Copywriteroffice

Serp data

Request Result

The request result help you to show your API requests results.

stdClass Object
(
    [data] => stdClass Object
        (
            [query] => accounting
            [search_url] => https://www.google.co.uk/search?q=accounting&oq=accounting&num=30&hl=en&gl=GB&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8
            [device] => desktop
            [hl] => en
            [gl] => GB
            [search_engine] => google.co.uk
            [number_of_results] => 3710000000
            [related_searches] => Array
                (
                    [0] => stdClass Object
                        (
                            [title] => accounting salary
                            [url] => https://www.google.co.uk/search?num=30&hl=en&gl=GB&q=Accounting+salary&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiLz9L9xav1AhWMnRQKHe9sAWMQ1QJ6BAhbEAE
                        )

                    [1] => stdClass Object
                        (
                            [title] => accounting jobs
                            [url] => https://www.google.co.uk/search?num=30&hl=en&gl=GB&q=Accounting+jobs&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiLz9L9xav1AhWMnRQKHe9sAWMQ1QJ6BAhXEAE
                        )

                    [2] => stdClass Object
                        (
                            [title] => accounting course
                            [url] => https://www.google.co.uk/search?num=30&hl=en&gl=GB&q=Accounting+course&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiLz9L9xav1AhWMnRQKHe9sAWMQ1QJ6BAhVEAE
                        )

                    [3] => stdClass Object
                        (
                            [title] => accounting principles
                            [url] => https://www.google.co.uk/search?num=30&hl=en&gl=GB&q=Accounting+principles&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiLz9L9xav1AhWMnRQKHe9sAWMQ1QJ6BAhTEAE
                        )

                    [4] => stdClass Object
                        (
                            [title] => types of accounting
                            [url] => https://www.google.co.uk/search?num=30&hl=en&gl=GB&q=Types+of+accounting&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiLz9L9xav1AhWMnRQKHe9sAWMQ1QJ6BAhSEAE
                        )

                    [5] => stdClass Object
                        (
                            [title] => accounting process
                            [url] => https://www.google.co.uk/search?num=30&hl=en&gl=GB&q=Accounting+process&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiLz9L9xav1AhWMnRQKHe9sAWMQ1QJ6BAhNEAE
                        )

                    [6] => stdClass Object
                        (
                            [title] => accounting degree
                            [url] => https://www.google.co.uk/search?num=30&hl=en&gl=GB&q=Accounting+degree&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiLz9L9xav1AhWMnRQKHe9sAWMQ1QJ6BAhMEAE
                        )

                )

            [result] => Array
                (
                    [0] => stdClass Object
                        (
                            [paidPosition] => top
                            [title] => Accounting Software for Small Businesses | QuickBooks UK
                            [trackingUrl] => https://www.google.co.uk/aclk?sa=l&ai=DChcSEwjypNv9xav1AhUgGgYAHdyqCh4YABAAGgJ3cw&sig=AOD64_3ITdJK4AnhRN19yI9i8QseIcaZLg&q&adurl
                            [destinationUrl] => https://quickbooks.intuit.com/uk/accounting-software/
                            [breadcrumbs] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [url] => https://www.google.co.uk/aclk?sa=l&ai=DChcSEwjypNv9xav1AhUgGgYAHdyqCh4YABACGgJ3cw&sig=AOD64_140Afm6vBcqcqEyQQQrMz9S1PViA&q=&ved=2ahUKEwiLz9L9xav1AhWMnRQKHe9sAWMQqyQoAHoECAsQCw&adurl=
                                            [title] => HMRC Self-Assessment
                                            [text] => Self Assessment Made EasyWith Our Tax Return Software
                                        )

                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [url] => https://www.google.co.uk/aclk?sa=l&ai=DChcSEwjypNv9xav1AhUgGgYAHdyqCh4YABAEGgJ3cw&sig=AOD64_00uQ_B-_tUgJ-mD2Don5264MsPOQ&q=&ved=2ahUKEwiLz9L9xav1AhWMnRQKHe9sAWMQqyQoAXoECAsQDA&adurl=
                                            [title] => Are You Self Employed?
                                            [text] => Help Prepare Self-AssessmentThe Fast & Easy Way
                                        )

                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [url] => https://www.google.co.uk/aclk?sa=l&ai=DChcSEwjypNv9xav1AhUgGgYAHdyqCh4YABADGgJ3cw&sig=AOD64_3Tx_uDJUi46ijRbe-h1kH30k6nMg&q=&ved=2ahUKEwiLz9L9xav1AhWMnRQKHe9sAWMQqyQoAnoECAsQDQ&adurl=
                                            [title] => See Plans & Pricing
                                            [text] => Whatever Your Business NeedsThere's A Plan To Suit
                                        )

                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [url] => https://www.google.co.uk/aclk?sa=l&ai=DChcSEwjypNv9xav1AhUgGgYAHdyqCh4YABAFGgJ3cw&sig=AOD64_1P7ocmrGXXGZ7bbgdJJ0qhjdLm3g&q=&ved=2ahUKEwiLz9L9xav1AhWMnRQKHe9sAWMQqyQoA3oECAsQDg&adurl=
                                            [title] => All-In-One Accounting
                                            [text] => Focus On Your BusinessWe'll Crunch The Numbers
                                        )

                                )

                            [description] => Online accounting software for small businesses. Use QuickBooks for all your bookkeeping needs: invoicing, VAT, payroll. No contracts, cancel anytime
                            [position] => 1
                            [serp_type] => paid
                            [isOrganicPage] => 
                            [isOrganic] => 
                            [serp_title] => QuickBooks™ Official Website - Save 50% For 4 Months
                            [url] => https://quickbooks.intuit.com/uk/accounting-software/
                            [serp_description] => Save 8 Hours A Month Managing Your Finances. 50% Off For 4 Months. Check Out Our Pricing.
                            [hostname] => quickbooks.intuit.com
                            [canonical] => https://quickbooks.intuit.com/uk/accounting-software/
                            [h1] => Powerful accounting software for small businesses
                            [h2] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => Your privacy
                                    [1] => Smart accounting software - no contracts, cancel anytime
                                    [2] => Brilliant bookkeeping software that fuels 4.5 million businesses around the world
                                    [3] => Get a snapshot of your business
                                    [4] => Get paid faster
                                    [5] => Expenses meet their match
                                    [6] => Not just an app. Discover all our accounting software features
                                    [7] => VAT made as simple as ABC
                                    [8] => Payroll that pays off
                                    [9] => Get paid in the fast lane
                                    [10] => Work with your accountant
                                    [11] => Free award-winning support
                                    [12] => Easy time tracking from QuickBooks Time
                                    [13] => Frequently asked questions
                                )

                            [h3] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => Your transactions in one place
                                    [1] => See the big picture
                                    [2] => Send professional invoices from anywhere
                                    [3] => Manage your business on the go
                                    [4] => Do I need accounting software for my small business?
                                    [5] => I currently use Excel, how can I migrate my data?
                                    [6] => How do I make sure my data is secure?
                                    [7] => What are the benefits of working in the cloud?
                                    [8] => I currently use other accounting software, how can I migrate my data?
                                    [9] => Can my accountant see my accounts?
                                    [10] => What is the easiest accounting software?
                                    [11] => Is accounting software tax deductible?
                                    [12] => What is accounting software?
                                    [13] => Why is accounting software important?
                                    [14] => How does accounting software work?
                                    [15] => How do I choose the right accounting software for my business?
                                    [16] => What is cloud-based accounting software?
                                    [17] => Can software replace accountants?
                                    [18] => How can we help?
                                )

                            [h2WithAnchors] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Your privacy
                                        )

                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Smart accounting software - no contracts, cancel anytime
                                        )

                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Brilliant bookkeeping software that fuels 4.5 million businesses around the world
                                        )

                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Get a snapshot of your business
                                        )

                                    [4] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Get paid faster
                                        )

                                    [5] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Expenses meet their match
                                        )

                                    [6] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Not just an app. Discover all our accounting software features
                                        )

                                    [7] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => VAT made as simple as ABC
                                        )

                                    [8] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Payroll that pays off
                                        )

                                    [9] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Get paid in the fast lane
                                        )

                                    [10] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Work with your accountant
                                        )

                                    [11] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Free award-winning support
                                        )

                                    [12] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Easy time tracking from QuickBooks Time
                                        )

                                    [13] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [text] => Frequently asked questions
                                        )

                                )

                            [wordCount] => 2225
                            [imgCount] => 15
                            [lang] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [langLinks] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-ae
                                                    [url] => https://quickbooks.intuit.com/ae/accounting-software/
                                                )

                                            [1] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-ph
                                                    [url] => https://quickbooks.intuit.com/ph/accounting-software/
                                                )

                                            [2] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-za
                                                    [url] => https://quickbooks.intuit.com/za/accounting-software/
                                                )

                                            [3] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => es-mx
                                                    [url] => https://quickbooks.intuit.com/mx/como-funciona/
                                                )

                                            [4] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-us
                                                    [url] => https://quickbooks.intuit.com/accounting/
                                                )

                                            [5] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-gb
                                                    [url] => https://quickbooks.intuit.com/uk/accounting-software/
                                                )

                                            [6] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-au
                                                    [url] => https://quickbooks.intuit.com/au/accounting-software/
                                                )

                                            [7] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-ca
                                                    [url] => https://quickbooks.intuit.com/ca/accounting-software/
                                                )

                                            [8] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => fr-fr
                                                    [url] => https://quickbooks.intuit.com/fr/logiciel-comptabilite-en-ligne/
                                                )

                                            [9] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => pt-br
                                                    [url] => https://quickbooks.intuit.com/br/controle-financeiro/
                                                )

                                            [10] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-hk
                                                    [url] => https://quickbooks.intuit.com/hk/accounting-software/
                                                )

                                            [11] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [lang] => en-my
                                                    [url] => https://quickbooks.intuit.com/my/accounting-software/
                                                )

                                        )

                                    [size] => 12
                                    [string] => en-ae / en-ph / en-za / es-mx / en-us / en-gb / en-au / en-ca / fr-fr / pt-br / en-hk / en-my
                                )

                            [faq_on_page] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [index] => 0
                                            [question] => Do I need accounting software for my small business?
                                            [answer] => From April 2022, all VAT-registered businesses in the UK will need to use Making Tax Digital software to keep digital records and submit their VAT returns to HMRC. Eventually, Making Tax Digital rules will roll out across all types of taxes. If you're a sole trader or self-employed, now’s the time to get ahead with QuickBooks. Our HMRC-recognised accounting software can help keep your accounts accurate and organised, saving you around 8 hours a month managing your accounts. It can also help you forecast your cash flow so you know where your business stands.
                                        )

                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [index] => 1
                                            [question] => I currently use Excel, how can I migrate my data?
                                            [answer] => You can migrate your Excel data easily into QuickBooks. Our experts are here to help with the switch - every step of the way. Find outhow to switch from Excel.
                                        )

                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [index] => 2
                                            [question] => How do I make sure my data is secure?
                                            [answer] => With QuickBooks Online, all data that’s transferred online is protected with 256-bit SSL encryption. On top of that, your data is automatically backed up at all times.
                                        )

                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [index] => 3
                                            [question] => What are the benefits of working in the cloud?
                                            [answer] => Cloud-based accounting allows you to take care of business easily, anywhere and anytime. With QuickBooks Online, your data is always safe, accessible and synced across all your devices in real time. Regular updates happen in real-time for a seamless experience - check out the latest and upcoming innovations here.
                                        )

                                    [4] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [index] => 4
                                            [question] => I currently use other accounting software, how can I migrate my data?
                                            [answer] => You can migrate your data easily from your current accounting software into QuickBooks. Our experts are here to help with the switch - every step of the way. Find out how to switch from Sage or switch from Xero.
                                        )

                                    [5] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [index] => 5
                                            [question] => Can my accountant see my accounts?
                                            [answer] => Yes, you can invite your accountant or bookkeeper to collaborate on your accounts. This means they will have instant access to your data. Say goodbye to sending spreadsheets and emails - you can schedule your reports to be sent to your accountant by email automatically each month.
                                        )

                                    [6] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [index] => 6
                                            [question] => What is the easiest accounting software?
                                            [answer] => We may be biased, but you can save around 8 hours a month on managing your accounts when you use QuickBooks Online. Whether you’re a small business or a bigger business, our powerful all-in-one accounting software can help you manage your finances on the go.
                                        )

                                    [7] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [index] => 7
                                            [question] => Is accounting software tax deductible?
                                            [answer] => Yes, any professional software that you need to run your business, like online accounting software, is tax deductible.
                                        )

                                    [8] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [index] => 8
                                            [question] => What is accounting software?
                                            [answer] => Accounting software is a type of application software that helps businesses manage, record and report on their finances, often with the help of an accountant.
                                        )

                                    [9] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [index] => 9
                                            [question] => Why is accounting software important?
                                            [answer] => Accounting software is important because it helps accountants and businesses to keep track of their financial performance. Eventually, all UK businesses will need to use HMRC-recognised accounting software to stay compliant with government regulations. This is part of HMRC’s mission to make tax administration digital. The government’s first step is Making Tax Digital for VAT. This means that, from April 2022, all VAT-registered businesses in the UK will need to use Making Tax Digital software to keep digital records of their finances and make VAT submissions to HMRC.
                                        )

                                    [10] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [index] => 10
                                            [question] => How does accounting software work?
                                            [answer] => Accounting software records all your business’s financial transactions and stores them in a desktop or cloud-based software that is easy to access when you need to have an overview of your financial performance.
                                        )

                                    [11] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [index] => 11
                                            [question] => How do I choose the right accounting software for my business?
                                            [answer] => Different companies have different needs, but all businesses need an overview of their finances. QuickBooks’ all-in-one accounting software has helpful features for businesses of any size, but here are a few things to consider.Online is the most flexible option. You can pay monthly subscriptions which takes less toll on your cash flow and the software automatically updates.If you’re looking to save time, working in the cloud means you can send invoices, track receipts and get an overview of your finances from anywhere in the world and on any device.The government will be rolling out Making Tax Digital rules across all types of tax over the coming years. Make sure your accounting software is MTD-ready.You can find more tips for choosing an accounting software on the QuickBooks blog.
                                        )

                                    [12] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [index] => 12
                                            [question] => What is cloud-based accounting software?
                                            [answer] => Cloud based accounting software allows you to store all of your business’s financial data on a cloud server which allows you to access your accounts from anywhere and see your transactions in real time.
                                        )

                                    [13] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [index] => 13
                                            [question] => Can software replace accountants?
                                            [answer] => QuickBooks is not here to replace accountants; instead we are here to make their lives a lot easier. Our cloud-based accounting software allows your accountant to have a real-time overview of your business’s finances from anywhere in the world, on any device. QuickBooks can help you move from data input to business advisors, helping your business grow and thrive.
                                        )

                                )

                            [anchors] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [size] => 26
                                    [outboundSize] => 0
                                    [list] => Array
                                        (
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                                )

                            [toc] => Array
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                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => Your privacy. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                )

                                        )

                                    [1] => stdClass Object
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                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => Smart accounting software - no contracts, cancel anytime. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                )

                                        )

                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => Brilliant bookkeeping software that fuels 4.5 million businesses around the world. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                )

                                        )

                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                        (
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                                            [name] => Get a snapshot of your business. 
                                            [tag] => h2
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                                                )

                                        )

                                    [4] => stdClass Object
                                        (
                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => Get paid faster. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
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                                        )

                                    [5] => stdClass Object
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                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => Expenses meet their match. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                )

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                                            [level] => 2
                                            [name] => Not just an app. Discover all our accounting software features. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                )

                                        )

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                                            [name] => VAT made as simple as ABC. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
                                                (
                                                )

                                        )

                                    [8] => stdClass Object
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                                            [name] => Payroll that pays off. 
                                            [tag] => h2
                                            [children] => Array
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                                                )

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                                            [name] => Get paid in the fast lane. 
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                                                )

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                                            [name] => Work with your accountant. 
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                                        )

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                                            [name] => Free award-winning support. 
                                            [tag] => h2
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                                    [12] => stdClass Object
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                                            [name] => Easy time tracking from QuickBooks Time. 
                                            [tag] => h2
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                                                (
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                                                            [name] => Your transactions in one place. 
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [1] => stdClass Object
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                                                            [name] => See the big picture. 
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                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [2] => stdClass Object
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                                                            [name] => Send professional invoices from anywhere. 
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                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

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                                                            [name] => Manage your business on the go. 
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                                                            [name] => Do I need accounting software for my small business?
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                                                    [1] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
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                                                            [name] => I currently use Excel, how can I migrate my data?
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [2] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
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                                                            [name] => How do I make sure my data is secure?
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
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                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [3] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => What are the benefits of working in the cloud?
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                                                                )

                                                        )

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                                                            [name] => I currently use other accounting software, how can I migrate my data?
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

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                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Can my accountant see my accounts?
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

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                                                        (
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                                                            [name] => What is the easiest accounting software?
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
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                                                        )

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                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Is accounting software tax deductible?
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
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                                                            [name] => What is accounting software?
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                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
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                                                        )

                                                    [9] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => Why is accounting software important?
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [10] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
                                                            [level] => 3
                                                            [name] => How does accounting software work?
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [11] => stdClass Object
                                                        (
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                                                            [name] => How do I choose the right accounting software for my business?
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
                                                                (
                                                                )

                                                        )

                                                    [12] => stdClass Object
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                                                            [name] => What is cloud-based accounting software?
                                                            [tag] => h3
                                                            [children] => Array
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                            [body] => Powerful accounting software for small businessesSave around 8 hours a month managing your accounts with QuickBooks’ all-in-one online accounting software. Whether you’re a small business owner or self-employed, QuickBooks makes it easy to manage your business finances from anywhere.See plans & pricingMaking Tax Digital readyHMRC recognisedBrilliant bookkeeping software that fuels 4.5 million businesses around the world. Save around 8 hours a month on your accounts when you use QuickBooks Online. Using a laptop or smartphone, snap your receipts, create invoices, track your mileage and more, on the go.Get a snapshot of your business. Take control of cash flow and see all of your bank and credit card transactions in one place. Look 90 days ahead with our cash flow forecaster and access dashboards and reports that help you manage your finances.Get paid faster. Track your invoices on the go and keep cash flowing for easy payment. Create and send invoices on the spot, from your laptop, smartphone or tablet. No delays and no piles of paperwork building up.Learn More"We use the QuickBooks app when we're visiting customers. We can now send a quote or invoice on the spot."Amanda - Barking MadExpenses meet their match. Staying on top of your income and expenses is easy with QuickBooks. Upload receipts anywhere from your mobile or desktop. Then with a few taps, sort them into tax friendly categories - or just tell QuickBooks how to do it for you.Learn More"Linked my bank and allocated 90 transactions within 5 minutes. Game changer!"App Store reviewNot just an app. Discover all our accounting software features. Manage VATRun payrollAccept paymentsConnect an accountantFree supportEasy time trackingVAT made as simple as ABC. Prepare and submit your VAT in line with HMRC’s Making Tax Digital rules and be reminded of when it’s due. Our VAT error checking feature even checks your VAT return for mistakes.Find out moreSee pricing table for feature availability.Payroll that pays off. Save time and money creating employee payslips, sending RTI data to HMRC and managing auto enrolment. Stay on top of PAYE, NI and other deductions with ease.Find out moreSee pricing table for feature availability. Standard Payroll £4/ month + £1 per paid employee per month, Advanced Payroll £8/ month + £1 per paid employee per month (first one month usage free1).Get paid in the fast lane. Accept card payments with PayPal straight from your customer invoices. Your customers don't need a PayPal account and debit and credit cards are also accepted.PayPal are offering a new, exclusive rate to QuickBooks users. Plus, with PayPal there are no set up, monthly or cancellations fees. You only pay when you get paid.Find out moreSee pricing table for feature availability.Work with your accountant. Invite an accountant or bookkeeper to collaborate on your accounts in QuickBooks. With instant and secure access to your data, kiss goodbye to posting paperwork and sending emails.Find out moreSee pricing table for feature availability.Free award-winning support. Contact our award-winning team of UK-based experts for live chat, screen sharing and phone support – all free of charge.Easy time tracking from QuickBooks Time. Understand the cost of every job. QuickBooks Time gives you visibility of your team in any location, from any location. Save time, stay in control and make your business run smoothly.Find out moreYour transactions in one place. Connect your bank accounts to access instant, accurate data from seamless bank connections. There’s no need to juggle different financial apps — everything you need is in QuickBooks.See the big picture. See a real-time view of where your business stands so you can make smart business decisions. Get up-to-date financial statements, including balance sheet, profit & loss and cash flow statements.Send professional invoices from anywhere. Create and send invoices on the spot, from your laptop, smartphone or tablet. No delays and no piles of paperwork building up.Manage your business on the go. Ending your day with a mountain of paperwork? Use our top-rated mobile app to send invoices, create expenses and track payments anytime, anywhere.Frequently asked questions. Do I need accounting software for my small business?From April 2022, all VAT-registered businesses in the UK will need to use Making Tax Digital software to keep digital records and submit their VAT returns to HMRC. Eventually, Making Tax Digital rules will roll out across all types of taxes. If you're a sole trader or self-employed, now’s the time to get ahead with QuickBooks. Our HMRC-recognised accounting software can help keep your accounts accurate and organised, saving you around 8 hours a month managing your accounts. It can also help you forecast your cash flow so you know where your business stands.I currently use Excel, how can I migrate my data?You can migrate your Excel data easily into QuickBooks. Our experts are here to help with the switch - every step of the way. Find outhow to switch from Excel.How do I make sure my data is secure?With QuickBooks Online, all data that’s transferred online is protected with 256-bit SSL encryption. On top of that, your data is automatically backed up at all times.What are the benefits of working in the cloud?Cloud-based accounting allows you to take care of business easily, anywhere and anytime. With QuickBooks Online, your data is always safe, accessible and synced across all your devices in real time. Regular updates happen in real-time for a seamless experience - check out the latest and upcoming innovations here.I currently use other accounting software, how can I migrate my data?You can migrate your data easily from your current accounting software into QuickBooks. Our experts are here to help with the switch - every step of the way. Find out how to switch from Sage or switch from Xero.Can my accountant see my accounts?Yes, you can invite your accountant or bookkeeper to collaborate on your accounts. This means they will have instant access to your data. Say goodbye to sending spreadsheets and emails - you can schedule your reports to be sent to your accountant by email automatically each month.What is the easiest accounting software?We may be biased, but you can save around 8 hours a month on managing your accounts when you use QuickBooks Online. Whether you’re a small business or a bigger business, our powerful all-in-one accounting software can help you manage your finances on the go.Is accounting software tax deductible?Yes, any professional software that you need to run your business, like online accounting software, is tax deductible.What is accounting software?Accounting software is a type of application software that helps businesses manage, record and report on their finances, often with the help of an accountant.Why is accounting software important?Accounting software is important because it helps accountants and businesses to keep track of their financial performance. Eventually, all UK businesses will need to use HMRC-recognised accounting software to stay compliant with government regulations. This is part of HMRC’s mission to make tax administration digital. The government’s first step is Making Tax Digital for VAT. This means that, from April 2022, all VAT-registered businesses in the UK will need to use Making Tax Digital software to keep digital records of their finances and make VAT submissions to HMRC.How does accounting software work?Accounting software records all your business’s financial transactions and stores them in a desktop or cloud-based software that is easy to access when you need to have an overview of your financial performance.How do I choose the right accounting software for my business?Different companies have different needs, but all businesses need an overview of their finances. QuickBooks’ all-in-one accounting software has helpful features for businesses of any size, but here are a few things to consider.Online is the most flexible option. You can pay monthly subscriptions which takes less toll on your cash flow and the software automatically updates.If you’re looking to save time, working in the cloud means you can send invoices, track receipts and get an overview of your finances from anywhere in the world and on any device.The government will be rolling out Making Tax Digital rules across all types of tax over the coming years. Make sure your accounting software is MTD-ready.You can find more tips for choosing an accounting software on the QuickBooks blog.What is cloud-based accounting software?Cloud based accounting software allows you to store all of your business’s financial data on a cloud server which allows you to access your accounts from anywhere and see your transactions in real time.Can software replace accountants?QuickBooks is not here to replace accountants; instead we are here to make their lives a lot easier. Our cloud-based accounting software allows your accountant to have a real-time overview of your business’s finances from anywhere in the world, on any device. QuickBooks can help you move from data input to business advisors, helping your business grow and thrive.*Click here for important offers, pricing details and disclaimersIf you select the Free Trial option the first months subscription to QuickBooks, starting from the date of enrolment, is free. To continue using QuickBooks after your one month trial, you'll be asked to present a valid credit card for authorisation, and you'll be charged the then current fee for the service(s) you've selected. All prices shown exclude VAT. Offer(s) are valid for new QuickBooks customers only. Offer cannot be combined with any other QuickBooks Online offers. Terms, conditions, features, pricing, service and support are subject to change without notice.QuickBooks Making Tax Digital for VAT software is available to all QuickBooks Simple Start, Essential and Plus subscribers. Use of QuickBooks MTD for VAT software and bridging software must be aligned with HMRC's eligibility requirements and includes additional set up between the small business and HMRC.QuickBooks MTD software currently supports Standard, Cash and Flat Rate schemes. QuickBooks Bridging Software supports Standard and Cash schemes. Businesses whose home currency is not GBP are currently not supported.Receive a 50% discount off the current monthly price for QuickBooks Online Simple Start or 50% discount off the current monthly price for QuickBooks Online Essentials or 50% discount off the current monthly price for QuickBooks Online Plus for the first 4 months of service, starting from date of enrolment, followed by the then current monthly price. Your account will automatically be charged on a monthly basis until you cancel. You must select the Buy Now option and will not receive a one month trial. Offer valid for new QuickBooks Online customers only. No limit on the number of subscriptions ordered. You can cancel at any time by calling 0808 168 9533. Discount cannot be combined with any other QuickBooks Online offers. Terms, conditions, features, pricing, service and support are subject to change without notice. All prices shown exclude VAT.Receive a 50% discount off the current monthly subscription price for the first 4 months of service starting from the date you subscribe for the service. In order to obtain the discount you need to select the Buy Now option and will not receive the free one month trial offer. After the first 4 months, your account will be charged on a monthly basis at the then current price until you cancel. The above discount offer is available only to new QuickBooks Self-Employed customers and cannot be combined with any other QuickBooks Online offers.QuickBooks Advanced Payroll allows you to automatically submit information to the following pension providers: NEST, The Peoples Pension, Smart Pensions, Aviva and NOW:PensionsMileage tracking is available on QuickBooks Self-Employed and QuickBooks Online on iOS and Android only.These terms apply to QuickBooks UK customers only. Bulk-pricing discount offer is valid only if you are signing up for more than one QuickBooks Online subscription with each order. View terms and conditions for multiple accounts pricing. To inquire further about the bulk-pricing discount offer, please call 0808 168 4246.*QuickBooks UK have temporarily changed our support hours due to the mandated travel and office restrictions. Please see temporary customer support opening times:QuickBooks Online Phone – Monday to Friday 8am to 7pm.QuickBooks Online Live Messaging – Monday to Friday 8am to 12am, Saturday and Sunday 8am to 8pm.QuickBooks Self Employed Live Messaging – Monday to Friday 7am to 10pm, Saturday and Sunday 8am to 8pm.'Save around 8 hours a month' based on respondents new to QuickBooks; Intuit survey June 2016.How can we help?Talk to sales: 0808 168 9533. 9.00am - 5.30pm Monday - Thursday9.00am - 4.30pm FridayRequest a call backGet product support. Visit support page
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                            [body] => Easy-To-Use Double-Entry Accounting Tools Ensure accuracy, prove compliance, prepare easy to understand financial reports, make smart choices for your business and easily work with your accountant. TRY IT FREE No credit card required. Cancel anytime. Excellent (Based on 3,457 GetApp reviews) Ensure Compliance With Accurate Reporting. FreshBooks Double-Entry Accounting identifies revenue items and their relatedexpenses, giving you an accurate calculation of profits and losses. Automatic checks and balances ensure debit and credit amounts are equal, whichgreatly reduces the chance of errors year-round and when you file taxes. Balance Sheet . General Ledger . VAT Return Report . Accountant Access . Trial Balance . Accounts Payable . Chart of Accounts . Journal Entries . Make Confident Business Decisions with Ease. FreshBooks Double-Entry Accounting tools help you make choices based on actual business data and insights. Set aside enough for tax time, understand the costs of running your business, find out if you have money to hire and confidently forecast your earnings. TRY IT FREE Everything Your Accountant Needs… And More. Invite your accountant to your FreshBooks account with just a few clicks. Your accountant will get exclusive access to the financial information and reporting they need to support your business, whenever they need it. Whether it’s tax time or you need to make financial decisions, working with your accountant is easy. TRY IT FREE Tears of Joy for Automated Bank Reconciliation. Did you receive an invoice payment? Purchase a coffee at the airport? Whatever it was, let FreshBooks Bank Reconciliation assist you to make organising your transactions a breeze. Financial transactions are imported and categorised Easily approve automated matching suggestions, or make changes and additions Equity, transfers and refunds are easily marked and categorised Create a summary report and export it to Excel Overall, FreshBooks is the partner you’ve always wanted to help out with Bank Rec. TRY IT FREE Accounts Payable. Do you pay for an internet bill every month? Or pay rent for office space? Upload a picture of the bill and automatically capture the data within Accounts Payable. Plus, run reports like Profit & Loss and Cash Flow Statement to know exactly where you stand at tax time and beyond with every vendor. TRY IT FREE Track Every Type of Transaction with Credits. Have you ever needed to refund a client for a sale? Or wanted to reward a loyal customer with a discount? The Credits feature on FreshBooks allows you to track prepayments, overpayments and credits notes, that you can easily apply to future invoices. Plus, keep track of all Credits for specific clients, so you know exactly where you stand. TRY IT FREE Supporting Your Growing Business. Whether you are a success all on your own or have a vibrant office full of employees, the FreshBooks Customer Support Team is here to help. Get a hand navigating through reports and information in just 2 rings. FreshBooks ensures you have all the information and tools you need to understand and grow your business. Contact us today E: [email protected] Frequently Asked Questions . Can I generate a year-end business report in FreshBooks? The Reports on your dashboard will give you easy access to all of the business reports available in FreshBooks. Can FreshBooks generate financial reports? FreshBooks is 100% MTD compliant and helps you get all the information you need for HMRC tax time. You can generate and file your VAT returns to HMRC directly from FreshBooks with just a few clicks. Can FreshBooks generate accounting reports for Tax-time? While FreshBooks doesn’t generate tax-time specific accounting reports, you can easily get all the information you need to file your small business taxes from the reports provided. Can I generate a Profit & Loss report in FreshBooks? Absolutely. FreshBooks makes it easy to keep a close eye on the bottom line with Profit & Loss Reports you can whip up in mere seconds. Plus, each account has a spiffy dashboard that neatly displays how much your business has spent vs. earned over your selected period of time. Can I automatically apply credits to my invoices? Any credit created for your client, whether it’s a Credit Note, Overpayment or Prepayment Credit, can be automatically applied to invoices generated by a recurring template. Follow the steps here to get it enabled moving forward. Join 30 Million Business Owners Who Have Used FreshBooks . TRY IT FREE No credit card required. Cancel anytime. Optional cookies and other technologies We use analytics cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. You can decline analytics cookies and navigate our website, however cookies must be consented to and enabled prior to using the FreshBooks platform. To learn about how we use your data, please Read our Privacy Policy. Necessary cookies will remain enabled to provide core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility. You may disable these by changing your browser settings, but this may affect how the website functions. To learn more about how we use your data, please read our Privacy Statement. I Accept No, Thank You This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Review our cookies information for more details. Agree Disagree
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                            [body] => Accounting From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia This is the latest accepted revision, reviewed on 6 January 2022. Jump to navigation Jump to search Measurement, processing and communication of financial information about economic entities "Accountancy" redirects here. For the constituency in Hong Kong, see Accountancy (constituency). For the game, see Accounting (video game). Part of a series onAccounting Historical cost Constant purchasing power Management Tax Major types Audit Budget Cost Forensic Financial Fund Governmental Management Social Tax Key concepts Accounting period Accrual Constant purchasing power Economic entity Fair value Going concern Historical cost Matching principle Materiality Revenue recognition Unit of account Selected accounts Assets Cash Cost of goods sold Depreciation / Amortization Equity Expenses Goodwill Liabilities Profit Revenue Accounting standards Generally-accepted principles Generally-accepted auditing standards Convergence International Financial Reporting Standards International Standards on Auditing Management Accounting Principles Financial statements Annual report Balance sheet Cash-flow Equity Income Management discussion Notes to the financial statements Bookkeeping Bank reconciliation Debits and credits Double-entry system FIFO and LIFO Journal Ledger / General ledger T accounts Trial balance Auditing Financial Internal Firms Report People and organizations Accountants Accounting organizations Luca Pacioli Development History Research Positive accounting Sarbanes–Oxley Act Misconduct Creative Earnings management Error account Hollywood Off-balance-sheet Two sets of books vte Business administration Management of a business Accounting Management accounting Financial accounting Financial audit Business entities Corporate group Conglomerate (company) Holding company Cooperative Corporation Joint-stock company Limited liability company Partnership Privately held company Sole proprietorship State-owned enterprise Corporate governance Annual general meeting Board of directors Supervisory board Advisory board Audit committee Corporate law Commercial law Constitutional documents Contract Corporate crime Corporate liability Insolvency law International trade law Mergers and acquisitions Corporate title Chairman Chief business officer/Chief brand officer Chief executive officer/Chief operating officer Chief financial officer Chief human resources officer Chief information officer/Chief marketing officer Chief product officer/Chief technology officer Economics Commodity Public economics Labour economics Development economics International economics Mixed economy Planned economy Econometrics Environmental economics Open economy Market economy Knowledge economy Microeconomics Macroeconomics Economic development Economic statistics Finance Financial statement Insurance Factoring Cash conversion cycle Insider dealing Capital budgeting Commercial bank Derivative Financial statement analysis Financial risk Public finance Corporate finance Managerial finance International finance Liquidation Stock market Financial market Tax Financial institution Working capital Venture capital Types of management Asset Brand Business intelligence Business development Capacity Change innovation Commercial Marketing Communications Configuration Conflict Content Customer relationship Distributed Earned value Electronic business Enterprise resource planning  management information system Financial Human resource  development Incident Knowledge Materials Network administrator Office Operations  services Performance Power Problem Process Product life-cycle Product Project Quality Records Resource Risk  crisis Sales Security Service Strategic Supply chain Systems administrator Talent Technology Organization Architecture Behavior Communication Culture Conflict Development Engineering Hierarchy Patterns Space Structure List Business analysis Business ethics Business plan Business judgment rule Consumer behaviour Business operations International business Business model International trade Business process Business statistics  Business and economics portalvte Accounting, also known as accountancy, is the measurement, processing, and communication of financial and non financial information about economic entities[1][2] such as businesses and corporations. Accounting, which has been called the "language of business",[3] measures the results of an organization's economic activities and conveys this information to a variety of users, including investors, creditors, management, and regulators.[4] Practitioners of accounting are known as accountants. The terms "accounting" and "financial reporting" are often used as synonyms. Accounting can be divided into several fields including financial accounting, management accounting, tax accounting and cost accounting.[5][6] Accounting information systems are designed to support accounting functions and related activities. Financial accounting focuses on the reporting of an organization's financial information, including the preparation of financial statements, to the external users of the information, such as investors, regulators and suppliers;[7] and management accounting focuses on the measurement, analysis and reporting of information for internal use by management.[1][7] The recording of financial transactions, so that summaries of the financials may be presented in financial reports, is known as bookkeeping, of which double-entry bookkeeping is the most common system.[8] Accounting has existed in various forms and levels of sophistication throughout human history. The double-entry accounting system in use today was developed in medieval Europe, particularly in Venice, and is usually attributed to the Italian mathematician and Franciscan friar Luca Pacioli.[9] Today, accounting is facilitated by accounting organizations such as standard-setters, accounting firms and professional bodies. Financial statements are usually audited by accounting firms,[10] and are prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP).[7] GAAP is set by various standard-setting organizations such as the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) in the United States[1] and the Financial Reporting Council in the United Kingdom. As of 2012, "all major economies" have plans to converge towards or adopt the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS).[11] Contents. 1 History 2 Etymology 2.1 Terminology 3 Topics 3.1 Financial accounting 3.2 Management accounting 3.3 Auditing 3.4 Information systems 3.5 Tax accounting 3.6 Forensic accounting 3.7 Political campaign accounting 4 Organizations 4.1 Professional bodies 4.2 Firms 4.3 Standard-setters 5 Education, training and qualifications 5.1 Degrees 5.2 Professional qualifications 6 Research 7 Scandals 8 Fraud and error 9 See also 10 References 11 External links History[edit]. Main article: History of accounting Portrait of Luca Pacioli, painted by Jacopo de' Barbari, 1495, (Museo di Capodimonte). Accounting is thousands of years old and can be traced to ancient civilizations.[12][13][14] The early development of accounting dates back to ancient Mesopotamia, and is closely related to developments in writing, counting and money;[12] there is also evidence of early forms of bookkeeping in ancient Iran,[15][16] and early auditing systems by the ancient Egyptians and Babylonians.[13] By the time of Emperor Augustus, the Roman government had access to detailed financial information.[17] Double-entry bookkeeping was pioneered in the Jewish community of the early-medieval Middle East[18][19] and was further refined in medieval Europe.[20] With the development of joint-stock companies, accounting split into financial accounting and management accounting. The first published work on a double-entry bookkeeping system was the Summa de arithmetica, published in Italy in 1494 by Luca Pacioli (the "Father of Accounting").[21][22] Accounting began to transition into an organized profession in the nineteenth century,[23][24] with local professional bodies in England merging to form the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales in 1880.[25] Etymology[edit]. Early 19th-century ledger. Both the words accounting and accountancy were in use in Great Britain by the mid-1800s, and are derived from the words accompting and accountantship used in the 18th century.[26] In Middle English (used roughly between the 12th and the late 15th century) the verb "to account" had the form accounten, which was derived from the Old French word aconter,[27] which is in turn related to the Vulgar Latin word computare, meaning "to reckon". The base of computare is putare, which "variously meant to prune, to purify, to correct an account, hence, to count or calculate, as well as to think".[27] The word "accountant" is derived from the French word compter, which is also derived from the Italian and Latin word computare. The word was formerly written in English as "accomptant", but in process of time the word, which was always pronounced by dropping the "p", became gradually changed both in pronunciation and in orthography to its present form.[28] Terminology[edit]. Accounting has variously been defined as the keeping or preparation of the financial records of transactions of the firm, the analysis, verification and reporting of such records and "the principles and procedures of accounting"; it also refers to the job of being an accountant.[29][30][31] Accountancy refers to the occupation or profession of an accountant,[32][33][34] particularly in British English.[29][30] Topics[edit]. Accounting has several subfields or subject areas, including financial accounting, management accounting, auditing, taxation and accounting information systems.[6] Financial accounting[edit]. Main article: Financial accounting Financial accounting focuses on the reporting of an organization's financial information to external users of the information, such as investors, potential investors and creditors. It calculates and records business transactions and prepares financial statements for the external users in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP).[7] GAAP, in turn, arises from the wide agreement between accounting theory and practice, and change over time to meet the needs of decision-makers.[1] Financial accounting produces past-oriented reports—for example financial statements are often published six to ten months after the end of the accounting period—on an annual or quarterly basis, generally about the organization as a whole.[7] Management accounting[edit]. Main article: Management accounting Management accounting focuses on the measurement, analysis and reporting of information that can help managers in making decisions to fulfill the goals of an organization. In management accounting, internal measures and reports are based on cost-benefit analysis, and are not required to follow the generally accepted accounting principle (GAAP).[7] In 2014 CIMA created the Global Management Accounting Principles (GMAPs). The result of research from across 20 countries in five continents, the principles aim to guide best practice in the discipline.[35] Management accounting produces past-oriented reports with time spans that vary widely, but it also encompasses future-oriented reports such as budgets. Management accounting reports often include financial and non financial information, and may, for example, focus on specific products and departments.[7] Auditing[edit]. Main articles: Financial audit and Internal audit Auditing is the verification of assertions made by others regarding a payoff,[36] and in the context of accounting it is the "unbiased examination and evaluation of the financial statements of an organization".[37] Audit is a professional service that is systematic and conventional.[38] An audit of financial statements aims to express or disclaim an independent opinion on the financial statements. The auditor expresses an independent opinion on the fairness with which the financial statements presents the financial position, results of operations, and cash flows of an entity, in accordance with the generally acceptable accounting principles (GAAP) and "in all material respects". An auditor is also required to identify circumstances in which the generally acceptable accounting principles (GAAP) have not been consistently observed.[39] Information systems[edit]. Main article: Accounting information system An accounting information system is a part of an organization's information system used for processing accounting data.[40] Many corporations use artificial intelligence-based information systems. The banking and finance industry uses AI in fraud detection. The retail industry uses AI for customer services. AI is also used in the cybersecurity industry. It involves computer hardware and software systems using statistics and modeling.[41] Many accounting practices have been simplified with the help of accounting computer-based software. An enterprise resource planning (ERP) system is commonly used for a large organisation and it provides a comprehensive, centralized, integrated source of information that companies can use to manage all major business processes, from purchasing to manufacturing to human resources. These systems can be cloud based and available on demand via application or browser, or available as software installed on specific computers or local servers, often referred to as on-premise. Tax accounting[edit]. Main article: Tax accounting Tax accounting in the United States concentrates on the preparation, analysis and presentation of tax payments and tax returns. The U.S. tax system requires the use of specialised accounting principles for tax purposes which can differ from the generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) for financial reporting.[42] U.S. tax law covers four basic forms of business ownership: sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, and limited liability company. Corporate and personal income are taxed at different rates, both varying according to income levels and including varying marginal rates (taxed on each additional dollar of income) and average rates (set as a percentage of overall income).[42] Forensic accounting[edit]. Main article: Forensic accounting Forensic accounting is a specialty practice area of accounting that describes engagements that result from actual or anticipated disputes or litigation. "Forensic" means "suitable for use in a court of law", and it is to that standard and potential outcome that forensic accountants generally have to work. Political campaign accounting[edit]. Main article: Political campaign accounting Political campaign accounting deals with the development and implementation of financial systems and the accounting of financial transactions in compliance with laws governing political campaign operations. This branch of accounting was first formally introduced in the March 1976 issue of The Journal of Accountancy.[43] Organizations[edit]. See also: Category:Accounting organizations Professional bodies[edit]. Main article: Professional accounting body Professional accounting bodies include the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) and the other 179 members of the International Federation of Accountants (IFAC),[44] including Institute of Chartered Accountants of Scotland (ICAS), Institute of Chartered Accountants of Pakistan (ICAP), CPA Australia, Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA) and Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales (ICAEW). Some countries have a single professional accounting body (e.g. Brazil)[45] and, in some other countries, professional bodies for subfields of the accounting professions also exist, for example the Chartered Institute of Management Accountants (CIMA) in the UK and Institute of management accountants in the United States.[46] Many of these professional bodies offer education and training including qualification and administration for various accounting designations, such as certified public accountant (AICPA) and chartered accountant.[47][48] Firms[edit]. Main article: Accounting networks and associations Depending on its size, a company may be legally required to have their financial statements audited by a qualified auditor, and audits are usually carried out by accounting firms.[10] Accounting firms grew in the United States and Europe in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, and through several mergers there were large international accounting firms by the mid-twentieth century. Further large mergers in the late twentieth century led to the dominance of the auditing market by the "Big Five" accounting firms: Arthur Andersen, Deloitte, Ernst & Young, KPMG and PricewaterhouseCoopers.[49] The demise of Arthur Andersen following the Enron scandal reduced the Big Five to the Big Four.[50] Standard-setters[edit]. See also: Accounting standards and Convergence of accounting standards Generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) are accounting standards issued by national regulatory bodies. In addition, the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) issues the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) implemented by 147 countries.[1] Standards for international audit and assurance, ethics, education, and public sector accounting are all set by independent standard settings boards supported by IFAC. The International Auditing and Assurance Standards Board sets international standards for auditing, assurance, and quality control; the International Ethics Standards Board for Accountants (IESBA) [51] sets the internationally appropriate principles-based Code of Ethics for Professional Accountants; the International Accounting Education Standards Board (IAESB) sets professional accounting education standards;[52] and International Public Sector Accounting Standards Board (IPSASB) sets accrual-based international public sector accounting standards [53] Organizations in individual countries may issue accounting standards unique to the countries. For example, in the United States the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issues the Statements of Financial Accounting Standards, which form the basis of US GAAP,[1] and in the United Kingdom the Financial Reporting Council (FRC) sets accounting standards.[54] However, as of 2012 "all major economies" have plans to converge towards or adopt the IFRS.[11] Education, training and qualifications[edit]. Degrees[edit]. At least a bachelor's degree in accounting or a related field is required for most accountant and auditor job positions, and some employers prefer applicants with a master's degree.[55] A degree in accounting may also be required for, or may be used to fulfill the requirements for, membership to professional accounting bodies. For example, the education during an accounting degree can be used to fulfill the American Institute of CPA's (AICPA) 150 semester hour requirement,[56] and associate membership with the Certified Public Accountants Association of the UK is available after gaining a degree in finance or accounting.[57] A doctorate is required in order to pursue a career in accounting academia, for example, to work as a university professor in accounting.[58][59] The Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) and the Doctor of Business Administration (DBA) are the most popular degrees. The PhD is the most common degree for those wishing to pursue a career in academia, while DBA programs generally focus on equipping business executives for business or public careers requiring research skills and qualifications.[58] Professional qualifications[edit]. Main articles: Chartered Accountant and Certified Public Accountant See also: Professional certification § Accountancy, auditing and finance Professional accounting qualifications include the Chartered Accountant designations and other qualifications including certificates and diplomas.[60] In Scotland, chartered accountants of ICAS undergo Continuous Professional Development and abide by the ICAS code of ethics.[61] In England and Wales, chartered accountants of the ICAEW undergo annual training, and are bound by the ICAEW's code of ethics and subject to its disciplinary procedures.[62] In the United States, the requirements for joining the AICPA as a Certified Public Accountant are set by the Board of Accountancy of each state, and members agree to abide by the AICPA's Code of Professional Conduct and Bylaws. The ACCA is the largest global accountancy body with over 320,000 members, and the organisation provides an ‘IFRS stream’ and a ‘UK stream’. Students must pass a total of 14 exams, which are arranged across three papers.[63] Research[edit]. Main article: Accounting research Accounting research is research in the effects of economic events on the process of accounting, the effects of reported information on economic events, and the roles of accounting in organizations and society.[64][65] It encompasses a broad range of research areas including financial accounting, management accounting, auditing and taxation.[66] Accounting research is carried out both by academic researchers and practicing accountants. Methodologies in academic accounting research include archival research, which examines "objective data collected from repositories"; experimental research, which examines data "the researcher gathered by administering treatments to subjects"; analytical research, which is "based on the act of formally modeling theories or substantiating ideas in mathematical terms"; interpretive research, which emphasizes the role of language, interpretation and understanding in accounting practice, "highlighting the symbolic structures and taken-for-granted themes which pattern the world in distinct ways"; critical research, which emphasizes the role of power and conflict in accounting practice; case studies; computer simulation; and field research.[67][68] Empirical studies document that leading accounting journals publish in total fewer research articles than comparable journals in economics and other business disciplines,[69] and consequently, accounting scholars[70] are relatively less successful in academic publishing than their business school peers.[71] Due to different publication rates between accounting and other business disciplines, a recent study based on academic author rankings concludes that the competitive value of a single publication in a top-ranked journal is highest in accounting and lowest in marketing.[72] Scandals[edit]. Main article: Accounting scandals See also: Accounting ethics The year 2001 witnessed a series of financial information frauds involving Enron, auditing firm Arthur Andersen, the telecommunications company WorldCom, Qwest and Sunbeam, among other well-known corporations. These problems highlighted the need to review the effectiveness of accounting standards, auditing regulations and corporate governance principles. In some cases, management manipulated the figures shown in financial reports to indicate a better economic performance. In others, tax and regulatory incentives encouraged over-leveraging of companies and decisions to bear extraordinary and unjustified risk.[73] The Enron scandal deeply influenced the development of new regulations to improve the reliability of financial reporting, and increased public awareness about the importance of having accounting standards that show the financial reality of companies and the objectivity and independence of auditing firms.[73] In addition to being the largest bankruptcy reorganization in American history, the Enron scandal undoubtedly is the biggest audit failure[74] causing the dissolution of Arthur Andersen, which at the time was one of the five largest accounting firms in the world. After a series of revelations involving irregular accounting procedures conducted throughout the 1990s, Enron filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in December 2001.[75] One consequence of these events was the passage of the Sarbanes–Oxley Act in the United States in 2002, as a result of the first admissions of fraudulent behavior made by Enron. The act significantly raises criminal penalties for securities fraud, for destroying, altering or fabricating records in federal investigations or any scheme or attempt to defraud shareholders.[76] Fraud and error[edit]. Accounting fraud is an intentional misstatement or omission in the accounting records by management or employees which involves the use of deception. It is a criminal act and a breach of civil tort. It may involve collusion with third parties.[77] An accounting error is an unintentional misstatement or omission in the accounting records, for example misinterpretation of facts, mistakes in processing data, or oversights leading to incorrect estimates.[77] Acts leading to accounting errors are not criminal but may breach civil law, for example, the tort of negligence. The primary responsibility for the prevention and detection of fraud and errors rests with the entity's management.[77] See also[edit]. Accounting information system Accounting records References[edit]. ^ a b c d e f Needles, Belverd E.; Powers, Marian (2013). Principles of Financial Accounting. Financial Accounting Series (12 ed.). Cengage Learning. ^ Accounting Research Bulletins No. 7 Reports of Committee on Terminology (Report). Committee on Accounting Procedure, American Institute of Accountants. November 1940. Archived from the original on 7 January 2014. Retrieved 31 December 2013. ^ Peggy Bishop Lane on Why Accounting Is the Language of Business, Knowledge @ Wharton High School, September 23, 2013, retrieved 25 December 2013 ^ "Department of Accounting". Foster School of Business. Foster School of Business. 2013. Retrieved 31 December 2013. ^ "Accounting Software". ^ a b Weber, Richard P., and W. C. Stevenson. 1981. “Evaluations of Accounting Journal and Department Quality.” The Accounting Review 56 (3): 596–612. ^ a b c d e f g Horngren, Charles T.; Datar, Srikant M.; Foster, George (2006), Cost Accounting: A Managerial Emphasis (12th ed.), New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall ^ Lung, Henry (2009). Fundamentals of Financial Accounting. Elsevier. ^ DIWAN, Jaswith. ACCOUNTING CONCEPTS & THEORIES. LONDON: MORRE. pp. 001–002. id# 94452. ^ a b "Auditors: Market concentration and their role, CHAPTER 1: Introduction". UK Parliament. House of Lords. 2011. Retrieved 1 January 2014. ^ a b IFRS Foundation, 2012. The move towards global standards Archived 2011-12-25 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on April 27, 2012. ^ a b Robson, Keith. 1992. “Accounting Numbers as ‘inscription’: Action at a Distance and the Development of Accounting.” Accounting, Organizations and Society 17 (7): 685–708. ^ a b A History of ACCOUNTANCY, New York State Society of CPAs, November 2003, retrieved 28 December 2013 ^ The History of Accounting, University of South Australia, April 30, 2013, archived from the original on 28 December 2013, retrieved 28 December 2013 ^ کشاورزی, کیخسرو (1980). تاریخ ایران از زمان باستان تا امروز (Translated from Russian by Grantovsky, E.A.) (in Persian). pp. 39–40. ^ Oldroyd, David & Dobie, Alisdair: Themes in the history of bookkeeping, The Routledge Companion to Accounting History, London, July 2008, ISBN 978-0-415-41094-6, Chapter 5, p. 96 ^ Oldroyd, David: The role of accounting in public expenditure and monetary policy in the first century AD Roman Empire, Accounting Historians Journal, Volume 22, Number 2, Birmingham, Alabama, December 1995, p.124, Olemiss.edu[permanent dead link] ^ Parker, L. M., “Medieval Traders as International Change Agents: A Comparison with Twentieth Century International Accounting Firms,” The Accounting Historians Journal, 16(2) (1989): 107-118. ^ MEDIEVAL TRADERS AS INTERNATIONAL CHANGE AGENTS: A COMMENT, Michael Scorgie, The Accounting Historians Journal, Vol. 21, No. 1 (June 1994), pp. 137-143 ^ Heeffer, Albrecht (November 2009). "On the curious historical coincidence of algebra and double-entry bookkeeping" (PDF). Foundations of the Formal Sciences. Ghent University. p. 11. ^ Mariotti, Steve (2013-07-12). "So, Who Invented Double Entry Bookkeeping? Luca Pacioli or Benedikt Kotruljević?". Huffington Post. Retrieved 2018-08-03. ^ Lauwers, Luc & Willekens, Marleen: "Five Hundred Years of Bookkeeping: A Portrait of Luca Pacioli" (Tijdschrift voor Economie en Management, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 1994, vol:XXXIX issue 3, p.302), KUleuven.be Archived 2011-08-20 at the Wayback Machine ^ Timeline of the History of the Accountancy Profession, Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales, 2013, retrieved 28 December 2013 ^ Stephen A. Zeff (2003), "How the U.S. Accounting Profession Got Where It Is Today: Part I" (PDF), Accounting Horizons, 17 (3): 189–205, doi:10.2308/acch.2003.17.3.189, retrieved 16 May 2020 ^ Perks, R. W. (1993). Accounting and Society. London: Chapman & Hall. p. 16. ISBN 978-0-412-47330-2. ^ Labardin, Pierre, and Marc Nikitin. 2009. “Accounting and the Words to Tell It: An Historical Perspective.” Accounting, Business & Financial History 19 (2): 149–166. ^ a b Baladouni, Vahé. 1984. “Etymological Observations on Some Accounting Terms.” The Accounting Historians Journal 11 (2): 101–109. ^ Pixley, Francis William: Accountancy—constructive and recording accountancy (Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons, Ltd, London, 1900), p4 ^ a b "accounting noun - definition in the Business English Dictionary". Cambridge Dictionaries Online. Cambridge University Press. 2013. Retrieved 30 December 2013. ^ a b "accounting noun - definition in the British English Dictionary & Thesaurus". Cambridge Dictionaries Online. Cambridge University Press. 2013. Retrieved 30 December 2013. ^ "accounting". Merriam-Webster. Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. 2013. Retrieved 30 December 2013. ^ "accountancy". Merriam-Webster. Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. 2013. Retrieved 30 December 2013. ^ "accountancy noun - definition in the Business English Dictionary". Cambridge Dictionaries Online. Cambridge University Press. 2013. Retrieved 30 December 2013. ^ "accountancy noun - definition in the British English Dictionary & Thesaurus". Cambridge Dictionaries Online. Cambridge University Press. 2013. Retrieved 30 December 2013. ^ King, I. "New set of accounting principles can help drive sustainable success". ft.com. Retrieved 28 January 2015. ^ Baiman, Stanley. 1979. “Discussion of Auditing: Incentives and Truthful Reporting.” Journal of Accounting Research 17: 25–29. ^ "Audit Definition". Investopedia. Investopedia US. 2013. Retrieved 30 December 2013. ^ Tredinnick, Luke (March 2017). "Artificial intelligence and professional roles" (PDF). Business Information Review. 34 (1): 37–41. doi:10.1177/0266382117692621. S2CID 157743821. ^ "Responsibilities and Functions of the Independent Auditor" (PDF). AICPA. AICPA. November 1972. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 April 2021. Retrieved 30 December 2013. ^ "1.2 Accounting information systems". Introduction to the context of accounting. OpenLearn. Retrieved 3 February 2014. ^ Pathak, Jagdish; Lind, Mary R. (November 2003). "Audit Risk, Complex Technology, and Auditing Processes". EDPACS. 31 (5): 1–9. doi:10.1201/1079/43853.31.5.20031101/78844.1. S2CID 61767095. ^ a b Droms, William G.; Wright, Jay O. (2010), Finance and Accounting for nonfinancial Managers: All the Basics you need to Know (6th ed.), Basic Books, 2010 ^ "Political campaign accounting--New opportunities for the CPA - ProQuest" (PDF). search.proquest.com. pp. 36–41. Retrieved 2020-09-09. ^ "IFAC Members". ifac.org. Archived from the original on 10 March 2016. Retrieved 25 March 2016. ^ Bicudo de Castro, Vincent; Mihret, Dessalegn (2020). "Accounting professionalisation in Brazil: Resistance and co-optation in the introduction of a professional entry exam (1999–2010)". Accounting History. 25 (3): 468–487. doi:10.1177/1032373219876669. ISSN 1032-3732. ^ "Accounting Bodies Network". The Prince's Accounting for Sustainability Project. Archived from the original on 3 January 2014. Retrieved 3 January 2014. ^ "Getting Started". AICPA. AICPA. 2014. Retrieved 3 January 2014. ^ "The ACA Qualification". ICAEW. ICAEW. 2014. Retrieved 3 January 2014. ^ "Auditors: Market concentration and their role, CHAPTER 2: Concentration in the audit market". UK Parliament. House of Lords. 2011. Retrieved 1 January 2014. ^ "Definition of big four". Financial Times Lexicon. The Financial Times Ltd. 2014. Archived from the original on 2 January 2014. Retrieved 1 January 2014. ^ "IESBA | Ethics | Accounting | IFAC". ifac.org. Retrieved 25 March 2016. ^ "IAESB | International Accounting Education Standards Board | IFAC". ifac.org. Retrieved 25 March 2016. ^ "IPSASB | International Public Sector Accounting Standards Board | IFAC". ifac.org. Retrieved 25 March 2016. ^ Knowledge guide to UK Accounting Standards, ICAEW, 2014, retrieved 1 January 2014 ^ "How to Become an Accountant or Auditor". U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. United States Department of Labor. 2012. Retrieved 31 December 2013. ^ "150 Hour Requirement for Obtaining CPA Certification". AICPA. AICPA. 2013. Retrieved 31 December 2013. ^ "Criteria for entry". CPA UK. CPA UK. 2013. Archived from the original on 19 August 2013. Retrieved 31 December 2013. ^ a b "Want a Career in Education? Here's What You Need to Know". AICPA. AICPA. 2013. Archived from the original on 1 January 2014. Retrieved 31 December 2013. ^ "PhD Prep Track". BYU Accounting. BYU Accounting. 2013. Retrieved 31 December 2013. ^ "Accountancy Qualifications at a Glance". ACCA. 2014. Retrieved 4 January 2014. ^ Kyle, McHatton. "ICAS code of ethics". www.icas.com. Retrieved 2018-10-18. ^ "ACA – The qualification of ICAEW Chartered Accountants". ICAEW. 2014. Archived from the original on 11 October 2013. Retrieved 4 January 2014. ^ "European Accounting Qualifications Explained | CareersinAudit.com". CareersinAudit.com. Retrieved 2017-12-13. ^ The Relevance and Utility of Leading Accounting Research (PDF), The Association of Chartered Certified Accountants, 2010, archived from the original (PDF) on December 27, 2013, retrieved December 27, 2013 ^ Burchell, S.; Clubb, C.; Hopwood, A.; Hughes, J.; Nahapiet, J. (1980). "The roles of accounting in organizations and society". Accounting, Organizations and Society. 5 (1): 5–27. doi:10.1016/0361-3682(80)90017-3. ^ Oler, Derek K., Mitchell J. Oler, and Christopher J. Skousen. 2010. “Characterizing Accounting Research.” Accounting Horizons 24 (4): 635–670. ^ Coyne, Joshua G., Scott L. Summers, Brady Williams, and David a. Wood. 2010. “Accounting Program Research Rankings by Topical Area and Methodology.” Issues in Accounting Education 25 (4) (November): 631–654. ^ Chua, Wai Fong (1986). "Radical developments in accounting thought". The Accounting Review. 61 (4): 601–632. ^ Buchheit, S.; Collins, D.; Reitenga, A. (2002). "A cross-discipline comparison of top-tier academic journal publication rates: 1997–1999". Journal of Accounting Education. 20 (2): 123–130. doi:10.1016/S0748-5751(02)00003-9. ^ Merigo, Jose M.; Yang, Jian-Bo (2017). "Accounting Research: A Bibliometric Analysis". Australian Accounting Review. 27: 71–100. doi:10.1111/auar.12109. ISSN 1835-2561. ^ Swanson, Edward (2004). "Publishing in the majors: A comparison of accounting, finance, management, and marketing". Contemporary Accounting Research. 21: 223–255. doi:10.1506/RCKM-13FM-GK0E-3W50. ^ Korkeamäki, Timo; Sihvonen, Jukka; Vähämaa, Sami (2018). "Evaluating publications across business disciplines". Journal of Business Research. 84: 220–232. doi:10.1016/j.jbusres.2017.11.024. ^ a b Astrid Ayala and Giancarlo Ibárgüen Snr.: "A Market Proposal for Auditing the Financial Statements of Public Companies" (Journal of Management of Value, Universidad Francisco Marroquín, March 2006) p. 41, UFM.edu.gt ^ Bratton, William W. "Enron and the Dark Side of Shareholder Value" (Tulane Law Review, New Orleans, May 2002) p. 61 ^ "Enron files for bankruptcy". BBC News. 2001-12-03. Retrieved 15 March 2008. ^ Aiyesha Dey, and Thomas Z. Lys: "Trends in Earnings Management and Informativeness of Earnings Announcements in the Pre- and Post-Sarbanes Oxley Periods (Kellogg School of Management, Evanston, Illinois, February, 2005) p. 5 ^ a b c 2018 Handbook of International Quality Control, Auditing, Review, Other Assurance, and Related Services Pronouncements, The International Auditing and Assurance Standards Board, December 2018 External links[edit]. Library resources in your library and in other libraries about accounting Operations Research in Accounting on the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences website Portal:Business and economicsAccounting at Wikipedia's sister projects:Definitions from WiktionaryMedia from CommonsQuotations from WikiquoteTexts from WikisourceTextbooks from WikibooksResources from WikiversityData from Wikidata vteAccountingType Financial accounting Cost accounting Management accounting Forensic accounting Fund accounting Governmental accounting Social accounting Tax accounting Statements Income statement Balance sheet Statement of changes in equity Cash flow statement Terms Revenue Cost of goods sold Operating expense Capital expenditure Depreciation Gross income Net income Authority control General Integrated Authority File (Germany) National libraries France (data) United States Other Faceted Application of Subject Terminology Microsoft Academic National Archives (US) Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Accounting&oldid=1064025014" Categories: AccountingFinancial accountingHidden categories: Webarchive template wayback linksCS1 Persian-language sources (fa)All articles with dead external linksArticles with dead external links from March 2021Articles with permanently dead external linksArticles with short descriptionShort description matches WikidataWikipedia pending changes protected pagesArticles containing French-language textArticles containing Latin-language textPages using Sister project links with hidden wikidataArticles with GND identifiersArticles with BNF identifiersArticles with LCCN identifiersArticles with FAST identifiersArticles with MA identifiersArticles with NARA identifiers Navigation menu. 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                            [body] => Accounting Degrees 8 8 shares Share via Share this Page Cancel The universal language of business, commerce and finance, accounting is perfect for students with a good head for numbers and analysis, a driving interest in business and a keen eye for detail. Accounting degrees involve learning how to measure, process, analyze and communicate financial information about an organization to a variety of concerned parties, including investors, creditors, management, regulators and the general public in order to facilitate improvements and adherence to established rules and guidelines.   Course structure & entry requirements   Specializations   Career Options What is accounting? But first, what is accounting? Accounting is the process by which financial information about a business, organization or individual is recorded, classified, summarized, interpreted and communicated. Drawing from fields such as information technology, law, statistics, business and economics, accounting is a multidisciplinary subject that focuses on an organization or individual’s economic activities. Accounting students will gain advanced theoretical and practical knowledge of accounting and finance; master computational and calculation skills and techniques used in professional accounting practice; learn how to use specialized accounting software (such as CIMA Sage, which may allow you to gain an official CIMA Sage user’s certificate); and gain a broad understanding of the accounting, finance and commercial sectors, often within an international context. Types of accounting degrees. There are many different types of accounting degrees, with undergraduate-level titles such as Bachelor of Accountancy or Bachelors in Accounting. The specialized Bachelor of Accountancy (BAcy, BAcc or BAccty) in the US is often the only undergraduate degree recognized in the country for subsequent practice as a professional accountant – in that respect, it works as a first professional degree. Elsewhere, accounting degrees may be offered as a Bachelor of Arts (BA) in Accounting, or as a Bachelor of Science (BSc) in Accounting (also abbreviated as BS/ACC). Meanwhile, South Africa offers undergraduate accounting degrees titled Bachelor of Accounting Science (BAccSci) and Baccalaureus Computationis (BCompt). While many universities offer undergraduate degrees with a sole focus on accounting, it’s also common to find accounting offered alongside other subjects (most commonly finance, economics or business management) in a joint-degree format. There are also general business degrees with a focus on accounting such as the Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA) in Accounting and the Bachelor of Commerce (BCom) in Accounting. Most accounting degrees are accredited by a relevant professional body for accountants at the national level. Examples include the UK-based Association of Chartered and Certified Accountants, Institute of Financial Accountants and Chartered Institute of Management Accountants, and the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants based in the US. Studying an accredited degree allows graduates to apply to the relevant body for exemptions from certain exams once they start working towards chartered accountant status. Entry requirements for accounting degrees. Those applying to study accounting are usually required to demonstrate a strong background in mathematics, while those who have taken courses in statistics or business will be at an additional advantage. Some universities allow students to switch between accountancy programs after their first year, to choose a track that best matches their interests and abilities, following their general introductory courses. What to expect from undergraduate accounting degrees. Generally, undergraduate-level accounting degrees last four years in the US, three years in Singapore, the UK and Australia (and most other countries), and two years in Malta provided the student has obtained exceptional grades in a Bachelor of Commerce degree. In the first year or half of their degree, students will be introduced to key topics within accounting, finance and business. They can then choose to specialize in particular accounting topics and that interest them, contingent on the institution’s available modules. Students generally work towards completing a major research project, with other assessment methods including reports, group presentations and portfolios. Teaching is usually classroom-based, involving individual and group exercises, case studies, lectures, seminars and IT workshops, including the use of accounting software. Most institutions provide teaching staff with professional experience in the accounting and finance sectors, while many also allow students to spend a year on an industrial placement, gaining valuable work experience, language and accounting skills and professional contacts, either locally or abroad. Discover the top universities for accounting & finance Accounting specializations. Accounting degrees commence with a general introduction to foundational accounting topics such as accounting systems and services, accounting techniques and software, accounting theory, auditing, financial accounting, introductory topics in business, IT skills, macro- and microeconomics, management accounting, statistical, quantitative and mathematical methods, and taxation. You’ll then proceed to more advanced accounting topics within those fields, and be able to choose further modules in a range of specialist areas such as business strategy, business and employment law, advanced accounting theory, forensic accounting, financial planning, risk management, behavioral economics and international taxation practices, to name a few. Some popular accounting topics students can choose include: Financial accounting. A major branch of accounting is financial accounting: the collection, recording and analysis of financial information in order to periodically summarize this information in financial reports and statements, in accordance with legal, professional and capital market requirements, to external users (usually decision-makers such as investors, government agencies and suppliers). Management accounting. Another major branch of accounting is management accounting (or managerial accounting) which involves the measurement, analysis and reporting of accounting information for internal use within organizations. This confidential information is only discussed internally and allows managers and other decision-makers to make informed decisions to control the functions of their business. Auditing. Auditing involves analyzing and assessing a company or organization’s financial statements, creating a plan and documenting a financial activity file. You’ll learn how to investigate and examine data, statements, records, operations and performances of an organization for a stated purpose. You’ll also learn how to evaluate this objective evidence and use established procedures in order to formulate a judgment and communicate this through an audit report. Taxation. Courses in taxation and tax accounting involve learning how to interpret tax information and how to apply accounting principles to tax purposes as prescribed by tax law. You’ll learn about the history, laws and policies of taxation and basic concepts such as gross income, exclusions, adjusted gross income, deductions, exemptions and credits. There may be several specializations within this topic, for example: corporate taxation, individual/estate taxation and federal income taxation. Forensic accounting. “Forensic” means “suitable for use in a court of law”. Thus, forensic accounting is the use of accounting principles to a specified standard in order to present findings at a court of law. Students will learn how to collect evidence, provide legal support and testify in court. You’ll learn about the legal aspects of accounting, about accounting fraud investigation and prevention techniques, and gain a thorough understanding of the rules and regulations established within forensic accounting. Other accounting courses. Other accounting courses you may come across during your studies include: accounting information systems, business strategy, corporate reporting, cost accounting, data analysis, economics and management, financial analysis, government and non-profit accounting, international accounting, macro- and microeconomics, professional standards and ethics, quantitative analysis, reporting procedures, risk management and strategic management. Interested in studying a Masters in Accounting? Read our graduate guide Accounting careers. Accounting is one of the most popular degrees for students and employers alike, due mainly to the relevance of accounting for all businesses and individuals across all industries and sectors, in order to maintain financial stability and achieve financial success. Qualified accounting professionals are thus in high demand across the board. While a master’s degree or its equivalent is required for the more lucrative accounting careers, graduates of accounting degrees typically go on to work in entry-level positions as accountants or pursue professional accountant status. This usually involves taking up “articles” or work experience positions at an accredited accounting firm, working in one of the specialist roles within accounting. Many accounting graduates seek positions at the ‘Big Four’ audit firms, Deloitte, PwC, Ernst & Young and KPMG, which comprise huge international networks of professional service providers. Some of the most popular accounting careers and specialist roles suitable for accounting graduates include: Trainee accountants. Many organizations make use of and provide support for trainee accountants as they work to achieve chartered status. Usually, a three-year salaried contract is agreed upon, with the student needing to complete a certain amount of work experience, take accounting courses on ethics and other relevant subjects and pass some examinations. You’ll typically spend your time preparing and auditing accounts, collecting raw data, analyzing receipts and payments, curating details of creditors and debtors, and monitoring and forecasting bank balances. You may need to liaise with investors, deal with phone queries, process accounting records and even set up new investments. Accountant. An accountant is a fully-qualified practitioner of accounting (or accountancy). As you’ll be working for a professional accounting body, you’ll need to maintain certain standards of practice, including adhering to the generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) – rules set by various standard-setting organizations such as the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) in the US and the Financial Reporting Council (FRC) in the UK. There are three typical types of accountants: public accountants who work for public organizations or individuals; management accountants who work for private companies and are also known as private or cost accountants; and government accountants who work for federal, state, local or national governments. Typical work activities include managing financial systems and budgets, providing financial advice, undertaking financial audits, liaising with clients, performing risk analyses and detecting and preventing fraud (forensic accounting). Auditor. An auditor reviews financial accounts of companies and organizations in order to ensure the validity and legality of their records. You’ll be involved in collating, checking and analyzing financial data, examining a company’s financial control systems, taking risk analyses, ensuring accurate and reliable financial records, creating safeguards for the company’s assets, creating reports, commentaries and financial statements and making recommendations for improving processes. There are two main types of auditors: internal and external. Internal auditors usually work in the private sector, while external auditors deal mainly with taxes and the government, but may be called to examine finances of private businesses that work in association with governmental bodies. You may work in accounting departments, within independent chartered and certified firms, or as a consultant. Accounts assistant. An accounts assistant provides administrative support to an accountant, finance manager, accounts team or accountancy firm, undertaking clerical and basic bookkeeping tasks in order to help maintain their office. While you may occasionally communicate with customers and external clients, your main duties will be working with spreadsheets, receipts and payment records, preparing statutory accounts, calculating and checking accounts to ensure payments and records are correct, sorting post and answering queries, managing petty cash, controlling credit and chasing debt and reconciling direct debits. You may then be promoted to assistant accountant. Other accounting jobs. Other accounting jobs you could explore include working as an actuary, budget analyst, claims examiner, cost estimator, credit controller, financial analyst, financial trader, investment analyst, payroll administrator, personal financial advisor, purchase manager, retail banker or tax adviser, and other roles in corporate or personal finance, credit consultancy or risk management. Further sectors relevant to accountants include management consultancy, banking, insurance, business and the public sector, building societies, the stock market and working for multinational companies, not-for-profit organizations, NGOs, SMEs and the local and national government. You could also teach accounting, business or mathematics at secondary school-level and lower, but will need to pursue further studies (PhD or Doctor of Business Administration) in order to commence a career in accounting academia. Discover the top universities for accountancy degrees Key Skills. Common skills gained with an accounting degree include: Advanced knowledge of accounting topics, skills and techniques Computational and technology skills, including proficiency in accounting software Enhanced quantitative skills and techniques Awareness of generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) Understanding of regulatory issues in accounting Broad and global awareness of business and economics issues and organizations Understanding of ethical, legal and social responsibility in business, including accountability Advanced analytical and problem-solving ability Ability to analyze complex data sets Ability to make financial decisions Ability to work in a team, both in leadership and collaborative roles Ability to approach issues from multiple perspectives Ability to tactfully deal with sensitive information Project management skills Logical decision-making and strategic and creative thinking abilities Time management and self-reliance Clear and concise oral and written communication skills, aimed towards financial and non-financial audiences Foreign language skills (if taking a year abroad or a foreign language module) Featured University For Accounting View All CUNEF ... Campus Pirineos, Madrid Spain Visit Website Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman (UTAR) ... UTAR Sungai Long Campus, Sungai Long Malaysia +1 Kampar Campus, Kampar, Malaysia QS World University Rankings 801-1000 Get in Touch University of Milan ... Main Campus, Milan Italy +12 Campus Città Studi, Milan, Italy Campus L.I.T.A., Milan, Italy Campus piazza S. Alessandro, Milan, Italy Campus Sesto S. Giovanni, Milan, Italy Campus via Conservatorio, Milan, Italy Campus Via Noto, Milan, Italy Computer Science Crema Campus, Crema, Italy Computer Science Milan Campus, Milan, Italy Medicine S. Paolo Campus, Milan, Italy Medicine Central Campus, Milan, Italy Medicine Vialba Campus, Milan, Italy University affiliated hospitals, Milan, Italy QS World University Rankings 316 Know More Deakin Business School ... Geelong Waurn Ponds Campus, Burwood Australia +4 Geelong Waterfront Campus, Geelong, Australia Warrnambool Campus, Warrnambool, Australia Melbourne Burwood Campus, Burwood, Australia Cloud Campus, Burwood, Australia Know More Related Content For Accounting. View All Sponsored Accounting Vs Finance: Which Should You Study? Are you having trouble deciding whether to study accounting or finance? Get the lowdown on what you can expect from each... By Laura T Aug 13, 2021 95,476 184 10 of the Most Improved Universities for Accou… Discover which of the world’s top universities for accounting and finance have most improved their position this year in the QS World University Rankings by Subject 2018. By Sabrina Collier Apr 04, 2021 2,162 8 Top 10 Universities for Accounting & Finan… Take a closer look at the world’s top 10 universities for accounting and finance, based on the 2013 QS World University Rankings by Subject. By Laura Bridgestock Mar 22, 2021 10,802 22 Top Universities for Accounting & Finance… Discover the world’s top universities for accounting and finance, based on the QS World University Rankings by Subject 2017. By Sabrina Collier Mar 26, 2020 2,682 0 0/4 Universities have been added to compare Compare 0/4 Programs have been added to compare Compare 0 Applications 0 0/4 universities 0/4 0/4 programs 0/4 0/4 universities 0/4 0/4 programs 0/4 0 shortlisted 0 You also get to: Sign in Join us Sign in using: Facebook Google Step 1 of 2: Join us Join us using: FacebookGoogle  
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                            [body] => Accounting software for a healthy businessManage your finances in real time with Xero accounting software.Learn what Xero can doPlans from £12 per month Simplify everyday business tasks. Explore features and tools built for small businesses, accountants and bookkeepers.Pay billsVAT returnsClaim expensesExplore all features Making Tax Digital for VAT made easy. Xero's HMRC-recognised Making Tax Digital software is designed for small businesses.Learn moreFor accountants and bookkeepers. Keep your practice a step ahead with Xero accounting software.Xero for accountants and bookkeepers100,000 partners use Xero. We could only fit three in this photo.Run a healthy business. Manage the ins and outs of your finances in real time, with the Xero dashboard.Learn moreLearn more about Xero. If you're new to Xero, we've got you covered. Explore Xero webinars, feature videos, and how-to guides.Access resources Over 3 million subscribers use Xero. Small businesses, accountants and bookkeepers locally and across the world trust Xero with their numbers.Kate uses Xero. So she’s got more time to make croissants. Yum. Start using Xero for free. Access all Xero features for 30 days, then decide which plan best suits your business.IncludedSafe and secureIncludedCancel any timeIncluded24/7 online supportOr compare plans from £12 per month
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                            [body] => Easy accounting software for small businesses in the UK Perfect for sole traders and small business owners, Sage Accounting has your books covered. Get 75% off 3 months now, then from £12/month (ex. VAT).  Get 75% off for 3 months See how quick you can create an invoice (52s) × Easy to get started, just as easy to use. . Save up to 10 hours a week on accounts admin. So you can focus on what matters. Send and track invoices. Get paid on time and protect your cash flow with personalised invoices that you can track. Learn about invoicing Snap and capture receipts. Pull in data and documents including receipts automatically with live bank feeds and AutoEntry (2 month free trial). Take care of tax and compliance. Stay on top of the latest legislation. HMRC recognised software for Making Tax Digital helps you boss your tax and compliance. Learn more about MTD. Forecast your cash flow. See how much money is coming in and out of your business each month, on an insightful dashboard. Pay your people. Run your next payroll securely, accurately and compliantly. Learn about payroll Share access with your accountant. Collaborate securely in real-time. Let your team spot and fix mistakes. Works on any device. Plans to support you and your business . You can cancel or upgrade at anytime. No long-term contracts, commitments or hidden fees. Buy nowStart a free trial Accounting Start. 75% off for 3 months £12 £3.00 +VAT/mo* You save £27.00 Regular price of Accounting Start £12.00/mo Offer applied -£9.00/mo Price for first 3 months £3.00/mo Total savings for first 3 months £27.00 Add Payroll for £1.75 + VAT /mo (1) Get 75% off for 3 months Get 75% off for 3 months × Easy-to-use 4 step Do-It-Yourself cloud-based payroll Avoid mistakes with fully HMRC compliant software Expert support whenever you need – 24/7, 365 days a year Automated payroll calculations and submissions Share access with your accountant Automatically track your payroll data in Sage Accounting Add Payroll . Confidently manage your payroll with security, accuracy and compliance you can trust. Get 75% off for 3 months. No commitment, cancel at any time. No thanks Add Payroll Free 30 day trial** Create and send invoices Track what you're owed Automatic bank reconciliation Calculate and submit VAT Be Making Tax Digital Ready for VAT Supports one user Compatible with: Most popular Accounting Standard. 75% off for 3 months £24 £6.00 +VAT/mo You save £54.00 Regular price of Accounting £24.00/mo Offer applied -£18.00/mo Price for first 3 months £6.00/mo Total savings for first 3 months £54.00 Add Payroll for £1.75 + VAT /mo (1) Get 75% off for 3 months Get 75% off for 3 months × Easy-to-use 4 step Do-It-Yourself cloud-based payroll Avoid mistakes with fully HMRC compliant software Expert support whenever you need – 24/7, 365 days a year Automated payroll calculations and submissions Share access with your accountant Automatically track your payroll data in Sage Accounting Add Payroll . Confidently manage your payroll with security, accuracy and compliance you can trust. Get 75% off for 3 months. No commitment, cancel at any time. No thanks Add Payroll Free 30 day trial** Create and send invoices Track what you're owed Automatic bank reconciliation Calculate and submit VAT Be Making Tax Digital Ready for VAT Supports unlimited users Manage and submit CIS Run advanced reports Send quotes and estimates Forecast cash flow Manage purchase invoices Snap receipts with AutoEntry, 2 months free(2) Compatible with: Accounting Plus. 75% off for 3 months £30 £7.50 +VAT/mo You save £67.50 Regular price of Accounting Plus £30.00/mo Offer applied -£22.50/mo Price for first 3 months £7.50/mo Total savings for first 3 months £67.50 Add Payroll for £1.75 + VAT /mo (1) Get 75% off for 3 months Get 75% off for 3 months × Easy-to-use 4 step Do-It-Yourself cloud-based payroll Avoid mistakes with fully HMRC compliant software Expert support whenever you need – 24/7, 365 days a year Automated payroll calculations and submissions Share access with your accountant Automatically track your payroll data in Sage Accounting Add Payroll . Confidently manage your payroll with security, accuracy and compliance you can trust. Get 75% off for 3 months. No commitment, cancel at any time. No thanks Add Payroll Free 30 day trial** Create and send invoices Track what you're owed Automatic bank reconciliation Calculate and submit VAT Be Making Tax Digital Ready for VAT Supports unlimited users Manage and submit CIS Run advanced reports Send quotes and estimates Forecast cash flow Manage purchase invoices Snap receipts with AutoEntry, 2 months free(2) Multi-currency banking and invoicing Manage inventory Compatible with: Trustpilot *Get 75% off for 3 months, then £12/£24/£30 + VAT/mo (tier depending). Terms and conditions apply. (1) Starting at 5 employees from £1.75 (offer price) per month + VAT with the option to add employee tiers for up to 100 employees. RRP from £7 + VAT per month (after offer). (2) Snap and upload data from unlimited receipts, invoices and supplier statements with AutoEntry, free for your first 2 months. Subject to fair usage policy. Standard and Plus tiers only. **Start your free trial and receive 1 month free, then £12/£24/£30 + VAT/mo (tier depending, and subject to any applicable promotion). Get support, 24/7 . With telephone support, online chat and free training, you have everything you need to get started. Find out about product support Companies that trust Sage. Sage is so seamless. I can use my iPad or phone. I can easily access my accounts and I know what's going on. I can check whether a customer actually paid me because it's connected to my bank account. Janice B. Gordon Owner Watch the video (1:28) × Get more than an accounting tool . Get award-winning support . Get 24/7 support online or on the phone. Get unrivalled flexibility . Add apps from the Sage Marketplace for extra functionality if needed. Network with experts . Access an online community of experts and peers in Sage City, available 24/7. Work from anywhere . Work from anywhere on your smartphone. Also works on laptop, tablet and desktop. Access free courses . Grow your skills and your resume with accredited instructor-led courses. Get value straight away . Get set up fast. Designed specifically for users without accounting experience. Get 75% off for 3 months FAQs. Do I need a fast internet connection speed to use Sage Accounting? . Sage Accounting is designed for high performance even on low internet speeds. A standard phone connection (with typical mobile 3G speed) has you covered.   For those of you interested in the specs, a minimum download speed of 2mbps is essential to keep Sage Accounting up to date and to take full advantage of its features. Your smartphone will give you more than enough speed to use Sage Accounting smoothly.  For optimal performance we also recommend that you use the most up-to-date version of your web browser. You can take a no-risk, no-obligation free trial to see whether you’re happy with the speed of Sage Accounting on your internet connection.  What is Sage Accounting and who is it for? . Sage Accounting is software for managing your business’s accounting. It allows you to quickly and easily create and track invoices, track cash flow, accept payments, record transactions, automate admin, capture expenses, and much more. Sage Accounting is designed for small business owners (supports unlimited users) and sole traders (with or without staff) operating in any industry – from professional services to construction to retail. You can use Sage Accounting either by yourself or with collaborators. It’s easy to give access to multiple users, including an accountant (if you use one). You don’t need any previous experience with accounting software to get started. Functionality can be extended to include payroll.  Is Sage Making Tax Digital compliant? . Sage is 100% compliant with MTD legislation. In fact, we’ve worked with HMRC on MTD for years to ensure our accounting products make it as easy as possible for you to stay compliant.    How does the pricing work? . Sage Accounting is a monthly subscription service. You can set up a direct debit or pay with your credit or debit card. To set up a direct debit you need to have a bank account in the UK with a local currency in Pound sterling (GBP).  The VAT per month is 20% of the product’s monthly price. There are no hidden costs and never will be.   A free 30-day trial is also available. It takes only 2 minutes to get set up. You don’t need to provide a credit card to get started - you will never be charged during your trial.  What happens after I take a trial or buy? . After filling in your details, you will be taken to your Login page where you can get started straight away.   We’ll send you a welcome email with a quick-start guide, tips, and helpful resources, including how to get support any time you need it.  What devices can I use to access Sage Accounting? . Sage Accounting works on any PC or laptop (including MAC and Windows), any smartphone (such as iPhones and Android phones), and any tablet device (such as iPads or Android tablets). Sage Accounting also comes in an app for iOS and Android.   Because Sage Accounting works in the cloud, you don’t have to install anything – you simply access the product through your internet browser.    The mobile version has a slightly more simplified feature list, but you have access to the core features across all devices. Any work done on one device will be automatically updated across all devices. You can use all three devices or just use one device if you prefer.  Your data is protected by bank-level security at all times and is automatically backed up in the cloud. You never have to worry about losing any of your work if your internet connection goes down.  What plan is right for me? . All 3 packages (Start, Standard, and Plus) give you the fundamental features you need to manage your accounting.  Accounting Start is ideal for businesses who are starting out. This version of the software is popular with sole traders and micro-businesses.  Accounting Standard is ideal for small businesses. It offers everything Start offers, plus more advanced features. For example, the Standard package lets you upload information by simply snapping a photo of receipts, invoices, and supplier statements.  Accounting Plus offers all of the Standard features plus support for multiple currencies and inventory management.  You can upgrade, change, or cancel plans at any time.  Can I import my data into Sage Accounting? . Absolutely. It’s simple and straightforward to import your current data from Excel (and other spreadsheets and data systems) into Sage Accounting, including your customer and supplier details, your products and services, opening balances, transactions from bank statements, invoices, and your chart of accounts. We’re on hand to show you how, or you can watch our step-by-step video guides.  What happens after my 30-day trial ends? . All the data you entered during your free trial will be available for up to 90 days after your trial period has ended. At any point during this time you can purchase Sage Accounting and reactivate your account.  We’ll email you with a reminder before your trial expires. You can purchase (or cancel) Sage Accounting at any time during your trial. How do I access 24/7 support? . You will get free, award-winning support by phone, email, online chat, and live online Q&As.   Telephone support is available 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Online drop-in Q&As are held Monday to Friday from 9am to 5pm. Get an answer in minutes, if not seconds.  Pre-recorded webinars are available to watch any time that suits you.  You will also get 24/7 access to the following support resources:  Our online community Sage City: Ask questions, share ideas, and solve issues with Sage Accounting customers and product experts.   Step-by-step video guides. Instructor-led courses: For anyone wanting to take their skills to the next level, we have hundreds of courses designed for multiple experience levels and job roles. Get certified and earn badges that show your expertise and build up your resume.  We also have support channels on Twitter and Youtube. We are committed to providing you with world-class support for Sage Accounting at every step of your business journey.  Does Sage provide solutions for Accountants and Bookkeepers in practice? . Absolutely. You can explore Sage Accounting and Payroll solutions with a free license for your practice through Sage for Accountants - your portal to all your Sage subscriptions. Simply sign up and verify your email to get started. Unsure? Try Accounting free for 30 days. No payment details needed. Accounting Start. Try free for 30 days Accounting Standard. Try free for 30 days Accounting Plus. Try free for 30 days Start your free trial and receive 1 month free, then £12/£24/£30 + VAT/mo (tier depending, and subject to any applicable promotion). Terms and conditions apply. Feedback ×
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                            [body] => Accounting Master the international languages of money, business, and management. What is accounting? . Accounting is one of the backbones of the modern world, and the backbone of business. Behind every successful company is a skilled accountant – who understands how to use their knowledge of finance, mathematics, statistics, and economics to grow a business. Accounting is a highly specialised subject, but is about much more than just numbers. It looks specifically at the daily flow of money in and out of a business, keeping an eye on the balance and avoiding any future challenges. As one of the oldest and safest professions, often referred to as a ‘job for life’, a degree in accountancy will certain give you a wide variety of career options once you graduate. 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Vocational courses – Other Level 3/Level 6 qualifications (e.g. Pearson BTEC Level 3 National Extended Diploma, or an SCQF Level 6) may be accepted as an alternative to A levels/Highers by some providers. It’s essential that you check alternative entry requirements with universities or colleges. What you will need to do Apply by 26 January Submit a personal statement What you won’t need to do Submit a portfolio Audition for a place Attend an interview Pass an entry test Show work experience What’s the difference between finance and accounting? Accounting revolves around the reporting and analysis of how money flows in and out of a business, ensuring that regulations are complied with and challenges are avoided. Finance looks more toward assets, liabilities, and future growth. Want to find out what studying accounting is like? Chat now to Dehao who can tell you all about it. Why study accounting at university? As one of the renowned FAME subjects (Finance, Accounting, Management, Economics), a degree in accounting will set you up with a flexible and potentially lucrative career. You’ll learn how to manage a company’s money and ensure that it stays afloat throughout the year. This kind of skill will require you to master research and analysis, elements of finance and economics, reporting and statistics, business fundamentals, and much more. 95% of accounting graduates will find themselves employed or in further study soon after uni, earning an average of £21k in their first role. Whether you decide to work directly in a business, or join an accountancy practice to work with multiple clients, the need for money management isn’t going anywhere. And as countries continue to develop around the world, there’ll be a need for skilled accountants all over the globe, giving you an in-demand and international set of skills. Some modules you may study are: Business law Financial markets Auditing Management accounting Taxation Microeconomics Banking & investment Corporate finance Do I need to be good at maths to study accounting? You’ll need to be good with numbers, but that doesn’t mean mental arithmetic. As long as you can work with statistics and data, you can make a good accountant. What can you do with an accounting degree? The most obvious and common career choices for accounting graduates are: accountant auditor But, you’ll learn so many transferable skills that you can also look at careers as a: tax adviser actuary economist insurance broker stockbroker What’s it like to study accounting? You’ll learn a lot of business skills on an accounting degree, but it’ll always relate back to money. You’ll spent the first year focusing on core topics that underpin the subject, after which you’ll specialise in areas that interest you – like auditing, tax, or management. You’ll master accountancy skills through a combination of classroom learning, projects, case studies, workshops, reporting, and industry placements. Most accountancy lecturers and tutors come from a professional background, meaning you’ll pick up the secrets and insider tips of what it’s like to be an accountant in the real world. You’ll spend around 12 hours each week in the classroom as an accounting student, but you’ll have a lot of self-study and solo projects to be tackling in your spare time.  Accounting is normally a three-year degree, offered as either a BA or BSc. It may take longer if your chosen university offers a placement year in industry, which you should consider because accounting is a popular course and, therefore, a competitive job market. Studying an accounting degree is likely to involve: writing reports and essays attending lectures and seminars hearing from business speakers placements and industry experience project, presentation, and group work You’ll need to undertake professional training after your degree, if you want to become a chartered accountant. This isn’t necessary for all financial jobs, but the accredited recognition of accountancy comes from ACCA, ACA, or CIMA. Are you considering an accelerated degree? Click here to read more about the possibility of completing your undergraduate course in two years rather than three.  Apprenticeships. If you want to combine work and study while earning a salary, you could consider an apprenticeship. Which apprenticeships are available, and how you apply, depends on where you live. Find out more about apprenticeships across the UK. There are nearly 40 apprenticeships in the legal, finance and accounting sector available in England, with more in development. Each apprenticeship sets out occupational standards for specific job roles, designed by employers. The standards outline the skills, knowledge, and behaviours required to demonstrate that an apprentice is fully competent in the job role. Higher apprenticeships (Level 4). Actuarial technician Financial adviser Internal audit practitioner Paraplanner Professional accounting/Taxation technician Degree apprenticeships (Levels 5 – 7). Accountancy/Taxation professional Actuary Financial services professional Internal audit professional Professional economist (degree) Senior professional economist Start your search now Get your UCAS Hub Your place to discover your options and research your future. Sign up today Search uni and colleges for accounting courses Explore courses. See all Accounting University of the Highlands and Islands (UHI) Accounting. Add item to favourites University of the Highlands and Islands (UHI) Inverness Inverness College UHI Qualification HND Duration 2 Years Study mode Full-time Start date 2022-2023 Average grad salary £18k UCAS Tariff N/A Student satisfaction 86% Accounting Canterbury Christ Church University Accounting. Add item to favourites Canterbury Christ Church University Main Site, Canterbury Qualification BSc (Hons) Duration 3 Years Study mode Full-time Start date 2022-2023 Average grad salary £22k UCAS Tariff 104/112 Student satisfaction 68% Accounting University Academy 92 (UA92) Accounting. Add item to favourites University Academy 92 (UA92) Manchester UA92, Manchester Qualification CertHE Duration 1 Year Study mode Full-time Start date 2023-2024 Average grad salary N/A UCAS Tariff 64/64 Student satisfaction N/A Accounting University of Manchester Accounting. Add item to favourites University of Manchester Main Site, Manchester Qualification BSc (Hons) Duration 3 Years Study mode Full-time Start date 2022-2023 Average grad salary £22k UCAS Tariff N/A Student satisfaction 76% Accounting Queen's University Belfast Accounting. Add item to favourites Queen's University Belfast Main Site, Belfast Qualification PhD Duration 6 Years Study mode Part-time Start date 2022-2023 Average grad salary N/A UCAS Tariff N/A Student satisfaction N/A Accounting Bournemouth University Accounting. Add item to favourites Bournemouth University Poole Main Site, Poole Qualification BA (Hons) Duration 3 Years Study mode Full-time Start date 2022-2023 Average grad salary £24k UCAS Tariff 104/120 Student satisfaction 63% Accounting Cardiff University Accounting. Add item to favourites Cardiff University Main Site - Cardiff Qualification BSc (Hons) Duration 3 Years Study mode Full-time Start date 2022-2023 Average grad salary £21k UCAS Tariff N/A Student satisfaction 79% Accounting University of Strathclyde Accounting. Add item to favourites University of Strathclyde Glasgow University of Strathclyde, Glasgow Qualification BA (Hons) Duration 4 Years Study mode Full-time Start date 2022-2023 Average grad salary N/A UCAS Tariff N/A Student satisfaction N/A Accounting Swansea University Accounting. Add item to favourites Swansea University Bay Campus, Swansea Qualification BSc (Hons) Duration 3 Years Study mode Full-time Start date 2022-2023 Average grad salary £22k UCAS Tariff N/A Student satisfaction 73% Accounting University of Westminster, London Accounting. Add item to favourites University of Westminster, London Main Site, London Qualification BSc (Hons) Duration 4 Years Study mode Sandwich including industrial placement Start date 2022-2023 Average grad salary N/A UCAS Tariff 120/136 Student satisfaction N/A Accounting University of Wales Trinity Saint David Accounting. Add item to favourites University of Wales Trinity Saint David Carmarthen Swansea Business Campus Qualification BA (Hons) Duration 3 Years Study mode Full-time Start date 2022-2023 Average grad salary N/A UCAS Tariff 88/88 Student satisfaction 78% Accounting University of Bedfordshire Accounting. Add item to favourites University of Bedfordshire Luton Luton Campus Qualification BA (Hons) Duration 3 Years Study mode Full-time Start date 2022-2023 Average grad salary £22k UCAS Tariff 96/120 Student satisfaction 71% Accounting Birkbeck, University of London Accounting. Add item to favourites Birkbeck, University of London United Kingdom Main Site, London Qualification BSc (Hons) Duration 4 Years Study mode Part-time Start date 2022-2023 Average grad salary N/A UCAS Tariff N/A Student satisfaction N/A Accounting Blackburn College Accounting. Add item to favourites Blackburn College Main Site, Blackburn Qualification FdA Duration 2 Years Study mode Full-time Start date 2022-2023 Average grad salary N/A UCAS Tariff 48/48 Student satisfaction N/A Accounting Durham University Accounting. Add item to favourites Durham University Van Mildert College, Durham Qualification BSc (Hons) Duration 3 Years Study mode Full-time Start date 2022-2023 Average grad salary £30k UCAS Tariff N/A Student satisfaction 87% Accounting University of Hertfordshire Accounting. Add item to favourites University of Hertfordshire Hatfield Main Site, Hatfield Qualification BA (Hons) Duration 3 Years Study mode Full-time Start date 2022-2023 Average grad salary £24k UCAS Tariff 112/120 Student satisfaction 80% Accounting University of Hull Accounting. Add item to favourites University of Hull The University of Hull Qualification BSc (Hons) Duration 3 Years Study mode Full-time Start date 2022-2023 Average grad salary £22k UCAS Tariff 112/112 Student satisfaction 85% Accounting University of Kent Accounting. Add item to favourites University of Kent Canterbury Canterbury campus Qualification PhD Duration 5 Years Study mode Part-time Start date 2022-2023 Average grad salary N/A UCAS Tariff N/A Student satisfaction N/A Accounting University of Stirling Accounting. Add item to favourites University of Stirling Main Site, Stirling Qualification BA (Hons) Duration 4 Years Study mode Full-time Start date 2022-2023 Average grad salary £21k UCAS Tariff N/A Student satisfaction 75% Accounting University of the West of Scotland Accounting. Add item to favourites University of the West of Scotland Paisley Lanarkshire Campus, Hamilton Qualification BAcc (Hon) Duration 4 Years Study mode Full-time Start date 2022-2023 Average grad salary £21k UCAS Tariff 114/114 Student satisfaction 44% Explore other Subject guides. See all Add item to favourites Aerospace engineering. Add item to favourites Agriculture and related sciences. Add item to favourites Anthropology. Add item to favourites Archaeology. Add item to favourites Architecture, building, and planning. Add item to favourites Art and design. Add item to favourites Biological sciences. Add item to favourites Business, management, and administrative studies. Add item to favourites Chemical engineering. Add item to favourites Chemistry. Add item to favourites Civil engineering. Add item to favourites Classical studies. Add item to favourites Computer science. Add item to favourites Creative arts. Add item to favourites Criminology. Add item to favourites Dentistry. Add item to favourites Economics. Add item to favourites Education. Add item to favourites Electrical and electronic engineering. Add item to favourites Engineering and technology. Add item to favourites English. Add item to favourites Film, cinematics, and photography. Add item to favourites Finance. Add item to favourites Game design. Add item to favourites Geography. Add item to favourites Geology. Add item to favourites Historical and philosophical studies. Add item to favourites Hospitality, leisure, and tourism. Add item to favourites Journalism. Add item to favourites Languages. Add item to favourites Law. Add item to favourites Marketing. Add item to favourites Materials science and engineering. Add item to favourites Mathematical sciences. Add item to favourites Mechanical engineering. Add item to favourites Media studies. Add item to favourites Medicine and allied subjects. Add item to favourites Midwifery. Add item to favourites Molecular biology, biophysics, and biochemistry. Add item to favourites Music. Add item to favourites Nursing. Add item to favourites Optometry. Add item to favourites Paramedic science. Add item to favourites Pharmacology, toxicology, and pharmacy. Add item to favourites Philosophy. Add item to favourites Physical sciences. Add item to favourites Physiology, physiotherapy, and pathology. Add item to favourites Politics. Add item to favourites Psychology. Add item to favourites Publishing, media, and information management. Add item to favourites Radiography and medical technology. Add item to favourites Social studies. Add item to favourites Social work. Add item to favourites Software engineering. Add item to favourites Sport. Add item to favourites Teaching. Add item to favourites Theology. Add item to favourites Veterinary science. Add item to favourites Zoology. Was this page helpful? Yes  No  Share this page. Sponsored articles. Wide Choice of Law Degrees. Apply Now! Sponsored by University Of Law Five reasons to sign up to the UCAS newsletter. UCAS article Discover Norwich, a UK top 10 place to live. Sponsored by University of East Anglia
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                            [body] => Trade: clean growth and tech Clean growth and the application of major emerging technologies to existing sectors are two key characteristics of trade in 2022. Add to these levelling up supported by foreign direct investment, and there are exciting future prospects for business and the prosperity of communities globally. Read more Find a Chartered Accountant Prev Next Coronavirus £1bn Covid support measures announced Chancellor Rishi Sunak has announced a series of measures aimed at supporting hospitality and leisure firms hit by the advance of the Omicron variant. The Statutory Sick Pay Rebate Scheme for small firms has also been reintroduced. Find out more Charity Conference 20-21 January 2022 Join this month’s Charity Conference for two days of expert updates on the areas of charity accounting, regulation, governance and taxation. Book now ICAEW Academy Gain expertise and recognition in Insolvency Step into a career in insolvency with The ICAEW Certificate in Insolvency, the most flexible online learning programme for professionals looking to add in-demand skills to their skillset. Find out more We are our members and students 159,000 members across 149 countries Our ACA Students. Our 31,500 students are the future of the profession. Find out how you can join them. ACA resources Become a chartered accountant Our Members. ICAEW Chartered Accountants are talented, ethical and committed professionals, part of a trusted global community. The benefits of membership Member Login Our strategic themes Our vision is that ICAEW Chartered Accountants enable a world of sustainable economies. Our Strategic Themes group together major new activities that we will undertake to achieve our key strategic outcomes. Trust Strengthen trust in the profession We will contribute to fundamental reform of audit and corporate governance in the UK, and establish ICAEW Chartered Accountants as key partners in combatting economic crime. View our activity Climate and sustainability Help achieve the Sustainable Development Goals We will make a leading contribution to achieving the UN SDGs. We will use our expertise and influence to enable successful transformative action by governments. View our activity Trade and economy Support the transformation of trade and the economy We will support a global economic recovery from COVID-19, work with tax authorities to reform taxation systems, and help achieve sustainable public finances. View our activity Technology and data Master technology and data We will redefine the data skills expected of our members, equip them to be leaders in the exploitation of new technology and data, and ensure they are trained and equipped to deter and detect fraud and other cybercrime. View our activity Talent and diversity Strengthen the profession by attracting talent and building diversity We will ensure that the profile of our members and students fairly reflects the societies it serves, and support the professional development of all members. View our activity Insights Insights specials Our Insights Specials focus on a particular subject relating to our strategic themes. In each special we interview the key people, identify developing trends and examine the underlying issues. View our Insights Specials Together we're creating a world of sustainable economies Mia is an artificial intelligent assistant that can help with some basic student and member queries. If you would like more in-depth information please contact one of our Contact Centre professionals. Anonymous
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                            [body] => The Best Small Business Accounting Software If you run a small business or are a freelancer, then keeping a tight grip on finances is critical for success. Our reviews cover the best small business accounting tools to help keep your company in the black. By Kathy Yakal Updated October 18, 2021 facebook twitter flipboard social share Flipboard Pinterest Reddit LinkedIn Email Copied Error! Copy Link https://www.pcmag.com/picks/the-best-small-business-accounting-software Comments Related SMB Accounting Picks: Best Online Payroll Software Best Tax Software Best Project Management Software Our 10 Top Picks. Best for Sole Proprietors and Very Small Businesses. 4.0 Excellent FreshBooks. Available  at FreshBooks Check Price FreshBooks offers a well-rounded and intuitive double-entry accounting experience with the tools that a very small business needs. An exceptional user experience and smart blend of features make it a top choice for sole proprietors and freelancers. Pros. Delightful user experience Context-sensitive settings Team collaboration and time tracking tools Inventory tracking Supports proposals, projects, retainers Automatic mileage tracking on mobile apps Cons. Some dashboard deficits Limited invoice customization Establishing bank connections can take time Read Our FreshBooks Review Pros & Cons Best for SMBs. 4.5 Outstanding Intuit QuickBooks Online. Available  at QuickBooks Check Price Intuit QuickBooks Online is still the best online accounting application for small businesses, thanks to its depth, flexibility, and extensibility. It's easy to use, well designed, and built to serve a wide variety of users. It's also expensive. Pros. Enhanced onboarding Improved dashboard Excellent user interface and navigation In-depth contact records and transaction forms Numerous customizable reports Supports projects, payroll, and many add-ons and integrations Cons. Expensive Online support could be better Read Our Intuit QuickBooks Online Review Pros & Cons Best for Inventory Tracking. 4.0 Excellent Sage 50cloud Accounting. Available  at Sage US Check Price Sage 50cloud Accounting is a robust small business accounting application with comprehensive financial tools and generous customization options. Its integration with Microsoft 365 makes it a hybrid solution: local, hard drive-based software that can share data with productivity applications via the cloud. Pros. Exceptionally sophisticated feature set Great customizability In-depth contact and item records Noteworthy inventory management tools Good support options Microsoft 365 integration Cons. Windows only and resource-heavy Some elements of UI look dated Lacks comprehensive mobile app Read Our Sage 50cloud Accounting Review Pros & Cons Best for Free Invoicing. 3.5 Good Wave. Available  at Software Advice Check Price Wave delivers a free accounting service for very small businesses. Its invoice creation and management tools are capable, as well as its transaction tracking. New features this year add to its effectiveness. Pros. Free (payments and payroll incur fees) Smart selection of features for very small businesses Excellent invoice and transaction management Great dashboard Multicurrency support Cons. Simple record templates Invoice customization could be stronger No dedicated time-tracking features No comprehensive mobile app Read Our Wave Review Pros & Cons Best for Integrated Add-Ons. 4.0 Excellent Xero. Available  at Xero Check Price Accounting service Xero has very good tools for reconciling accounts, tracking project, and managing sales and purchase transactions. Recent improvements to its setup process and new business overviews solidify it as an excellent choice for small businesses. Pros. Exceptional online support Improved security Critical business views Interactive quotes, Smart Lists Good project tracking Cons. Lacks phone and chat help User interface could be more intuitive, navigable Read Our Xero Review Pros & Cons Best for Mobile Access. 4.0 Excellent Zoho Books. Available  at Zoho Books Check Price Zoho Books is a laudable small business accounting service, with a tidy user experience, attractive pricing, and a rich set of tools. Larger businesses may want to consider it, too, now that integrated payroll is supported for all states. Pros. Low cost Superior depth in records and transaction forms, dozens of custom fields Multiple payment gateways Document management Generous support options New integration with SurePayroll Cons. May be too complex for some small businesses Time tracking must be tied to projects Limited pool of accountant partners Read Our Zoho Books Review Pros & Cons Best for Freelancers. 3.5 Good GoDaddy Bookkeeping. Available  at GoDaddy Check Price GoDaddy Bookkeeping's direct integration with Amazon, eBay, and Etsy make it terrific for entrepreneurs. Its overall bookkeeping depth and flexibility are good, and it's easy to use, but it lacks much of direct competitor FreshBooks' functionality. Pros. Inexpensive Good invoicing tools and dashboard Simple time entries Calculates estimates for quarterly taxes Direct integration with Amazon, eBay, Etsy, and PayPal Cons. No project tracking or bill payment Lacks multicurrency support Minimal client information in records Read Our GoDaddy Bookkeeping Review Pros & Cons Invoicing Tools and Double-Entry Accounting. 3.5 Good Sunrise. Available  at Sunrise App Check Price Sunrise is a good choice for freelancers and sole proprietors who need to track income and expenses and invoice customers. It might also appeal to small businesses that need double-entry accounting but not time tracking, robust reports, or full mobile access. Pros. Free Good user experience and dashboard Supports invoice, quotes, and estimates Good invoicing tools Cash flow details page Cons. No dedicated time or project tracking Only standard financial reports Mobile apps not comprehensive Minimal fields in contact and product records Read Our Sunrise Review Pros & Cons Best for Mileage Tracking. 3.0 Average Intuit QuickBooks Self-Employed. Available  at QuickBooks Self-Employed Check Price QuickBooks Self-Employed will appeal to freelancers and independent contractors who want its automatic mileage tracking, quarterly tax estimating, and basic bookkeeping. Businesses that need robust time tracking, sales tax management; customizable invoices, and item tracking should consider QuickBooks Online. Pros. Exceptional user interface and navigation Easily tracks expenses and income Automatic mileage tracking Can assign business transactions to Schedule C categories Estimates quarterly income taxes New time tracking tools Can assign tags to transactions Good support resources Cons. High price No contact or product records, advanced time tracking, project tracking, or recurring transactions Invoices not customizable or thorough No templates for estimates or quotes Manual sales tax management Mobile apps not updated with new features Read Our Intuit QuickBooks Self-Employed Review Pros & Cons Best for Microbusinesses. 3.0 Average Kashoo. Available  at Software Advice Check Price Kashoo Classic’s strengths are income and expense management, usability, and support. It's a simple, speedy choice for smaller businesses that don't need inventory management or time-tracking tools but that want to automate select elements of their accounting. Pros. Simple, clean user interface Good income and expense management Project cost tracking Free email, phone, and chat support Integrates with SurePayroll Good iOS app Cons. Pricey Doesn't use a standard dashboard Lacks time and inventory tracking No Android app Read Our Kashoo Review Pros & Cons Pros & Cons Compare Specs Tens of thousands of small businesses in the US have closed permanently since COVID-19 shutdowns began in March. And now that the weather is turning colder and people will be staying indoors more, we could continue to see more waves of the virus spreading throughout the country. Whether or not that leads to a return to shutdowns, small businesses will undoubtedly continue to suffer. If you own a small business that has lost customers and sales in 2020, you need all the help you can get to survive.Small business accounting websites certainly aren’t a panacea, but if you use one religiously, you should feel more in control of your finances and be able to make better decisions. As you grapple with the current state of your income and expenses, you can make smarter plans for your future.We broadly categorize these accounting products into two groups: those best for small businesses and those best for sole proprietors and freelancers. The first category of sites includes Editors' Choice winner Intuit QuickBooks Online, Sage 50cloud Accounting, Wave, Xero, and Zoho Books. The second group features Editors’ Choice winner FreshBooks, GoDaddy Bookkeeping, QuickBooks Self-Employed, Sunrise, and Wave. We differentiate the latter category in a later section of this roundup. You Can Trust Our Reviews Since 1982, PCMag has tested and rated thousands of products to help you make better buying decisions. (Read our editorial mission.) What These Services Can Do. Financial bookkeeping is complicated and time consuming. Business owners find it challenging enough to cover the basics—paying the bills and tracking incoming revenue—let alone answer critical questions such as: Are we profitable? Why or why not? Can we make required tax payments? Should we invest in new equipment? Do we need to explore financing? Will we hit our budget numbers? Where can we cut expenses? Can the appropriate team members access all our accounting data online, if they have to work from home? The Best Small Business Accounting Deals This Week*. *Deals are selected by our partner, TechBargains Intuit QuickBooks Online — Save 50% off Online Plans FreshBooks — $6 Per Month for Lite Plan (List Price $15) Xero — 30-Day Free Trial A good small business accounting website can provide information in seconds that will help you answer these questions, based on the input you supply. Once you populate a site with information about your financial accounts; your customers and vendors; and the products or services you sell, you can use that data to create transactions that the site can, in turn, use to create insights. Instant search tools and customizable reports help you track down the smallest details and see overviews of how your business is performing. Android and iOS apps for the sites give you access to your finances from your mobile devices.Setting Up Bookkeeping. Depending on how long your business has been operating, getting started with a small business accounting website can take anywhere from five minutes to several hours after signing up for an account. Small business accounting sites charge monthly subscription fees and usually offer free trial periods. The more you need it to do, the longer your setup tasks will take (and the higher the monthly payment, generally).First, you need to supply your contact details. If you want your logo to appear on sales and purchase forms, you can simply upload it. Some small business accounting sites ask whether or not you plan to use specific features such as purchase orders and inventory tracking, so they can turn them on or off. They may also ask when your fiscal year starts, for example, and whether you use account numbers.Do you want access to the transactions you have stored in online financial accounts (checking, credit cards, and so on)? Enter your login credentials for that account and the small business accounting site will import recent transactions (usually 90 days' worth) and add them to an online register. Would you like to let customers pay with credit cards and bank withdrawals? You'll need to sign up with a payment processor such as PayPal (extra charges will apply) or Stripe. Your People, Your Stuff. One of the great things about using a small business accounting website is that it reduces repetitive data entry. Once you fill in the blanks to create a customer record, for example, you never have to look up that ZIP code again. When you need to reference a customer in a transaction, it will appear in a list. The same goes for vendors, items or services, and employees. No more filling out card files or messy spreadsheets.Once you complete a customer record and started creating invoices, sending statements, and recording billable expenses, you can usually access those historical activities within the record itself. Some sites, such as Zoho Books, display a map of the individual or company's location and let you create your own fields so you can track additional information that's important to you (customer since, birthday, and other similar fields).If you have employees that you have been paying via another method, you may have the option to use either an internal payroll solution or one offered by another company. Payroll setup can take some time and effort since you have to supply payroll history information (website support staff can help with this). Even when you're starting fresh with employee compensation, there's a lot of ground to cover. The site needs precise details about things like your payroll tax requirements, benefits provided, and pay cycles. Many small business accounting sites offer personal assistance with this task, and they all make it clear exactly what needs to be done before you run your first payroll.It is possible to do minimal setup and then jump into creating invoices, paying bills, and accepting payments. All of the services included here let you add customers, vendors, and products during the process of completing transactions (you need to do so anyway as you grow and add to your contact and inventory databases). You just have to decide whether you want to spend the time upfront building your records or take time out when you're in the middle of sales or purchase forms.Most small business accounting sites offer the option to import existing lists in formats such as CSV and XLS. They provide mapping tools to make sure everything comes in correctly. This procedure works better on some sites than others.Moving Money and Products. Accountants love to use phrases like accounts receivable and accounts payable to describe the primary elements of accounting: recording and tracking income and expenses or tracking sales and purchases. Small business accounting sites are designed to appeal to people who don't use the same kind of language as accounting professionals and avoid such terminology.The websites let you easily create any transaction that a small business is likely to need. The most common of these are invoices and bills, and all of the services we reviewed support them. Sites such as Xero and Zoho Books go further, allowing you to produce more advanced forms, like purchase orders, sales receipts, credit notes, and statements. They provide templates for these online forms that resemble their paper counterparts. All you have to do is fill in the blanks and select from lists of variables like customers and items.Once you have completed an invoice, for example, you have several options. You can save it as a draft or a final version and either print it or email it. If you do the latter and have established a relationship with a payment processor, then your invoice can contain a stub explaining how the customer can return payment via credit card or bank withdrawal. You can create a PDF version of the invoice, copy it, record a payment on it, and set it up to recur on a regular schedule. All forms in these sites work similarly.These sites also pay special attention to your company's expenses—not bills that you enter and pay, but other purchases you make. This is an area of your finances that can easily get out of control if it's not monitored. So, small business accounting sites tell you about them, dividing them into expense types and comparing them with your income using totals and colorful charts.If you're traveling and have numerous related expenses on the road, for example, then you can take pictures of receipts with your smartphone. Some sites just attach these receipts to a manually entered expense form. Others, such as Intuit QuickBooks Online, actually read the receipts and transfer some of their data (such as date, vendor, and amount) to an expense form using OCR technology.As I mentioned earlier, one of your setup tasks involves creating records that contain information about the products and services you sell so you can use them in transactions. These vary in complexity, so you need to understand the differences before you go with one site or another. Some, such as Kashoo, simply let you maintain descriptive records. Others, such as Intuit QuickBooks Online, go further. They ask how many of each product you have in inventory when you create a record and at what point you should be alerted to re-order. Then they actually track inventory levels, which provides insights on selling patterns and keeps you from running low.Transactions and Banking. While much of your daily accounting work probably involves paying bills, sending invoices, and recording payments, you also need to keep a close eye on your bank and credit card activity. If you have connected your financial accounts to your accounting site, then this is easy to accomplish. For one thing, their balances will often appear on the dashboard (homepage). You can also view each account's online register, which contains transactions that have cleared your bank and been imported into your accounting solution (along with those you have entered manually).You can do a lot with these transactions once they appear in a register. For one thing, they should be categorized (office expense, payroll taxes, travel, and meal costs are some examples) so you know where your money is coming from and where it's going. Every site guesses at how at least some transactions might be categorized. You can change these if they're incorrect and add your own. Conscientious categorization will result in more accurate reports and income tax returns.You can also match related transactions, such as an invoice that was entered into the system and a corresponding payment that came through. Again, some sites make educated guesses here. You can split transactions that should be assigned to multiple categories, make notes, and reconcile your accounts with your bank and credit card statements.Read It in a Report. Reports are your reward for keeping up with your daily work and completing it correctly. Every small business accounting site comes with templates for numerous types of insightful output. You select one, customize it by using the filter and display options provided, and let the site pour your own company data into it. It only takes a few seconds to generate a report after you have defined it.There are two main types of reports. The bulk of them are the type that any small businessperson could customize, generate, and understand. They tell you who owes you money, which of your products and services are selling well, whether or not you're making money, which expenses and services haven't yet been billed, which customers are buying the most, and how much you owe in sales tax, for example.There are other reports, though, that aren't so easy to understand. These are considered standard financial reports and they're the kind of documents you'll need if you ever want to get a loan from a bank or attract investors. They have names such as Balance Sheet, Statement of Cash Flows, Trial Balance, and Profit & Loss. Small business accounting sites can generate them, but you really need an accounting professional to analyze them to tell you in concrete terms what they mean for your company.How Accounting Tools Work. Accounting probably doesn't make the list of things you like to do as a business owner. It can be complicated, and it needs to be done correctly. So, the makers of small business accounting sites have worked hard to present this discipline as simply and, well, pleasantly as possible. Some—including Intuit QuickBooks Online and Zoho Books—have been more successful at this than others.If you have ever used a productivity app online, you shouldn't have any trouble understanding these sites’ structure. They all divide their content into logical modules by providing toolbars and other navigation guides. Sales tasks are grouped together as are purchase, inventory, reporting, and payroll activities. There's always a Settings link that takes you to screens where you can specify preferences for the entire site. These include your setup chores and settings you may need to modify at times, such as restricting additional users to specific areas.A site’s dashboard (homepage) provides a real-time overview of the financial information you need to see frequently, including charts comparing income and expenses, account balances, and invoices and bills that need immediate attention. There are often links to areas of the site where you can take action.You use standard web conventions to navigate around each site and enter data. Along the way, you encounter a lot of buttons and arrows, drop-down lists, and menus. Color is sometimes used to signify related information, while graphics and fonts are well chosen to make the tools as aesthetically pleasing as possible.Help Resources. These sites simplify the accounting process, but there will undoubtedly be times when you have questions. Support comes in many forms. Some provide context-sensitive help along the way and searchable databases of articles. All offer a combination of chat, email, and phone assistance.Intuit takes it a step further. Its QuickBooks Live service adds bookkeeping support to QuickBooks Online Plus. You communicate with your dedicated bookkeeper through one-way video chat (they can’t see you) or email. This individual and his or her team work with you on customizing your setup and monitoring your transactions so they’re accurately entered and categorized for tax purposes. They reconcile your accounts and close your books at month’s end to prevent errors, plus they’re available for questions during regular business hours. Finally, they generate the reports you need so you’re ready to prepare your taxes or hand them off to your accountant. Sunrise and Wave offer a fee-based bookkeeping service similar to QuickBooks Live.Accounting Software for Simpler Businesses. If you're a sole proprietor or freelancer, then you probably don't need all of the features offered by small business accounting websites. You might want to track your online bank and credit card accounts; record income and expenses; send invoices; and track time worked (if you're service-based). Maybe you need to track mileage. You might need help estimating your quarterly income tax obligation, and you certainly want mobile access to your financial data.The five services we've reviewed offer some combination of the above features and, for the most part, are less expensive than full-featured small business accounting websites (two are free). These sites feature simple, intuitive designs and help you do what needs to be done quickly and easily. We've broken these five services out into their own roundup, which goes deeper on what freelancers should look for in an accounting service. Choose the Right Financial Tools for Your Business. Whether you need entry-level financial tools or your business is complex enough that you require full-fledged small business accounting, at least one of the services we've reviewed should fit your business needs.While you're thinking about your money, you might also like to consider our reviews of online payroll services and tax software.   Compare SpecsThe Best Small Business Accounting Software. Our Picks FreshBooks Check Price Intuit QuickBooks Online Check Price Sage 50cloud Accounting Check Price Wave Check Price Xero Check Price Zoho Books Check Price GoDaddy Bookkeeping Check Price Sunrise Check Price Intuit QuickBooks Self-Employed Check Price Kashoo Check Price Editors'Rating Editors' Choice 4.0 Editor Review Editors' Choice 4.5 Editor Review 4.0 Editor Review 3.5 Editor Review 4.0 Editor Review 4.0 Editor Review 3.5 Editor Review 3.5 Editor Review 3.0 Editor Review 3.0 Editor Review Double Entry All Major A/R, A/P Forms Mobile Access Time Tracking Payroll Customer/Vendor Portals Tracks Inventory Training Available Document Management Quarterly Taxes CRM Integration Multi-Currency Live Support Where to Buy $6 Per Month for Lite Plan at FreshBooks   $15.00 at FreshBooks   $12.50 Per Month for Simple Start Plan at QuickBooks   30-Free Trial at QuickBooks   Visit Site at Sage US   $19.00 at Software Advice   Visit Site at Wave   $60.00/Per Month at Xero   $60.00 at Software Advice   $15 Per Organization Per Month, Billed Annually at Zoho Books   $3.99 at GoDaddy   Visit Site at Sunrise App   $15.00 at Software Advice   $7.00 for 3 Months at QuickBooks Self-Employed   $19.99 at Software Advice   Visit Site at Kashoo   Like What You're Reading? Sign up for Lab Report to get the latest reviews and top product advice delivered right to your inbox. This newsletter may contain advertising, deals, or affiliate links. Subscribing to a newsletter indicates your consent to our Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. You may unsubscribe from the newsletters at any time. Thanks for signing up! Your subscription has been confirmed. Keep an eye on your inbox! Sign up for other newsletters Dig Deeper With Related Stories. Zoho Books Review 4.0 Wave Review 3.5 The Best Online Payroll Software for 2022 By Kathy Yakal Sage 50cloud Accounting Review 4.0 PCMag Stories You’ll Like. About Kathy Yakal. Kathy Yakal has been writing about PC applications since 1983, when she joined the editorial staff of COMPUTE! Publications. She began specializing in financial solutions in 1989, writing a newsletter for CPAs who were exploring the use of personal computers in their firms. Since then, she has contributed to numerous print and web-based publications, including Barron’s and Kiplinger’s Personal Finance Magazine. She also ghostwrites client content for accountants. Read the latest from Kathy Yakal. The Best Online Payroll Software for 2022 The Best Tax Software for 2021 The Best Personal Finance Services for 2021 The Best Mobile Tax Apps for 2021 The Best Online Accounting Services for Freelancers More from Kathy Yakal Compare SpecsThe Best Small Business Accounting Software. See 3 SMB Accounting Deals
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                            [body] => Accounting and Finance BA (Hons) Study options. BA (Hons) - Part Time BA (Hons) - Full Time, 4 Years - With placement year BA (Hons) - Full Time, 4 Years - With foundation year BA (Hons) - Full Time, 3 Years Apply to start in:. Sep 2022: Oxstalls, Gloucester ( UCAS: F6H3 )Sep 2023: Oxstalls, Gloucester ( UCAS: F6H3 ) Apply Open day Keep Me Updated Overview Entry requirements Course modules Fees Careers Student stories Teaching staff Industry links Placements Open day What is Accounting and Finance BA (Hons)? You’ll focus on all aspects of accounting from financial markets and institutions to the global business environment; meeting the expectations of global accountancy bodies, leading to maximum exemptions from professional exams including ICEAW, ACCA, CIMA and AIA when you graduate. You’ll have access to real-world business experiences and challenges. Simulations with companies within the accounting sector are embedded in your degree, underpinning your learning with real-world application. You’ll use live financial data in our Thomson Reuters Trading room and gain insight into industry with specialist guest lecturers. Working from a new, state-of-the-art centre at our Oxstalls campus in Gloucester. The ’18 million development is home to our Business, Marketing, Human Resource Management, Law and Accounting and Finance courses. Take our accounting profile quiz to discover your accounting profile! Study style. Learn through student-led workshops, seminars, group work, reflective practice, computing workshops, problem-solving challenges and presenting. Your personal tutor will provide you with academic support and help you to develop your career based on your interests. You’ll have opportunities to work with leading accountancy and finance businesses abroad as part of your international trip and be able to complete a work placement as part of your degree. You specialise later in the degree with subjects including taxation principles and practice, corporate accountability and social and environmental accounting. Read more Get Accounting and Finance BA (Hons) course updates and hear more about studying with us. Keep me updated Entry requirements. Typical Offers 112 UCAS tariff points, BBC at A levels, DMM at BTEC or a Merit in your T-Level.. If you are using a combination of qualifications to achieve the required UCAS tariff points, they must either include at least 2 A levels, a BTEC or an equivalent qualification. If you are unsure whether we could make you an offer or you have any questions, just get in touch with our admissions team who will be able to advise you. Additional requirements English Language or Literature and Maths Grade 4/C in GCSE (or equivalent) are normally required. Mature students We welcome applications from mature students (aged 21 and over) and do not necessarily require the same academic qualifications as school leaving applicants, although some entry requirements may still apply for Professionally Accredited Courses. We accept Access to Higher Education Diplomas and make offers on an individual basis. International students Please read the entry requirements for your country – and you’re welcome to contact our admissions team if you have questions. Course modules. Here's an example of the types of modules you'll study (it's unlikely but the contents and structure of the course could change). Module information is not available for this programme. Loading... Fees and costs. See the further details of fees and potential extra costs when studying a course at the University of Gloucestershire. Fees for UOG students. Start date Location UCAS code Fee (UK)per year Fee (international) per year Sep 2022 Oxstalls, Gloucester F6H3 £9,250 £15,000 Sep 2023 Oxstalls, Gloucester F6H3 TBC TBC Possible careers. Graduates from this course can go on to work as: Financial Accountant Management Accountant Financial Analyst Investment Banker Taxation Internal/External Auditor Accountant (Audit, Taxation) Performance Management Forensic Accountant. Stories from our students. David lands dream role as Finance Business Partner in NYC . Tom lands job with global financial company . Teaching Staff. Sorry there are no available teaching staff at this time. View all teaching staff for this course Accreditations and memberships. Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA)  . Association of International Accountants (AIA)  . Chartered Institute of Management Accountants (CIMA)  . Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales (ICAEW)  . Small Business Charter (SBC)  . Scroll left Scroll right Industry links. You’ll benefit from great business links with local, national and international organisations. These include Hazlewoods (in the Top 40 Independent Chartered Accountants and Business Advisers, and sponsors of our Top Undergraduate Student competition); and global cult clothing business Superdry. We offer exciting placement and internship opportunities that could result in your graduate career. This degree is accredited with Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA), Institute of Chartered Accountants England and Wales (ICAEW), Chartered Institute of Management Accountants (CIMA) and Association of International Accountants (AIA). Accreditation’s for this course are reviewed annually. Extra-curricular skills. In addition to your personal tutor assisting with your academic programme, they will help you identify extra-curricular opportunities to gain wider life skills. For example, placements, voluntary work, clubs, societies, sports and lots more. Not only do you graduate with an accounting and finance degree recognised by the major professional bodies, you’ll have professional exemptions, practical national and international experience plus a wider exposure to life overall. We call this Your Future Plan. It’s why our graduates are in demand. It’s what makes studying at University of Gloucestershire special. Successful students. Our students have gone on to work for leading firms regionally, nationally and internationally. One of our recent graduates did his placement with international recruitment company SThree plc and now works in New York as their finance business partner, managing the business’s financial operations for America. Our community. Our School of Business and Technology is a thriving and dynamic place to study. Providing undergraduate, postgraduate and research, our goal is to produce graduates who are ready for their careers. It’s a philosophy that sets us apart and drives excellence in everything we do. Thanks to this, the professional credentials of our academic staff and the impactive work of our researchers, we’re growing quickly and we’re emerging as a leading School of Business and Technology. ThreeSixty student consultancy. Students on this course will have the chance to get involved with our new student consultancy, ThreeSixty. Based at our state-of-the-art School of Business, you’ll get the opportunity to develop your graduate competencies and attributes by working with business, third sector and individuals on a consultancy basis, solving their challenges. Gloucestershire Business School. Grow your skills and build essential contacts alongside experienced professionals in our prestigious new Gloucestershire Business School. Visit the Gloucestershire Business School Related stories. Loading... View more related stories Trips and experiences. You’ll have the opportunity to visit Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam to learn about how accounting, finance and business work in unfamiliar environments. You’ll explore resource management and see how the Vietnamese have maximised resources to become the world’s leading coffee exporters. You’ll witness social enterprises and learn how foreign direct investment can help shape the economic infrastructure of an entire country. Placements. As part of your course you can gain valuable experience on an optional placement year. Duration – 12 months, full-time (minimum 35 hours a week) Location – popular destinations include the UK, USA, China and Europe Visa – you may need a visa if you’re on placement abroad Finance – your tuition fee is reduced for your placement year – and you can still apply for a maintenance loan and get money advice Placement support – we’ll help you find a great placement and get the most out of the experience "The course played a key role in helping me to secure my job with PwC". “In addition to teaching us the technical skills, the modules also helped us to develop as professionals. For example, we were taught how to write a CV that would help us to stand out from the crowd, and through the assessment process we were able to develop presentation skills. My placement helped me immensely too – it gave me an idea of what I wanted to focus on after graduating. I also found that applying what I had learnt in the classroom in a real business context helped me to cement my understanding of the theory.” Tom Ramsden, Accounting and Finance student Keep Me Updated. Fill in the form below and we'll be in touch with Accounting and Finance BA (Hons) updates, upcoming events and everything you need to know about university life. Other courses you might like . UndergraduateAccounting and Business Management BA (Hons)  . UndergraduateBusiness Management and Strategy (Level 6) BA (Hons)  . ApprenticeshipChartered Manager Apprenticeship BA (Hons)  . Take a look at our social media. @uniofglos
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                            [body] => Accounting BSc Honours Part of Accounting and Finance View the Prospectus Next Open Day Marylebone, Central London 12 March Book your place International visits View all Open Days Course Overview. Attendance Full-time - September 2022 UK Fees £9,250 * International Fees £14,400 * Duration 3 or 4 years Campus Marylebone, Central London * Price per academic year Course summary. This exciting specialist accounting degree is designed specifically to meet the needs of a talent pool for the changing accounting services sector. Education in this subject area is in high demand in a wide variety of sectors and industries where accounting specialists manage budgets, prepare financial and annual reports and also are involved at Board level to inform the development of strategy and guide business decisions. Our degree is the first step to becoming a qualified accounting professional with potential to develop a rewarding career in large and small firms as a consultant or in a business start-up. This professionally accredited degree offers a rounded business education designed to develop your understanding of accounting theories and practice, together with the business acumen, team-working, problem-solving, communication skills and the commercial awareness needed in a complex global financial world. Raising your awareness of the global, social and ethical professional environment within which the accounting profession operates, you’ll learn to appreciate accounting issues within the wider business context, able to guide decisions on anything from cost-cutting and outsourcing to operational planning and environmental policy, for example. Taught by academics with professional experience as accountants and managers, there is an emphasis on learning through practice, so you graduate with the breadth of knowledge and capabilities to respond proactively and creatively to contemporary business issues and challenges. You’ll develop practical skills, receiving hands-on training in specialist accounting software such as Sage, Bloomberg and SPSS. In our state-of-the-art Financial Markets Suite (FMS), you’ll also have access to live and historical financial reports, experiencing the same Bloomberg platform used by leading global investment banks. Changes in technology and regulation mean that the accounting industry is constantly evolving. On our course, you’ll have the chance to focus your studies from the start, blending a conceptual theoretical framework with practical 'real-world' application as the curriculum progresses from basic to more specialised and advanced applications. Upon completion, you will be part-qualified, eligible to apply up to nine exemptions with ACCA (Association of Chartered Certified Accountants) and up eight exemptions with CIMA (Chartered Institute of Management Accountants). Our programme will equip you with the required skills and attributes needed for an engaging and successful career in accounting or related fields in the private, public and not-for-profit sectors. It will assist you in developing excellent conceptual knowledge and technical skills in financial accounting, management accounting, corporate finance, taxation, auditing, and financial analysis, as well as the required attributes to excel in the modern global business environment. Past graduates have gone on to a range of accounting and other professional posts in the private and public sectors, including ACCA and Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales (ICAEW) training contracts, and finance posts in the public sector. In December 2021, the University of Westminster received the CIMA Prize-Winner Excellence Award 2021. The Prize-Winner Award recognises university partners with top-performing CIMA students in Case Study exams. The CIMA Excellence Awards celebrate outstanding academic partners, education providers and students who have made significant contributions to the accounting profession and the Institute over the past year. Top reasons to study with us. Accredited by the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA) with up to nine examination exemptions respectively – with the potential for more depending on your module choice Re-accredited by the Chartered Institute of Management Accountants (CIMA) with potential to gain exemptions from eight required to gain the professional qualification Learn to use CIMA Sage Accounting software and gain an official CIMA Sage user's certificate Access to one of the largest financial databases in our state-of-the-art Bloomberg virtual trading room Opportunity to undertake a one-year international professional placement with past students going to work for HSBC’s student recruitment programme, for example Guest lectures from industry practitioners: recent talks featured a senior business manager from Barclays and seasoned entrepreneur Field trips to financial institutions: students had a guided tour of the new Bloomberg HQ in London Course structure. On this degree, you’ll study topics such as: preparation and analysis of financial statements; financial reporting; regulation in governing accounting practice; principles of cost accumulation; financial and management accounting theory, Computer Methods in Accounting, Auditing and Taxation. In doing so, you’ll deepen your understanding of the financial drivers of business strategy, planning, governance and ethics. In each year of study, you will take a combination of core and option modules which cover specialisms such as taxation or corporate governance, for example. The following subjects are indicative of what you will study on this course. Year 1 Year 2 Placement Year Year 3 You are introduced to the role of accounting in planning, decision-making and control. We’ll consider the processes used to record, summarise and present accounting data, and the mathematical and statistical techniques that can be used to analyse and interpret financial statements. Key topics covered include: cost classifications for decision-making, product costing techniques applicable to different industries, budgeting, short-term decision-making using cost volume profit analysis, and long-term investment appraisal. You will also practise fundamental accounting techniques using an extensive range of exercises and case-studies, as well as online learning resources. You will learn to use specialist IT packages such as Sage Accounting, which is used extensively by business and professional firms. Drawing on real-life data from FAME, you’ll be tasked with analysing the financial performance of an organisation of your choice. Subjects of study include: Introductory Financial Accounting  Fundamentals of Management Accounting  Quantitative Methods for Accountants  Computerised Methods in Accounting  Global Business for Accounting and Finance You will also have the opportunity to take an option module that broadens your skills or helps you to gain more in-depth knowledge of your specialist area. You may also choose a foreign language as your option module. Credit Level 4 You’ll study financial and management accounting, auditing practice and ethics in greater depth, covering accounting concepts, the theory underpinning accounting practice and how to present and communicate complex financial information effectively to others. We’ll explore the legal and regulatory requirements governing financial accounting and reporting practices and, in the wake of economic scandals such as Dick Smith or China Medical Technologies, consider the importance of ethical accounting. You’ll examine international auditing standards, the evidence gathered and rationale behind it. Subjects of study include: Financial Accounting and Reporting  Intermediate Management Accounting  Auditing Theory and Practice Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility in Accounting Plus two options from: Corporate Governance, Law and the Business and other areas of business including languages. Credit Level 5 Professional experience or study abroad year. Between Years 2 and 3 you may choose to study English-taught courses for a year at one of our overseas partner institutions. Currently, you can take a Year Abroad studying in Berlin, Bologna, Copenhagen, Madrid,  Paris, and other locations including Brisbane, Sydney (Australia), Japan, Canada and the USA. There are also many opportunities for those with appropriate language skills to study in the local language in France, Germany, Italy and Spain, among others. You can also choose to split your year abroad into a first semester exchange and a second semester work placement, both conducted overseas, or undertake a placement year overseas. Alternatively, between Year 2 and Year 3 you can undertake a one-year, full-time business placement as a Professional Experience Year within the UK. Past students have completed placements in a variety of prestigious organisations, including AMEC, Barclays Bank, Commerzbank, Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer, GE Capital, HSBC, IBM and the NHS, as well as in smaller businesses. We’ll look at advanced financial information analysis, building your competence to use relevant and emerging technologies in the field of accounting and management. Topics covered include: Advanced Financial Accounting Reporting, Advanced Management Accounting, Financial Management and Taxation. You’ll analyse detailed accounting information, including consolidated financial statements, making informed decisions and reviewing current research in the area of accounting. As part of your dissertation, you’ll study in depth a topic in which you have a strong interest. Research conducted by previous students has varied greatly, including auditing, accounting information systems, digitalisation in accounting, corporate reporting and disclosure, taxation and management accounting. Subjects of study may include: Advanced Financial Accounting and Reporting Advanced Aspects of Management Accounting Financial Management Strategic Perspectives for Finance and Accounting  Plus two options from: Dissertation, Taxation, Company Law and other areas of business including languages. Credit Level 6 Professional accreditation. For those pursuing ACCA accreditation, the global body for professional accountants, the number of examination exemptions could be up to a maximum of nine upon successful completion of corresponding modules. This degree has also been re-accredited CIMA, the world's largest professional body of management accountants, with up to a maximum of eight examination exemptions when completing your CIMA professional qualification. Programme Specification. For more details on course structure and modules, and how you will be taught and assessed, see the programme specification. For general enquiries about the course, please email [email protected] To request an accessible version of the programme specification, please email [email protected] Download the Programme Specification Careers . As well as general financial management, where they lead in financial recording, reporting planning and analysis, accountants work across various specialisations, including consulting, corporate finance and forensic accounting. They work for central or local government, corporate and commercial businesses, charities and not-for-profit organisations; professional associations; or educational institutions. Many of our students go on to postgraduate study here. The University's Careers and Employability Service has built up a network of over 3,000 employers around the world, helping all our students explore and connect with exciting opportunities and careers. Develop your innovation and entrepreneurial skills Develop your innovation and entrepreneurial skills in The Big Idea competition, sponsored by Santander. Kickstart your career Learn how to use social media in your job hunt or LinkedIn to kickstart your career. Develop your CQ Develop your cultural intelligence – or ‘CQ’ – studying alongside students and staff representing more than 100 nationalities. Industry links. This course is recognised by the main professional accounting bodies, ACCA and CIMA, and the Course Team works continuously to maintain and strengthen our close links. As part of this, we are currently in planning to deliver, jointly with ACCA and CIMA, a number of career-focused activities. This is likely to include talks on accounting professional qualifications, the job market for accounting professionals and the distinct graduate skills employers require and expect from accounting graduates, as well as case studies on professionalism and the ethics of accounting profession. Such activities have, in the past, contributed to the professional development of our accounting students and we believe it is an essential part of your studies. We have excellent industry links with some of the top firms in the financial services, along with leading financial technology and data vendor services providers such as Bloomberg. Staff who currently teach on this course also have extensive professional experience that includes the following professions: financial analyst; credit risk analyst; lending specialist in the banking sector; global entrepreneur; risk management; software development and management; research consultant; and financial consultant. Job roles. This course will prepare you for roles such as: Audit manager Chartered management accountant Financial controller Tax consultant Graduate employers. Graduates from this course have found employment at organisations including: ACCA British Airways  IBM ICAEW JP Morgan NHS England What our alumni say . Matthew Bell . Accounting BSc (Hons) - Regulatory analyst, SMBC Europe Ltd . After the financial crisis, I wanted to understand how banks have changed and how the stricter regulations affected them. I worked in the regulatory team at SMBC, a Japanese bank. My role was to produce liquidity reports that were sent out internally and externally to regulators. It has definitely helped my career goals as I would like to go into regulatory banking after graduating which was an area I previously I knew very little about.  Aaron Dilhe . Accounting BSc (Hons) - Finance Assistant, NHS Property Services . I chose to do a placement year as I felt it would further enhance my accounting knowledge and help me gain a better understanding of business. The NHS Property Services has provided me with a sense of responsibility, allowing me to take on different tasks and succeed in many ways. It has helped me improve my transferable skills and allowed me to experience different working environments. The School have been exceptional in providing support for me. Westminster Employability Award . Employers value graduates who have invested in their personal and professional development – and our Westminster Employability Award gives you the chance to formally document and demonstrate these activities and achievements. The award is flexible and can be completed in your own time, comprising a set of core and optional extracurricular activities.  Activities might include gaining experience through a part-time job or placement, signing up to a University-run scheme – such as mentoring or teaching in a school – or completing online exercises. International Opportunities . Many of our courses offer international study and work experiences, and the University provides other global opportunities that all students can apply for - so whatever you're studying, you'll have the chance to go abroad. Opportunities could include: Taking part in semester or year-long exchanges at institutions around the world Attending an international summer school or field trip Developing your CV through volunteering or work placements abroad International experience broadens horizons, boosts self-confidence, and improves global understanding, alongside being fantastic for your career. Find out more about our international opportunities, including funding options and where you can go. Course Leader. More about me Dr Prem Puwanenthiren . Senior Lecturer . A Certified Public Accountant (CPA Australia), Prem’s early career began in Sri Lanka, where he both lectured at the University of Jaffna and practised accounting for the country’s third largest private sector bank. He subsequently lectured in the Business School at La Trobe University in Australia, where he obtained his PhD in 2016, having previously received an MBA from Kelaniya University, before moving to the UK to lecture, first at Roehampton University, then joining Westminster Business School in 2019. A senior lecturer and Fellow of the Higher Education Academy, Prem’s teaching excellence has been recognised by previous employers on several occasions. His teaching interests lie in audit practice and ethics, corporate accounting, financial accounting, management accounting, and accounting information systems. He was a member of the editorial board for the Journal of Accounting and Business Management and acts as a reviewer for the Pacific Basic Finance Journal. Areas in which he has previously published, include the subject of Auditing, Earnings Management, Corporate Finance, Financial Reporting, Corporate Governance, and Mergers and Acquisitions. I am interested in the way accounting has changed and developed in the years since I qualified as an accountant and how computers now play a significant role in financial analysis. Accounting is so much more than just calculations; it plays a key role in the decision-making process within businesses and helps them make smarter decisions. Course Team. Neeta Shah - Senior Lecturer Kofi Asamoah-Twum - Senior Lecturer Dr Mostafa Hussien - Senior Lecturer Dr Tantawy Moussa - Senior Lecturer in Accounting Dr Obby Phiri - Senior Lecturer Dr Sudha Mathew - Senior Lecturer Bijan Hesni - Senior Lecturer Dr Ali Sahin - Senior Lecturer Why study this course? . Combine theory and practice Link theory to global practice through real-life case studies, guest lectures, field trips and insight from one of the world’s largest financial databases.  Professional software Enhance your digital literacy and computer skills industry-standard software including Excel, Tableau and FAME. Build connections Build connections with peers and future business leaders. Open days . Join us at an open day either on campus or online or information session and get a feel for student life at the University of Westminster. You'll get a chance to: Speak to our academic staff Take an in person virtual reality tour of our student halls Ask us any questions you may have about student finance and accommodation Find out more about the courses you are interested in Meet and talk to current students about their experiences Find an open day Entry Requirements. UK EU and International A levels – BBB to AAB (120 to 136 UCAS Tariff points) International Baccalaureate – 120 to 136 UCAS Tariff points from the IB BTEC Extended Diploma – DDM to DDD BTEC Diploma – Not accepted on its own Access – 120 to 136 UCAS Tariff points from the Access course In addition to one of the above, you should have: GCSE English Language grade 4/C – IB grade 4 Higher level, GCSE Maths grade 4/C – IB grade 4 If your first language is not English, you will need an IELTS of 6.0 overall, with 5.5 in each component. We also welcome applications from students who are taking a combination of qualifications listed above. For further information, please contact Course Enquiries. View more information about our entry requirements and the application process Typical Offer. International Baccalaureate – 120 to 136 UCAS Tariff points from the IB If your first language is not English, you will need an IELTS of 6.0 overall, with 5.5 in each component. More information. Country-specific entry requirements English language requirements How to apply Visas and advice International Foundation course. We work in partnership with Kaplan International College London to provide Foundation Certificate courses for international students who don’t meet our Bachelor’s degree entry requirements. Find out how to apply for the Foundation Certificate course. Pre-sessional English programmes. Need to improve your English before starting your course? We offer summer pre-sessional English programmes to help develop your English language skills. Find out more about our pre-sessional English programmes. What our students say . Naga Putcha . Accounting BSc Honours . The Accounting BSc was perfect at putting together the required theoretical knowledge and application for students, helping students become more employable. The best part of the program was the year-long placement, which enabled me to put the theory I learnt into practice. Aribah Sheikh . Accounting BSc - 2022 . I have absolutely loved my Accounting course, as it has provided me with a lot of practical experience in using different accounting software. Along with this, the course gives you a maximum of nine ACCA exemptions, which is incredible for students who look to pursue a career as a Chartered Accountant. Learn new skills . Develop your creativity Develop your creativity to think outside the box.  Learn to critically evaluate Learn to critically evaluate the strategies that managers use to help organisations adapt in an uncertain or complex environment. Improve your problem-solving skills Improve your problem-solving skills to better understand and tackle people management issues.  Westminster Business School blog . Read our blog and get an insight into life and studies at Westminster Business School. Visit the WBS blog Fees and Funding. UK INTERNATIONAL UK tuition fee: £9,250 (Price per academic year) When you have enrolled with us, your annual tuition fees will remain the same throughout your studies with us. We do not increase your tuition fees each year. Find out how we set our tuition fees. EU Qualifications Welcome Award Scheme. If you are an international student accepted on an undergraduate programme starting in September 2021 on the basis of an eligible EU qualification only, you will be awarded a tuition fee reduction which will align your fee more closely to the one for UK students. For more information, see the EU Qualifications Welcome Award Scheme. Funding. As well as tuition fee loans, there is a range of funding available to help you fund your studies. Find out about undergraduate student funding options. Scholarships. The University is dedicated to supporting ambitious and outstanding students and we offer a variety of scholarships to eligible undergraduate students, which cover all or part of your tuition fees. Find out if you qualify for one of our scholarships. Additional costs. See what you may need to pay for separately and what your tuition fees cover. International tuition fee: £14,400 (Price per academic year) When you have enrolled with us, your annual tuition fees will remain the same throughout your studies with us. We do not increase your tuition fees each year. Find out how we set our tuition fees. EU Qualifications Welcome Award Scheme. If you are accepted on an undergraduate programme starting in September 2021 on the basis of an eligible EU qualification only, you will be awarded a tuition fee reduction of £4,500 per year, which will align your fee more closely to the one for UK students. For more information, see the EU Qualifications Welcome Award Scheme. International student funding. Find out about funding for international students. Additional costs. See what you may need to pay for separately and what your tuition fees cover. Student work . When learning about financial reporting and analysis, students choose a real-life company and download annual financial reports to analyse. This exercise helps to illustrate key accounting concepts, such as accrual accounting, cash flow, valuation models, performance analysis ratios. They learn to interpret financial reports and analyse the business information presented to them, for example, forecasting earnings and cash flows for company valuation. Founded in 1995, Westminster Business Consultants is a student-run consultancy service affiliated to the University of Westminster, which offers management and strategic consultancy, specialising in market research, market analysis, brand strategy, feasibility studies, business development, performance improvement and product development. It works with a diverse clientele of emerging start-ups, SMEs and large corporations at home and overseas, giving students opportunities to gain extensive knowledge and experience in various industries. Teaching and assessment . Below you will find how learning time and assessment types were distributed in the past on this course, through approximate percentages taken from previous cohorts. The graphs below give an indication of what you can expect. Changes to the division of learning time and assessment may be made in response to feedback and in accordance with our terms and conditions. How you'll be taught. Teaching methods across all our undergraduate courses focus on active student learning through lectures, seminars, workshops, problem-based and blended learning, and where appropriate practical application. Learning typically falls into three broad categories: Scheduled hours: examples include lectures, seminars, practical classes, workshops, supervised time in a studio Placement: placement hours normally include placement opportunities, but may also include live projects or virtual activity involving employers Independent study: non-scheduled time in which students are expected to study independently. This may include preparation for scheduled sessions, follow-up work, wider reading or practice, completion of assessment tasks, or revision Year 1 24%76% 2 24%76% 3 24%76% Scheduled hours Independent study How you’ll be assessed. Using a wide range of techniques, you can expect to be assessed on the learning outcomes of your course in core modules through coursework in the form of essays, reports, presentations, case studies as well as time-constrained in-class tests and exams. We try to make assessments as practical and relevant as possible, incorporating the type of work required by future employers, for example, the need to write strategic reports or the use of business simulation games, two in the second year and one in the final year. In the following graph you'll find an indication of what you can expect (data from the academic year 2019/20). Changes to assessment weights may be made in response to feedback and in accordance with our terms and conditions. Assessments typically fall into three broad categories: Practical: examples include presentations, podcasts, blogs Written exams: end of semester exams Coursework: examples include essays, in-class tests, portfolios Year 1 51%7%42% 2 64%5%31% 3 56%1%43% Written exams Practical Coursework Supporting you . Our Student Hub is where you’ll find out about the services and support we offer, helping you get the best out of your time with us. Study support — workshops, 1-2-1 support and online resources to help improve your academic and research skills Personal tutors — support you in fulfilling your academic and personal potential Student advice team — provide specialist advice on a range of issues including funding, benefits and visas Extra-curricular activities — volunteering opportunities, sports and fitness activities, student events and more Visit our student hub Facilities . Carousel Learning platform . Meeting spaces . Library . Classrooms . Bloomberg Suite . Group study zone . Cafe . Previous slide Next slide Course Location. Our Marylebone Campus has benefitted from a multi-million-pound refurbishment resulting in new workshops, digital studios and development of the Marylebone Library. The campus is home to Westminster Business School and our award-winning Architecture, Planning and Tourism courses. For more details, visit our Marylebone Campus page. Westminster Business School . Based in the heart of London's political, media and financial services, Westminster Business School has excellent industry links and a strong commitment to social enterprise. Our courses are accredited by professional bodies including the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA), Chartered Institute of Building (CIOB), Chartered Institute of Marketing (CIM), Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development (CIPD) and Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS). Our practical teaching relates learning to the real world, and we develop graduates who are ready to respond to contemporary business challenges. Find out moreGo to Westminster Business School page Related Courses. Accounting and Business Management BA Honours. Duration 3 or 4 years Campus Marylebone Business Management (Economics) BA Honours. Duration 3 or 4 years Campus Marylebone Finance and Business Management BA Honours. Duration 3 or 4 years Campus Marylebone Contact us. Call our dedicated team on: +44 (0)20 7911 5000. Opening hours (GMT): 10am–3pm Monday to Friday [email protected] We have an FAQs page if you are applying this year. Start live chat Click4Assistance UK Live Chat SoftwareOpening hours (GMT): 10am–4pm Monday to Friday Click4Assistance UK Live Chat Software More information. How to apply Undergraduate prospectus Terms and Conditions Open days Funding and scholarships Admissions Policy International Students Student support Accommodation Your Westminster. Book an open day. Order a prospectus. Sign up for newsletters. Register We use cookies to ensure the best experience on our website. By accepting you agree to cookies being stored on your device. Accept all Edit preferences Hide preferences We use cookies to ensure the best experience on our website. Some of these cookies are essential to the running of the site, while others help us to improve your experience. See our cookies privacy policy Functional. Functional cookies enable core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility. Always on Always on Analytics. Analytics cookies help us improve our website based on user needs by collecting information, which does not directly identify anyone. OnOff Marketing. Marketing cookies send information on your visit to third parties so that they can make their advertising more relevant to you when you visit other websites. OnOff Accept all Save selected
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                            [body] => Award-winning accounting software for small businesses Nail the admin, take care of Self Assessment and see the bigger picture. 50% off your first 6 months. Try FreeAgent Explore FreeAgent You could get FreeAgent for free. Get FreeAgent for free if you have a business current account with NatWest, Royal Bank of Scotland, Ulster Bank NI, or a business account with Mettle, for as long as you retain your account. Self Assessment, sorted. Try accounting software that’s made for this. FreeAgent auto-populates up to 90% of the Self Employment form for you and allows you to file directly to HMRC. Try FreeAgent for free Find out more Help Run your entire business from anywhere. Snap an expense, fire off an invoice, check your cashflow, stay on top of your tax. Take care of business, anywhere. illustration-desktop-devices Voted the UK's #1 accounting software for small businesses! Winner: 2020 Accounting Excellence Awards, Best Small Business Accounting SoftwareWinner: 2020 Accounting Excellence Awards, Best Small Business Accounting Software: Practitioners’ ChoiceWinner: 2020 Accounting Excellence Awards, Best Data & Expense Management Software Take your first step - try FreeAgent accounting software. No credit card details required. It's completely free for 30 days. No more mess - invoicing, expenses, and more all in one place One tidy dashboard that gives an overview of your whole business Take a weight off with automatic tax forecasts and reminders Try FreeAgent Don't stress - our incredible support team is here to help. Janice, Suzanne, Ashley and Cameron are just some of the friendly, UK-based support accountants who are ready to help when you get stuck. Working with an accountant or going DIY? FreeAgent works great either way. Find an accountant. If you’re looking for the support of an accountant, we’ve got you covered – choose an accountant from our directory of trusted partners. Invite your accountant. No more swapping spreadsheets with your accountant - send them an invite and start working from the same set of books. Do it yourself. No accountant? No problem. You can use FreeAgent accounting software without an accountant, especially if your books are straightforward. Take your first step - try FreeAgent accounting software. No credit card details required. It's completely free for 30 days. Try FreeAgent About us Careers Contact us Knowledge Base Find an accountant Product. Features Pricing Security App status The depot Company. Blog Product timeline Press room Partners User research group Community. Integrations FreeAgent API Calculators Accessibility Legal stuff. Privacy Cookies policy Terms of service Site terms GDPR Anti-tax evasion Select location: United Kingdom United States Global FreeAgent is registered with the Financial Conduct Authority under the Payment Services Regulations 2017 (register no. 799763) for the provision of account information services.Registered in sunny Scotland No. SC316774 - One Edinburgh Quay, 133 Fountainbridge, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK EH3 9QG Copyright © 2022 by FreeAgent Central
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