wanted to have impact beyond the academic world” Pierre-Yves Laffont of Lemnis Technologies on Making Your Research Matter . Video People & Companies “That’s How We Knew We Were onto Something” Swayam Narain of Affable on Shaking Up Influencer Marketing . People & Companies EF5 Alum CloudNC Raises £9M Series A . Our Platform The Creation Vocation . Video Our Platform EUR9 Demo Day . People & Companies Meet 5 Fearless EF Female Founders Fighting the Status Quo . This website uses cookies to improve your experience. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish.Cookie settingsACCEPTManage consent Close Privacy Overview. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. Necessary Necessary Always Enabled Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. These cookies do not store any personal information. Non-necessary Non-necessary Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. SAVE & ACCEPT
                            [kwBody] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => insight
                                            [tf] => 64
                                        )

                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => company
                                            [tf] => 64
                                        )

                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => press
                                            [tf] => 48
                                        )

                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => person
                                            [tf] => 39
                                        )

                                    [4] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => person company
                                            [tf] => 35
                                        )

                                    [5] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => founder
                                            [tf] => 35
                                        )

                                    [6] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => 2021
                                            [tf] => 33
                                        )

                                    [7] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => london
                                            [tf] => 29
                                        )

                                    [8] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => startup
                                            [tf] => 27
                                        )

                                    [9] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => ceo
                                            [tf] => 27
                                        )

                                    [10] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => rais
                                            [tf] => 26
                                        )

                                    [11] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => series
                                            [tf] => 25
                                        )

                                    [12] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => cto
                                            [tf] => 25
                                        )

                                    [13] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => ef
                                            [tf] => 24
                                        )

                                    [14] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => funding
                                            [tf] => 22
                                        )

                                    [15] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => ai
                                            [tf] => 22
                                        )

                                    [16] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => 2020
                                            [tf] => 22
                                        )

                                    [17] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => platform
                                            [tf] => 20
                                        )

                                    [18] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneur
                                            [tf] => 20
                                        )

                                    [19] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => tech
                                            [tf] => 20
                                        )

                                    [20] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => seed
                                            [tf] => 19
                                        )

                                    [21] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => world
                                            [tf] => 18
                                        )

                                    [22] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => cooky
                                            [tf] => 17
                                        )

                                    [23] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => round
                                            [tf] => 16
                                        )

                                    [24] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => team
                                            [tf] => 15
                                        )

                                    [25] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => building
                                            [tf] => 14
                                        )

                                    [26] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => video
                                            [tf] => 14
                                        )

                                    [27] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => company press
                                            [tf] => 13
                                        )

                                    [28] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => experience
                                            [tf] => 12
                                        )

                                    [29] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => previously
                                            [tf] => 12
                                        )

                                    [30] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => september 2021
                                            [tf] => 11
                                        )

                                    [31] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => techcrunch
                                            [tf] => 11
                                        )

                                    [32] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => alum
                                            [tf] => 10
                                        )

                                    [33] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => video insight ef
                                            [tf] => 9
                                        )

                                    [34] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => 2021 techcrunch
                                            [tf] => 9
                                        )

                                    [35] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => tech crunch
                                            [tf] => 9
                                        )

                                    [36] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => video insight
                                            [tf] => 9
                                        )

                                    [37] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => insight ef
                                            [tf] => 9
                                        )

                                    [38] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => tech crunch press
                                            [tf] => 8
                                        )

                                    [39] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => crunch press
                                            [tf] => 8
                                        )

                                    [40] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => female founder
                                            [tf] => 8
                                        )

                                    [41] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => investor
                                            [tf] => 7
                                        )

                                    [42] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => funding announcement
                                            [tf] => 7
                                        )

                                    [43] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => insight ef conversation
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [44] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => month platform
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [45] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => seed round
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [46] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => june 2021
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [47] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => machine learning
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [48] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => 2021 tech
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [49] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => seed funding
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [50] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => december 2020
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [51] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => 2020 tech
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [52] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => ef conversation
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [53] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => 2021 techcrunch press
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [54] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => tech asia press
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [55] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => 2020 tech crunch
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [56] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => december 2021
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [57] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => venture partner
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [58] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => founded ef
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [59] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => july
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [60] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => gen
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [61] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => month
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [62] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => retail pulse
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [63] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => techcrunch press
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [64] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => tech asia
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [65] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => asia press
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [66] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => insight fundraise
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [67] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => website cooky
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [68] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => 2021 tech asia
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [69] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => female founder spotlight
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [70] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => transcelestial rais
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [71] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => non
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [72] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => reid hoffman
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [73] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => october 2021
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [74] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => september
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [75] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => press ef
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [76] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => ef5 alum
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [77] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => co founder
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [78] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => founder spotlight
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [79] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => venture partner entrepreneur
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [80] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => techcrunch funding announcement
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [81] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => techcrunch company press
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [82] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => 10 december 2020
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [83] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => video person company
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [84] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => technology startup
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [85] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => hier food
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [86] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => scientist previously
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [87] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => previously cambridge
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [88] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => partner entrepreneur
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [89] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => deep learning
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [90] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => deep experience
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [91] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => uk
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [92] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => million
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [93] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => techcrunch funding
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [94] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => techcrunch company
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [95] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => 30 june
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [96] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => 10 december
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [97] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => november 2020
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [98] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => insight building
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [99] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => insight build
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [100] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => must read
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [101] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => demo day
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [102] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneur insight
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [103] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => focu femtech
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [104] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => video person
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                )

                            [page_rank_decimal] => 47
                            [rank] => 119523
                        )

                    [9] => stdClass Object
                        (
                            [position] => 10
                            [title] => Entrepreneur Definition & Meaning | Dictionary.com
                            [url] => https://www.dictionary.com/browse/entrepreneur
                            [destination] => https://www.dictionary.com › browse › entrepreneur
                            [description] => Entrepreneur definition, a person who organizes and manages any enterprise, especially a business, usually with considerable initiative and risk. See more
                            [isAmp] => 
                            [organic_position] => 10
                            [serp_type] => page
                            [isOrganicPage] => 1
                            [isOrganic] => 1
                            [serp_title] => Entrepreneur Definition & Meaning | Dictionary.com
                            [serp_description] => Entrepreneur definition, a person who organizes and manages any enterprise, especially a business, usually with considerable initiative and risk. See more.
                            [hostname] => dictionary.com
                            [canonical] => https://www.dictionary.com/browse/entrepreneur
                            [h1] => entrepreneur
                            [h2] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => VIDEO FOR ENTREPRENEUR
                                    [1] => Origin of entrepreneur
                                    [2] => OTHER WORDS FROM entrepreneur
                                    [3] => WORDS THAT MAY BE CONFUSED WITH entrepreneur
                                    [4] => Words nearby entrepreneur
                                    [5] => learn more about entrepreneur
                                    [6] => Words related to entrepreneur
                                    [7] => How to use entrepreneur in a sentence
                                    [8] => British Dictionary definitions for entrepreneur
                                    [9] => Derived forms of entrepreneur
                                    [10] => Word Origin for entrepreneur
                                    [11] => Cultural definitions for entrepreneur
                                )

                            [h3] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => How Would You Describe Millennials In One Word?
                                )

                            [h2WithAnchors] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => VIDEO FOR ENTREPRENEUR
                                        )

                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Origin of entrepreneur
                                        )

                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => OTHER WORDS FROM entrepreneur
                                        )

                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => WORDS THAT MAY BE CONFUSED WITH entrepreneur
                                        )

                                    [4] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Words nearby entrepreneur
                                        )

                                    [5] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => learn more about entrepreneur
                                        )

                                    [6] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Words related to entrepreneur
                                        )

                                    [7] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => How to use entrepreneur in a sentence
                                        )

                                    [8] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => British Dictionary definitions for entrepreneur
                                            [id] => collins-section
                                        )

                                    [9] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Derived forms of entrepreneur
                                        )

                                    [10] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Word Origin for entrepreneur
                                        )

                                    [11] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Cultural definitions for entrepreneur
                                            [id] => cultural-section
                                        )

                                )

                            [wordCount] => 1040
                            [imgCount] => 2
                            [lang] => 
                            [faq_on_page] => Array
                                (
                                )

                            [anchors] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [size] => 76
                                    [outboundSize] => 30
                                    [list] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => entrepreneur
                                                    [href] => https://www.thesaurus.com/browse/entrepreneur
                                                    [hrefDomain] => thesaurus.com
                                                    [rel] => noopener
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => entrepreneurs
                                                    [href] => https://www.thesaurus.com/browse/entrepreneurs
                                                    [hrefDomain] => thesaurus.com
                                                    [rel] => noopener
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [2] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => entrepreneurial
                                                    [href] => https://www.thesaurus.com/browse/entrepreneurial
                                                    [hrefDomain] => thesaurus.com
                                                    [rel] => noopener
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [3] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => entrepreneurship
                                                    [href] => https://www.thesaurus.com/browse/entrepreneurship
                                                    [hrefDomain] => thesaurus.com
                                                    [rel] => noopener
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [4] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Opportunity Zones haven’t fully reached their potential, but don’t write them off yet
                                                    [href] => https://fortune.com/2020/09/16/opportunity-zones-black-community-minorities/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => fortune.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [5] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => |Fortune
                                                    [href] => https://fortune.com/2020/09/16/opportunity-zones-black-community-minorities/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => fortune.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [6] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Cincinnati’s Secret Sauce to Help Minority Businesses Succeed
                                                    [href] => https://www.ozy.com/the-new-and-the-next/cincinnatis-secret-sauce-to-help-minority-businesses-succeed/370356/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=cincinnatis-secret-sauce-to-help-minority-businesses-succeed
                                                    [hrefDomain] => ozy.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [7] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => |Ozy
                                                    [href] => https://www.ozy.com/the-new-and-the-next/cincinnatis-secret-sauce-to-help-minority-businesses-succeed/370356/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=cincinnatis-secret-sauce-to-help-minority-businesses-succeed
                                                    [hrefDomain] => ozy.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [8] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => ‘How I Built This’ host Guy Raz on insights from some of the world’s most famous entrepreneurs
                                                    [href] => https://fortune.com/longform/how-i-built-this-podcast-host-guy-raz/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => fortune.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [9] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => |Fortune
                                                    [href] => https://fortune.com/longform/how-i-built-this-podcast-host-guy-raz/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => fortune.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [10] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Inbound marketing for brand awareness: Four up-to-date ways to do it
                                                    [href] => https://www.searchenginewatch.com/2020/09/11/inbound-marketing-for-brand-awareness-four-up-to-date-ways-to-do-it/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => searchenginewatch.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [11] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => |Search Engine Watch
                                                    [href] => https://www.searchenginewatch.com/2020/09/11/inbound-marketing-for-brand-awareness-four-up-to-date-ways-to-do-it/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => searchenginewatch.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [12] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Welcome to the Next Level of Bullshit - Issue 89: The Dark Side
                                                    [href] => http://nautil.us/issue/89/the-dark-side/welcome-to-the-next-level-of-bullshit?utm_source=RSS_Feed&utm_medium=RSS&utm_campaign=RSS_Syndication
                                                    [hrefDomain] => nautil.us
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [13] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => |Nautilus
                                                    [href] => http://nautil.us/issue/89/the-dark-side/welcome-to-the-next-level-of-bullshit?utm_source=RSS_Feed&utm_medium=RSS&utm_campaign=RSS_Syndication
                                                    [hrefDomain] => nautil.us
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [14] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Annoying Airport Delays Might Prevent You From Becoming the Next AirAsia 8501
                                                    [href] => http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2015/01/06/annoying-airport-delays-might-prevent-you-from-becoming-the-next-airasia-8501.html?source=dictionary
                                                    [hrefDomain] => thedailybeast.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [15] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => |DAILY BEAST
                                                    [href] => http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2015/01/06/annoying-airport-delays-might-prevent-you-from-becoming-the-next-airasia-8501.html?source=dictionary
                                                    [hrefDomain] => thedailybeast.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [16] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => The Daily Beast’s Best Longreads, Dec 29-Jan 4, 2014
                                                    [href] => http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2015/01/04/the-daily-beast-s-best-longreads-dec-29-jan-4-2014.html?source=dictionary
                                                    [hrefDomain] => thedailybeast.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [17] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => |DAILY BEAST
                                                    [href] => http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2015/01/04/the-daily-beast-s-best-longreads-dec-29-jan-4-2014.html?source=dictionary
                                                    [hrefDomain] => thedailybeast.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [18] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => The Presumed Crash of AirAsia Flight QZ8501 Is Nothing Like MH370
                                                    [href] => http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2014/12/29/the-presumed-crash-of-airasia-flight-qz8501-is-nothing-like-mh370.html?source=dictionary
                                                    [hrefDomain] => thedailybeast.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [19] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => |DAILY BEAST
                                                    [href] => http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2014/12/29/the-presumed-crash-of-airasia-flight-qz8501-is-nothing-like-mh370.html?source=dictionary
                                                    [hrefDomain] => thedailybeast.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [20] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Glenn Beck Is Now Selling Hipster Clothes. Really
                                                    [href] => http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2014/12/20/beck-the-halls-glenn-s-new-lumbersexual-style.html?source=dictionary
                                                    [hrefDomain] => thedailybeast.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [21] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => |DAILY BEAST
                                                    [href] => http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2014/12/20/beck-the-halls-glenn-s-new-lumbersexual-style.html?source=dictionary
                                                    [hrefDomain] => thedailybeast.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [22] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => The Gospel According to Nick Denton—What Next For The Gawker Founder?
                                                    [href] => http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2014/12/14/the-gospel-according-to-nick-denton-what-next-for-the-gawker-founder.html?source=dictionary
                                                    [hrefDomain] => thedailybeast.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [23] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => |DAILY BEAST
                                                    [href] => http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2014/12/14/the-gospel-according-to-nick-denton-what-next-for-the-gawker-founder.html?source=dictionary
                                                    [hrefDomain] => thedailybeast.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [24] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Consumers and Wage-Earners
                                                    [href] => http://www.gutenberg.org/files/43040/43040-h/43040-h.htm
                                                    [hrefDomain] => gutenberg.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [25] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => The History of the Fabian Society
                                                    [href] => http://www.gutenberg.org/files/13715/13715-h/13715-h.htm
                                                    [hrefDomain] => gutenberg.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [26] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Social Value
                                                    [href] => http://www.gutenberg.org/files/38047/38047-h/38047-h.htm
                                                    [hrefDomain] => gutenberg.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [27] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Essentials of Economic Theory
                                                    [href] => http://www.gutenberg.org/files/31159/31159-h/31159-h.htm
                                                    [hrefDomain] => gutenberg.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [28] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Essentials of Economic Theory
                                                    [href] => http://www.gutenberg.org/files/31159/31159-h/31159-h.htm
                                                    [hrefDomain] => gutenberg.org
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [29] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => FEEDBACK
                                                    [href] => https://dictionary.typeform.com/to/iAihJYng
                                                    [hrefDomain] => typeform.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [toc] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => VIDEO FOR ENTREPRENEUR. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => How Would You Describe Millennials In One Word?
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                )

                                        )

                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => Origin of entrepreneur. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                )

                                        )

                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => OTHER WORDS FROM entrepreneur. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                )

                                        )

                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => WORDS THAT MAY BE CONFUSED WITH entrepreneur. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                )

                                        )

                                    [4] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => Words nearby entrepreneur. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                )

                                        )

                                    [5] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => learn more about entrepreneur. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                )

                                        )

                                    [6] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => Words related to entrepreneur. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                )

                                        )

                                    [7] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => How to use entrepreneur in a sentence. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                )

                                        )

                                    [8] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => British Dictionary definitions for entrepreneur. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                )

                                        )

                                    [9] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => Derived forms of entrepreneur. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                )

                                        )

                                    [10] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => Word Origin for entrepreneur. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                )

                                        )

                                    [11] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => Cultural definitions for entrepreneur. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [og] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [ogImage] => https://www.dictionary.com/assets/dictionary-social-logo-93d290770ddf5b8c309b6e5ce9dcaac9.png
                                )

                            [schema_type] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => VideoObject
                                    [1] => WebSite
                                )

                            [comment_questions] => Array
                                (
                                )

                            [body] => entrepreneur[ ahn-truh-pruh-nur, -noor; French ahn-truh-pruh-nœr ]SHOW IPA/ ˌɑn trə prəˈnɜr, -ˈnʊər; French ɑ̃ trə prəˈnœr /PHONETIC RESPELLINGNew Word ListWord ListSave This Word!See synonyms for: entrepreneur / entrepreneurs / entrepreneurial / entrepreneurship on Thesaurus.com📙 Middle School LevelThis shows grade level based on the word's complexity.noun, plural en·tre·pre·neurs [ahn-truh-pruh-nurz, -noorz; French ahn-truh-pruh-nœr]. /ˌɑn trə prəˈnɜrz, -ˈnʊərz; French ɑ̃ trə prəˈnœr/. a person who organizes and manages any enterprise, especially a business, usually with considerable initiative and risk.an employer of productive labor; contractor. verb (used with object)to deal with or initiate as an entrepreneur.verb (used without object)to act as an entrepreneur.VIDEO FOR ENTREPRENEUR. How Would You Describe Millennials In One Word?Millennials were born between the early 1980s and the mid-1990s to early 2000s. We asked 4 people from that generation to describe millennials in one word.MORE VIDEOS FROM DICTIONARY.COMQUIZTAKE ROUND 2 OF OUR PSAT VOCABULARY QUIZ!Here is our second set of teacher-selected PSAT vocabulary words. Do you know the meanings of these terms?Question 1 of 10advocateto give up possession or occupancy of.to speak or write in favor of; support or urge by argument; recommend publicly.to pronounce or decree by judicial sentence.TAKE THE QUIZ TO FIND OUT Meet Grammar CoachImprove Your Writing Meet Grammar CoachImprove Your Writing Origin of entrepreneur. First recorded in 1875–80; from French: literally, “one who undertakes (some task),” equivalent to entrepren(dre) “to undertake” (from Latin inter- inter- + prendere “to take,” variant of prehendere ) + -eur -eur; see enterpriseOTHER WORDS FROM entrepreneur. en·tre·pre·neur·i·al, adjectiveen·tre·pre·neur·ship, nounWORDS THAT MAY BE CONFUSED WITH entrepreneur. entrepreneur , intrapreneurWords nearby entrepreneur. entrenched, entrenching tool, entrenchment, entre nous, entrepôt, entrepreneur, entrepreneurial, entresol, entropic, entropion, entropion uveaeDictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2022learn more about entrepreneur. “She Sheds” And Other Words That We Made Unnecessarily FeminineLet's take a look at some of the most unnecessarily feminine words ... and where they came from.READ MOREWords related to entrepreneur. administrator, contractor, executive, manager, producer, backer, businessperson, founder, industrialist, organizer, promoter, undertakerHow to use entrepreneur in a sentence. Four Points is intentionally offering incentives that lower startup costs for local entrepreneurs.Opportunity Zones haven’t fully reached their potential, but don’t write them off yet|jakemeth|September 16, 2020|FortuneThat paints a picture of a city that’s successfully pushing medium-sized companies to great heights but is struggling to get minority entrepreneurs to the starting line in the first place.Cincinnati’s Secret Sauce to Help Minority Businesses Succeed|Nick Fouriezos|September 15, 2020|OzyIndeed, most of the entrepreneurs I’ve met over the years aimed at just this kind of success.‘How I Built This’ host Guy Raz on insights from some of the world’s most famous entrepreneurs|Rachel King|September 15, 2020|FortuneYou can’t blame the social media companies for this, they are entrepreneurs too, and their profit depends on the money you take away from them when your post reaches too far.Inbound marketing for brand awareness: Four up-to-date ways to do it|Ali Faagba|September 11, 2020|Search Engine WatchInstead of releasing the model for everyone to use, it has only granted beta access to a select few—a mix of entrepreneurs, researchers, and public figures in the tech world.Welcome to the Next Level of Bullshit - Issue 89: The Dark Side|Raphaël Millière|September 9, 2020|NautilusMalaysian-based entrepreneur Tony Fernandes has turned AirAsia into the most successful low cost airline in southeast Asia.Annoying Airport Delays Might Prevent You From Becoming the Next AirAsia 8501|Clive Irving|January 6, 2015|DAILY BEASTThe Virologist By Andrew Marantz, New Yorker How a young entrepreneur built an empire by repackaging memes.The Daily Beast’s Best Longreads, Dec 29-Jan 4, 2014|William Boot|January 4, 2015|DAILY BEASTThe feisty airline is the brainchild of entrepreneur Tony Fernandes, a Malaysian of Indian descent who also is a British citizen.The Presumed Crash of AirAsia Flight QZ8501 Is Nothing Like MH370|Lennox Samuels|December 29, 2014|DAILY BEASTBeck is in the same position as any post-industrial capitalist entrepreneur.Glenn Beck Is Now Selling Hipster Clothes. Really.|Ana Marie Cox|December 20, 2014|DAILY BEASTInternet media entrepreneur Nick Denton is a person to whom harsh judgments adhere like barnacles.The Gospel According to Nick Denton—What Next For The Gawker Founder?|Lloyd Grove|December 14, 2014|DAILY BEASTIndeed, the entrepreneur sometimes finds it to his advantage to give his employees even more than strict justice would demand.Consumers and Wage-Earners|J. Elliot RossThe successful entrepreneur for instance draws a rent of ability from his superior equipment and education.The History of the Fabian Society|Edward R. PeaseThe managing entrepreneur knows better, when he deals with union rules and walking delegates.Social Value|B. M. AndersonWe shall term it the function of the entrepreneur, using this term in an unusually strict way.Essentials of Economic Theory|John Bates ClarkThe entrepreneur in his capacity of buyer and seller does not even do the work which purchases and sales involve.Essentials of Economic Theory|John Bates ClarkSEE MORE EXAMPLESSEE FEWER EXAMPLESBritish Dictionary definitions for entrepreneur. entrepreneur/ (ˌɒntrəprəˈnɜː, French ɑ̃trəprənœr) /nounthe owner or manager of a business enterprise who, by risk and initiative, attempts to make profitsa middleman or commercial intermediaryDerived forms of entrepreneur. entrepreneurial, adjectiveentrepreneurship, nounWord Origin for entrepreneur. C19: from French, from entreprendre to undertake; see enterpriseCollins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012Cultural definitions for entrepreneur. entrepreneur[ (ahn-truh-pruh-nur, ahn-truh-pruh-noor) ]One who starts a business or other venture that promises economic gain but that also entails risks.The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.FEEDBACK
                            [kwBody] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneur
                                            [tf] => 33
                                        )

                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => tr pr
                                            [tf] => 13
                                        )

                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => french
                                            [tf] => 13
                                        )

                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => pr
                                            [tf] => 12
                                        )

                                    [4] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => tr
                                            [tf] => 11
                                        )

                                    [5] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => pruh
                                            [tf] => 10
                                        )

                                    [6] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => truh pruh
                                            [tf] => 8
                                        )

                                    [7] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => ahn truh pruh
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [8] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => ahn truh
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [9] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => person
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [10] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => september
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [11] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => 2020
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [12] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => ahn
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [13] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => truh
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [14] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => word
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [15] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => daily
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [16] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => undertake
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [17] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => 2014
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [18] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => pre neur
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [19] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneur entrepreneur
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [20] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => neur
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [21] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => business
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [22] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => dictionary
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [23] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => company
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [24] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => french tr
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [25] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => tre pre neur
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [26] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneur entrepreneurial
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [27] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => tre pre
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [28] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => 2014 daily
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [29] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneurial
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [30] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => based
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [31] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => tre
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [32] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => pre
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [33] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => unabridged
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [34] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => nick
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [35] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => airasia
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [36] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => december
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [37] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => economic
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                )

                            [page_rank_decimal] => 58
                            [rank] => 3918
                        )

                    [10] => stdClass Object
                        (
                            [position] => 11
                            [title] => How to Become an Entrepreneur With No Money or Experience
                            [url] => https://blog.hubspot.com/sales/how-to-become-an-entrepreneur
                            [destination] => https://blog.hubspot.com › sales › how-to-become-an-entr...
                            [description] => Have you dreamed of being an entrepreneur and starting your own business but don't know how? Use this step-by-step guide to start a business with no money
                            [isAmp] => 
                            [extra] => 5 Apr 2021 · Uploaded by HubSpot Marketing 
                            [organic_position] => 11
                            [serp_type] => page
                            [isOrganicPage] => 1
                            [isOrganic] => 1
                            [serp_title] => How to Become an Entrepreneur With No Money or Experience
                            [serp_description] => As an entrepreneur, your job is to set your company's mission, vision, and long-term and short-term goals. As you do this kind of strategic ...
                            [hostname] => blog.hubspot.com
                            [canonical] => https://blog.hubspot.com/sales/how-to-become-an-entrepreneur
                            [h1] => How to Become an Entrepreneur With No Money or Experience
                            [h2] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => How to Become an Entrepreneur
                                    [1] => Free Business Plan Template
                                    [2] => How to Get Funding to Start a Business
                                    [3] => How to Incorporate Your Business
                                    [4] => Entrepreneur Help & Support
                                )

                            [h3] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => 1. Identify profitable startup ideas
                                    [1] => Ask your friends what frustrates them
                                    [2] => 2. Identify and focus on a growing category (or categories)
                                    [3] => Fill out this form to get your free template
                                    [4] => 3. Fill an underserved demand
                                    [5] => 4. Make something better (or cheaper) than what's out there
                                    [6] => 5. Validate your startup idea with buyer persona research
                                    [7] => 6. Start with a minimum viable product (MVP)
                                    [8] => 7. Create a business plan.
                                    [9] => 8. Continue to iterate based on feedback
                                    [10] => 9. Find a co-founder
                                    [11] => 1. Ask your family and friends to invest in your business
                                    [12] => 2. Apply for a small business grant
                                    [13] => 3. Use a crowdfunding platform
                                    [14] => 4. Pitch to angel investors
                                    [15] => 5. Solicit venture capital
                                    [16] => 6. Use a credit card for a short-term cash option
                                    [17] => 7. Get a microloan
                                    [18] => 8. Bootstrap it
                                    [19] => The Advantages of Incorporating
                                    [20] => The Disadvantages of Incorporating
                                    [21] => Financial Resources
                                    [22] => Counseling & Advocacy
                                    [23] => Support Networks
                                    [24] => Don't forget to share this post!
                                    [25] => Related Articles
                                    [26] => The Ultimate Guide to Entrepreneurship
                                    [27] => The 23 Best Business Coaching Services of 2022
                                    [28] => 60 Small Business Ideas for Anyone Who Wants to Run Their Own Business
                                    [29] => Download for Later
                                )

                            [h2WithAnchors] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => How to Become an Entrepreneur
                                        )

                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Free Business Plan Template
                                        )

                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => How to Get Funding to Start a Business
                                        )

                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => How to Incorporate Your Business
                                        )

                                    [4] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Entrepreneur Help & Support
                                        )

                                )

                            [type] => article
                            [wordCount] => 3833
                            [imgCount] => 9
                            [lang] => 
                            [faq_on_page] => Array
                                (
                                )

                            [anchors] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [size] => 64
                                    [outboundSize] => 38
                                    [list] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => @ajavuu
                                                    [href] => https://twitter.com/ajavuu
                                                    [hrefDomain] => twitter.com
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => startups fail
                                                    [href] => https://review42.com/what-percentage-of-startups-fail/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => review42.com
                                                    [rel] => noopener
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [2] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => more anxious than other people
                                                    [href] => https://hbr.org/2016/02/222-entrepreneurship-ic-do-narcissists-make-great-entrepreneurs
                                                    [hrefDomain] => hbr.org
                                                    [rel] => noopener
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [3] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => started Uber
                                                    [href] => https://www.uber.com/our-story/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => uber.com
                                                    [rel] => noopener
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [4] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => founded Venmo
                                                    [href] => https://www.businessinsider.com/venmo-origin-story-facts-andrew-kortina-2014-6
                                                    [hrefDomain] => businessinsider.com
                                                    [rel] => noopener
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [5] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => launched UNTUCKit
                                                    [href] => https://www.untuckit.com/pages/about-us
                                                    [hrefDomain] => untuckit.com
                                                    [rel] => noopener
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [6] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Product Hunt
                                                    [href] => https://www.producthunt.com/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => producthunt.com
                                                    [rel] => noopener
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [7] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Kickstarter
                                                    [href] => https://www.kickstarter.com/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => kickstarter.com
                                                    [rel] => noopener
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [8] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Uncrate
                                                    [href] => http://uncrate.com/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => uncrate.com
                                                    [rel] => noopener
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [9] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Werd
                                                    [href] => http://www.werd.com/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => werd.com
                                                    [rel] => noopener
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [10] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Wirecutter
                                                    [href] => http://thewirecutter.com/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => thewirecutter.com
                                                    [rel] => noopener
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [11] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Trend Hunter
                                                    [href] => http://www.trendhunter.com/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => trendhunter.com
                                                    [rel] => noopener
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [12] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Springwise
                                                    [href] => https://www.springwise.com/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => springwise.com
                                                    [rel] => noopener
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [13] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Stephen Key recommends
                                                    [href] => https://www.inc.com/stephen-key/how-to-come-up-with-new-product-ideas-whenever-you-want.html
                                                    [hrefDomain] => inc.com
                                                    [rel] => noopener
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [14] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Stealth.li
                                                    [href] => https://stealth.li/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => stealth.li
                                                    [rel] => noopener
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [15] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => FounderNation
                                                    [href] => http://founders-nation.com
                                                    [hrefDomain] => founders-nation.com
                                                    [rel] => noopener
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [16] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => low-interest loans
                                                    [href] => https://www.kabbage.com/small-business-loans/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => kabbage.com
                                                    [rel] => noopener
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [17] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Grants.gov
                                                    [href] => https://www.grants.gov/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => grants.gov
                                                    [rel] => noopener
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [18] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Kickstarter
                                                    [href] => https://www.kickstarter.com/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => kickstarter.com
                                                    [rel] => noopener
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [19] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Indiegogo
                                                    [href] => https://www.indiegogo.com/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => indiegogo.com
                                                    [rel] => noopener
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [20] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => GoFundMe
                                                    [href] => https://www.gofundme.com/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => gofundme.com
                                                    [rel] => noopener
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [21] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Fundable
                                                    [href] => https://www.fundable.com/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => fundable.com
                                                    [rel] => noopener
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [22] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => $25,000 to $50,000
                                                    [href] => https://www.financialpoise.com/angel-investor-investing-benefits-definition/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => financialpoise.com
                                                    [rel] => noopener
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [23] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => SBA partner microloan providers by state
                                                    [href] => https://www.sba.gov/partners/lenders/microloan-program/list-lenders
                                                    [hrefDomain] => sba.gov
                                                    [rel] => noopener
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [24] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => nonprofit lenders in the US
                                                    [href] => https://www.nerdwallet.com/blog/small-business/top-nonprofit-microfinance-organizations-that-lend-in-us/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => nerdwallet.com
                                                    [rel] => noopener
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [25] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => choosing the right entity structure
                                                    [href] => https://www.sba.gov/business-guide/launch-your-business/choose-business-structure
                                                    [hrefDomain] => sba.gov
                                                    [rel] => noopener
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [26] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => SBA Funding Programs
                                                    [href] => https://www.sba.gov/funding-programs
                                                    [hrefDomain] => sba.gov
                                                    [rel] => noopener
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [27] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => International Business Innovation Association
                                                    [href] => https://inbia.org/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => inbia.org
                                                    [rel] => noopener
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [28] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Incubator List
                                                    [href] => https://incubatorlist.com/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => incubatorlist.com
                                                    [rel] => noopener
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [29] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => SeedInvest
                                                    [href] => https://www.seedinvest.com/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => seedinvest.com
                                                    [rel] => noopener
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [30] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => AngelList
                                                    [href] => https://angel.co/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => angel.co
                                                    [rel] => noopener
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [31] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => National Venture Capital Association
                                                    [href] => https://nvca.org/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => nvca.org
                                                    [rel] => noopener
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [32] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Gust
                                                    [href] => https://gust.com/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => gust.com
                                                    [rel] => noopener
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [33] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => SBA Learning Center
                                                    [href] => https://www.sba.gov/sba-learning-platform
                                                    [hrefDomain] => sba.gov
                                                    [rel] => noopener
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [34] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => their search engine
                                                    [href] => https://www.sba.gov/events/find
                                                    [hrefDomain] => sba.gov
                                                    [rel] => noopener
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [35] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Entrepreneurs' Organization
                                                    [href] => https://hub.eonetwork.org/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => eonetwork.org
                                                    [rel] => noopener
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [36] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Tugboat Institute
                                                    [href] => https://www.tugboatinstitute.com/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => tugboatinstitute.com
                                                    [rel] => noopener
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [37] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Vistage
                                                    [href] => https://www.vistage.com/
                                                    [hrefDomain] => vistage.com
                                                    [rel] => noopener
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [toc] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 6
                                            [name] => 
                                            [tag] => h6
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                                        (
                                                                            [level] => 6
                                                                            [name] => 
                                                                            [tag] => h6
                                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                                (
                                                                                )

                                                                        )

                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                )

                                        )

                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => How to Become an Entrepreneur. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 1. Identify profitable startup ideas.
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Ask your friends what frustrates them.
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                                        (
                                                                            [level] => 4
                                                                            [name] => Get inspired by other emerging startups. . 
                                                                            [tag] => h4
                                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                                (
                                                                                )

                                                                        )

                                                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                                                        (
                                                                            [level] => 4
                                                                            [name] => Identify trends to future-proof your idea.
                                                                            [tag] => h4
                                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                                (
                                                                                )

                                                                        )

                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 2. Identify and focus on a growing category (or categories).
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                )

                                        )

                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => Free Business Plan Template. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Fill out this form to get your free template.
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 3. Fill an underserved demand.
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 4. Make something better (or cheaper) than what's out there.
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                                        (
                                                                            [level] => 4
                                                                            [name] => Other suggestions. 
                                                                            [tag] => h4
                                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                                (
                                                                                )

                                                                        )

                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 5. Validate your startup idea with buyer persona research.
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [4] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 6. Start with a minimum viable product (MVP).
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [5] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 7. Create a business plan. . 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [6] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 8. Continue to iterate based on feedback.
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [7] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 9. Find a co-founder. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                                        (
                                                                            [level] => 4
                                                                            [name] => Where to Find a Co-Founder. 
                                                                            [tag] => h4
                                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                                (
                                                                                )

                                                                        )

                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                )

                                        )

                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => How to Get Funding to Start a Business. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 1. Ask your family and friends to invest in your business.
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 2. Apply for a small business grant.
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 3. Use a crowdfunding platform.
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 4. Pitch to angel investors.
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [4] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 5. Solicit venture capital.
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [5] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 6. Use a credit card for a short-term cash option.
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [6] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 7. Get a microloan.
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [7] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 8. Bootstrap it.
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                )

                                        )

                                    [4] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => How to Incorporate Your Business. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => The Advantages of Incorporating. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => The Disadvantages of Incorporating. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                )

                                        )

                                    [5] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => Entrepreneur Help & Support. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Financial Resources. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Counseling & Advocacy. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Support Networks. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Don't forget to share this post!
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [4] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Related Articles. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [5] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
                
                    The Ultimate Guide to Entrepreneurship
                
            . 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [6] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
                
                    The 23 Best Business Coaching Services of 2022
                
            . 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [7] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
                
                    60 Small Business Ideas for Anyone Who Wants to Run Their Own Business
                
            . 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                )

                                        )

                                    [6] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Download for Later. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [og] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [ogImage] => https://blog.hubspot.com/hubfs/how-to-be-an-entrepreneur.jpg#keepProtocol
                                    [twitterImage] => https://blog.hubspot.com/hubfs/how-to-be-an-entrepreneur.jpg#keepProtocol
                                )

                            [schema_type] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => NewsArticle
                                )

                            [comment_questions] => Array
                                (
                                )

                            [body] => How to Become an Entrepreneur With No Money or Experience Written by Aja Frost @ajavuu Kickstart your business with our free business plan template. Get it Now Being your own boss, calling all the shots, hustling to hit your goals -- for many people, entrepreneurship is the ultimate career goal. But as awesome as running your own business sounds, it's also incredibly difficult. How difficult? 90% of startups fail. Entrepreneurs are also more anxious than other people and experience more day-to-day stress. After all, when you're responsible for the bottom line, every setback falls on you personally. Here's the good news: Starting a company can be one of the most rewarding, exhilarating, and interesting opportunities you'll ever get. If you're aware of the risks and you're still dead-set on being an entrepreneur, use the strategies and advice in this guide. In this post, we cover: How to become an entrepreneur How to get funding How to incorporate your business Help and support for entrepreneurs How to Become an Entrepreneur. Identify profitable startup ideas. Identify and focus on a growing category (or categories). Fill an underserved demand. Make something better (or cheaper) than what's out there. Validate your startup idea with buyer persona research. Start with a minimum viable product (MVP). Create a business plan. Continue to iterate based on feedback. Find a co-founder. 1. Identify profitable startup ideas. A successful startup begins with an idea. You can't build a business without one. Here are some creative techniques for thinking of a product or service: Ask your friends what frustrates them. What makes a product or service profitable? It provides a solution for a problem or frustration that people are willing to pay to have alleviated.  With that in mind, start by asking your friends what frustrates them. Founders get inspiration from their frustrations all the time. For instance: Travis Kalanick and Garret Camp started Uber after they had trouble getting a cab. Andrew Kortina and Iqram Magdon-Ismail founded Venmo (acquired by PayPal) after they had trouble paying each other back by check. Chris Riccobono launched UNTUCKit -- a line of shirts that look good untucked -- after getting frustrated with how wrinkly and ill-fitting his regular button-down shirts were when he didn't tuck them in. As you brainstorm, ask your friends to keep track of the day-to-day things that annoy them. Then go through their lists and look for problems you might be able to solve. Get inspired by other emerging startups. . Checking out what other people have come up with can be a great way to kick your own thought process into gear. Go to Product Hunt, a constantly updated curation of the newest apps, websites, and games, for digital inspiration. Meanwhile, Kickstarter is great for physical products. There are also a ton of product review sites like might spark your creativity. Try Uncrate, Werd, and Wirecutter. Identify trends to future-proof your idea. As the world changes, people need different products. As an example, the rise of Uber, Lyft, and other ride-sharing apps created a demand for a third-party app that will tell you the cheapest fares at that exact moment. You want to get ahead of the curve. Read trend predictions for your industry or market, or check out universal trend forecasting publications like Trend Hunter and Springwise. Then ask yourself, "If these predictions come true, which tools will be necessary?" 2. Identify and focus on a growing category (or categories). Licensing expert and intellectual property strategist Stephen Key recommends picking a category that fascinates you but isn't overly competitive. "I avoid industries that are notoriously challenging, like the toy industry. There are so many people creating in that space," he explains. "You will have an easier time licensing your ideas if you focus on categories of products that are growing as well as receptive to open innovation." After you've picked a category, Key says you should study all the products in that category. What are each product's benefits, and how do they vary? What's their packaging and marketing strategy? What do reviewers say? What are the potential improvements? Once you've picked a product, consider questions like: What can be done to improve it? Can I add a new feature? What about a different material? Can I personalize it somehow? Featured Resource Free Business Plan Template. Fill out this form to get your free template. 3. Fill an underserved demand. You don't need to reinvent the wheel if there aren't enough wheels. Many people start successful businesses after noticing a gap in the market. For example, perhaps you learn there's a shortage of high-quality sales outsourcing. Since you have experience in sales development and account management at early-stage sales companies, you might decide to offer this service to tech startups. 4. Make something better (or cheaper) than what's out there. You don't always need to develop something brand-new. If you can offer an existing product at a lower price point, better quality, or ideally, both, you'll have plenty of customers. Better yet, there's clearly an existing demand. As you go about your day, make a list of everything you use. Then review the list for something you could improve. Other suggestions. Network with other entrepreneurs: Use Meetup or Eventbrite to find events in the local startup community. Not only will networking with other entrepreneurs help you build valuable relationships, but it'll also give you lots of ideas. For some quick tips on how to network efficiently and meaningfully as an entrepreneur, check out our video guide here. Research patent applications: Patent applications are typically made public 18 months after they were filed. Although we don't recommend outright copying any inventions, browsing through these documents can give you a good sense of where a particular space is headed. Have a brainstorming session: If you need to get your creative juices flowing, invite three to five other entrepreneurial-minded people to a brainstorming session. Ask everyone to come prepared to discuss a certain product category or question, such as, "What's your favorite type of X and why?" or "Do you use anything to accomplish Y? Why or why not?" The answers may lead to some great ideas. 5. Validate your startup idea with buyer persona research. Great, you've got an idea. But don't quit your day job yet. Before you go all in, you need to know other people will actually want your product. (No, your friends and family don't count.) In order to safely gauge the viability of your product in the market, start by understanding your buyer persona, i.e. the real people you plan to sell to. If your product doesn't serve a need, they won't be interested, no matter how innovative or cool it is. That's why buyer persona and market research are so important. Once you've identified your ideal client, interviewing people who fit the bill should be an important component of your research. Show them a working demo of your product, ask what they like and what they don't, how much they'd pay for it, how often they'd use it, and so on. If you want to test the market's interest before building anything, build a landing page that describes your product or service. Ask people to submit their email addresses in exchange for early access; a free subscription, membership, or product; a discount, product updates, or some other compelling offer. Then promote the video on social, paid search, etc., and see how many visitors convert to sign-ups. 6. Start with a minimum viable product (MVP). An MVP is the simplest, most basic version of your tool or service possible. It's functional enough to satisfy early customers and get a sense of what you should improve. Let's say you want to build an app that will connect college students with virtual tutors. You might create a bare-bones version, manually invite 150 tutors you found online to join, and then post the link to the app on the local university's Facebook page. If you get a decent number of sign-ups, that's a sign you should move forward. If you get barely any, you should either rethink the idea or start fresh. Starting small with an MVP keeps your costs low to start but allows room for growth as the product continues to be validated. 7. Create a business plan. . A business plan is a formalized document that details your business goals and the steps you'll take to achieve them. This may include marketing strategy, budget, and financial projections and milestones. As an entrepreneur, your job is to set your company's mission, vision, and long-term and short-term goals. As you do this kind of strategic planning for your venture, the business plan is an output of your work and helps to guide the growth of your startup. Download a free business plan template to make the process quicker and easier. 8. Continue to iterate based on feedback. Keep in mind that your MVP will not likely be enough to stay competitive in the market categories you choose, especially if you have big dreams for your startup.  Now comes the cycle: Generating interest and demand (marketing the product), securing customers (selling the product), gauging satisfaction, improving the product based on feedback... and repeat. Optimizing all parts of this flywheel generates the revenue needed to invest in product, and investing in product generates additional interest from:  Satisfied customers creating word of mouth referrals More competitive offerings that attract new customers 9. Find a co-founder. Conventional wisdom says you should look for a co-founder when starting a new business. There are three main advantages to having a co-founder. 1. It's easier to get funding. Whether or not multiple founders actually contributes to a company's success, many venture capitalist investors believe it does. They're reluctant to back solo founders. 2. You have emotional support. Running a company is a stressful, exciting, and unique experience. If you're riding the emotional roller coaster by yourself, you won't have anyone to celebrate with during the ups -- or survive the downs. A co-founder understands exactly what you're going through and makes you feel less alone. 3. They can provide different skills, knowledge, and connections. Maybe you're great at selling, while your co-founder is more technical. You've got lots of connections, and they've actually started a business before. Picking a co-founder with a complimentary resume is an excellent way to boost your odds of success. But there are also drawbacks to having a co-founder. 1. There can be conflict. You and your partner will inevitably disagree. A little healthy disagreement is productive, but if you don't find a solution relatively quickly, you'll waste valuable time and energy. Plus, you might hurt your team's morale. 2. You'll have to split the equity. If you're the sole owner of your company, you start with 100% equity. As time goes on and you hire more people and/or receive funding, you'll distribute that equity -- but you'll likely be giving 0.005% to 35% to a single entity, depending on who they are. If you have a co-founder, you're automatically giving up 40-60% of your company in a single swoop. 3. Finding one can be difficult. It can be really hard to find someone with the same business ethics, work habits, and complementary personality. In addition, they need to believe in your vision, contribute the right skills, and have a desire to be your co-founder in the first place. That's a tall order. It's worth noting that there are plenty of examples of successful startups with single founders and well as unsuccessful ones that failed due to cofounder disputes. Make a decision based on your situation, not traditional advice. Where to Find a Co-Founder. If you decide you want a co-founder, the next step is finding one. Look within your own network first. Choosing someone you already know, or whom your connections can vouch for, is much less risky than a stranger. This concept works in reverse as well: You've also got a better shot of convincing them to join you if they're a first or second-degree connection. But if you've tapped your network without success, there are a few "co-founder matching" services you can turn to. Stealth.li FounderNation You can also attend local entrepreneurship events to meet potential partners. How to Get Funding to Start a Business. Ask your family and friends to invest in your business. Apply for a small business grant. Use a crowdfunding platform. Pitch to angel investors. Solicit venture capital. Use a credit card for a short-term cash option. Get a microloan. Bootstrap it. You have to spend money to make money. To fund your startup, consider the following options: 1. Ask your family and friends to invest in your business. Many entrepreneurs rely on their friends and family for an initial investment, typically called a "seed round." You can exchange funding for a stake in your startup (i.e., your cousin receives 4% of the company after giving you $12,000), request personal loans (with or without interest), or even donations. 2. Apply for a small business grant. Federal, state, and local governments have programs to help small businesses, including low-interest loans, venture capital, and grants. To find programs your company qualifies for, check out Grants.gov. Most businesses aren't eligible, so you might not be able to find anything. But it's worth looking into, because hey -- free money! 3. Use a crowdfunding platform. Kickstarter, Indiegogo, GoFundMe, Fundable, and other crowdfunding platforms let you get backing through an online campaign. This method doesn't just generate capital, it can also help you get early product feedback, brand awareness, and sometimes, if you have an interesting story or especially cool product, press. 4. Pitch to angel investors. Angels look for early-stage companies that can 10X or more their investment. Typically, they put in $25,000 to $50,000. With this in mind, they'll be looking at a business's potential future value and how easy it will be to get there. They will be extremely diligent in making sure you understand your target customers, the product space, how you'll make money, and how you'll scale. Make sure you're prepared with a solid business plan and early signs of traction (such as "the average user refers two additional users in their first week" or "we doubled our revenue from January to March.") Along with an angel's funding, you'll get access to their expertise and connections. They'll receive equity in exchange. 5. Solicit venture capital. Venture capital firms look for young, private companies. Like angel investors, VC firms are looking for high-risk, high-return investments. The returns they expect depend on just how mature your startup is. If they invest right before your company goes public or gets acquired, a 3X return is good. But if a VC firm invests very early, they're probably looking for a 7X to 10X return. 6. Use a credit card for a short-term cash option. It's typically not a good idea to use your credit card to pay for business expenses -- unless, of course, you can pay the balance. Sometimes, you have no choice: You need money, and fast. But sacrificing your credit score and racking up credit card debt will hurt your business in the long run (not to mention, your personal financial health). 7. Get a microloan. You can't apply for a loan in your company's first year, as lenders are unwilling to make such a high-risk investment. However, you can take advantage of the Small Business Administration's microloan program. Small businesses can receive up to $50,000; the average SBA loan is $13,000. This is a list of SBA partner microloan providers by state. Microlenders and nonprofit lenders are other options. These lenders often seek out minority or disadvantaged entrepreneurs. Their terms are usually very fair. NerdWallet's guide to the top nonprofit lenders in the US is a great resource. 8. Bootstrap it. You don't need to accept money from anyone else if you don't want to. Some companies never raise funding at all -- their founders pay for initial costs by themselves, and then, when the company becomes profitable, its revenue covers all expenses. This option allows you (and your co-founder, if you have one) to hold on to a much bigger percentage of your company. But you may grow less quickly without big infusions of cash. If you do decide to bootstrap, keep your budget as lean as possible to extend your company's lifetime. How to Incorporate Your Business. At a certain point, you need to decide whether you want to incorporate your business. As a sole proprietor, you and your company are considered to be the same entity. Once you incorporate, your business becomes separate from you. From a legal standpoint, it can buy and sell property, incur taxes, sue and be sued, set up contracts, and commit crimes. The Advantages of Incorporating. First, and most importantly, a corporation protects you from businesses debts and obligations. Creditors can typically only seek repayment from the corporation's assets, not your personal assets (like your house, car, bank account, and so on). You're also not legally liable for the corporation's actions. In contrast, as a sole proprietor, anyone who sues your business is suing you. Having a corporation lets you transfer shares. You can sell some of your ownership in a company, transfer it, or give it away. If you want to accept external investments or bring a partner on board, you need the ability to divest. Corporation status also gives you more credibility, which helps you attract investment capital. Lastly, corporations can deduct normal business expenses before they allocate income. The Disadvantages of Incorporating. It creates an additional tax burden: You need to periodically file with the state and pay yearly fees. The process can be relatively time-consuming, and hiring a lawyer can cost anywhere from a few hundred to a few thousand dollars. You don't need to incorporate -- there are a variety of business structures to choose from. But if you have a co-founder, need external funding, and would like legal protection, it's a good idea. Once you've decided to incorporate, you must choose between becoming a limited liability company (LLC) or S corporation. The SBA has a handy guide on choosing the right entity structure. Entrepreneur Help & Support. Financial Resources. As mentioned above, entrepreneurs typically grow their startups by bootstrapping (securing funding on their own), through small business loans, or by securing funding from investors. Here are some resources to check out: SBA Funding Programs - The SBA offers resources to help you find lenders, secure investment capital, win grants, and more. Incubators - A startup incubator provides resources to help grow the business in exchange for equity. Many incubators are dependent on location or industry. However, organizations such as the International Business Innovation Association and Incubator List can also help connect you with incubators. Angel Investing - An angel investor uses their own money to invest and focus on helping entrepreneurs build and grow in exchange for equity. Many angel investing ecosystems are also location dependent, but organizations such as SeedInvest and AngelList can help you pitch to accredited investors. Venture Capital - A venture capitalist does not use their own money to invest and therefore take fewer risks and have less agreeable terms, which is why you may want to avoid VC funding until you're more established in your business. The National Venture Capital Association and Gust can help you raise VC capital. Counseling & Advocacy. The financial gap is not the only obstacle to overcome in entrepreneurship; you may also encounter a knowledge gap. That's where training, counseling, and advocacy come in. SBA Learning Center - The SBA offers a learning platform "designed to empower and educate small business owners every step of the way." This includes business guides, courses, and development programs. Business Hubs - Some local governments cultivate business hubs which combine low-cost office space, networking, and other resources to support small businesses and develop the local ecosystem. These are entirely location-specific and more common in urban areas, but be sure to research if there's an initiative in your area. Trade/Professional Associations and Business Groups - Membership in a professional association may help you build trust with your customers, but it often comes with additional perks such as job boards, legal resources, training courses, and more. These are location- or industry-specific. Support Networks. As you pursue entrepreneurship, you may encounter a learning curve when it comes to certain aspects of business ownership and leadership. One thing to keep in mind is that you don't have to go through the trials and tribulations alone. That learning curve can be curbed and reduced by participating in entrepreneur networks, groups, and events where members share experiences and learn together. Your blind spot or struggle may be one that another member of the group encountered previously, and you can benefit from their knowledge. Similarly, you likely have input that could help another entrepreneur in need. Here's how you go about building your support network: Find and attend entrepreneur events - The SBA offers both online and in-person events for entrepreneurs. Simply use their search engine to find the ones that make the most sense for your situation. Join existing organizations and peer advisory boards - Organizations such as the Entrepreneurs' Organization, the Tugboat Institute, and Vistage offer membership and resources to entrepreneurs. Get a mentor or business coach - Personalized attention from a mentor or coach can help you work through issues one-on-one and help you develop as a leader. The journey to entrepreneurship is a long one, but it can be so rewarding.  Editor's note: This post was originally published in August 2019 and has been updated for comprehensiveness.   Originally published Apr 5, 2021 2:15:00 PM, updated January 03 2022 Topics: Entrepreneurship Don't forget to share this post! Related Articles. The Ultimate Guide to Entrepreneurship . Sales  | 16 min read The 23 Best Business Coaching Services of 2022 . Sales  | 10 min read 60 Small Business Ideas for Anyone Who Wants to Run Their Own Business . Sales  | 24 min read Expand Offer ctaSales Plan Template Get it now Get it now Download for Later.
                            [kwBody] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => business
                                            [tf] => 50
                                        )

                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => founder
                                            [tf] => 41
                                        )

                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => product
                                            [tf] => 30
                                        )

                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => company
                                            [tf] => 21
                                        )

                                    [4] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneur
                                            [tf] => 21
                                        )

                                    [5] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => startup
                                            [tf] => 18
                                        )

                                    [6] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => find
                                            [tf] => 15
                                        )

                                    [7] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => person
                                            [tf] => 15
                                        )

                                    [8] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => idea
                                            [tf] => 15
                                        )

                                    [9] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => funding
                                            [tf] => 12
                                        )

                                    [10] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => dont
                                            [tf] => 12
                                        )

                                    [11] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => youll
                                            [tf] => 11
                                        )

                                    [12] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => youre
                                            [tf] => 11
                                        )

                                    [13] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => money
                                            [tf] => 10
                                        )

                                    [14] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => start
                                            [tf] => 10
                                        )

                                    [15] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => resource
                                            [tf] => 10
                                        )

                                    [16] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => plan
                                            [tf] => 10
                                        )

                                    [17] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => category
                                            [tf] => 10
                                        )

                                    [18] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => small
                                            [tf] => 10
                                        )

                                    [19] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => capital
                                            [tf] => 10
                                        )

                                    [20] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => small business
                                            [tf] => 9
                                        )

                                    [21] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => offer
                                            [tf] => 9
                                        )

                                    [22] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => venture
                                            [tf] => 9
                                        )

                                    [23] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => business plan
                                            [tf] => 8
                                        )

                                    [24] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => corporation
                                            [tf] => 8
                                        )

                                    [25] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => youve
                                            [tf] => 8
                                        )

                                    [26] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => angel
                                            [tf] => 8
                                        )

                                    [27] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => sba
                                            [tf] => 8
                                        )

                                    [28] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => network
                                            [tf] => 7
                                        )

                                    [29] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => invest
                                            [tf] => 7
                                        )

                                    [30] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => investor
                                            [tf] => 7
                                        )

                                    [31] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => investment
                                            [tf] => 7
                                        )

                                    [32] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => venture capital
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [33] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => credit card
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [34] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => crowdfunding platform
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [35] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => plan template
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [36] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => day
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [37] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => incorporate business
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [38] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => startup idea
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [39] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => buyer persona
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [40] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => angel investor
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [41] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => free business plan
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [42] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => business plan template
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [43] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => free business
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [44] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => based feedback
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [45] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => product service
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [46] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => short term
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [47] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => sba offer
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [48] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => min read
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                )

                            [page_rank_decimal] => 67
                            [rank] => 293
                        )

                    [11] => stdClass Object
                        (
                            [position] => 12
                            [title] => entrepreneur | Etymology, origin and meaning of entrepreneur by etymonline
                            [url] => https://www.etymonline.com/word/entrepreneur
                            [destination] => https://www.etymonline.com › word › entrepreneur
                            [description] => ENTREPRENEUR Meaning: "manager or promoter of a theatrical production," reborrowing of French entrepreneur "one who undertakes… See definitions of entrepreneur
                            [isAmp] => 
                            [organic_position] => 12
                            [serp_type] => page
                            [isOrganicPage] => 1
                            [isOrganic] => 1
                            [serp_title] => Etymology, origin and meaning of entrepreneur by etymonline
                            [serp_description] => ENTREPRENEUR Meaning: "manager or promoter of a theatrical production," reborrowing of French entrepreneur "one who undertakes…
                            [hostname] => etymonline.com
                            [canonical] => https://www.etymonline.com/word/entrepreneur
                            [h1] => entrepreneur (n.)
                            [h2] => Array
                                (
                                )

                            [h3] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => Entries linking to entrepreneur
                                    [1] => Others are reading
                                    [2] => Share entrepreneur
                                    [3] => Dictionary entries near entrepreneur
                                )

                            [h2WithAnchors] => Array
                                (
                                )

                            [wordCount] => 400
                            [imgCount] => 1
                            [lang] => 
                            [faq_on_page] => Array
                                (
                                )

                            [anchors] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [size] => 98
                                    [outboundSize] => 8
                                    [list] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 
                                                    [href] => https://www.reddit.com/submit?url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.etymonline.com%2Fword%2Fentrepreneur&title=entrepreneur%20%7C%20Etymology%2C%20origin%20and%20meaning%20of%20entrepreneur%20by%20etymonline
                                                    [hrefDomain] => reddit.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => iOS App
                                                    [href] => https://apps.apple.com/app/apple-store/id813629612?pt=33423801&ct=etymonline_footer&mt=8
                                                    [hrefDomain] => apple.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [2] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Android App
                                                    [href] => https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.etymonline.app&referrer=utm_source%3Detymonline_webfooter
                                                    [hrefDomain] => google.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [3] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Chrome Extension
                                                    [href] => https://chrome.google.com/webstore/detail/etymonline/giehjnnlopapngdjbjjgddpaagoimmgl?utm_source=link_footer
                                                    [hrefDomain] => google.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [4] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Follow on Facebook
                                                    [href] => https://www.facebook.com/etymonline?utm_source=etymonline_footer&utm_medium=link_exchange
                                                    [hrefDomain] => facebook.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [5] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Donate with PayPal
                                                    [href] => https://www.paypal.com/cgi-bin/[email protected]&lc=US&item_name=Donation+to +Help+Keep+Etymonline+Free+and+Open&no_note=0&cn=&curency_code=USD&bn=PP-DonationsBF:btn_donateCC_LG.gif:NonHosted
                                                    [hrefDomain] => paypal.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [6] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Ye Olde Swag Shoppe
                                                    [href] => http://www.cafepress.com/etymonline?utm_source=etymonline_footer&utm_medium=link_exchange
                                                    [hrefDomain] => cafepress.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                            [7] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => Support on Patreon
                                                    [href] => https://www.patreon.com/etymonline?utm_source=etymonline.com&utm_campaign=footer_link&utm_medium=website
                                                    [hrefDomain] => patreon.com
                                                    [rel] => nofollow
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [toc] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 3
                                            [name] => Entries linking to entrepreneur. 
                                            [tag] => h3
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Others are reading. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Share entrepreneur. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Dictionary entries near entrepreneur. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [og] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [ogImage] => https://www.etymonline.com/graphics/header.jpg
                                )

                            [schema_type] => Array
                                (
                                )

                            [comment_questions] => Array
                                (
                                )

                            [body] => entrepreneur (n.)1828, "manager or promoter of a theatrical production," reborrowing of French entrepreneur "one who undertakes or manages," agent noun from Old French entreprendre "undertake" (see enterprise). The word first crossed the Channel late 15c. (Middle English entreprenour) but did not stay. Meaning "business manager" is from 1852. Related: Entrepreneurship.Entries linking to entrepreneur. enterprise (n.)early 15c., "an undertaking," formerly also enterprize, from Old French enterprise "an undertaking," noun use of fem. past participle of entreprendre "undertake, take in hand" (12c.), from entre- "between" (see entre-) + prendre "to take," contraction of prehendere "to catch hold of, seize" (from prae- "before," see pre-, + -hendere, from PIE root *ghend- "to seize, take"). Abstract sense of "adventurous disposition, readiness to undertake challenges, spirit of daring" is from late 15c.entrepreneurial (adj.)1915, from entrepreneur + -ial.*ghend- also *ghed-, Proto-Indo-European root meaning "to seize, to take."  It forms all or part of: apprehend; apprentice; apprise; beget; comprehend; comprehension; comprehensive; comprise; depredate; depredation; emprise; enterprise; entrepreneur; forget; get; guess; impresario; misprision; osprey; predatory; pregnable; prehensile; prehension; prey; prison; prize (n.2) "something taken by force;" pry (v.2) "raise by force;" reprehend; reprieve; reprisal; reprise; spree; surprise. It is the hypothetical source of/evidence for its existence is provided by: Greek khandanein "to hold, contain;" Lithuanian godėtis "be eager;" second element in Latin prehendere "to grasp, seize;" Welsh gannu "to hold, contain;" Russian za-gadka "riddle;" Old Norse geta "to obtain, reach; to be able to; to beget; to learn; to be pleased with;" Albanian gjen "to find."Others are reading. Share entrepreneur. ‘cite’Page URL:https://www.etymonline.com/word/entrepreneurHTML Link:Etymology of entrepreneur by etymonlineAPA style:Harper, D. (n.d.). Etymology of entrepreneur. Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved $(datetime), from https://www.etymonline.com/word/entrepreneurChicago style:Harper Douglas, “Etymology of entrepreneur,” Online Etymology Dictionary, accessed $(datetime), https://www.etymonline.com/word/entrepreneur.MLA style:Harper, Douglas. “Etymology of entrepreneur.” Online Etymology Dictionary, https://www.etymonline.com/word/entrepreneur. Accessed $(datetimeMla).IEEE style:D. Harper. “Etymology of entrepreneur.” Online Etymology Dictionary. https://www.etymonline.com/word/entrepreneur (accessed $(datetime)).AdvertisementAdvertisementDefinitions of entrepreneurentrepreneur (n.)someone who organizes a business venture and assumes the risk for it; Synonyms: enterpriserFrom wordnet.princeton.eduDictionary entries near entrepreneur. entreatyentreeentrenchentrenchmententrepotentrepreneurentrepreneurialentropyentrustentryentrywayABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZlinksHomepageFull List of SourcesLinksproductsiOS AppAndroid AppChrome ExtensionaboutWho Did ThisIntroduction and ExplanationFollow on FacebooksupportDonate with PayPalYe Olde Swag ShoppeSupport on PatreonTerms of Service | Privacy Policy© 2001-2022 Douglas Harper
                            [kwBody] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneur
                                            [tf] => 12
                                        )

                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => etymology
                                            [tf] => 9
                                        )

                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => etymology entrepreneur
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => enterprise
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [4] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => seize
                                            [tf] => 5
                                        )

                                    [5] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => etymology entrepreneur online
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [6] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneur online etymology
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [7] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => online etymology dictionary
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [8] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => entrepreneur online
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [9] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => online etymology
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [10] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => etymology dictionary
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [11] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => styleharper
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [12] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => undertake
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [13] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => online
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [14] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => dictionary
                                            [tf] => 4
                                        )

                                    [15] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => french
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [16] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => hold
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [17] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => dougla
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                    [18] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => accessed
                                            [tf] => 3
                                        )

                                )

                            [page_rank_decimal] => 53
                            [rank] => 12535
                        )

                    [12] => stdClass Object
                        (
                            [position] => 13
                            [title] => What is an entrepreneur? - BBC Bitesize
                            [url] => https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/articles/z6dpxyc
                            [destination] => https://www.bbc.co.uk › bitesize › articles
                            [description] => An entrepreneur is someone who starts their own company or business, seeking to make a profit or a difference in the world, or both! Entrepreneurs often take ...
                            [isAmp] => 
                            [organic_position] => 13
                            [serp_type] => page
                            [isOrganicPage] => 1
                            [isOrganic] => 1
                            [serp_title] => What is an entrepreneur? - BBC Bitesize
                            [serp_description] => An entrepreneur is someone who starts their own company or business, seeking to make a profit or a difference in the world, or both! Entrepreneurs often take ...
                        )

                    [13] => stdClass Object
                        (
                            [position] => 14
                            [title] => Entrepreneurs
                            [url] => https://www.forbes.com/entrepreneurs/
                            [destination] => https://www.forbes.com › entrepreneurs
                            [description] => Forbes is a leading source for reliable news and updated analysis on Entrepreneurs. Read the breaking Entrepreneurs coverage and top headlines on Forbes.com
                            [isAmp] => 
                            [organic_position] => 14
                            [serp_type] => page
                            [isOrganicPage] => 1
                            [isOrganic] => 1
                            [serp_title] => Entrepreneurs - Forbes
                            [serp_description] => Forbes is a leading source for reliable news and updated analysis on Entrepreneurs. Read the breaking Entrepreneurs coverage and top headlines on ...
                            [hostname] => forbes.com
                            [canonical] => https://www.forbes.com/entrepreneurs/
                            [h1] => Small BusinessEntrepreneurs
                            [h2] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => The Biggest Trends For Startups In 2022
                                    [1] => After another year of disruption and uncertainty caused by the ongoing pandemic, six business leaders offer their thoughts on the trends that are likely to emerge in 2022
                                    [2] => 5 Ways To Beat The No. 1 Venture Hurdle In 2022
                                    [3] => 3 Innovative Ways To Show Customers You Care
                                    [4] => 10 Entrepreneurs Share Tips For Running A Location Independent Business
                                    [5] => More from Entrepreneurs
                                )

                            [h3] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => Every Startup Is In The Business Of Cultural Revolutions
                                    [1] => Top CEOs Share Surprising Leadership Tips Of 2021
                                    [2] => Women-Led VC Firm TMV Raises $64 Million To Back ‘Triple Bottom-Line’ Startups Benefiting The Planet
                                    [3] => How To Approach The Customer Journey From A 10,000 Foot View
                                    [4] => Zluri Raises $10 Million To Help Firms Manage Their SaaS Estates
                                    [5] => Why Top Entrepreneurs Are Hiring Ghostwriters In 2022
                                    [6] => How This Teenager Launched A Successful Influencer Marketing Business During Lockdown
                                    [7] => 3 Reasons You Shouldn’t Neglect Your Digital Strategy
                                    [8] => 3 Ways To Improve Your Retail Shopping Experience In 2022
                                    [9] => Funding Fridays No. 1
                                )

                            [h2WithAnchors] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => The Biggest Trends For Startups In 2022
                                        )

                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => After another year of disruption and uncertainty caused by the ongoing pandemic, six business leaders offer their thoughts on the trends that are likely to emerge in 2022
                                        )

                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => 5 Ways To Beat The No. 1 Venture Hurdle In 2022
                                        )

                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => 3 Innovative Ways To Show Customers You Care
                                        )

                                    [4] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => 10 Entrepreneurs Share Tips For Running A Location Independent Business
                                        )

                                    [5] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => More from Entrepreneurs
                                        )

                                )

                            [wordCount] => 811
                            [imgCount] => 0
                            [lang] => 
                            [faq_on_page] => Array
                                (
                                )

                            [anchors] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [size] => 124
                                    [outboundSize] => 1
                                    [list] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [text] => 
                                                    [href] => https://www.twitter.com/forbesTreps
                                                    [hrefDomain] => twitter.com
                                                    [rel] => noopener noreferrer
                                                    [isOutbound] => 1
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [toc] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => The Biggest Trends For Startups In 2022. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                )

                                        )

                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => After another year of disruption and uncertainty caused by the ongoing pandemic, six business leaders offer their thoughts on the trends that are likely to emerge in 2022.
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                )

                                        )

                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => 5 Ways To Beat The No. 1 Venture Hurdle In 2022. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                )

                                        )

                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => 3 Innovative Ways To Show Customers You Care. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                )

                                        )

                                    [4] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => 10 Entrepreneurs Share Tips For Running A Location Independent Business. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                )

                                        )

                                    [5] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => More from Entrepreneurs. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Every Startup Is In The Business Of Cultural Revolutions. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Top CEOs Share Surprising Leadership Tips Of 2021. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Women-Led VC Firm TMV Raises $64 Million To Back ‘Triple Bottom-Line’ Startups Benefiting The Planet. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => How To Approach The Customer Journey From A 10,000 Foot View. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [4] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Zluri Raises $10 Million To Help Firms Manage Their SaaS Estates. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [5] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Why Top Entrepreneurs Are Hiring Ghostwriters In 2022. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [6] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => How This Teenager Launched A Successful Influencer Marketing Business During Lockdown. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [7] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 3 Reasons You Shouldn’t Neglect Your Digital Strategy. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [8] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => 3 Ways To Improve Your Retail Shopping Experience In 2022. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [9] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Funding Fridays No. 1. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [og] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [ogImage] => http://i.forbesimg.com/media/logos/channels/entrepreneurs_150x150.jpg
                                    [twitterImage] => http://i.forbesimg.com/media/logos/channels/entrepreneurs_150x150.jpg
                                )

                            [schema_type] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => WebPage
                                )

                            [comment_questions] => Array
                                (
                                )

                            [body] => Small BusinessEntrepreneursEditors’ PicksLatestTop CEOs Share Surprising Leadership Tips Of 2021BySteven BertoniForbes StaffWomen-Led VC Firm TMV Raises $64 Million To Back ‘Triple Bottom-Line’ Startups Benefiting The PlanetByAlex KonradForbes StaffThe Pursuit: New Year’s Resolutions, Tax-Season Prep And More For Small Business OwnersBySamantha ToddForbes StaffEntrata Chairman David Bateman Resigns Hours After Sending Anti-Semitic Vaccine Conspiracy EmailByAlex KonradForbes StaffWhy Retool’s CEO Took A ‘Risky’ Fundraising Approach On The Way To A $1.9 Billion ValuationByAlex KonradForbes StaffThe Best Small Business Stories Of 2021BySamantha ToddForbes StaffFounding Family Of Footwear Giant Belle Takes A Big Step Into Hong Kong’s Startup SceneByJohn KangForbes StaffBaby Food Startup Yumi Notches $67 Million In Funding From Jazz Ventures Partners And Anne Wojcicki, Among OthersByManeet AhujaForbes StaffAmazon And UPS Are Betting This Electric Aircraft Startup Will Change ShippingByJeremy BogaiskyForbes StaffThe Next 1000: Meet The Stars Of Our Final InstallmentByManeet AhujaForbes StaffHow This Women’s Health Company Overcame Supply Chain Issues And Grew During The PandemicByElana Lyn GrossContributorWhy One Black Female Founder Says The Pandemic Propelled Her BusinessByJair HilburnForbes StaffThis Ecommerce Entrepreneur Opened A Brick-And-Mortar Shop To Solve A ProblemByGraison DangorForbes StaffMeet The Israeli VC Still Bullish On WeWork, Lemonade And The Old TestamentByAlex KonradForbes StaffThis Low-Profile London VC Is Winning Big By Betting On Germany's Startup SceneByIain MartinForbes StaffEvery Startup Is In The Business Of Cultural RevolutionsByAbdo RianiSenior ContributorTop CEOs Share Surprising Leadership Tips Of 2021BySteven BertoniForbes StaffWomen-Led VC Firm TMV Raises $64 Million To Back ‘Triple Bottom-Line’ Startups Benefiting The PlanetByAlex KonradForbes StaffHow To Approach The Customer Journey From A 10,000 Foot ViewBySerenity GibbonsContributorZluri Raises $10 Million To Help Firms Manage Their SaaS EstatesByDavid ProsserContributorWhy Top Entrepreneurs Are Hiring Ghostwriters In 2022ByJodie CookContributorHow This Teenager Launched A Successful Influencer Marketing Business During LockdownByAlison ColemanSenior Contributor3 Reasons You Shouldn’t Neglect Your Digital StrategyByJohn HallSenior Contributor3 Ways To Improve Your Retail Shopping Experience In 2022ByRhett PowerContributorFunding Fridays No. 1ByKyle WestawayContributorFEATUREDThe Biggest Trends For Startups In 2022. ByAlison ColemanSenior ContributorAfter another year of disruption and uncertainty caused by the ongoing pandemic, six business leaders offer their thoughts on the trends that are likely to emerge in 2022.5 Ways To Beat The No. 1 Venture Hurdle In 2022. ByDileep RaoContributor3 Innovative Ways To Show Customers You Care. ByRhett PowerContributor10 Entrepreneurs Share Tips For Running A Location Independent Business. ByAllBusinessContributorFORBES SOCIAL MEDIAFollow Forbes EntrepreneursMore from Entrepreneurs. 20 minutes agoEvery Startup Is In The Business Of Cultural Revolutions. As a startup, influencing the values and behavior of people outside of your organization is equally if not more important than influencing the people inside your business.ByAbdo RianiSenior Contributor12 hours agoTop CEOs Share Surprising Leadership Tips Of 2021. Bosses of Spotify, Airbnb, Rent The Runway, Vimeo and Etsy share practical lessons for launching—and growing—any company in 2022 and beyond. BySteven BertoniForbes Staff13 hours agoWomen-Led VC Firm TMV Raises $64 Million To Back ‘Triple Bottom-Line’ Startups Benefiting The Planet. Soraya Darabi and Marina Hadjipateras are looking to write $1 million-plus checks into early-stage startups in health and pet care, sustainable solutions, the future of work, financial inclusion and mobility from New York-based venture capital firm TMV.ByAlex KonradForbes Staff16 hours agoHow To Approach The Customer Journey From A 10,000 Foot View. The customer journey is an essential part of business success. Here are four factors to keep in mind when mapping your customer journey.BySerenity GibbonsContributorJan 10, 2022Zluri Raises $10 Million To Help Firms Manage Their SaaS Estates. Businesses embracing the advantages of software-as-a-service tools are losing track of what they have bought, Zluri warnsByDavid ProsserContributorJan 10, 2022Why Top Entrepreneurs Are Hiring Ghostwriters In 2022. Consistently writing high quality content is essential for entrepreneurs who want to make their mark in a big way, but it can be extremely time consuming. So how do you write and produce high-quality content, regularly, and achieve more with the same 24 hours? ByJodie CookContributorJan 9, 2022How This Teenager Launched A Successful Influencer Marketing Business During Lockdown. Having played and watched hockey all his life, Toronto-based teenager Christian Di Bratto knew a lot about the exclusivity deals that NHL players had with the various equipment suppliers. During the pandemic he explored the market for himself and launched his own brokering agency Koala Digital.ByAlison ColemanSenior ContributorJan 9, 20223 Reasons You Shouldn’t Neglect Your Digital Strategy. Digital marketing helped businesses ride out the worst of the pandemic. It’s neither going away nor standing still, so give it the attention it needs.ByJohn HallSenior ContributorJan 9, 20223 Ways To Improve Your Retail Shopping Experience In 2022. For retailers that want to improve shoppers’ customer experience as their expectations continue to shift, here are three great improvements to make in the new year.ByRhett PowerContributorJan 7, 2022Funding Fridays No. 1. Welcome to the first issue of Funding Fridays - a two-minute Friday morning briefing on startup funding.ByKyle WestawayContributorMore Articles
                            [kwBody] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => startup
                                            [tf] => 14
                                        )

                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => business
                                            [tf] => 11
                                        )

                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => million
                                            [tf] => 10
                                        )

                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [term] => friday
                                            [tf] => 6
                                        )

                                    [4] => stdClass Object
                                        (